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House

Item details

Name of item: House
Other name/s: Single Storey Residence
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Residential buildings (private)
Category: Bungalow
Primary address: 6 Cropley Street, Rhodes, NSW 2138
Parish: Concord
County: Cumberland
Local govt. area: Canada Bay
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
6 Cropley StreetRhodesCanada BayConcordCumberlandPrimary Address

Statement of significance:

No. 6 Cropley Street, built c.1929, is an Inter-War California Bungalow with historical and aesthetic significance. It demonstrates the suburbanisation of the Rhodes peninsular in the early twentieth century following the subdivision of former rural lands and the pervading influence of the California Bungalow style on housing in the suburbs of the former Municipality of Concord. The house is a good intact example of its type and makes a positive contribution to the streetscape.
Date significance updated: 02 May 17
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Designer/Maker: Unknown
Builder/Maker: Unknown
Physical description: The house at No. 6 Cropley Street is a single storey Inter-War California Bungalow designed to address both street fronts of its corner location although with a primary front facade. The house has dark brown face brick walls set above a rendered base, and a hipped terracotta tiled roof. The ridge of the main roof is terminated by small gables. Decorative rendered bands are located above the window and door openings. Gable roofed rooms project on the front (eastern) and side (southern) facades. These projecting rooms have bay windows with casement sashes with decorative leadlight glazing, and a shallow projecting roof. The projecting gable roofed form and bay window on the southern facade respond to the corner location of the site, adding visual interest to the side façade visible from the street. The gables have a pattern of vertical battens. A verandah, set under a separate roof, is located to the side of the projecting room of the front façade. The roof of the verandah, supported by colonnettes set on brick piers, is a very shallow hipped roof with exposed rafters mirroring those of the main roof. A set of steps leads to the front verandah. A more recent garage is located at the rear of the site.
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
The house is generally in good condition.
Date condition updated:10 Jul 98
Modifications and dates: Screen door added. Front fence lost. New high fence at side.
Further information: 1981 – Garage (BA 441/81)
1983 – Swimming pool (BA 86/83)
1985 – Fence (BA39/85)
Unsympathetic screen door added to the front door.
The front fence has been demolished. A new boundary fence has been added at the side.
Current use: Residence
Former use: Residence

History

Historical notes: Simon Donally was granted 25 acres of land on the eastern side of the Rhodes peninsular in December 1794. Donally must have increased his land holding as later Parish maps show him owning 40 acres. The land was later purchased by George Richard Uhr who built his home there and the area became known as Uhr’s Point. In September 1895, Sydney solicitor Charles Davis purchased 51 acres and 3 roods of land at the eastern side of Uhr’s Point (CT Vol. 1172 Fol. 179) and an unsuccessful attempt was made to subdivide. After several owners, the land was purchased by William Francis Cropley, boot importer, in 1911 (CT Vol.2127 Fol. 241). Cropley immediately subdivided the land into 157 suburban allotments and offered them for sale. on 10 February 1912. The sales notice advised that the estate was “two minutes from Rhodes Railway Station and twenty minutes by train from Sydney….. and commands charming views of the winding river and distant landscapes of the beautiful undulating country of Ryde and Eastwood”. The subdivision created Cropley, Llewellyn, Denham and Averil Streets as well as Cavell Avenue (originally named Broke Street). In October 1920 Florence Cropley, the wife of William Cropley, became the owner of No. 6 Cropley Street, and sold the land to Charles Leonard Williams, civil engineer, in 1928. No. 6 Cropley Street is not listed in the Sands Sydney Directory of 1928 but is listed in the 1930 directory, indicating that it the house was built c.1929.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. (none)-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
No. 6 Cropley Street, built c.1929, illustrates the breaking up of the large “rural” estates of the Rhodes peninsular. The house provides evidence of suburban development on the Rhodes peninsular in the Inter-War years.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
No. 6 Cropley Street illustrates the pervading influence of the California Bungalow style on housing in the Australian suburbs and on the Rhodes peninsular. The house is an attractive example of an Inter-War California Bungalow. Despite some alterations, the house retains key elements of its original scale, form, and character and makes a positive contribution to the streetscape.
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
Intact, representative example of an Inter-War California Bungalow.
Integrity/Intactness: The house is relatively intact despite some changes. The house retains its original form, scale, materials, pattern of openings, and many details. The front fence has been lost as has the arrangement of the front garden.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

1. Original elements of the existing scale, form, materials, finishes, pattern of openings, and details, including all timber joinery (windows and doors) and the front verandah, exposed eaves rafters, should be retained and conserved. No new openings should be made in the front façade. 2. All face brickwork should remain unpainted. 3. The glazing of the front bay window should be appropriately repaired. The glazing of the side bay window should be inspected and repaired if needed. 4. Any alterations and additions should be restricted to the rear of the building and site. 5. The front garden should be changed so it more greatly reflects the period of the house and provides and enhanced setting for the house. 6. A front fence appropriate to the style of the house should be reinstated. (Expert advice should be sought.)

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Local Environmental PlanCanada Bay LEP 2013I15619 Jul 13 38999
Heritage study     

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
Concord Heritage Study Review1998 Perumal Murphy Wu Pty Ltd  Yes
Rhodes Peninsular Heritage Inventory Sheet Review2017 Kate Higgins  Yes

References, internet links & images

None

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Local Government
Database number: 2890109


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