House, Cressbrooke | NSW Environment, Energy and Science

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Heritage

House, Cressbrooke

Item details

Name of item: House, Cressbrooke
Other name/s: “Cressbroke”
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Residential buildings (private)
Category: Bungalow
Primary address: 19 Cropley Street, Rhodes, NSW 2138
Parish: Concord
County: Cumberland
Local govt. area: Canada Bay
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
19 Cropley StreetRhodesCanada BayConcordCumberlandPrimary Address

Statement of significance:

No. 19 Cropley Street has historical and aesthetic significance. It demonstrates the suburbanisation of the Rhodes peninsular in the early years of the twentieth century following the subdivision of former rural lands. The house, displaying the influence of a number of styles, is an unusual timber cottage built in the Inter-War years
Date significance updated: 03 May 17
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Designer/Maker: Unknown
Builder/Maker: Unknown
Physical description: The house at no. 19 Cropley Street is a painted weatherboard cottage with a gable corrugated iron roof, the gables facing the side boundaries. The front façade is symmetrical round the front door with windows positioned on either side. A verandah stretches entirely across the front façade and is set under the main roof, the roof slope becoming more shallow over the verandah. The verandah has single square posts with large decorative brackets and a timber balustrade. The timber windows on the front facade (located symmetrically about the front door) are comprised of a set of three casement windows with highlight windows above. The sashes have leadlight glazing in a diamond pattern. The gable ends terminating the steeply sloping roof have a pattern of vertical battens set on plain sheeting.
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
The house is in good condition.
Date condition updated:10 Jul 98
Modifications and dates: BA51/1996 – Timber deck
DA 10.2009.331.1 Prune and remove various trees - approved on 23.07.2009; DA2016/0100 Pruning and removal of trees associated with a heritage item, approved on 06.06.2016
Security door added. Front fence lost.
Current use: Residence
Former use: Residence

History

Historical notes: Simon Donally was granted 25 acres of land on the eastern side of the Rhodes peninsular in December 1794. Donally must have increased his land holding as later Parish maps show him owning 40 acres. The land was later purchased by George Richard Uhr who built his home there and the area became known as Uhr’s Point. In September 1895, Sydney solicitor Charles Davis purchased 51 acres and 3 roods of land at the eastern side of Uhr’s Point (CT Vol. 1172 Fol. 179) and an unsuccessful attempt was made to subdivide. After several owners, the land was purchased by William Francis Cropley, boot importer, in 1911 (CT Vol.2127 Fol. 241). Cropley immediately subdivided the land into 157 suburban allotments and offered them for sale. on 10 February 1912. The sales notice advised that the estate was “two minutes from Rhodes Railway Station and twenty minutes by train from Sydney….. and commands charming views of the winding river and distant landscapes of the beautiful undulating country of Ryde and Eastwood”. The subdivision created Cropley, Llewellyn, Denham and Averil Streets as well as Cavell Avenue (originally named Broke Street). The allotment which was to become no. 19 Cropley Street was sold to William Mitchell in 1915. No. 19 Cropley Street is listed in the Sands Sydney Directory of 1925, indicating that it was built sometime between 1915 and 1925. By 1943 houses had been built on most of the allotments and a Timber Yard had been established to the north of the residential area (on the waterfront at the northern end of the Rhodes Peninsular). Large industrial areas were also located to the south of the low density residential area and on the western side of the Rhodes peninsular.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. (none)-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
No. 19 Cropley Street illustrates the breaking up of the large “rural” estates of the Rhodes peninsular. The house provides evidence of suburban development on the Rhodes peninsular in the Inter-War years.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
The house is an example of a weatherboard cottage with a distinctive verandah. Despite some alterations, the cottage retains its original scale, form, materials, and character and makes a positive contribution to the streetscape. The house design shows Federation as well Inter-War stylistic influences
SHR Criteria f)
[Rarity]
Inter-War weatherboard cottages appear to be rare for the area.
Integrity/Intactness: The house is relatively intact despite some changes. The house retains its original form, scale, materials, pattern of openings, and many details. The front fence has been lost as has the arrangement of the front garden. The house allotment remains unchanged from the 1912 subdivision as does the low density residential character of its immediate setting.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

1. Further research should be undertaken of the history of the house, in particular its date of construction. 2. Further research should be undertaken so as to understand original components of the house and later modifications (eg verandah balustrade). 3. Existing elements of the original scale, form, materials, pattern of openings, and details - including all timber joinery (windows and doors) and the front verandah, should be retained and conserved. No new openings should be made in the front façade. 4. Any alterations and additions should be restricted to the rear of the building. 5. The garden should be changed so it reflects the period of the house and provides an enhanced setting for the house. 6. A front fence, appropriate to the period and style of the house should be reinstated. 7. Based on the 1943 aerial photograph a gablet may have been located in the centre of the front roof plane. This should be investigated eg by looking at the roof framing.

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Local Environmental PlanCanada Bay LEP 2013I15719 Jul 13 38999
Heritage study     

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
Concord Heritage Study Review1998 Perumal Murphy Wu Pty Ltd  Yes
Rhodes Peninsular Heritage Inventory Sheet Review2017 Kate Higgins  Yes

References, internet links & images

None

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Local Government
Database number: 2890110


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