Semi-detached house, grounds and sandstone retaining wall to street | NSW Environment, Energy and Science

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Heritage

Semi-detached house, grounds and sandstone retaining wall to street

Item details

Name of item: Semi-detached house, grounds and sandstone retaining wall to street
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Residential buildings (private)
Category: Semi-Detached House
Primary address: 17 Mona Road, Darling Point, NSW 2027
Local govt. area: Woollahra
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
17 Mona RoadDarling PointWoollahra  Primary Address

Statement of significance:

The subdivision and the two cottages demonstrate a major historical phase in the development of Darling Point as a residential suburb in the early part of the 20th century. This phase saw the breaking up of the early large land grants and estates, in this case the Mona Estate, and the closer subdivision and development of the southern part of the peninsular for good quality upper middle class investment housing.

Built between 1905 and 1915, the pair of cottages is a very fine representative example of investment housing built in the Federation Queen Anne style popular in the period, and provides evidence of the tastes of the period. The building demonstrates many of the key characteristics of the style and a range of characteristic decorative elements and finishes including tuck pointed red brick walls over rusticated sandstone base walls, half-timbered gable ends, large bow windows with leadlight casement windows and coloured glass highlights, Wunderlich decorative pressed metal tiles, slate roofed awnings with timber brackets, fretwork verandah balustrades and support brackets and areas of decorative pebble dash stucco.

The sandstone retaining wall, the relationship of the cottages with the street and the mature ficus hillii street trees are all characteristic of the streetscape of the locality.
The cottages are part of a group on the southern side of Mona Road, comprising Nos. 9 to 25/27, which form a cohesive streetscape.
Date significance updated: 22 Jul 05
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Designer/Maker: Unknown
Builder/Maker: Unknown
Construction years: 1905-1915
Physical description: Pair of substantial, elevated, two storey, semi-detached, Federation Queen Anne cottages built between 1905 and 1915. The walls are of red brick work, tuck pointed on the street elevation, over a painted sandstone base up to ground floor level. The main roof is of Marseilles pattern terra cotta tiles with prominent gable ends facing the street. Recessed entrance porches are emphasised by pebble dash stucco archways and flanked by bow windows with timber framed leadlight casement windows with coloured glass highlights. Above the bow windows are timber balconies featuring decorative fretwork balustrades and curved support brackets surmounted by slate roofed awnings supported by matching timber brackets. Small areas of pebble dash stucco is also used for decorative effect under the bow windows, under the central first floor windows and combined with half-timbering in the gable ends, and Wunderlich decorative pressed metal is used for decoration above the bow windows. The two cottages sit above a rusticated ashlar sandstone retaining wall which is characteristic of this part of Mona Road, as are the large Port Jackson fig street trees. No. 15 has a vehicle entry and No. 17 has a garage inserted unobtrusively within the sandstone retaining wall.
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
Excellent condition, well maintained. The front sections of the cottages visible from the street are very intact.
Date condition updated:31 Mar 06
Modifications and dates: Minor unobtrusive modifications have been undertaken to the front retaining walls and terracing between the houses and the street. No. 15 has been extended at the rear, but this has been carried out sympathetically and is not apparent from the street.
Further information: LEP description - Semi-detached house, grounds and sandstone retaining wall to street - Mona Rd heritage item group (see also 15 Mona Rd, Darling Point)

Forms part of cohesive streetscape which includes rusticated sandstone front retaining walls and mature ficus hillii street trees.

History

Historical notes: The site is part of a 15 acre grant by Governor Brisbane to his astronomer, James Dunlop, in the mid-1830s. Dunlop did not build on the land. In 1841 he sold it to Thomas Ware Smart who, a year later, built the house known as Mona which still exists at 38 Mona Road. The Mona Estate was subdivided in the 1880s, with Mona Road providing access from Darling Point Road, and lots on its eastern side offered for sale. This subdivision does not appear to have proceeded. The land was resubdivided in 1904 with Mona Road taking a substantially different alignment and connecting with New South Head Road and this and the neighbouring lots were created.

Lot 27 was purchased as part of a larger landholding on 26.11.1909 by Henry James Hedger. Lot 27 was onsold to John Lyon Gardiner, builder, on 30.1.1914, the likely builder of the two semi-detached houses at 15-17 Mona Road.

No. 15 was purchased by Elizabeth Kennedy in 1915. [Amended by Maher]

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. Street patterns and subdivision-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
The subdivision and the two cottages demonstrate a major historical phase in the development of Darling Point as a residential suburb in the early part of the 20th century. This phase saw the breaking up of the early large land grants and estates, in this case the Mona Estate, and the closer subdivision and development of the southern part of the peninsular for good quality upper middle class investment housing.
SHR Criteria b)
[Associative significance]
Does not meet the inclusion guidelines for this criterion.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
The pair of cottages is a very fine intact example of investment housing built in the Federation Queen Anne style popular in the period, and provides evidence of the aesthetic tastes of the period. The building demonstrates many of the key characteristics of the style and a range of characteristic decorative elements and finishes including tuck pointed red brick walls (on the street elevations) over rusticated sandstone base walls, prominent half-timbered gable ends, large bow windows with leadlight casement windows and coloured glass highlights, Wunderlich decorative pressed metal tiles, slate roofed awnings with timber brackets, fretwork verandah balustrades and support brackets and areas of decorative pebble dash stucco.

The sandstone retaining wall, the relationship of the cottages with the street and the mature ficus hillii street trees are all characteristic of the streetscape of the locality.
SHR Criteria d)
[Social significance]
Does not meet the inclusion guidelines for this criterion.
SHR Criteria e)
[Research potential]
Does not meet the inclusion guidelines for this criterion.
SHR Criteria f)
[Rarity]
Does not meet the inclusion guidelines for this criterion.
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
The pair of cottages is a fine representative example of the Federation Queen Anne style applied to the two storey semi-detached cottage type.
Integrity/Intactness: The cottages are very intact and retain the integrity of their original design and construction.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Local Environmental PlanWoollahraLEP 199522 Jul 05 52 
Local Environmental PlanWoollahra LEP 201416123 May 15   
Within a conservation area on an LEPMona Road HCALEP 199527 Feb 04 46 
Heritage studyTanner 01 Jan 97   

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
Darling Point Heritage Item Study2003 Mark Robinson  Yes
Darling Point Heritage Item Study2003 Mark Robinson  Yes

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
WrittenLibby Maher2004Amended Heritage Inventory Sheet - 15 - 17 Mona Road, Darling Point
WrittenRosemary Broomham2001Darling Point: Thematic History
WrittenTanner and Associates1997Heritage Item Investigation - Darling Point

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

rez
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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Local Government
Database number: 2712221


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