Berala Railway Station Group | NSW Environment & Heritage

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Heritage

Berala Railway Station Group

Item details

Name of item: Berala Railway Station Group
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Transport - Rail
Category: Railway Platform/ Station
Primary address: Woodburn Road, Berala, NSW 2141
Local govt. area: Auburn

Boundary:

North-East: 5 metres past the edge of the platformSouth-West: 5 metres past the edge of the platform North-West: RailCorp property boundary South-East: RailCorp property boudary
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
Woodburn RoadBeralaAuburn  Primary Address

Owner/s

Organisation NameOwner CategoryDate Ownership Updated
RailCorpState Government 
RailCorpState Government 
RailCorpState Government 

Statement of significance:

Berala Railway Station has local significance as the existing station with its 1920s station building, booking office and subway represents the significant reconstruction of the original Lidcombe-Regents Park line and its extension to Cabramatta, replacing the earlier Berala Station to the south. The station building is interesting as an example of an extended rafter type of station building, of which there are relatively few. The station complex with its elevated platform, clearly visible platform building and street level subway is a recognisable feature in the area.
Date significance updated: 19 Jun 09
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Designer/Maker: NSW Government Railways
Builder/Maker: NSW Government Railways
Physical description: BUILDINGS
Platform Building, Platform 1-2 (Type 18) (1924)
Booking Office, Platform 1-2 (c.1930s)

STRUCTURES
Platform 1-2, (1924)
Pedestrian Subway, (1924)
Canopy, (modern)
Brick culvert / stormwater canal - needs further heritage assessment

CONTEXT
Berala Railway Station is accessible from Woodburn Road and Campbell Street via the subway which runs underneath the tracks and has a set of stairs which lead up to the platform. The station is surrounded by a mix of residential and commercial development.

PLATFORM BUILDING (1924)
External: The building is of weatherboard construction. It has a steep gable roof which incorporates awnings within its pitch. The roof has extended timber rafters that support the spread of the awnings. The roof is made of corrugated steel and has timber bargeboards and fascia. The building has a mix of timber windows. There are large double hung windows with double paned upper and lower sashes, some of which have painted upper sashes and lower sashes fitted with safety glass and some of which have been boarded up. There are smaller fixed glass windows and double hung windows which are fitted with wire enforced glass. The doors used in the building include steel grill gates and flat panelled doors with aluminium kick plates. Based upon site inspection it appears that the building has original weatherboard walls and most of its window and door openings are original although some windows have been partially boarded up and some doors have been replaced with steel grill gates.

Internal: The original layout of the building included a storage area, a waiting area and toilets. The existing configuration has remained the same. The toilets have been refitted with new bathroom fittings but it is possible cubicle partitions and doors are original. The toilets have recently installed plasterboard ceilings and ceramic tiled floors. The waiting room and store have original weatherboard ceilings and timber floorboards. Original cast iron ventilators have been retained in the store. An original internal window in the waiting room has been boarded up.

BOOKING OFFICE (c1930s)
External: The booking office is located to the east of the main platform building. It is a narrow, single room, weatherboard structure that has been encased with painted, corrugated steel sheets. The north-eastern corner of the building has an aluminium framed glass enclosure. The roof of the booking office is formed by the canopy over the platform. The structure has double hung timber windows with double paned upper and lower sashes fitted with safety grills, a flat panelled timber door and a new aluminium and glass ticket window.

Internal: The original weatherboard walls and ceilings have been painted and the floor is carpeted. The office has original cast iron ventilators. The room has a door that has been blocked up.

PLATFORM (1924)
Platform 1 (Up) and Platform 2 (Down) have in-situ concrete faces and asphalt surfaces and together they form an island platform arrangement. The platforms are raised as compared to the surrounding area and road level.

CANOPY (modern)
There is a modern canopy structure extending to the east of the platform building incorporating the roof of the booking office and the stairs leading up to the platform from the subway.

PEDESTRIAN SUBWAY (1924)
The subway which runs under the elevated tracks and platform connects the station to Woodburn Road in the north and Campbell Street in the south. The subway has brick walls, a brick barrel vault and ceramic tiled stairs leading up to the platform.

MOVABLE
Heritage-style platform lamp posts.

Ticket office: red and white “Emergency Response” box including contents and contents list, blue cast iron safe with two drawers, blue timber-framed noticeboard on interior wall, metal wall vents, series of framed staff safety awards and certificates of appreciation, click-clack credit card slider with “Berala CityRail” inscribed, collection of ticketing-related objects (ink stamps, coin wrappers, receipt books etc), timber booking office coin (BOC) tray, CityRail wide-brimmed hat, timber paper tray, key box built into door of current staff office.

Main platform building: wrought iron and timber platform bench and fitted timber bench in waiting room, fanlight operator to fanlight over door to original staff room/booking office, timber-framed blackboard including printed notice for workers compensation, metal wall vents, boarded up original ticket window, fitted timber ticket desk in original ticket office, evidence of original and early paint colours schemes in ticket office, solid timber cubicles and doors in toilets.

Platform and subway: cast iron railing around subway stairs, large timber noticeboard on exterior wall of current ticket office building, “Fabulous Creatures” – 2010 public art mural joint initiative of RailCorp, Auburn City Council and Berala Public School, cast iron handrail ends on subway stairs.

LANDSCAPING
Plaque – brass mounted on a rustic sandstone plinth installed to commemorate 50th anniversary of the Berala Train Accident, 7 May 1952.
Mature trees in corridor including several jacarandas, Berala Memorial Garden near station entrance, including the Berala Trains Accident plaque.

ARCHAEOLOGICAL POTENTIAL
Based on the surviving documentation and the evidence on site it is unlikely there would be any potential archaeological remains at Berala Railway Station.
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
PLATFORM BUILDING
The building is in good condition externally. However, internally, it is in a moderate condition as the store room walls have problems of peeling paint, damp patches and some graffiti.

BOOKING OFFICE
The building is in good condition.

PLATFORM
The platforms are in good condition.

CANOPIES
The canopies are in good condition.

PEDESTRIAN SUBWAY
The subway is in moderate condition. There is organic growth and dampness to some of the walls surfaces.
Modifications and dates: 1924: New station on line deviation.
1929: Railway electrified.
Current use: Railway Station
Former use: Nil

History

Historical notes: The Lidcombe to Regents Park line was originally built by the Public Works Department as a tramway to service construction of the second Potts Hill reservoir. The line was opened as such in 1912 and was part-funded by the Metropolitan Water Sewerage and Drainage Board. Industrial and suburban development along the line caused it to transform into a general freight and passenger line. By the 1920s a decision had been made to extend the railway from Regents Park to Cabramatta as a relief to the Main West and Main South via Granville and this was completed in 1924. The work involved major reconstruction of the original Lidcombe-Regents Park section of the line.

A station was opened at Berala on 11 November 1912. The line reconstruction in 1924 involved a deviation and embankment through Berala and, accordingly, a new station was opened on the deviated line on 6 December 1924. The old station was demolished. In 1962 there was a major crash at the station involving two suburban trains.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages Impacts of railways on urban form-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
Berala Railway Station is historically significant at a local level as the existing station with its 1920s station building, booking office and subway represents the significant reconstruction of the original Lidcombe-Regents Park line and its extension to Cabramatta replacing the earlier Berala Station to the south.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
The station complex with its elevated platform, visible platform buildings and street level subway is a recognisable feature in the area. Berala Railway Station has local aesthetic significance as an example of a 1920s extended rafter railway station building with its steep gable roof and extended rafter awnings.
SHR Criteria d)
[Social significance]
The place has the potential to contribute to the local community's sense of place, and can provide a connection to the local community's past.
SHR Criteria f)
[Rarity]
The extended rafter platform building at Berala Railway Station is one of few building of this type in the Metropolitan network. (Other examples are at Bullaburra, Cardiff, East Richmond and Hornsby).
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
The station building is representative of the style of railway station building which is characterised by extended rafters.
Integrity/Intactness: Berala Railway Station has a moderate degree of integrity as the platform building is relatively intact. However the altered booking office and the new canopy affect the integrity of the station.PLATFORM BUILDING The building is largely intact externally although its interiors have been modified. Some of the original elements retained include cubicle partitions and doors in the toilets, weatherboard ceilings and timber floorboards in the waiting room and store, and cast iron ventilators in the store. BOOKING OFFICE The booking office has been considerably altered externally. However internally a number of original elements have been retained including weatherboard walls and ceilings and cast iron ventilators. PLATFORM Platforms 1 and 2 are original platforms. CANOPIES The canopies are new constructions. PEDESTRIAN SUBWAYThe subway has been retained in its original configuration.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

1. Conservation principles: Conserve cultural heritage significance and minimise impacts on heritage values and fabric in accordance with the ‘Australia ICOMOS Charter for Places of Cultural Significance’. 2. Specialist advice: Seek advice from a qualified heritage specialist during all phases of a proposed project from feasibility, concept and option planning stage; detailed design; heritage approval and assessment; through to construction and finalisation. 3. Documentation: Prepare a Statement of Heritage Impact (SOHI) to assess, minimise and prevent heritage impacts as part of the assessment and approval phase of a project. Prepare a Conservation Management Plan (CMP) prior to proposing major works (such as new additions, change of use or proposed demolition) at all places of State significance and all complex sites of Local significance. 4. Maintenance and repair: Undertake annual inspections and proactive routine maintenance works to conserve heritage fabric in accordance with the ‘Minimum Standards of Maintenance & Repair’. 5. Movable heritage: Retain in situ and care for historic contents, fixtures, fittings, equipment and objects which contribute to cultural heritage significance. Return or reinstate missing features or relocated items where opportunities arise. 6. Aboriginal, archaeology and natural heritage: Consider all aspects of potential heritage significance as part of assessing and minimising potential impacts, including Aboriginal, archaeology and natural heritage. 7. Unidentified heritage items: Heritage inventory sheets do not describe or capture all contributory heritage items within an identified curtilage (such as minor buildings, structures, archaeology, landscape elements, movable heritage and significant interiors and finishes). Ensure heritage advice is sought on all proposed changes within a curtilage to conserve heritage significance. 8. Recording and register update: Record changes at heritage places through adequate project records and archival photography. Notify all changes to the Section 170 Heritage & Conservation Register administrator upon project completion.

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Heritage Act - s.170 NSW State agency heritage registerRailcorp S170 Register    

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
S170 Heritage & Conservation Register Update2009 OCP Architects  Yes
Heritage Platforms Conservation Management Strategy2015 Australian Museum Consulting  Yes

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
WrittenJohn Forsyth2007New South Wales Railway Stations: an alphabetical arrangement of railway station and place names
WrittenTony Prescott2009Historical Research for RailCorp's S170 Update Project
WrittenWilliam Bailey Sydney Suburban Steam Railways

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: State Government
Database number: 4800211


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