Clyde Railway Station Group | NSW Environment & Heritage

Culture and heritage

Heritage

Clyde Railway Station Group

Item details

Name of item: Clyde Railway Station Group
Other name/s: Rosehill Junction; Clyde Junction
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Transport - Rail
Category: Railway Platform/ Station
Primary address: Berry Street, Clyde, NSW 2142
Local govt. area: Parramatta

Boundary:

Western: west side of the station footbridge; Eastern: west side of Duck River (excluding bridges);Northern: RailCorp property boundary to 13 Berry Street and rear of Sutherland Street; Southern: RailCorp property boundary to 2, 2A & 1A Factory Street.
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
Berry StreetClydeParramatta  Primary Address
Factory Street Unknown  Alternate Address

Owner/s

Organisation NameOwner CategoryDate Ownership Updated
RailCorpState Government 
RailCorpState Government 
RailCorpState Government 

Statement of significance:

Clyde Railway Station is of local significance as evidence of quadruplication of the Main Western line between Auburn and Blacktown in the post war period and through its relationship to the industrial activities in the suburb of Clyde and the broader Western Sydney region, particularly the major railway engineering and carriage building facilities adjacent to the line. The station buildings are of historical significance as good and intact examples of railway Functionalist station buildings in an urban context. It is possibly the best surviving station group from the 1950s period along the Main Western line.

The footbridge was identified as an item of high heritage significance in the 2016 ‘Railway Footbridges Heritage Conservation Strategy’. The footbridge is a fine representative example of a 1950s steel and concrete footbridge.
Date significance updated: 21 Oct 16
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Designer/Maker: NSW Department of Railways
Builder/Maker: NSW Department of Railways
Construction years: 1950-1959
Physical description: BUILDINGS
Station Buildings
- Platform 1/2 Building, type 13, island building, brick (c1959)
- Platform 3/4 Building, type 13, island building, brick with refreshment room (c1959)
- Platform 5 Building, non standard, brick (c1959)

STRUCTURES
Footbridge & Overhead booking office - steel twin beam structure with concrete deck (1958 & 1990)
Platforms - island platforms, brick faced (c1959)

PLATFORM 1/2 BUILDING (c1959)
External: The station building located on Platform 1/2 (Up main platform) is of masonry construction with a low pitched, gabled roof and stepped parapeted end with bullnose capping. It is a post-war building designed in railway Functionalist style. The exterior of the building is defined by the use of face brickwork laid in a combination of stretcher, perpendicular stretcher and recessed header bonds. The overall presentation is simple and well-designed with its monochromatic colour scheme and varying textures. The east elevation of the building is completed by a circular bay constructed of bullnosed bricks and is a typical feature of railway Functionalist stations, particularly on the Western line. The western elevation is of solid masonry construction whilst the eastern elevation features the entry door to the male toilets with a header bond lintel. The exterior form of the building is largely symmetrical with regular fenestration interspersed with recessed header courses and bullnosed brick reveals. Aluminium hopper windows in three horizontal panes with toughened glazing and timber doors with metal security grill doors are other features of the building. The building is further defined by a cantilevered steel awning to both sides, which follows the curve of the east elevation in a hexagonal sweep. The construction of a new steel canopy between the western end of the building and the footbridge has obscured the original awning and detracts significantly from the building's overall aesthetic.

Internal: Internally the building consists of a number of discrete spaces arranged on a linear floor plan. From east to west these spaces comprise men's toilet (in the curved projection), store room, ladies' toilet, ladies' waiting room and general waiting room. The entire original interior fit-out has been removed with the exception of some steel window frames. The surviving window frames are particularly important as the majority of similar buildings employed timber framed windows. The use of aluminium framed windows was an innovation at the time and represents a technological breakthrough.

PLATFORM 3/4 BUILDING (c1959)
External: Platform 3/4 building (suburban platform) is of identical construction to platform 1/2 building but in a larger form. All of the exterior details are the same with the exception of the toughened glazing as some of the windows on this building have frosted glazing. Similarly, the western end of the building has been obscured by a new steel canopy reducing the visual impact of the building's strong horizontal lines and definitive geometry.

Internal: The interior layout of Platform 3/4 building is similar to that of Platform 1/2 building with an additional bay. From east to west the existing internal spaces comprise a broom cupboard and men's toilet (in the curved projection), ladies' toilet, ladies' waiting room, general waiting room, staff locker room and former station master’s room. The ladies' waiting room is now combined with the general waiting room forming a large single waiting area. The entire original interior fit-out has been removed with the exception of some aluminium window frames.

PLATFORM 5 BUILDING (c1959)
External: Platform 5 building is in the form of a flat roof shed comprising a single room with an overhead wide canopy across all elevations supported on steel beams and posts. The building is of face brick with detailing similar to the main and suburban platforms buildings presenting railway Functionalist style elements in a simple way. Two square green glazed tiled motifs located on either sides of the entrance door on the western side are the only different decorative elements of the building. Two soldier bond courses define the lintel and sill levels across the building’s elevations with recessed heeler bonds in between. Two aluminium windows on south and west elevations feature two horizontal panes with toughened glazing.

Internal: Internal access was not available for this building (2009).

FOOTBRIDGE AND OVERHEAD BOOKING OFFICE (1958 & 1990)
External: The 1958 station footbridge is a modified standard structure with refurbished and reclad booking office and ramps to the street. It consists of a twin steel beam structure over platforms and tracks with concrete treads & steel stringer stairs to platforms and ramps to both streets. The refurbished booking office has corrugated metal roofing in gable form with skylights. Dormer style gables are located at appropriate intervals over the new canopy of the stairs to the platforms. The walls of the booking office, which comprises two separate cantilevered spaces with station entry in between, are constructed of metal cladding.

Internal: The overbridge and booking office have concrete slabs. The booking area is partitioned with fibrocement panels to create ticket offices, station manager’s office and utility room on the separate section.

PLATFORMS
Clyde Station has three brick faced island platforms with concrete deck and asphalt finish. Modern platform furniture including light fittings, signage, timber bench seating and aluminium palisade fencing at both ends of the platforms are other features along the platform. An early round timber electric post is located on the western side of Platform 5 building.

MOVEABLE ITEMS
The following moveable items have been observed at Clyde Railway Station:
- Two safes (ID # 101 & 106) with no brand names in the overhead booking office
- Two Seth Thomas wall clocks (ID # 1182 & 2042) in the overhead booking office
- Two early timber bench style seats in the General Waiting Room.
- Single set of five timber rollover indicator boards (still in use in 2016) with removable clock faces and four foot pedals.
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
Station Buildings - Generally in good condition.
Footbridge and OHBO - Generally in good condition.
Platforms - Fair - some cracking
Date condition updated:08 Dec 09
Modifications and dates: c1986 - Quadruplication works completed
1990 - Footbridge upgraded and covered
Current use: Railway station
Former use: Railway station

History

Historical notes: A single track was opened through Clyde in 1855 and the line was duplicated in 1856. The station opened as Rosehill Junction in 1882; renamed Clyde on 19 August 1883; renamed Clyde Junction on 1 August 1901; and renamed Clyde in April 1940. For the next 100 years, no further track amplification occurred through the station but a Down Relief line was provided from Auburn to Clyde after 1920 and converted for passenger train use in 1948.

The present Clyde station was rebuilt also in 1959 and the former three platforms were amplified to three island platforms. Access to the platforms was provided by an overhead footbridge on which the timber booking office was located. It was one part of a much larger scheme to increase the tracks to four main lines between Lidcombe and St. Marys during World War II in order to provide maximum track capacity to the American ammunition and general store built at Ropes Creek. Quadruplication reached St. Marys in 1978, while the Granville to Westmead section was finally completed in 1986.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Industry-Activities associated with the manufacture, production and distribution of goods Railway workshops-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Transport-Activities associated with the moving of people and goods from one place to another, and systems for the provision of such movements Building the railway network-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages Impacts of railways on urban form-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
Clyde Railway Station is of historical significance as evidence of quadruplication of the Main Western line between Auburn and Blacktown in the post war period and through its relationship to the industrial activities in the suburb of Clyde and the broader Western Sydney region, particularly the once major railway engineering and carriage building facilities that were adjacent to the line.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
Clyde Railway Station is of aesthetic significance as an example of a larger post-war period railway Functionalist style station in an urban setting. The buildings are noted for their use of finely detailed bonded brickwork and parapets, strong horizontal and curved planes and cantilevered steel awnings. The station buildings are further noted for their cohesiveness as a group of railway Functionalist station buildings. However, the addition of a steel canopy over the platforms has relatively reduced their aesthetic and visual qualities.
SHR Criteria d)
[Social significance]
The place has the potential to contribute to the local community's sense of place and can provide a connection to the local community's history.
SHR Criteria f)
[Rarity]
The station buildings, whilst not rare, are unusual in their relationship to one another and degree of intactness despite the changes to their visual integrity. They also have some value as part of a larger group of similar buildings that are becoming increasingly rare due to the pressures of the modern rail network and passenger needs.
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
Clyde Railway Station is a good representative example of a mid-sized, mid-20th century railway station demonstrating architectural elements of Functionalist style architecture in a railway setting. The group demonstrates the important relationship of the station with the goods yard and its associated structures for required operational railway activities in passenger transport and goods handling.

The footbridge was identified as an item of high heritage significance in the 2016 ‘Railway Footbridges Heritage Conservation Strategy’. The footbridge is a fine representative example of a 1950s steel and concrete footbridge.
Integrity/Intactness: The station buildings are relatively intact examples and have moderate integrity.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

1. Conservation principles: Conserve cultural heritage significance and minimise impacts on heritage values and fabric in accordance with the ‘Australia ICOMOS Charter for Places of Cultural Significance’. 2. Specialist advice: Seek advice from a qualified heritage specialist during all phases of a proposed project from feasibility, concept and option planning stage; detailed design; heritage approval and assessment; through to construction and finalisation. 3. Documentation: Prepare a Statement of Heritage Impact (SOHI) to assess, minimise and prevent heritage impacts as part of the assessment and approval phase of a project. Prepare a Conservation Management Plan (CMP) prior to proposing major works (such as new additions, change of use or proposed demolition) at all places of State significance and all complex sites of Local significance. 4. Maintenance and repair: Undertake annual inspections and proactive routine maintenance works to conserve heritage fabric in accordance with the ‘Minimum Standards of Maintenance & Repair’. 5. Movable heritage: Retain in situ and care for historic contents, fixtures, fittings, equipment and objects which contribute to cultural heritage significance. Return or reinstate missing features or relocated items where opportunities arise. 6. Aboriginal, archaeology and natural heritage: Consider all aspects of potential heritage significance as part of assessing and minimising potential impacts, including Aboriginal, archaeology and natural heritage. 7. Unidentified heritage items: Heritage inventory sheets do not describe or capture all contributory heritage items within an identified curtilage (such as minor buildings, structures, archaeology, landscape elements, movable heritage and significant interiors and finishes). Ensure heritage advice is sought on all proposed changes within a curtilage to conserve heritage significance. 8. Recording and register update: Record changes at heritage places through adequate project records and archival photography. Notify all changes to the Section 170 Heritage & Conservation Register administrator upon project completion.

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Heritage Act - s.170 NSW State agency heritage register     

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
State Rail Authority Heritage Register Study1999SRA107, SRA625 (footbridge), SRA903 (water tank)State Rail Authority  No
Interwar Station Buildings: Analysis and Significance2001 Andrea Humphreys and Donald Ellsmore  No
S170 Heritage & Conservation Register Update2009 City Plan Heritage  Yes
Heritage Platforms Conservation Management Strategy2015 Australian Museum Consulting  Yes
Railway Footbridges Heritage Conservation Strategy 2016 NSW Government Architect’s Office Heritage Group  Yes

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
WrittenForsyth J.H1974Historical Notes on Railway Lines
WrittenHumphreys & Ellsmore2002Inter-War Station Buildings: Analysis and Significance
WrittenSharp, S.1984Survey of Railway Structures in NSW
WrittenSharp, S.A1982The Railway Stations of NSW 1855-1980
WrittenTaaffe, R.T.1990The Use and Selection of Materials in Railway Signal Box Construction

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: State Government
Database number: 4800129


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