North Strathfield Railway Station Group | NSW Environment & Heritage

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Heritage

North Strathfield Railway Station Group

Item details

Name of item: North Strathfield Railway Station Group
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Transport - Rail
Category: Railway Platform/ Station
Primary address: Queen Street, North Strathfield, NSW 2137
Local govt. area: Canada Bay

Boundary:

North: the southern edge of the Pomeroy Street overbridge (excluding bridge); South: a line crossing the tracks 20 metres past the southern end of the platform; East: the edge of the rail line; West: the property boundary.
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
Queen StreetNorth StrathfieldCanada Bay  Primary Address

Owner/s

Organisation NameOwner CategoryDate Ownership Updated
RailCorpState Government 
RailCorpState Government 
RailCorpState Government 

Statement of significance:

North Strathfield Railway Station has local heritage significance as the establishment of the station in 1918 encouraged the rapid subdivision and development of the area, particularly to the east of the train line. The station is a highly intact, good example of the standard type railway station that was installed along the Short North line during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. The station building contains some significant internal early fabric including a pair of ticket windows with original timber architraves and copper coin trays which are rare as the only known examples of their type extant on the Short North line.
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Designer/Maker: New South Wales Department of Railways
Builder/Maker: New South Wales Department of Railways
Construction years: 1918-
Physical description: Station Building, type 11 (1918)
Platform (1918)
Footbridge (1992)
Modern Steel Shelters (c.1990)
Moveable
Landscape


CONTEXT
North Strathfield Railway Station is set in an open setting with early twentieth century suburban development to the east and former industrial estates to the west. The station contains three platforms, station building, footbridge and railway tracks associated with former sidings. A small ornamental garden marks the eastern entry to the station which is accessed by a modern precast concrete footbridge and adds greatly to the suburban setting of Queen Street. A well maintained early twentieth century island platform and building are the main feature of the station.

STATION BUILDING (1918)
Exterior: The North Strathfield station building is a single storey brick building with gabled corrugated iron roof located on an island platform (c.1918). Typical of early 20th century railway station buildings on the Short North line, it is constructed in face brick with rendered details including string courses, architraves, and window sills. Brickwork is tuckpointed. On each side are wide corrugated metal awnings on curved cast iron brackets supported on rendered corbells which are part of engaged brick piers. There are decorative timber valances at either end of the awnings. There is a modern ticket window at the southern end of the building. Joinery is generally original including four panelled doors, coloured glass, fanlights and some double hung sash windows. A small steel-framed gabled roof extension of modern construction has been added to the southern end of the building to provide weather protection to the ticket window and platform ticket machine.

Interior: The interior of the station building features rendered walls with no dado, with evidence of the locations of former fireplaces. Some original mini-orb ceilings with metal roses are extant, along with original waratah style air vents. Much original joinery is extant. Though modified for modern use, much of the original configuration of the rooms is extant, including the former ladies waiting room with lavatories.

PLATFORMS (c1918)
The curving brick faced island platform dates to c.1918, and features a modern asphalt surface, standard modern furniture, bins and fencing. There is a long road-side platform on the eastern side of the station, similarly curved but of modern concrete construction.

FOOTBRIDGE (1992)
Reinforced concrete footbridge (1992).

MODERN STEEL SHELTERS (c.1990)
A small stand-alone steel shelter on Platform 3 features a skillion roof and perforated metal walls. It contains two standard issue platform benches. A small gable roofed steel frame shelter abuts the platform building at the southern end and provides shelter for a ticket machine and ticket window.

MOVEABLE
NSW Government Railways issue clock (no. 1846) in ticket office, manufactured by Seth Thomas Clock Company, Thomaston, Conn., USA. Old safe in former ticket office (no manufacturer's plate).

LANDSCAPE
Landscaped park and ornamental garden fronting Queen Street with pathways, garden furniture, small shrubbery and two rows of brushbox.
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
Station Building (1918) - Good condition
The station building is generally in good condition, although the interiors need repainting. Interior walls appear to have been patched in places in preparation for repainting, but this has not been carried out.

Platform - Good Condition

Footbridge (1992) - Good Condition

Moveable

Landscape - Good Condition
Date condition updated:09 Sep 08
Modifications and dates: 1990s: some minor changes, including the removal of fireplaces and some minor changes to layout of station building
N.d: Up relief line was taken out of service some years ago.
N.d: A small gabled roof addition to the southern end the building
2010: internal wall with pair of ticket windows with timber architraves and copper coin trays removed
Current use: Railway Station
Former use: Nil

History

Historical notes: The Main Northern line between Sydney and Newcastle was constructed in two distinct stages and in the earliest years, was worked as two separate railway systems.

The Strathfield to Hornsby section of the Northern line was opened for traffic on 17 September 1886. The line was constructed as a ‘single line’ and Hornsby became the temporary terminus and remained so until the extension to Hawkesbury River was opened in 1887. At the time of the opening, stations were provided at Ryde, Dundas (later Eastwood), Field of Mars (now Epping), Beecroft, Thornleigh and Hornsby.

The line between Newcastle and the northern bank of the Hawkesbury River (near present day Wondabyne) was opened in January 1888. The line was completed between Sydney and Newcastle with the opening of the massive bridge over the Hawkesbury River in 1889.

In 1891, a double track connection was laid in between the Main Northern line and the Main Western line at Strathfield / Homebush. This was called North Strathfield Junction and a signal box was built to control traffic over this line. This connection thus formed a triangular connection between the Main Northern line, Strathfield and Homebush.

The line between Strathfield and Hornsby was duplicated in March 1892.

In 1904, the first of many factories and industrial undertakings was established on land to the west of the Down Main Northern line, north of North Strathfield Junction. Over the next few years, more factories were opened, including William Arnott and Co. who opened a factory north of Strathfield Junction. More were established on the land west of the main lines in the region of Concord West during the next few years. Accordingly in 1911, a Down relief line was opened between North Strathfield Junction and Concord West. This relief line was parallel to the existing Down main line and sidings were laid to the appropriate factories off the Down relief line. In 1912, an Up relief road was also opened between Concord West and North Strathfield Junction.

North Strathfield Railway Station was opened on 9 June 1918, as an island platform with a standard brick station building on the platform. Access to the station was via a footbridge at the Sydney-end of the platform. A number of industrial sidings were laid in near North Strathfield station.

In 1924, with electrification pending, a new third platform was brought in on the Down relief line at North Strathfield with a small station building on the platform.

The Down relief line and platform remain in everyday service, but the Up relief line was taken out of service some years ago. No platform was ever provided on this line.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Transport-Activities associated with the moving of people and goods from one place to another, and systems for the provision of such movements Building the railway network-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages Impacts of railways on urban form-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
North Strathfield Railway Station has historical significance at a local level. Although the main line was opened some years earlier, North Strathfield station was not opened until 1918, thus making it one of the last stations to be opened on the Short North line. In an area that had become home to many factories during the early part of the twentieth century, the establishment of the station encouraged the rapid subdivision and development of the area, particularly to the east of the train line.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
The site has a moderate degree of aesthetic significance at a local level. The building is an example of early twentieth century railway station design with fabric and details typical of this period and is similar to other rail buildings of the late nineteenth and early twentieth century in the Sydney region. As a relatively late example of its type, the station is a good example of the consistency of railway station design that was employed on the Short North line for a period of almost 30 years.
SHR Criteria d)
[Social significance]
The place has the potential to contribute to the local community's sense of place and can provide a connection to the local community's history.
SHR Criteria f)
[Rarity]
North Strathfield station complex is a common station type, well represented elsewhere in the Sydney metro network, although it does contain some significant internal early fabric including a pair of ticket windows with original timber architraves and copper coin trays which are in themselves considered to be rare as the only extant examples of their type on the Short North line.
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
The platform building, island platform and footbridge are representative of structures built at Sydney railway stations between 1892 and 1929, based on standard designs. The platform building has had only relatively minor alterations made to it during its lifetime and is a good example of its type. Both the platform and the footbridge are not outstanding examples of their type.
Integrity/Intactness: North Strathfield railway station is a relatively intact example of an early twentieth century railway station, with the station platform building in particular displaying a high level of intactness and integrity, despite some minor internal alterations.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

1. Conservation principles: Conserve cultural heritage significance and minimise impacts on heritage values and fabric in accordance with the ‘Australia ICOMOS Charter for Places of Cultural Significance’. 2. Specialist advice: Seek advice from a qualified heritage specialist during all phases of a proposed project from feasibility, concept and option planning stage; detailed design; heritage approval and assessment; through to construction and finalisation. 3. Documentation: Prepare a Statement of Heritage Impact (SOHI) to assess, minimise and prevent heritage impacts as part of the assessment and approval phase of a project. Prepare a Conservation Management Plan (CMP) prior to proposing major works (such as new additions, change of use or proposed demolition) at all places of State significance and all complex sites of Local significance. 4. Maintenance and repair: Undertake annual inspections and proactive routine maintenance works to conserve heritage fabric in accordance with the ‘Minimum Standards of Maintenance & Repair’. 5. Movable heritage: Retain in situ and care for historic contents, fixtures, fittings, equipment and objects which contribute to cultural heritage significance. Return or reinstate missing features or relocated items where opportunities arise. 6. Aboriginal, archaeology and natural heritage: Consider all aspects of potential heritage significance as part of assessing and minimising potential impacts, including Aboriginal, archaeology and natural heritage. 7. Unidentified heritage items: Heritage inventory sheets do not describe or capture all contributory heritage items within an identified curtilage (such as minor buildings, structures, archaeology, landscape elements, movable heritage and significant interiors and finishes). Ensure heritage advice is sought on all proposed changes within a curtilage to conserve heritage significance. 8. Recording and register update: Record changes at heritage places through adequate project records and archival photography. Notify all changes to the Section 170 Heritage & Conservation Register administrator upon project completion.

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Heritage Act - s.170 NSW State agency heritage register     

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
State Rail Authority Heritage Register Study1999SRA29State Rail Authority  No
Heritage and Conservation Register State Rail Authority of NSW1993268Paul Davies for SRA  No
S170 Heritage & Conservation Register Update2009 NSW Department of Commerce  Yes
Heritage Platforms Conservation Management Strategy2015 Australian Museum Consulting  Yes

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
WrittenC. C. Singleton The Short North. The Australian Railway Historical Society Bulletin. Various issues.
WrittenJohn Forsyth Line Histories
WrittenRay Love2009Historical Research for RailCorp s170 Update
WrittenState Rail Authority of New South Wales1995How and Why of Station Names. Fourth Edition

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: State Government
Database number: 4801029


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