Old Casino Railway Station | NSW Environment & Heritage

Culture and heritage

Heritage

Old Casino Railway Station

Item details

Name of item: Old Casino Railway Station
Other name/s: Casino
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Transport - Rail
Category: Railway Platform/ Station
Primary address: Near Kent Street; Casino To Murwillumbah Line, Casino, NSW 2470
Parish: North Casino
County: Rous
Local govt. area: Richmond Valley

Boundary:

The listing boundary is formed by Dyraaba St to the south the Golf Links to the north and a line crossing the tracks at either end of the yard 20 metres past the platform ends.
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
Near Kent Street; Casino To Murwillumbah LineCasinoRichmond ValleyNorth CasinoRousPrimary Address

Owner/s

Organisation NameOwner CategoryDate Ownership Updated
Australian Rail Track CorporationState Government 

Statement of significance:

Old Casino is significant as the first railway station in Casino, opening in 1903 as 'Casino' and changing to 'Old Casino' with the opening of new facilities when the main line was extended to Brisbane in 1930. It is a rare example of a modified PWD4 pioneer Federation domestic external style station building. The tripod crane is a rare extant example of this type of early timber and steel structure, possibly one of only four or five cranes of this type remaining in NSW.
Date significance updated: 24 Sep 07
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Designer/Maker: Henry Deane
Physical description: The site includes the 1903 timber pioneer station building and tripod crane.
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
Satisfactory (November 2007).
Date condition updated:06 Jul 09
Modifications and dates: Loco shed removed in 1930 and triangle removed in 1937.
Further information: Tripod crane thought to be one of only four or five remaining cranes of the same type.

History

Historical notes: The lines north of Grafton were built in five stages: Lismore to the Tweed railway (1890-1894), Lismore to Casino (1903), Grafton to Casino (1903-1905), Casino to Kyogle (1909-1910), and Kyogle to South Brisbane (1927-1930). When coordinating extensions to the Tweed railway, the Engineer-in-Chief of the NSW Railways, Henry Deane, provided a new type of station at Casino and Grafton, the same design used previously at Inverell and Grenfell. The new design was known as the ‘Federation domestic external style’, the main feature of which was an arrangement of four rooms, an Out-of-room, Station Master’s office, general waiting room, and ladies waiting room with toilets. External features included end rooms roofed with gables, a covered veranda with ornate timber fretwork, pavilions with transverse gables and a full length cantilevered awning. This design was used at Old Casino station which opened on 19 October 1903 as ‘Casino’ but was later renamed ‘Old Casino’ (1930) when the new Casino station opened in September of that year to coincide with the completion of an extension to Brisbane (Dunn, 2001; SRA, 1993).

The original yard accommodation consisted of a crossing loop, goods loop siding, and loco turning triangle. Original 1903 buildings included a goods shed, a loco shed, and a water tank on a timber stand. 1910 additions included another goods loop siding, a junction for the Kyogle branch and a siding for the Casino creamery. By 1930 the Loco shed had been removed and in 1937 the triangle was removed. The station closed in c1974 (Dunn, 2001; SRA, 1993).

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Commerce-Activities relating to buying, selling and exchanging goods and services (none)-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Pastoralism-Activities associated with the breeding, raising, processing and distribution of livestock for human use (none)-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Transport-Activities associated with the moving of people and goods from one place to another, and systems for the provision of such movements (none)-
5. Working-Working Labour-Activities associated with work practises and organised and unorganised labour (none)-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
The station building and remaining structures are associated with the early development of Casino and the North Coast line and pre-date more recent railway infrastructure in Casino.
SHR Criteria b)
[Associative significance]
The design of the station building is associated with Engineer-in-Chief of the NSW Government Railways, Henry Deane.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
The station building demonstrates the main features of the 'Federation domestic external style.'
SHR Criteria e)
[Research potential]
The station building is a rare example of a modified PWD4 timber pioneer station building and as such it provides the opportunity to view and research the layout and design of this type of station building.
SHR Criteria f)
[Rarity]
The station building is a rare example of the modified PWD4 'Federation domestic external style' of pioneer railway stations. The tripod crane is a rare example and one of only four or five remaining tripod cranes in NSW.
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
Old Casino is a good representative example of the modified PWD4 'Federation domestic external style'.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Heritage Act - s.170 NSW State agency heritage register     

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
State Rail Authority Heritage Register Study1999SRA217State Rail Authority  No

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
WrittenIan A. Dunn2001Railway stations: Grafton to Border Loop and Old Casino to Tuncester
WrittenState Rail Authority of NSW1993How and why of station names

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: State Government
Database number: 4280217


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