Windsor Railway Station Group and Former Goods Yard | NSW Environment & Heritage

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Heritage

Windsor Railway Station Group and Former Goods Yard

Item details

Name of item: Windsor Railway Station Group and Former Goods Yard
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Transport - Rail
Category: Railway Platform/ Station
Primary address: George Street, Windsor, NSW 2576
Parish: St Matthew
County: Cumberland
Local govt. area: Hawkesbury

Boundary:

Southeast: Down end of the rail bridge over George St (bridge not included); Northwest: RailCorp property boundary fronting Cox Street; Northeast: RailCorp property boundary along the goods yard from Cox St to George St (excluding car park); Southwest: RailCorp property boundary extending from George Street, across open area including row of trees, to rear of Gangers Shed to Cox Street .
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
George StreetWindsorHawkesburySt MatthewCumberlandPrimary Address

Owner/s

Organisation NameOwner CategoryDate Ownership Updated
RailCorpState Government 
RailCorpState Government 
RailCorpState Government 

Statement of significance:

Windsor Railway Station is of state significance as one of the stations built during the major upgrading works along the Richmond line in the 1880s providing evidence of the prosperity, and social and economic development of the Windsor area following the arrival of the railway during the 19th Century. The 1883 station building is a fine example of a Victorian second-class station building and is a significant landmark within the historic town centre. The goods yard is of research significance for its potential to yield information on the operational system and layout of the late 19th century goods handling through the remnants of rail sidings, brick faced platform, hand crane and anchor points. However, its integrity has been compromised due to the removal of the majority of its associated structures and its non-operational state.
Date significance updated: 13 Aug 09
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Designer/Maker: NSW Government Railways
Builder/Maker: Private contractor, G. Jones
Construction years: 1883-1884
Physical description: BUILDINGS
Station Building - type 3, second class roadside brick (1883)

STRUCTURES
Station Platform - reconstructed 2012.

GOODS YARD
Platform - brick faced
Crane - Class 1, jib crane - 5 tonne, iron, Philadelphia (1880s)
Modern Sheds - steel framed, corrugated metal, modern (c1990)
Gangers Shed - Corrugated metal gabled shed with timber frame (c1883)


STATION BUILDING
External: A large face brick building known as a type 3 second class roadside building. It is a symmetrically organised central building with two wings attached to either side. The Down side wing is a rectangular larger building while the Up end wing is almost a square building. The central building features a hipped and valley slate roof, two tall brick chimneys with corbelled tops and round hoods, moulded and dentilated eaves, a corrugated iron ogee style veranda along the street side of the central building, and a wide corrugated metal platform awning supported on cast iron columns, exposed rafters and decorative brackets. Wings feature flat roofs obscured behind low parapets and moulded cornices. The building’s vertically proportioned fenestration is original with cement rendered lintels resembling segmental stone arch appearance.

Internal: The building retains much of its original elements including moulded plaster cornices, timber skirtings, fireplace (blocked), mini orb ceiling lining in the office and timber joinery. The overall historic character of the interiors are evident despite the changes and refurbishments overtime.

STATION PLATFORM (2012)


GOODS YARD
The yard is a large, irregularly shaped site that is fenced and contains remnants of the 19th century Windsor station goods yard. It is an overgrown yard with patches of concrete and asphalt slabs and remnants of rail sidings and anchor points on the ground.

PLATFORM
Remnants of the former curved brick faced goods platform are evident under the overgrown vegetation and rubble.

CRANE
An original 1880s goods crane fixed on an octagonal concrete base is the only intact extant element of the former goods yard. It is an iron jib crane with a hook dropping from the end of a single rotating arm. The crane is a Class 1, 5 tonne hand crane, No T181.

MODERN SHEDS
There are three modern steel framed sheds within the goods yard; One is a large corrugated metal sheeted and gabled shed, with two identical metal sheeted small sheds behind it.

GANGERS SHED
Located beyond the fenced area of the goods yard, the gangers shed is a timber framed gabled shed with corrugated metal wall and roof sheeting. It features timber floorboards, timber roof trusses, timber sliding loading doors, and wire mesh covered windows.

MOVEABLE ITEMS
- A Seth Thomas Clock (# 1886), working condition, in the ticket office.
- Two timber L-shaped/corner seats in the waiting room.
- An enamel station name board with timber frame on the platform side of the station building.
- An Ajax brand safe (#1004) in the SM's office.

POTENTIAL ARCHAEOLOGICAL FEATURES
The former goods yard has high archaeological potential due to the extent of remnant rail sidings, anchor points and former goods platform dating to the first railway.

BUS INTERCHANGE (2012)
The Bus Interchange is located within the forecourt of the railway station and extend into the site of the former goods yard to the west of the station. The development includes bus drop off and pick up zones with clear roofed canopies for protection of waiting passengers. A roundabout is provided for buses and taxis, and covered walkways link the station and interchange with Cox Street and Church Street. Extensive commuter parking is provided in the area of the former goods yard. A taxi rank and park and ride facilities are provided adjacent the Interchange. The perimeter of the development is landscaped to provide shelter and soften the impact of the paved areas and structures.
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
The station building is generally in very good condition.

The goods yard is in relatively poor condition due to overgrown vegetation and patches of rubble storage.

The brick faced former goods platform is visible in sections within the vegetation and appears to be in moderate condition.

The crane is in good condition.

Modern sheds are in good condition.

The gangers shed is in poor condition both internally and externally. Only roof sheeting appears to be new fabric and is in good condition.

The condition of the remnant archaeological material from the goods yard requires further investigation.
Date condition updated:02 Dec 08
Modifications and dates: 1883 - The station was rebuilt with the goods yard including the brick faced platform and Type 1 jib crane.
15 Jan 1890 - Water column from Mudgee re-erected.
c.1916 - A skillion roof and timber clad signal box constructed behind the Up end of the platform (no longer extant).
33 Jul 1939 - Platform extended.
1943 - Alterations to station buildings and offices completed.
1945 - Raising platform height; and providing asphalt strip and brick coping.
28 Sep 1975 - Hawkesbury Dairy siding removed.
1997 - The platform building was extensively repaired and upgraded. All platform structures other than the main brick building were removed.
1991 - The line was electrified.
N.d - Station Master's residence sold to private ownership (to north of Station on Brabyn Street)
(Forsyth, 2009)
2010 - 208 new commuter car parking spaces completed, and were opened to the public on 31st of March 2010. Works included construction of an additional 131 spaces and construction of a new bus interchange.
2012: Works as part of Transport Access Program to make station more accessible for customers. Works included a new station building, reconfiguration and refurbishment of the existing station building, reconstruction of the platform, replacement of awnings, upgrade of the public address, CCTV and lighting systems.
Further information: A former railway residence at 33 Argyle Street is now privately owned.
Current use: Railway Station
Former use: Railway station and goods yard

History

Historical notes: The line to Richmond was opened in 1864 and the station at Windsor was opened in that year, having been constructed by W & A Elphinstone. The original station building was a combination residence and office, as were built at Riverstone and Mulgrave stations on the same line. This was purchased and relocated to be converted into a private home in Milhelm Street.

A major upgrading of most stations on this line occurred in the 1880s, including Windsor. In April 1883 the contract for a brick station building and platform was awarded to G Jones. The station was rebuilt with the goods yard including the brick faced platform. The present brick platform building dates from 1884 and its design reflects similar buildings at Riverstone and Richmond.

A skillion roof and timber clad signal box constructed c.1916 behind the Up end of the platform is no longer extant. A timber and gable roofed ex-goods shed on the Down side of the track beyond the Down end of the platform was extant in 2001 but no longer extant.

The line was electrified in 1991. Plans show alterations to the station building c1941. The platform building was extensively repaired and upgraded in 1997. All platform structures other than the main brick building were removed.

In 2012 works were undertaken to as part of the Transport Access Program to make the station more accessible to commuters. The former 1883 platform was reconstructed at this time. Before this, it was a brick faced road side platform with concrete deck and asphalt finish.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Pastoralism-Activities associated with the breeding, raising, processing and distribution of livestock for human use Servicing the pastoral industry-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Transport-Activities associated with the moving of people and goods from one place to another, and systems for the provision of such movements Goods yard-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Transport-Activities associated with the moving of people and goods from one place to another, and systems for the provision of such movements Building the railway network-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Creative endeavour-Activities associated with the production and performance of literary, artistic, architectural and other imaginative, interpretive or inventive works; and/or associated with the production and expression of cultural phenomena; and/or environments that have inspired such creative activities. Evolution of design in railway engineering and architecture-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
Windsor Station is historically significant as one of the stations built during the major upgrading works along Richmond line in the 1880s, maintaining physical evidence of a station layout including a goods yard dating from the early 1880s. Although buildings other than the main station building have been removed the station together with the hand crane and brick faced platform of the goods yard are important in demonstrating the configuration, styles and elements that were used in the goods handling and transport in the farming district of the Hawkesbury at the time.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
Constructed in 1883, the station building is aesthetically significant as a fine example of a Victorian second-class road side station building providing evidence of the prosperity, and social and economic development of the Windsor area. The building is a landmark within the historic town centre.
SHR Criteria d)
[Social significance]
The place has the potential to contribute to the local community's sense of place, and can provide a connection to the local community's past.
SHR Criteria e)
[Research potential]
The goods yard has potential to yield information on the operational system and layout of late 19th century goods handling through the remnants of rail sidings, the brick faced platform, crane and anchor points. The extent of surviving remnant elements warrant brief archaeological investigation.
SHR Criteria f)
[Rarity]
Windsor Station combined with its associated goods yard is a rare example of an 1880s railway station layout despite being modified and the majority of the structures removed.
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
Windsor Station is one of three stations (others Richmond and Riverstone) incorporating larger station buildings built on the Richmond line in the 1880s that differ significantly from other smaller and simpler stations on the line. The station building is a fine example of a late nineteenth century second-class station building representing the peak of achievement in station architecture.
Integrity/Intactness: The station building has a high degree of intactness with some modifications to the interiors. The overall station and yard integrity has been reduced by the removal of other structures including the signal box and goods shed from the platform, and the components of the goods yard. Impacts of 2012 interchange works require assessment to determine impacts in integrity.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

1. Conservation principles: Conserve cultural heritage significance and minimise impacts on heritage values and fabric in accordance with the ‘Australia ICOMOS Charter for Places of Cultural Significance’. 2. Specialist advice: Seek advice from a qualified heritage specialist during all phases of a proposed project from feasibility, concept and option planning stage; detailed design; heritage approval and assessment; through to construction and finalisation. 3. Documentation: Prepare a Statement of Heritage Impact (SOHI) to assess, minimise and prevent heritage impacts as part of the assessment and approval phase of a project. Prepare a Conservation Management Plan (CMP) prior to proposing major works (such as new additions, change of use or proposed demolition) at all places of State significance and all complex sites of Local significance. 4. Maintenance and repair: Undertake annual inspections and proactive routine maintenance works to conserve heritage fabric in accordance with the ‘Minimum Standards of Maintenance & Repair’. 5. Movable heritage: Retain in situ and care for historic contents, fixtures, fittings, equipment and objects which contribute to cultural heritage significance. Return or reinstate missing features or relocated items where opportunities arise. 6. Aboriginal, archaeology and natural heritage: Consider all aspects of potential heritage significance as part of assessing and minimising potential impacts, including Aboriginal, archaeology and natural heritage. 7. Unidentified heritage items: Heritage inventory sheets do not describe or capture all contributory heritage items within an identified curtilage (such as minor buildings, structures, archaeology, landscape elements, movable heritage and significant interiors and finishes). Ensure heritage advice is sought on all proposed changes within a curtilage to conserve heritage significance. 8. Recording and register update: Record changes at heritage places through adequate project records and archival photography. Notify all changes to the Section 170 Heritage & Conservation Register administrator upon project completion.

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Heritage Act - s.170 NSW State agency heritage registerSRA s.170 Register    

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
State Rail Authority Heritage Register Study1999SRA3State Rail Authority  No
Heritage and Conservation Register State Rail Authority of NSW199341Paul Davies for SRA  No
S170 Heritage & Conservation Register Update2009 City Plan Heritage  Yes
City of Lake Macquarie Heritage Study1992 Suters - Doring - Turner  No
Heritage Platforms Conservation Management Strategy2015 Australian Museum Consulting  Yes

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
WrittenForsyth,T1974Historical Notes on Railway Lines
MapRSA Plan
WrittenSharp, S1984Survey of Railway Structures in NSW
WrittenSharp, S.A1982The Railway Stations of NSW 1855-1980

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: State Government
Database number: 4801003


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