Holbrook Courthouse and Residence | NSW Environment & Heritage

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Heritage

Holbrook Courthouse and Residence

Item details

Name of item: Holbrook Courthouse and Residence
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Law Enforcement
Category: Courthouse
Primary address: Albury Street, Holbrook, NSW 2644
Local govt. area: Greater Hume
Hectares (approx): 0.01
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
Albury StreetHolbrookGreater Hume  Primary Address

Owner/s

Organisation NameOwner CategoryDate Ownership Updated
Attorney General's DepartmentState Government 

Statement of significance:

Holbrook Courthouse and Residence is a modest and attractive public building without a uniform architectural style. The building features Art Nouveau influences in its front façade and Victorian Regency styles elsewhere. The courthouse and residence is one of the oldest public buildings remaining in the town and has been associated with the provision of justice in Holbrook since 1873.
Date significance updated: 04 May 10
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Designer/Maker: J Barnet
Builder/Maker: W Frost (1899 additions)
Construction years: 1872-1873
Physical description: Holbrook Courthouse and Residence was originally built as a simple single-storey Victorian cottage. A major two-storey addition was made to half of the front elelvation with Art Nouveau influences evident in the curved verandah timber detailing. Internal alterations were made to accommodate a courtroom. (Schwager Brooks 1993) An early outbuilding is located at the rear of the courthouse and currently contains a meeting room and meal room.
Other accommodation: general office, Magistrates Chamber, legal room, 2 bed residence.
Construction: Holbrook Courthouse and Residence is constructed in face brick with some rendered detailing. The hipped roofs are clad in corrugated iron sheeting. (Schwager Brooks 1993)
Interior materials: Timber
Exterior materials: Brick, corrugated iron.
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
Good. (March 2007)
Date condition updated:04 May 10
Modifications and dates: Substantial alterations and additions during the nineteenth century.
Current use: Courthouse and Residence
Former use: Courthouse and Post and Telegraph Office

History

Historical notes: Holbrook Courthouse was completed in 1873 to a design by Colonial Architect James Barnet.

A travelling reporter for the Sydney Morning Herald in 1872 described the sites of Germanton, including the post office and telegraph station. He also described the combined courthouse and police station:

'A more miserable shanty I have rarely met, yet within its walls are a Police Court, a lock-up and police quarters. Fancy a court-room; not 12 feet square, where as many as thirteen cases a day often present themselves-three JPs are presiding, witnesses, deposition clerk, tee., rather a close pack; fortunately 'justice is blind' or she never would find her way to such a miserable abode.'

A combined post office and courthouse was constructed in 1873, designed by Colonial Architect James Barnet. As well as court hearings, it was used for a number of civic functions, including for the elections of the Member for Hume and for meetings of the railway committee and the land board. Alterations were made to the building in 1899 by W Frost from Bowral.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Communication-Activities relating to the creation and conveyance of information Postal services-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Land tenure-Activities and processes for identifying forms of ownership and occupancy of land and water, both Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal -
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages -
7. Governing-Governing Law and order-Activities associated with maintaining, promoting and implementing criminal and civil law and legal processes Administration of justice-
9. Phases of Life-Marking the phases of life Persons-Activities of, and associations with, identifiable individuals, families and communal groups -

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
Holbrook Courthouse and Residence has been associated with the provision of law and justice in the town since 1873 and also with the town's postal and telegraph service. The courthouse and residence is one of the oldest public buildings remaining in the town
SHR Criteria b)
[Associative significance]
Holbrook Courthouse and Residence is associated with James Barnet, Colonial Architect of New South Wales from 1862-1890 and Walter Liberty Vernon, Government Architect of New South Wales from 1890-1911, but is not a good example of the work of either architect.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
Holbrook Courthouse and Residence is a modest and attractive public building without a uniform architectural style. The building features Art Nouveau influences in its front façade and Victorian Regency styles elsewhere.
SHR Criteria d)
[Social significance]
Holbrook Courthouse and Residence is likely to have significance for the local community as a long-standing civic institution of the town.
Integrity/Intactness: Moderately intact with a moderate level of integrity.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Heritage Act - s.170 NSW State agency heritage register     

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
Written 1899The Sydney Morning Herald, Tuesday 25 July 1899
Written 1890The Sydney Morning Herald, Thursday 25 September 1890
Written 1889The Sydney Morning Herald, Tuesday 29 January 1889
Written 1888The Sydney Morning Herald, Wednesday 28 March 1888
Written 1872The Sydney Morning Herald, Thursday 26 December 1872
WrittenNSW Department of Commerce2007Condition Assessments GAP Analysis Court House Report: Holbrook
WrittenSchwager Brooks and Partners Pty Ltd1993Department of Courts Administration: Preliminary Heritage and Conservation Register

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: State Government
Database number: 3080069


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