Bond Store 3 | NSW Environment & Heritage

Culture and heritage

Heritage

Bond Store 3

Item details

Name of item: Bond Store 3
Other name/s: The Sydney Theatre, Parbury's Bond Store No. 3
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Government and Administration
Category: Bond Store
Primary address: Hickson Road, Millers Point, NSW 2000
Local govt. area: Sydney
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
Hickson RoadMillers PointSydney  Primary Address

Owner/s

Organisation NameOwner CategoryDate Ownership Updated
Arts NSWState Government 

Statement of significance:

The site is of state heritage significance as part of the Walsh Bay Precinct, the state’s largest and most intact late-Victorian to mid-twentieth century commercial maritime complex. Bond Store 3, together with Bond Store 2 and the Windmill Passage occupy a site which has been continuously associated with the shipping industry since the 1830s. The site has a rarity value in that they are of the few remaining, powerful examples of an important type of structure associated with Sydney’s wharf storage. Although constructed in the late 1800s, they occupy a site and have served functions linking to the earliest maritime activities at Walsh Bay. Bond 3 is a handsome, well-proportioned, intelligently designed structure, displaying the architectural and engineering talent of its time. It is a fine Queen Anne style warehouse, well constructed and a good aesthetic quality. It typifies the strong, decorated warehouse buildings erected in Sydney in the high Victoriaan Period. The north façade has a strong architectural presence and contributes to Windmill Street streetscape. It is one of the only two sites at Walsh Bay (the other being Pier 8/9) that has been associated with the Central AWharf Stevedoring Company. It has been associated with the Sydney Harbour Trust and Maritime Services Board operations, with wharf owners and labourers and generally with the local and regional community. More recently the site has links with the international and national artists and arts organisations. (Tropman & Tropman, Bond Store No 3 (site 34) at Walsh Bay Precinct, CMP 2000)
The conservation and adaptive reuse of Bond Store 3 for the Sydney Theatre was part of the Walsh Bay Redevelopment, comprising a large scale mixed use development on a sensitive maritime heritage site providing urban infrastructure that has allowed the precinct to develop vitality. The redevelopment won the Walter Burley Griffin Award for Urban Design in 2007.
Date significance updated: 24 Jan 08
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Designer/Maker: unknown
Physical description: Bond Store No. 3 is a six-storey, brick-faced building in Queen Anne Revival style, with three-storey fronting Windmill Street. It is the most intact warehouse building in the Miller's Point and Walsh Bay area, which dates from the period of Sydney's mercantile history pre-dating the Sydney Harbour Trust. Externally, architectural features include cornices, string courses, lintels, hoods and base courses, all visible on the front (southern) elevation. The front wall on Windmill Street probably incorporated the basement walls of the former Wool Pressing Store. Internally, the cast iron decorative columns contain fine architectural details. (DPWS Heritage Group, 1998)

The conservation and adaptive reuse of Bond Store 3 for the Sydney Theatre was part of the Walsh Bay Redevelopment, comprising a large scale mixed use development on a sensitive maritime heritage site providing urban infrastructure that has allowed the precinct to develop vitality. The new brick façade to Hickson Road is a sensitive infill development in a contemporary style. The redevelopment won the Walter Burley Griffin Award for Urban Design in 2007.
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
The building is in good condition. Conservation work to building fabric work was carried out as part of the recent alterations and modifications to the building
Date condition updated:29 Jan 08
Modifications and dates: 1892 - Construction completed
1947-1951 - extensions to the building
2004/5 - adaptive reuse of the building with additional brick infill building on Hickson Road for use as The Sydney Theatre.
Current use: Syndy Theatre Company, adminidtration offices, restaurant and bistro
Former use: Bond store

History

Historical notes: Bond Store 3, originally known as Parbury’s Bond Store No 3, was completed in 1892 as a warehouse for Lamb and Parbury. The building partly incorporated the Wool pressing Store that was existing on site. (The Wool Pressing Store, built c.1880s, had replaced an earlier single-storey bond store erected on the site c. 1850s) In 1894 Parbury’s Bond Store No 3 was purchased by Central Wharf Stevedoring Co. In 1900 the first reported victim of bubonic plague came from Central Wharf. The Sydney Harbour Trust resumed Parbury’s Bond Store, among other buildings, in the first decade of 1900s. In 1936, the building was transferred to Maritime Services Board and became known as MSB Bond Store 3. Extensions to the building were made in 1947-51 when an adjoining Bond Store No. 4 was constructed. As the use of the building as a warehouse declined in the 1980s, the State Government began looking for new uses. Conservation analysis and works were undertaken in 1993-94 to allow part of the building on Windmill Street to be converted into an Aboriginal Arts and Performance Centre.

Bond Store No. 3 is owned by the NSW Maritime Authority, a Government trading corporation which replaced the Sydney Ports Authority and the earlier Maritime Services Board in 1995, and is leased to the Ministry for the Arts. In January 1994 the Ministry launched a project to refurbish the building jointly with the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Commission for use as an Aboriginal Cultural Centre. The project did not proceed . In the context of the Walsh Bay redevelopment, the building was incorporated, into the new plan for the precinct. (K. Proust, Thematic History, 1999)

In August 2000, the architectural firm Peddle Thorp and Walker prepared architectural drawings for the Sydney Theatre (Drawings DA-00A – DA -15A)

The conservation and adaptive reuse of Bond Store 3 for the Sydney Theatre was part of the Walsh Bay Redevelopment, comprising a large scale mixed use development on a sensitive maritime heritage site providing urban infrastructure that has allowed the precinct to develop vitality. The redevelopment won the Walter Burley Griffin Award for Urban Design in 2007.

Sydney Theatre Company’s new theatre opened in 2006/7 as a state of the art 850 seat theatre designed as a specialist drama and dance venue providing the opportunity expand the range of work produced and presented.

The architects Peddle Thorp and Walker have previous experience in Theatre design being the team behind the acclaimed City Recital Hall in Angel Place in Sydney and the refurbishment of the Capitol Theatre. Led by Andrew Andersons, the success of the architects has been to integrate the heritage elements of the old Bond Stores into an evocative, stylish yet supremely functional venue.( Sydney Theatre Company website, 16 January 2008).

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Industry-Activities associated with the manufacture, production and distribution of goods (none)-
5. Working-Working Labour-Activities associated with work practises and organised and unorganised labour (none)-
7. Governing-Governing Government and Administration-Activities associated with the governance of local areas, regions, the State and the nation, and the administration of public programs - includes both principled and corrupt activities. (none)-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
The site is part of Walsh Bay, the state’s largest and most intact late-Victorian to mid-twentieth century commercial maritime complex.
SHR Criteria b)
[Associative significance]
Bond Store 3, together with Bond Store 2 and the Windmill Passage occupy a site which has been continuously associated with the shipping industry since the 1830s. It is one of the only two sites at Walsh Bay (the other being Pier 8/9) that has been associated with the Central Wharf Stevedoring Company.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
The conservation and adaptive reuse of Bond Store 3 for the Sydney Theatre was part of the Walsh Bay Redevelopment, comprising a large scale mixed use development on a sensitive maritime heritage site providing urban infrastructure that will allow the precinct to develop vitality. The redevelopment won the Walter Burley Griffin Award for Urban Design in 2007.
SHR Criteria d)
[Social significance]
• It has been associated with the Sydney Harbour Trust and Maritime Services Board operations, with wharf owners and labourers and generally with the local and regional community. More recently the site has links with the international and national artists and arts organisations.
SHR Criteria f)
[Rarity]
The building is a rare surviving example of warehouse structure associated with Sydney’s wharf storage
Integrity/Intactness: The buidling has been significantly modified as part of the adaptive reuse for the Sydney Theatre Company and administration offices
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

A Maintenance Schedule was prepared by Tropman and Tropman Architects in August 2003, a copy of which is held by ArtsNSW

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Heritage Act - s.170 NSW State agency heritage registerBond Store No. 3 02 Apr 99   

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
WrittenK Proust1999Thematic History, MFTA s170 Register
WrittenThematic History, MFTA s170 Register2004Archival Record, bond Store No. 3 Including Sydney Theatre, Walsh Bay

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: State Government
Database number: 3070007


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