Federation House | NSW Environment, Energy and Science

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Federation House

Item details

Name of item: Federation House
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Residential buildings (private)
Category: House
Primary address: 4 Ada Street, Concord, NSW 2137
Parish: Concord
County: Cumberland
Local govt. area: Canada Bay
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
4 Ada StreetConcordCanada BayConcordCumberlandPrimary Address

Statement of significance:

This house is one of the first group of houses to be built using the camerated concrete form of construction patented in 1905 by Henry Goddard. Known examples of this construction are rare in New South Wales.

This is one of a pair of houses with characteristic features of the Federation Queen Anne style in one of Concord's oldest streets.
Date significance updated: 19 Feb 10
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Builder/Maker: Henry Goddard
Construction years: 1905-1906
Physical description: Federation Bungalow in camerated concrete with a hipped and gabled roof of terracotta tiles. The walls of the concrete are rendered and scored in imitation of ashlar. The street facing gable is finished in roughcast and has a gable screen. A verandah crosses the front of the gable. Three chimneys are finished in roughcast.
Modifications and dates: Verandah modified
Current use: Residence
Former use: Residence

History

Historical notes: The pair of houses at 4 and 6 Ada Street are the two remaining of a group of houses built in 1905 by Henry Arthur Goddard using a new method of construction called camerated concrete. Goddard purchased the land in July 1905 and subdivided it into five allotments almost immediately. Two of the houses in this group built by Goddard faced Parramatta Road and have since been demolished.

Camerated concrete was constructed by jump forming concrete with a cavity between the internal and external skin of wall. Henry Goddard patented the system in 1905 as "An improved method of Building in Cnocrete and Apparatus Therefor", first using it in his Ada Street houses. The system is similar to one patented by Charles May 51 years earlier. Other examples of camerated concrete in the Sydney area were located in Five Dock. The rights for the system was sold in parts of New South Wales, Tasmania and in New Zealand.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages Suburbanisation-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria b)
[Associative significance]
This house is one of a group built by Henry Goddard, Mayor of Concord in 1908, 1909 and 1920, where he first used his camerated concrete construction system.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
This is one of a pair of houses with characteristic features of the Federation Queen Anne style in one of Concord's oldest streets.
SHR Criteria e)
[Research potential]
This house is one of the first group of houses to be built using the camerated concrete form of construction patented in 1905 by Henry Goddard.
SHR Criteria f)
[Rarity]
This house is a rare surviving example of the use of camerated concrete construction in New South Wales. Other known surviving examples in New South Wales are the neighbouring house at 4 Ada Street, 535 Lyons Road West. Outside New South Wales examples survive in South Australia, Tasmania and New Zealand.
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
This is one of a pair of houses with characteristic features of the Federation Queen Anne style in one of Concord's oldest streets.
Integrity/Intactness: Reasonable
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Local Environmental PlanFederation house307 Mar 08 301464
Heritage study     

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
Written 1977"Camerated Concrete" in Constructional Review November 1977
Written 1905Certificate of Title Vol 77 Fol 177
Written  DP 927042
WrittenMiles Lewis Australian Building : A Cultural Investigation
WrittenSheena Coupe1983Concord - A Centenary History
PhotographUnknown1905Album, Construction of Camerated Houses in Ada Street, Concord, c1905.

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Local Government
Database number: 2891463


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