Court House (former) | NSW Environment & Heritage

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Heritage

Court House (former)

Item details

Name of item: Court House (former)
Other name/s: Assembly Hall, Young High School
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Law Enforcement
Category: Courthouse
Primary address: 9 Campbell Street, Young, NSW 2594
Parish: Burrangong
County: Monteagle
Local govt. area: Young
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
9 Campbell StreetYoungYoungBurrangongMonteaglePrimary Address

Statement of significance:

Young's former courthouse is a fine example of a judicial building designed in the Victorian Classical style of architecture. Further, with its central, double height court room flanked by single storey office wings, the building displays the main characteristics of general courthouse design during a number of decades of the nineteenth century. The structure reflects the imposing nature of courthouses constructed during the Victorian era. The courthouse was built during the period of Young's consolidation following the town's initial history as a leading goldfield. Also, the building is associated with the hectic period of Public Works Department construction activity during the 1870s and 1880s when courthouses were often impressive structures built sometimes without adequate regard for the communities concerned. The building possesses aesthetic qualities and is an important part of the townscape, having a prominent facade and being located opposite the town's main public park.
Date significance updated: 06 Oct 08
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Builder/Maker: Gough & Co.
Construction years: 1884-1886
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
The complex is in excellent condition for its age.
Date condition updated:15 Oct 08

History

Historical notes: A court house was constructed on Camp Hill during the 1861 gold rush. This was destroyed in the riot of July 1861. A replacement court house was completed in July 1862. This building had timber walls and a shingle roof. By 1865 the shingles has deteriorated and the building was described as not weatherproof and by 1870 the building was being critcised as being generally in disrepair. The need for establishment of quarter sessions at Young led to the construction of a new court house on the corner of Lynch and Cloete Streets in 1874. This building was opened in July 1878 .

A grand new court house was proposed to be constructed on the corner of the police paddock on Camp Hill in the 1880s. Despite objections from the citizens of Young construction of this building proceeded in 1884. It was constructed ‘by Gough and Co of Young at a cost of £12,000’ and opened in April 1886. The building was described as ‘very large and majestic and very inconvenient’ and a ‘monument to government extravagance’. Most court proceedings continued in the older building in Lynch Street. In 1923 Judge Bevan proposed that all court proceedings be held in the Lynch Street court house. This building was extended and the grand court house was re-opened as Young Intermediate High School on 29 April 1925.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages Young-
6. Educating-Educating Education-Activities associated with teaching and learning by children and adults, formally and informally. Public Education-
7. Governing-Governing Law and order-Activities associated with maintaining, promoting and implementing criminal and civil law and legal processes Administering the law-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria b)
[Associative significance]
historical
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Local Environmental Plan  08 Feb 91   
Heritage study     

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
Young Shire Community Based Heritage Study2008 Ray ChristisonRay Christison Yes

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
WrittenBayley, W.1977Ruch Earth History of Young New South Wales

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Local Government
Database number: 2760003


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