House and grounds | NSW Environment, Energy and Science

Culture and heritage

Heritage

House and grounds

Item details

Name of item: House and grounds
Other name/s: Durunder
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Residential buildings (private)
Category: House
Primary address: 14 Yarranabbe Road, Darling Point, NSW 2027
Local govt. area: Woollahra
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
14 Yarranabbe RoadDarling PointWoollahra  Primary Address

Statement of significance:

The subdivision and the building demonstrate a major historical phase in the development of Darling Point as a residential suburb in the late 19th and early 20th century. This phase saw the breaking up of the early large land grants and estates, in this case the Springfield Estate, and the closer subdivision and development of the southern part of the peninsular for good quality upper middle class housing. The building demonstrates the nature of housing built in the area at the time and the trend in the area to higher residential densities commencing in the 1920s with the widespread conversion of houses to duplexes and flats.

The house was built c.1908 as an investment property for Alfred Saunders, a successful George Street jeweller and property developer who played an influential role in the development of Darling Point as a residential suburb in the first two decades of the 20th century.

The building is a good representative example of a good quality upper middle class investment house built in the Federation Arts and Crafts style popular at the time, and provides evidence of the aesthetic tastes of the period. The building demonstrates many of the key characteristics of the style and a range of characteristic formal and decorative elements and finishes including its picturesque asymmetrical composition, strong gabled roof forms, projecting square two storey bay with a pyramidal metal clad roof, prominent arched openings and large areas of timber shingles on walls, gable ends and on bell cast awning roofs.
Date significance updated: 22 Jul 05
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Designer/Maker: Unknown
Builder/Maker: Unknown
Construction years: 1908-
Physical description: Freestanding two storey Federation Arts and Crafts house built c.1908 on an allotment in the Springfield Estate offered for sale in 1907. The allotment is on the eastern side of Yarranabee Road opposite the grounds of ‘Glenhurst’, a large 15 storey residential flat building built in 1959 on the site of the 19th century mansion of that name. When built, ‘Glenhurst’ was the largest home unit building in Australia, and set the trend for high rise development of Darling Point for the next 30 years.

The house is elevated above the street level, and a brick triple garage with an accessible flat concrete roof has recently been built on the street frontage and cut into the slope behind. A low brick wall completes the road frontage. A wire mesh fence above the garage provides a foundation for climbing plants. The site is heavily planted, with many palm species in the front garden providing the house with a pleasant leafy setting.

The house is little altered from its original design, but has recently had a ‘makeover’ which includes a striking colour scheme which is not characteristic of the style or the period of its construction. Despite this, it appears to be in excellent condition and capable of being repainted in a more characteristic manner. The building is a picturesque composition of strong gabled roof forms, with arched openings over the original main entrance, over two balconies on the upper floor and over a window on the northern part of the ground floor front façade. The external walls are mostly of painted render with some painted face brickwork, with large areas of painted timber shingles particularly on the upper level, on bell cast awning roofs over the ground floor bay window and the main entrance, and in the larger gable end. A square two storey bay on the southern side of the house has an interesting pyramidal metal clad roof. Rafter and purlin ends and joists supporting the projecting upper floor verandah on the northern part of the street façade are expressed. Windows are generally timber casements. The balcony over the main entrance has been neatly enclosed.

The 1924 duplex conversion was undertaken with minimal change to the external appearance or the internal fabric of the house. The original shallow recessed entrance porch was retained as the entrance to the ground floor flat, and a small adjacent cloakroom became the entrance to the upper flat via the internal stair, which was retained in its original location. The existing awning roof over the main entrance was extended to provide shelter for the entrance to the upper flat.

Later alterations are not evident from the street.
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
Excellent. Recently refurbished.
Date condition updated:04 Apr 06
Modifications and dates: 1924 - Conversion to a duplex
1962 - New carport
1973 - Alterations and additions
1987 - Alterations and additions.
Current use: Two flats
Former use: Residential

History

Historical notes: The site is Lot 1 in a subdivision of the Springfield Estate offered for sale in 1907. The Springfield Estate was originally granted to Thomas Barker in 1833. The house was built c.1908 as an investment property for Alfred Saunders, a successful George Street jeweller and property developer who bought and developed a number of lots in Darling Point. These also include ‘Booreen’ at 34 Darling Point Road, ‘Allandale’ at 46 Darling Point Road (later renamed ‘Avril’), ‘Delray’ at 48 Darling Point Road (later renamed ‘Leamington)’, all built in 1908, and ‘Cooringa at 36 Darling Point Road’ and Dallington’ at 44 Darling Point Road built in 1910/11. In 1925 he bought Osterley’ at 42 Darling Point Road.

In the mid 1920s Saunders converted most of the houses he owned in the area into duplexes and subsequently sold them. ‘Durunder’ was converted to a duplex in 1924 under the guidance of architect Chaud Hamilton, who was also involved with the conversion of some of the other properties. C.1930 Saunders sold four of the properties including ‘Durunder’ to Mark and Sara Harris and Jacob and Ray Diamond.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. Street patterns and subdivision-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
The subdivision and the building demonstrate a major historical phase in the development of Darling Point as a residential suburb in the late 19th and early 20th century. This phase saw the breaking up of the early large land grants and estates, in this case the Springfield Estate, and the closer subdivision and development of the southern part of the peninsular for good quality upper middle class housing. The building demonstrates the nature of housing built in the area at the time and the trend in the area to higher residential densities commencing in the 1920s with the widespread conversion of houses to duplexes and flats.
SHR Criteria b)
[Associative significance]
The house was built c.1908 as an investment property for Alfred Saunders, a successful George Street jeweller and property developer who played an influential role in the development of Darling Point as a residential suburb. In the first two decades of the 20th century Saunders bought and developed a large number of lots in Darling Point and other harbourside suburbs including Cremorne and Mosman with individual houses, usually in Federation Queen Anne or Arts and Crafts style, which he then leased. In the 1920s he converted many of the houses to duplexes and gradually sold them over a ten year period.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
The building is a good example of a good quality upper middle class investment house built in the Federation Arts and Crafts style popular at the time, and provides evidence of the aesthetic tastes of the period. The building demonstrates many of the key characteristics of the style and a range of characteristic formal and decorative elements and finishes including its picturesque asymmetrical composition, strong gabled roof forms, projecting square two storey bay with a pyramidal metal clad roof, prominent arched openings and large areas of timber shingles on walls, gable ends and on bell cast awning roofs.
SHR Criteria d)
[Social significance]
Does not meet the inclusion guidelines for this criterion.
SHR Criteria e)
[Research potential]
Does not meet the inclusion guidelines for this criterion.
SHR Criteria f)
[Rarity]
Does not meet the inclusion guidelines for this criterion.
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
The house is a good largely intact representative example of a residence built in the first decade of the 20th century in the Federation Arts and Crafts style.
Integrity/Intactness: The house substantially retains the integrity of its original design and construction and its 1924 conversion to a duplex.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

Encourage owners to repaint the house in a more appropriate colour scheme for the era.

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Local Environmental PlanWoollahraLEP 199522 Jul 05 52 
Local Environmental PlanWoollahra LEP 201418923 May 15   

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
Darling Point Heritage Item Study2003 Mark Robinson  Yes

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
WrittenRate books/BA records  
WrittenRosemary Broomham2001Darling Point: Thematic History
WrittenTanner & Associates2001Preliminary Heritage Item Investigation - Darling Point

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

rez
(Click on thumbnail for full size image and image details)

Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Local Government
Database number: 2711613


Every effort has been made to ensure that information contained in the State Heritage Inventory is correct. If you find any errors or omissions please send your comments to the Database Manager.

All information and pictures on this page are the copyright of the Heritage Division or respective copyright owners.