Macquarie Street Gatehouse | NSW Environment & Heritage

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Macquarie Street Gatehouse

Item details

Name of item: Macquarie Street Gatehouse
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Residential buildings (private)
Category: Gatehouse
Primary address: Macquarie Street, Parramatta, NSW 2150
Parish: St John
County: Cumberland
Local govt. area: Parramatta
Property description
Lot/Volume CodeLot/Volume NumberSection NumberPlan/Folio CodePlan/Folio Number
     
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
Macquarie StreetParramattaParramattaSt JohnCumberlandPrimary Address

Owner/s

Organisation NameOwner CategoryDate Ownership Updated
Parramatta Park TrustState Government 

Statement of significance:

The Macquarie Street Gatehouse derives its significance from its association with the Park, its function as a gatekeeper's cottage and its association with the Parramatta Park Trustees. The building was designed as a gate keepers cottage with a separate room set aside for the use of the Parramatta Park Trust. The historic visual relationship between the cottage and the town centre created by the vista along Macquarie Street is of cultural significance. As a group, the Parramatta Park gatehouses are of state significance for their archaeological, architectural, social and landscape values.
Date significance updated: 07 Jul 03
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Builder/Maker: Jackson
Construction years: 1887-1887
Physical description: The cottage is a two storey Gothic style brick structure stuccoed and painted to represent standard 610 x 305mm stone jointing. There are three original downstairs residential rooms comprising a living room with bay windows and french doors opening onto the east verandah, kitchen (with a fuel stove still in place), and a third room presumed to be a dining room, all connected by a hall leading from the entry portico on the north elevation of the building. The trust meeting room was entered from a separate lobby centrally located in the symmetrical eastern façade. The trust meeting room has a set of french doors opening onto the verandah, balancing the living room doors. Upstairs the house provides three bedrooms within the rake of the roof. These low ceiling spaces were finished with board linings and in general the finishes and details are less elaborate than the more public spaces such as the living room and trust meeting room. The roof is purple grey slates with inset lighter coloured slate diamond shapes in the east face and both sides of the central gable to the verandah. The three chimneys have elaborate rendered mouldings and triangular pediment forms to the four faces at the top. The east verandah and north portico are constructed in heavily moulded timber with extensive use of small struts and brackets at post to beam connections typical of domestic gothic timber detailing. A feature of the external joinery work is the repetitive use of stop chamfers on beams, posts and struts. (McDonald 1986 p. 8)
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
Structural repairs were recommended in the 1987 conservation plan by McDonald and these were undertaken. In 2002 extensive restoration was undertaken for adaptive reuse as office space commissioned by Parramatta Park Trust undertaken by Design 5.
Date condition updated:07 Jul 03
Modifications and dates: 1840s: first gatehouse. 1887: current gatehouse. 2002: extensive restoration undertaken by Design 5 Architects.
Current use: Leased to Stelvio Australia
Former use: Gatehouse; meeting place for park trustees; Art Society office and gallery 1997;

History

Historical notes: The earliest gatehouse in this location was constructed some time in the 1840s or 1850s and served as a small guard or gate house. The current building was commissioned by the Parramatta Park Trust and was erected in 1887 at a cost of 275 pounds by a builder named Jackson. It is one of 6 gatehouses in the park which mark the various entranceways. "The Gatehouse is a typical example of a High Victorian Gothic cottage which appealed to the public taste at that time and is consistent with the Gothic character of other structures in the Park built during the custodianship of the Trustees in the 19th century" (McDonald 1992). The grandeur of this and the George Street gatehouses reflect their prominent entry positions and provide for interesting comparisons with the other humbler gate cottages. The Macquarie Street Gatehouse is located to the west of the main stone gateposts at the corner of Macquarie and Pitt Streets. Although it is no longer so obvious when viewed from the now built-up town centre, there was from the outset a clear intention to site the symmetrical façade of the house centrally in the vista along Macquarie Street.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. (none)-
9. Phases of Life-Marking the phases of life Persons-Activities of, and associations with, identifiable individuals, families and communal groups (none)-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
The Macquarie Street Gatehouse derives its significance from its association with the Park, its function as a gatekeeper's cottage and its association with the Parramatta Park Trustees who had a meeting room there for many years.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
The Gatehouse is a typical example of a High Victorian Gothic cottage which appealed to the public taste at that time and is consistent with the Gothic character of other structures in the Park built during the custodianship of the Trustess in the 19th century
SHR Criteria d)
[Social significance]
Strong links to community from landmark function and association with community uses
SHR Criteria e)
[Research potential]
The Macquarie Street Gatehouse was constructed over an earlier building which may survive in the archaeological record.
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
The gatehouse is part of a collection of gatehouses within the Park.
Integrity/Intactness: The gatehouse is intact and in good condition.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

Objective: The Macquarie St Gatehouse will be managed as a key entry point to the Park. The small residential scale of the building will be retained through appro[priate adaptive reuse for small scale commercial purposes. Actions: To this end the Parramatta Park Trust will: commission a Conservation Management Plan and detailed maintenance plan for the Gatehouse; prepare a detailed Landscape Plan; undertake repair and maintenance as required. (Parramatta Park Master Landscape Plan 2002, p.47)

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Heritage Act - s.170 NSW State agency heritage register     
Archaeological zoning plan 20   

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
WrittenMcDonald1986Parramatta Park Historic Buildings and monuments Study

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

rez
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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: State Government
Database number: 4681020


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