Wentworthville Railway Station Group | NSW Environment & Heritage

Culture and heritage

Heritage

Wentworthville Railway Station Group

Item details

Name of item: Wentworthville Railway Station Group
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Transport - Rail
Category: Railway Platform/ Station
Primary address: The Kingsway, Wentworthville, NSW 2145
Parish: Prospect
County: Cumberland
Local govt. area: Holroyd

Boundary:

North: RailCorp property boundary fronting Wentworth Avenue; South: RailCorp property boundary fronting The Kingsway and adjoining private properties along that line fronting Station and Dunmore Streets; East and West: 10 metres from the end of the platforms. Any proposed development within the vicinity of the listed site should also consider the historic relationship between the listing and its surrounding area.
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
The KingswayWentworthvilleHolroydProspectCumberlandPrimary Address
Wentworth AvenueWentworthvilleParramatta  Alternate Address

Owner/s

Organisation NameOwner CategoryDate Ownership Updated
RailCorpState Government 
RailCorpState Government 
RailCorpState Government 

Statement of significance:

Wentworthville Railway Station is of local significance as evidence of the speculative development of the locality following the subdivision of Wentworth Estate, and as part of the railway station redevelopment that took place during the quadruplication of the Main Western Line between Parramatta and Blacktown in 1946. The station buildings are of local aesthetic significance as a good example of mid-20th Century railway construction in an urban context displaying distinctive elements of Inter-War Stripped Functionalist style. They are competently executed and display many typical stylistic elements of similar station buildings throughout New South Wales and in the western suburbs generally, and are of the same construction as those of the neighbouring stations Pendle Hill, Toongabbie and Westmead (demolished). This group of buildings also shows the effects of war time financial constraints.
Date significance updated: 27 Jan 17
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Designer/Maker: NSW Department of Railways
Builder/Maker: NSW Department of Railways
Construction years: 1943-1946
Physical description: BUILDINGS
Station Building, Platform 1/2, brick, type 13 (1943)
Station Building, Platform 3/4, brick, type 13 (1943)

STRUCTURES
2x Island Platforms, brick faced (1943)
Footbridge, steel beam with RSJ steel supports (1941)


STATION BUILDING PLATFORM 1/2 (1943)
External: The station buildings are identical to those at Toongabbie and Pendle Hill Railway Stations. The building on Platform 1/2 is larger than Platform 3/4 building and is a post war Functionalist style railway building. It is of face brick construction with low pitched gabled roof and brick parapets at each end with courses of recessed heeler bricks capped by a course of bullnosed bricks. The eastern end of the building is defined by a curved masonry bay with a single door. Centrally located on each parapet is an Art Deco style projecting vertical masonry fin constructed of heeler bricks in a contrasting colour. The parapets step down on each side from the fin. The roof is clad with Colorbond, which extends as an awning on all four sides of the building. The awning on the western end, which provides shelter to passengers purchasing tickets from the ticket window and the machine, is supported by two rectangular brick columns with curved corners. On Platform 1/ 2, one ticket window remains in use while the other is bricked up. Steel framed windows with three horizontal hopper panels (central panel fixed) are vertically proportioned and placed regularly on both platform elevations. A contemporary canopy connects the building from the underside of the original awning to the stairs and footbridge.

Internal: Internally the building has a linear floor layout with series of rooms in various sizes including combined former booking/parcels office (now booking office and staff area) with storeroom, general waiting room, ladies room and toilets, men's toilets with a store room in the curved bay. The doors are secured by metal grill gates while the windows covered with security mesh. The entire original interior fit-out has been removed.

STATION BUILDING PLATFORM 3/4 (1943)
External: The station building on Platform 3/4 is approximately half the size of the Platform 1/2 building featuring the same detailing and architectural style with the exception of the curved bay on one end. It is of face brick construction with low pitched gabled roof and brick parapets at each end with courses of recessed heeler bricks capped by a course of bullnosed bricks. Centrally located on each parapet is an Art Deco style projecting vertical masonry fin constructed of heeler bricks in a contrasting colour. The parapets step down on each side from the fin. The roof is clad with Colorbond which extends as an awning on all four sides of the building. The awning on the western end, which provides shelter to passengers purchasing tickets from the ticket machine, is supported by two rectangular brick columns with curved corners. The building had two ticket windows, which are now blocked. Early timber doors are extant. The standard steel framed windows with three horizontal hopper panels (central panel fixed) are vertically proportioned and placed regularly on both platform elevations between the solid timber doors. A contemporary canopy connects the building from the underside of the original awning to the stairs and footbridge.

Internal: Internally the building has a linear floor layout consisting of a booking office, waiting room and out of room. The doors are secured by metal grill gates while the windows are covered by security mesh. The building is currently used for storage purposes. The internal finishes are the same as the other platform building with plasterboard panelled ceilings, hardboard flooring (booking office) and tile flooring (waiting room). The out-of-room has a metal sliding loading door and concrete floor.

PLATFORMS (1943)
Both island platforms have brick faces with concrete deck and asphalt surfaces. Platforms 1/2 also have sections of steel rail post and brick panel. Modern aluminium palisade fencing, timber bench seating, lighting and signage are located on both of the platforms.

FOOTBRIDGE (1941)
The footbridge is a steel beam structure with concrete deck and RSJ steel supports over the platforms and main lines with stairs to each of the platforms, and a ramp to street level on each side. It is of a simple structure with no ornamentation representing economic policies of the time. The footbridge and associated stairs and ramps are covered with corrugated metal awnings.

MOVABLE ITEMS
Plaque – brass, Centenary of the opening of the railway to Wentworthville 1 August 1885
Cast iron Ajax safe fixed to a concrete base in the booking office and a hidden floor safe which may, or may not be an early variety.
Booking office machine (BOM) including dispenser, computer, monitor, keyboard and associated equipment such as plastic coin trays etc
Small timber coin tray / box
Platform 3-4: SRA decal / sticker on platform ticket window, two pairs of metal door protectors / guards attached to doorways to parcels office, the booking office on Platform 3-4 has an original built in timber counter.

POTENTIAL ARCHAEOLOGICAL FEATURES
Wentworthville Railway Station has low archaeological potential with no evidence of the 1920s station buildings remaining.
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
The station buildings are in good condition internally and externally. Some minor repair work will be required over time to prevent further deterioration. Some brick cleaning may also be required on the parapets in particular. Rising damp and salt issue is evident on the eastern (Up) end of the buildings, which will require inspection in the short term. Asphalt may require removal from around the base of the walls to resolve the issue.

The platforms and footbridge are also in good condition.
Date condition updated:06 Apr 09
Modifications and dates: N.d - The internal fitout of the station building has been removed and some small cosmetic changes have been made to the facade such as the roof sheeting.
2016 - Kiosk (c1954) demolished.
Current use: Railway Station
Former use: Nil

History

Historical notes: The line was opened in 1860 and duplicated in 1886, with Wentworthville opening in 1883 as T R Smiths’ Platform. The name Wentworthville was adopted in 1885 after Darcy Wentworth, whose grant was located on either side of the railway. The station serviced a subdivision of this estate and was paid for by the speculators.

The first station buildings on the site were built in 1924, though they were removed for the construction of the present brick station buildings, dating from the time of the quadruplication of the line in 1946. The existing buildings follow the Inter-War Stripped Functionalist style and were part of the line quadruplication project between Lidcombe and St. Marys.

The pedestrian bridge dates from 1944 and is formed by steel beams. The use of ramps instead of footways was a common feature of footbridges between 1930 and 1960.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Transport-Activities associated with the moving of people and goods from one place to another, and systems for the provision of such movements Building the railway network-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages Impacts of railways on urban form-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Creative endeavour-Activities associated with the production and performance of literary, artistic, architectural and other imaginative, interpretive or inventive works; and/or associated with the production and expression of cultural phenomena; and/or environments that have inspired such creative activities. Evolution of design in railway engineering and architecture-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
The site of Wentworthville Railway Station is of historical significance through its relationship to the development of the suburb of Wentworthville following the Wentworth Estate Subdivision and the original station's funding by land speculators. The existing buildings are examples of the construction of railway stations during the quadruplication of the Western Railway Line in the mid-1940s.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
Wentworthville Railway Station is of aesthetic significance as an example of mid-sized Inter-War Stripped Functionalist station buildings in an urban setting. The buildings are noted for their use of bonded brickwork, Art Deco influenced parapet detailing, strong horizontal planes and steel awnings.
SHR Criteria d)
[Social significance]
The place has the potential to contribute to the local community's sense of place, and can provide a connection to the local community's past.
SHR Criteria e)
[Research potential]
Wentworthville Railway Station is of technical significance for its ability to demonstrate design and construction techniques of the mid-20th century railway structures and for its ability to provide evidence of the use of Inter War Stripped Functionalist elements in a railway setting. The station buildings provide opportunities together with Toongabbie, Pendle Hill and Seven Hills stations to study and understand mid-20th century building techniques.
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
Wentworthville Railway Station is a representative example of a small, mid-20th century railway station that is designed in the Inter War Stripped Functionalist style in an urban context, similar to Toongabbie and Pendle Hill Railway Stations.
The footbridge was identified as an item of moderate heritage significance in the comparative analysis from the 2016 ‘Railway Footbridges Heritage Conservation Strategy’.
Integrity/Intactness: The station has a high degree of integrity and intactness externally. The main change is the replacement of the original roof sheeting with Colorbond sheeting. The buildings have low integrity internally due to the removal of the interior fitout.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

1. Conservation principles: Conserve cultural heritage significance and minimise impacts on heritage values and fabric in accordance with the ‘Australia ICOMOS Charter for Places of Cultural Significance’. 2. Specialist advice: Seek advice from a qualified heritage specialist during all phases of a proposed project from feasibility, concept and option planning stage; detailed design; heritage approval and assessment; through to construction and finalisation. 3. Documentation: Prepare a Statement of Heritage Impact (SOHI) to assess, minimise and prevent heritage impacts as part of the assessment and approval phase of a project. Prepare a Conservation Management Plan (CMP) prior to proposing major works (such as new additions, change of use or proposed demolition) at all places of State significance and all complex sites of Local significance. 4. Maintenance and repair: Undertake annual inspections and proactive routine maintenance works to conserve heritage fabric in accordance with the ‘Minimum Standards of Maintenance & Repair’. 5. Movable heritage: Retain in situ and care for historic contents, fixtures, fittings, equipment and objects which contribute to cultural heritage significance. Return or reinstate missing features or relocated items where opportunities arise. 6. Aboriginal, archaeology and natural heritage: Consider all aspects of potential heritage significance as part of assessing and minimising potential impacts, including Aboriginal, archaeology and natural heritage. 7. Unidentified heritage items: Heritage inventory sheets do not describe or capture all contributory heritage items within an identified curtilage (such as minor buildings, structures, archaeology, landscape elements, movable heritage and significant interiors and finishes). Ensure heritage advice is sought on all proposed changes within a curtilage to conserve heritage significance. 8. Recording and register update: Record changes at heritage places through adequate project records and archival photography. Notify all changes to the Section 170 Heritage & Conservation Register administrator upon project completion.

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Heritage Act - s.170 NSW State agency heritage registerSRA s.170 Register    

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
State Rail Authority Heritage Register Study1999SRA40State Rail Authority  No
S170 Heritage & Conservation Register Update2009 City Plan Heritage  Yes
Heritage Platforms Conservation Management Strategy2015 Australian Museum Consulting  Yes
Railway Footbridges Heritage Conservation Strategy 2016 NSW Government Architect’s Office Heritage Group  Yes

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
WrittenAndrea Humphreys and Donald Ellsmore2001Inter-War Station Buildings
WrittenFraser, D1996Survey of Railway Footbridges
WrittenSharp, S.A1982The Railway Stations of NSW 1855-1980
MapVarious Various Plans from RailCorp EDMS

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

rez rez rez rez rez rez
rez rez rez
(Click on thumbnail for full size image and image details)

Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: State Government
Database number: 4801040


Every effort has been made to ensure that information contained in the State Heritage Inventory is correct. If you find any errors or omissions please send your comments to the Database Manager.

All information and pictures on this page are the copyright of the Heritage Division or respective copyright owners.