House and Garden | NSW Environment, Energy and Science

Culture and heritage


House and Garden

Item details

Name of item: House and Garden
Other name/s: Single Storey Residence
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Residential buildings (private)
Category: House
Primary address: 59 Blaxland Road, Rhodes, NSW 2138
Parish: Concord
County: Cumberland
Local govt. area: Canada Bay
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
59 Blaxland RoadRhodesCanada BayConcordCumberlandPrimary Address

Statement of significance:

No. 59 Blaxland Road has historic and aesthetic significance. The house and garden provide evidence of suburban development in the Inter-War years on the Rhodes peninsular and of the building boom in Canada Bay Local Government Area during this time. The house, which in largely intact, appears to be a rare Federation style house in Rhodes, as well as being unusually narrow. The house and garden make a positive contribution to the streetscape.
Date significance updated: 01 May 17
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.


Physical description: The house at no. 59 Blaxland Road is, unusually for the Rhodes peninsular, is a narrow house rather than a bungalow style. While built in the Inter-War period it is Federation in style. The house has a “L” shaped plan for its front section and a rectangular plan for the rear part of the house. A verandah wraps around the front and one side of the house. The house is entered from the front verandah. The walls of the house are red coloured face brickwork and the roof is terracotta tiled. The hipped roof of the front part of the house (the long side of the “L”) extends across the verandah, its slope being shallower over the verandah (broken-back roof). That part of the house which forms the short side of the “L” is terminated on its northern side by a gable. The gable end features timber shingles, a prominent barge board and eaves lined with timber boards. The lower wall of the gable end has a symmetrically located timber window set below a large window hood which is supported by timber brackets. The windows are comprised of three casement windows with highlights and have a rendered sill. Similar windows are located on the front façade. The verandah roof is supported by square timber posts with large decorative timber brackets. The rear section of the house has a hipped roof with a row of double hung windows. The man roof has boxed eaves while the verandah eaves feature exposed rafters. The ceiling of the verandah is lined with timber boards. The rear wing has been extended sometime after 1943.

The garden is comprised of a lawn with two mature Palms (Phoenix Palm and Fan palm), an entry path and ramp to the front verandah (unsympathetic modern tile finish), an unsympathetic steel front fence, and a concrete driveway is located along the northern boundary.

The narrow design of the house and its location to one side of the allotment may indicate that the owner had intended to subdivided and build another house on the other side of the allotment.
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
The building appears to be in good condition.
Date condition updated:12 Aug 98
Modifications and dates: Original front fence replaced with modern cyclone fence.
The driveway gates and timber posts of the front fence, present in 1998, and which appear to be original, have been removed.
All the garden plantings, with the exception of the two Palm trees, have been removed.
In 2011 an outdoor recreational facility, located at the rear of the site, was approved (DA 10.2010.210.1)
Further information: The house is currently used for church related activities. A hard paved sports court surrounded by a 6m high chain mesh fence is located directly behind the house.
Current use: Church activities
Former use: Residence


Historical notes: No. 59 Blaxland Road is located on land which was part of 60 acres of land granted to Frederick Meredith, a free settler, in 1794. The present day allotment was created by a c.1910 subdivision of the formerly “rural” land into suburban allotments (DP 5923). No. 59 Blaxland Street is not listed in the Sands Sydney Directory of 1915 but is listed in the 1920 Directory (occupied by Francis Ettinger), indicating that it was built sometime between 1915 and 1920.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. (none)-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
The house and garden illustrate the breaking up of the large “rural” estates of the Rhodes peninsular. The house provides evidence of suburban development in the Inter-War years on the Rhodes peninsular and of the building boom in the former Municipality of Concord during this time.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
The house is built in the Federation style. - its form, scale and siting appearing to be unusual for development on the Rhodes peninsular. Despite some alterations, the house is relatively intact, retaining key elements of its original form and character. The garden has been unsympathetically modified, its only plantings being two Palm trees set in a lawn. The house and garden make a positive contribution to the streetscape.
SHR Criteria f)
Rare Federation style house with most features intact and with Palm tree plantings.
SHR Criteria g)
Edwardian style house with most features intact and with a Federation period garden. The garden layout includes characteristic trees and shrubs.
Integrity/Intactness: The house is relatively intact despite some changes. The house retains its original form, scale, materials, pattern of openings, and architectural details. The front fence has been lost as has the most of the plantings of the front garden. The house allotment remains unchanged from the first subdivision of the formerly rural land into suburban allotments, as does the low density residential character of its immediate setting.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

1. Further research should be undertaken of the history of the house, in particular its date of construction. 2. The interior of the house should be inspected and assessed for their heritage value. 3. The existing scale, form, materials, pattern of openings, and details that are original should be retained and conserved. 4. The tiles should be removed from the short wall at the underside of the verandah (base) and this wall rendered and painted. The verandah edge should be returned to its original form and materials. 5. Any additions should be restricted to the rear of the building and site. Additions should not be made to the side of the house. 6. The garden compatible with the period of the house should be reinstated. The 1998 photograph of the house and garden should be used as a reference for a new front fence to replace the existing unsympathetic fence. 7. The tiles of the front verandah should be replaced with tiles typical of Federation style houses. As should the tiles and design of the front garden path. The design and location of the ramp to the verandah should be reconsidered. 8. A schedule of conservation works should be prepared for the house and garden.


Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Local Environmental PlanCanada Bay LEP 2013I2619 Jul 13 38998
Heritage study     

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
Concord Heritage Study Review1998 Perumal Murphy Wu Pty Ltd  Yes
Rhodes Peninsular Heritage Inventory Sheet Review2017 Kate Higgins  Yes

References, internet links & images


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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Local Government
Database number: 2890017

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