House | NSW Environment, Energy and Science

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Heritage

House

Item details

Name of item: House
Other name/s: Single Storey Residence
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Residential buildings (private)
Category: Bungalow
Primary address: 37 Llewellyn Street, Rhodes, NSW 2138
Parish: Concord
County: Cumberland
Local govt. area: Canada Bay
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
37 Llewellyn StreetRhodesCanada BayConcordCumberlandPrimary Address

Statement of significance:

No. 37 Llewellyn Street, built c1915, is of historical and aesthetic significance. It demonstrates the suburbanisation of the Rhodes peninsular in the early years of the twentieth century following the subdivision of formerly rural land. The house is an attractive and intact example of an early Inter-War weatherboard cottage displaying a number of architectural influences.
Date significance updated: 03 May 17
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Designer/Maker: Unknown
Builder/Maker: Unknown
Physical description: The house at no. 37 Llewellyn Street is a late Federation/early Inter-War timber weatherboard cottage. It has a hipped corrugated iron roof with a gable roof over a room projecting to form a stepped front façade. The gable has timber shingles. The roof ridge may be terminated by gablets. A verandah is located on that part of the front façade to the side of the projecting room, and wraps around the side. A pair of timber double hung windows is located symmetrically on the front façade of the gable roofed projecting room. The verandah has a timber floor, square posts, a timber frieze and a bullnose roof separate to that of the main roof. The original front door remains and features side lights and fanlights
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
The house is in good condition.
Date condition updated:23 Jul 98
Modifications and dates: Screen door added.
Further information: Due to the heavy planting in the front garden it was difficult to view the house from the street.
Current use: Residence
Former use: Residence

History

Historical notes: Simon Donally was granted 25 acres of land on the eastern side of the Rhodes peninsular in December 1794. Donally must have increased his land holding as later Parish maps show him owning 40 acres. The land was later purchased by George Richard Uhr who built his home there and the area became known as Uhr’s Point. In September 1895, Sydney solicitor Charles Davis purchased 51 acres and 3 roods of land at the eastern side of Uhr’s Point (CT Vol. 1172 Fol. 179) and an unsuccessful attempt was made to subdivide. After several owners, the land was purchased by William Francis Cropley, boot importer, in 1911 (CT Vol.2127 Fol. 241). Cropley immediately subdivided the land into 157 suburban allotments and offered them for sale on 10 February 1912. The sales notice advised that the estate was “two minutes from Rhodes Railway Station and twenty minutes by train from Sydney….. and commands charming views of the winding river and distant landscapes of the beautiful undulating country of Ryde and Eastwood”. The subdivision created Cropley, Llewellyn, Denham and Averil Streets as well as Cavell Avenue (originally named Broke Street). The allotment which was to become no. 37 Llewellyn Street was sold to Walter Brown in 1914. No. 37 Llewellyn Street is listed in the Sands Sydney Directory of 1916, indicating that the house was most likely built c.1915. By 1943 houses had been built on most of the allotments and a Timber Yard had been established to the north of the residential area (on the waterfront at the northern end of the Rhodes Peninsular).

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. (none)-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages (none)-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
No. 37 Llewellyn Street, built c.1915, illustrates the breaking up of the large “rural” estates of the Rhodes peninsular. The house provides evidence of suburban development on the Rhodes peninsular in the Inter-War years.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
The house is an attractive example of a weatherboard cottage built at the end of the Federation period/start of the Inter-War period. Despite some alterations, the cottage retains its original scale, form, materials and character and many of its original details, and makes a positive contribution to the streetscape. The form of the house reflects both Federation and Inter-War styles, the bullnose roof of the verandah is reminiscent of Victorian architecture, while the verandah joinery and front door are characteristic of the Federation period, and the gable is characteristic of the Inter-War period.
SHR Criteria f)
[Rarity]
Rare weatherboard cottage displaying a number of architectural influences.
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
Intact, representative example of a early, timber Federation cottage.
Integrity/Intactness: The house appears to have a high degree of integrity despite some changes. The house retains its original form, scale, materials, pattern of openings, and many details. The house allotment remains unchanged from the 1912 subdivision as does the low density residential character of its immediate setting.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

1. The extent of original building fabric should be investigated and a schedule of conservation works prepared. 2. The existing scale, form, materials, pattern of openings, and details relating to the original building - including timber joinery (windows and doors), the front verandah, and exposed eaves rafters, should be retained and conserved. No new openings should be made in the front façade. 3. Any alterations and additions should be restricted to the rear of the building and site. 4. The garden should be changed so it more greatly reflects the period of the house and provides and enhanced setting for the house. The amount of vegetation in the front garden should be reduced – consideration being given to the removal of at least one of the large trees. 5. Care needs to be taken that soil levels do not build up near the verandah or timber walls as this could result in damage from termites and timber rot.

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Local Environmental PlanCanada Bay LEP 2013I30319 Jul 13 38999
Heritage study     

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
Concord Heritage Study Review1998 Perumal Murphy Wu Pty Ltd  Yes
Rhodes Peninsular Heritage Inventory Sheet Review2017 Kate Higgins  Yes

References, internet links & images

None

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Local Government
Database number: 2890201


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