Monaro - House and Garden | NSW Environment, Energy and Science

Culture and heritage


Monaro - House and Garden

Item details

Name of item: Monaro - House and Garden
Other name/s: "Monaro"
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Residential buildings (private)
Category: Bungalow
Primary address: 73 Llewellyn Street, Rhodes, NSW 2138
Parish: Concord
County: Cumberland
Local govt. area: Canada Bay
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
73 Llewellyn StreetRhodesCanada BayConcordCumberlandPrimary Address

Statement of significance:

No. 73 Llewellyn Street is of historical and aesthetic significance. It demonstrates the suburbanisation of the Rhodes peninsular in the early years of the twentieth century following the subdivision of former rural lands into suburban allotments. The house is a relatively intact example of a symmetrically designed Inter-War California Bungalow, and the front garden (including the front fence) is also relatively intact. The house and garden are notable in streetscape.
Date significance updated: 03 May 17
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.


Designer/Maker: Unknown
Builder/Maker: Unknown
Physical description: The house shows the influence of the California Bungalow style. The front façade has a symmetrical design around a centrally positioned projecting verandah which is a key architectural feature of the front façade. The verandah is surrounded by a rock face sandstone block balustrade wall and has a ve hipped roof supported by tapered stub timber posts set on sandstone piers. The verandah roof extends from the main roof and matches its slope. The main roof is also a hipped roof, and like the verandah roof, has exposed eaves rafters. Both roofs have terracotta tiles. The walls of the house are dark brick. Projecting casement timber windows are located symmetrically on either side of the central verandah. The windows have a timber shingle skirt set below the sill and a small projecting hood supported by decorative brackets. The window panes feature leadlight glazing. The front door of the house is located at the side (on the southern façade).

The attractive front fence has wrought iron infill set between sandstone rock face piers. The wrought iron infill has decorative panels and twisted pickets alternating with straight pickets. (The same pattern as that of the Dame Eadith Hospital entrance.) A sinuous tessellated tile garden path leads from the front gate to the entry door.

The attractive front garden has simple design with garden beds set around a lawn (Buffalo grass). A concrete driveway is located on the northern side of the allotment. It leads to a face brick garage which appears not to have a door and to have been recently repointed (but not cleaned afterwards).
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
The house and garden are in good condition.
Date condition updated:23 Jul 98
Modifications and dates: 1982 – swimming pool – application no BA439/82/1
A tree has been removed from the garden. Other changes to garden plantings.
Current use: Residence
Former use: Residence


Historical notes: Simon Donally was granted 25 acres of land on the eastern side of the Rhodes peninsular in December 1794. Donally must have increased his land holding as later Parish maps show him owning 40 acres. The land was later purchased by George Richard Uhr who built his home there and the area became known as Uhr’s Point. In September 1895, Sydney solicitor Charles Davis purchased 51 acres and 3 roods of land at the eastern side of Uhr’s Point (CT Vol. 1172 Fol. 179) and an unsuccessful attempt was made to subdivide. After several owners, the land was purchased by William Francis Cropley, boot importer, in 1911 (CT Vol.2127 Fol. 241). Cropley immediately subdivided the land into 157 suburban allotments and offered them for sale on 10 February 1912. The sales notice advised that the estate was “two minutes from Rhodes Railway Station and twenty minutes by train from Sydney….. and commands charming views of the winding river and distant landscapes of the beautiful undulating country of Ryde and Eastwood”. The subdivision created Cropley, Llewellyn, Denham and Averil Streets as well as Cavell Avenue (originally named Broke Street). The allotment that was to become no. 73 Llewellyn Street was transferred to Mary Jane Brake in 1913. (She also obtained the two adjoining allotments – nos. 75 and 77 Llewellyn Street.) No. 73 Llewellyn Street is listed in the Sands Sydney Directory of 1930, indicating that it was built some time between 1913 and 1930. By 1943 houses had been built on most of the allotments and a Timber Yard had been established to the north of the residential area (on the waterfront at the northern end of the Rhodes Peninsular).

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. (none)-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
No. 73 Llewellyn Street house and garden illustrates the breaking up of the large “rural” estates of the Rhodes peninsular in suburban allotments. The original residential allotment remains intact. The house provides evidence of suburban development in the Inter-War years on the Rhodes peninsular and of the building boom in the former Municipality of Concord during this time.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
No. 73 Llewellyn Street illustrates the pervading influence of the California Bungalow style on housing in the Australian suburbs and on the Rhodes peninsular. The house is an attractive example of a symmetrically designed California Bungalow. Despite some alterations, the house retains key elements of its original scale, form, details, materials, and character, and makes a positive contribution to the streetscape. The house is set in an attractive front garden, its key feature being the intact original sandstone and wrought iron front fence, lawn, and entry path.
SHR Criteria g)
Intact, representative example of a California Bungalow. The layout of the modest front garden is also representative of the time.
Integrity/Intactness: The house is relatively intact despite some changes. The main (front) section of the house retains its original form, scale, materials, pattern of openings, and many attractive details. The original front fence is still present as it the entry path. The house allotment remains unchanged from the 1912 subdivision as does the low density residential character of its immediate setting.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

1. Further research should be undertaken of the history of the house, in particular its date of construction. 2. The existing scale, form, materials, pattern of openings, and details of the original house - including timber joinery (windows and doors) and the front verandah, exposed eaves rafters, should be retained and conserved. No new openings should be made in the front façade. 3. The main entry should be retained on the side of the house. 4. Any alterations and additions should be restricted to the rear of the building and site. 5. The front fence and entry gate should be retained and conserved. 6. The excess mortar should be cleaned from the garage wall. 7. The garden should be changed so it more greatly reflects the period of the house and provides and enhanced setting for the house. 8. All sandstone and face brickwork should remain unpainted.


Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Local Environmental PlanCanada Bay LEP 2013I30519 Jul 13 38999
Heritage study     

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
Concord Heritage Study Review1998 Perumal Murphy Wu Pty Ltd  Yes
Rhodes Peninsular Heritage Inventory Sheet Review2017 Kate Higgins  Yes

References, internet links & images


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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Local Government
Database number: 2890203

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