Temora Courthouse | NSW Environment & Heritage

Culture and heritage

Heritage

Temora Courthouse

Item details

Name of item: Temora Courthouse
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Law Enforcement
Category: Courthouse
Primary address: De Boos Street, Temora, NSW 2666
Local govt. area: Wagga Wagga
Hectares (approx): 0.01855
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
De Boos StreetTemoraWagga Wagga  Primary Address

Owner/s

Organisation NameOwner CategoryDate Ownership Updated
Attorney General's DepartmentState Government 

Statement of significance:

Temora Courthouse is a fine and highly intact example of Federation Arts and Crafts public buildings designed by Government Architect Walter Liberty Vernon. The courthouse displays the principal characteristics of the standard courthouse plan, with a grand double-height central courtroom and single-storey wings on either side, and demonstrates the more restrained, civic style of architecture adopted for public buildings in the early years of the twentieth century. The courthouse was the second built in Temora, which has been associated with the provision of law and justice in the region since 1880.
Date significance updated: 14 Oct 10
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Designer/Maker: WL Vernon
Construction years: 1902-1902
Physical description: The Temora Courthouse is a picturesque Federation Arts and Craft building with a symmetrical formality. The design is dominated by a variety of roof forms. Decorative elements include white contrasting trimmed windows, verandah columns and rendered details to the dark red face brickwork. The Central courtroom is entered through a central portico which is finished with a raised parapet and Art Nouveau detailing. The encircling verandah is supported on decorative timber posts. (Schwager Brooks 1993) The courtroom features a finely decorated coffered ceiling.
Other accommodation: General office, Magistrate's chambers, legal room, Jury room (store), meal room, witness room, CPS office
Construction: The Temora Courthouse is constructed in dark red face brick which contrasts with the white painted rendered trim detailing and timber verandah posts. The hipped roofs are clad in corrugated iron. (Schwager Brooks 1993)
Interior materials: Joinery, plaster.
Exterior materials: Brick, timber.
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
Good. (March 2007)
Date condition updated:17 May 10
Current use: Courthouse
Former use: Courthouse

History

Historical notes: The village of Temora was established following the discovery of gold in the 1850s and gained prominence when the railway came to Temora in 1897. A Court of Petty Sessions was established in the town in 1880.
Temora Courthouse was designed by Government Architect Walter Liberty Vernon and built in 1902. It replaced an earlier courthouse that had been designed by Government Architect James Barnet and built in 1880.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages Institutions-
7. Governing-Governing Law and order-Activities associated with maintaining, promoting and implementing criminal and civil law and legal processes Administration of justice-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
Temora Courthouse is representative of the growing confidence in regional centres during the nineteenth century and the widespread perception that the local courthouse was the symbol of local respectability and a focus of civic pride. The courthouse was the second built in Temora, which has been associated with the provision of law and justice in the region since 1880.
SHR Criteria b)
[Associative significance]
Temora Courthouse is associated with Walter Liberty Vernon, Government Architect of New South Wales from 1890-1911, who was responsible for the design of all courthouses built in NSW during this time.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
Temora Courthouse is a building of high quality design and composition that demonstrates the changing approach to the provision of public buildings in New South Wales during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, when the extravagance of the nineteenth century public works program was rejected for a more civic, restrained style. The courthouse is a good example of the Federation Arts and Crafts style.
SHR Criteria d)
[Social significance]
Temora Courthouse is likely to have significance for the local community as a long-standing civic institution of the town.
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
Temora Courthouse is a good example of a public building designed by Government Architect Walter Liberty Vernon. The courthouse displays the principal characteristics of the standard courthouse plan, with a grand double-height central courtroom and single-storey wings on either side.
Integrity/Intactness: Highly intact with a high level of integrity. The building features a highly intact courtroom.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Heritage Act - s.170 NSW State agency heritage register     

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
WrittenNSW Department of Commerce2007Condition Assessments GAP Analysis Court House Report: Temora
WrittenSchwager Brooks and Partners Pty Ltd1993Department of Courts Administration: Preliminary Heritage and Conservation Register

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: State Government
Database number: 3080119


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