Gale Street Inter-war California Bungalow Conservation Area | NSW Environment, Energy and Science

Culture and heritage


Gale Street Inter-war California Bungalow Conservation Area

Item details

Name of item: Gale Street Inter-war California Bungalow Conservation Area
Type of item: Complex / Group
Group/Collection: Residential buildings (private)
Category: Other - Residential Buildings (private)
Primary address: 36-44 Gale Street, Mortlake, NSW 2137
Parish: Concord
County: Cumberland
Local govt. area: Canada Bay
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
36-44 Gale StreetMortlakeCanada BayConcordCumberlandPrimary Address

Statement of significance:

The Gale Street Inter-War California Bungalow Conservation Area is a good example row of five, Inter War Californian style bungalows that form an important group in the streetscape and that have historical associations with the AGL gasworks and the development of the Mortlake Township.
Date significance updated: 29 May 09
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.


Construction years: 1920-
Physical description: The Gale Street Inter-War California Bungalow Conservation area is a group of fi ve, Inter War Californian bungalows all designed to the same pattern with double gable to the front with an inset verandah. The houses have garden to the front with low brick walls to the street. Most have been altered to some extent.

The group is set on identical blocks along a tree lined street with rear lane access to garages and carports. The adjoining scale is predominantly single storey with a mix of Victorian and Federation cottages with some later infill development.

All the houses in the group are single storey with no second floor additions. There is some later two storey development close by.

The group is in the classic Californian bungalow style in dark face brick with double gables, low pitched roofs and low, brick verandahs to the front.

The front setbacks are the same with a small garden to the front. The setback of adjoining houses varies.

Materials and Colours
The houses are predominantly in red face brick with terracotta tile roofs and painted timber casement windows. Some of the verandahs have been infilled and external walls rendered.

Car Parking
The rear lanes provide car access to rear garages and carports.

The front fencing is not consistent with a mix of low masonry walls, timber pickets of various styles and metal palisade fencing.

Landscape Elements including Paving and Driveways
Front gardens are dominated by lawns with perimeter shrub planting with some hedging. There are some street trees with Paperbarks predominant.
Current use: Residential
Former use: Residential


Historical notes: Mortlake township began with the establishment of the Australian Gas Light Company's works at Mortlake in 1886. Subdivision of the township took place in the following 2 years. The group of houses at 36-44 Gale Street were built in the 1920s and appear to have been a speculative development.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages Suburbanisation-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
This is an important group of workers' housing directly relating to continued development of the AGL gasworks at Mortlake.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
This is a good group of Inter-War California Bungalows. The repetition of gabled forms makes an important contribution to the local streetscape.
SHR Criteria g)
This is a good group of representative Inter-War California bungalows.
Integrity/Intactness: Reasonable
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.


Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Local Environmental PlanGale Street Inter-War California Bungalow ConservaW07 Mar 08 301464
Heritage study     

References, internet links & images


Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Local Government
Database number: 2891468

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