Chester Hill Railway Station Group | NSW Environment & Heritage

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Heritage

Chester Hill Railway Station Group

Item details

Name of item: Chester Hill Railway Station Group
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Transport - Rail
Category: Railway Platform/ Station
Primary address: Chester Hill Road, Chester Hill, NSW 2162
Local govt. area: Bankstown

Boundary:

North: Property boundary bordering the rear of properties along Warldon Road; South: Property boundary bordering the rear of properties along Wellington Road; East: 5 metres from end of platform (excluding overbridge and entry stairs); West: 5 metres from end of platform
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
Chester Hill RoadChester HillBankstown  Primary Address

Owner/s

Organisation NameOwner CategoryDate Ownership Updated
RailCorpState Government 
RailCorpState Government 
RailCorpState Government 

Statement of significance:

Chester Hill Railway Station has local significance as a station which represents the significant reconstruction of the original Lidcombe-Regents Park line and its extension to Cabramatta. The 1920s platform building has been altered but it retains the basic architectural features which characterise station buildings of the early 20th century. As a whole the station complex is able to demonstrate suburban railway travel during the 1920s and 1930s.
Date significance updated: 12 Jun 09
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Designer/Maker: NSW Government Railways
Builder/Maker: NSW Government Railways
Physical description: BUILDINGS
Platform Building, (Type 11) (1924)

STRUCTURES
Platform 1-2, (1924)
Canopies, (c. 1980s; c.1999)
Chester Hill Road Overbridge, (1924; extended south c2010)

CONTEXT
Chester Hill Railway Station is entered from the Chester Hill Road via the overbridge and the stairs leading down to the platform. To the north of the station is a shopping precinct and to the south is a park and residential area. The station has two platforms, a platform building and canopies on the platform.

PLATFORM BUILDING- Platform 1-2 (1924)
External: Rectangular face brick building with gabled roof and integral shallower sloped cantilevered awnings. The face brick, predominantly in a stretcher bond, has been painted. The building is three bays in length, with the bays defined by engaged brick piers which coincide with the awning supports. The original chimneys have been removed.

The cantilever awnings have standard double bowed steel brackets supported on decorative cement haunches and bolt fixings to the station building brick walls. There is a decorative timber moulding at the junction with the brick wall. Vertical timber boards form a valance at the end of each awning. The awning roof as for the main roof is corrugated steel. The gable ends feature typical detailing with timber finials and a circular vent (east elevation only).

The external walls rise from a projecting brick plinth three/four courses high with a decorative dado moulding run in cement which is continuous between door and window openings. Decorative cement window and door frames rise above the dado moulding. The western end brick gable wall features a louvre within a round brick window framed in voussoir shaped bricks, with four cement keystones. Most of the window openings are original and the windows feature a decorative moulded cement sill. Some of the window openings have been bricked in from sill height till the start of the dado moulding. Most of the upper sections of the bricked in window openings are fitted with timber framed, fixed glass and curved, steel grills. Some of the door openings are original while others have been created recently and fitted with flat panelled doors. Three doors on the north elevation have been bricked in with one made to look like adjacent windows with the top part of the opening glazed. A new standard ticket window has been installed on the east elevation. Air-conditioning units have also been installed on the north side.

Internal: The building originally had toilets and waiting room facilities. It currently houses toilet facilities, a booking office, a storage area and electronic equipment. The female toilet to the north-western corner has been appropriated for additional storage. The fitout is completely modern but is sensitive to the original building.

PLATFORMS (1924)
Platforms are all brick faced with asphalt surface. There are tree plantings on the platform.
Platform 1 (Up) and Platform 2 (Down) form an island platform arrangement.

CANOPIES (c.1980s; c.1999)
The modern canopies are steel framed structures with corrugated steel roofing and are of different shapes along the length of the platform. Curved canopies sit immediately adjacent to the east and west elevations of the platform building. In the space between the platform building and the stairs there are two canopies which have been designed to match some of the details of the platform building. The roofs of these canopies follow the shape of the platform building, a gabled roof with integrated shallower awnings. The eastern most canopy which leads all the way to the stairs is a simple gable structure with no awnings.

OVERBRIDGE (Chester Hill Road) (1924)
The overbridge is a jack-arch and steel girder structure supported by brick piers and brick abutments. It originally had brick parapets which have recently been replaced by safety rails made of steel and toughened, opaque glass. A series of gabled roof modern canopies cover the pavement sections of the overbridge along Chester Hill Road. A set of stairs leads down to the platforms from the overbridge. The stairs are a standard 1920s structure constructed as part of the original station with steel beams and supported by iron angle trestles. The treads are compressed fibre cement and may have replaced earlier timber treads. The stairs have modern metal balustrades and are covered by a combination of skillion roofed and gabled roof corrugated steel canopies.

ARCHAEOLOGICAL POTENTIAL
Based on the surviving documentation and the evidence on site it is unlikely there would be any potential archaeological remains at Chester Hill Railway Station.
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
PLATFORM BUILDING (Platform 1-2)
The platform building is in a very good condition.

PLATFORMS
The platforms are in good condition.

CANOPIES
The canopies are in very good condition.

OVERBRIDGE
The overbridge is in moderate condition.
Date condition updated:06 Jul 09
Modifications and dates: 1929: Railway electrified
c.1963: Safety fences erected on overbridge
Post 1980: Canopy over steps also constructed
c.1999: New canopies constructed along platform; booking office relocated to 1924 building (complete refurbishment)
c2010: South Sydney Fright Line constructed. New line on south side of station; extension of overbridge to accommodate. Station building painted.
Current use: Railway Station
Former use: Nil

History

Historical notes: By the 1920s a decision had been made to extend the Lidcombe-Regents Park railway to Cabramatta as a relief to the Main West and Main South via Granville and this was completed in 1924. The work also involved major reconstruction of the original Lidcombe-Regents Park section of the line. Goods trains were operating on the line from 15 May 1924 and passenger trains operated from 19 October.

Chester Hill Station opened with the line opening on 15 May 1924. Construction plans of the station show an island platform, with small waiting shed and access to the station via a set of steps from an overbridge.

A new platform canopy was constructed c.1997.

The South Sydney Freight Line (SSFL) is a dedicated freight line for a distance of 36 kilometers between Birrong and Macarthur in southern Sydney. It was constructed c2010 to improve the efficiency of rail freight services along the North-South Rail Corridor between Melbourne, Sydney and Brisbane. Previously, a major bottleneck in the rail freight network existed where freight trains were required to share existing rail lines with the Sydney metropolitan passenger services. The SSFL provides a third track in the rail corridor specifically for freight services, allowing passenger and freight services to operate independently. The line runs through Chester Hill station.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Transport-Activities associated with the moving of people and goods from one place to another, and systems for the provision of such movements Making Railway Journeys-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages Impacts of railways on urban form-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
Chester Hill Railway Station is historically significant at a local level as a station which represents the significant reconstruction of the original Lidcombe-Regents Park line and its extension to Cabramatta. The extant early 20th century platform building, the overbridge and the stairs date from the opening of the station and demonstrate the 1920s period of suburban railway travel.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
Chester Hill Railway Station has local aesthetic significance with its 1920s ‘initial island’ platform building which retains characteristic features of this type of station building, namely the linear form, gable roof and integrated awnings. In effect the form, fabric and detailing of this building characterises the type of construction and architectural style employed in early 20th century railway station buildings in the Sydney region.
SHR Criteria d)
[Social significance]
The place has the potential to contribute to the local community's sense of place, and can provide a connection to the local community's past.
SHR Criteria f)
[Rarity]
The buildings and structures at this station are common examples of standard types.
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
Chester Hill Railway Station platform building has some alterations but retains characteristics features of the common standard design 1920s suburban platform building. The 1920s jack-arch overbridge with stairs leading down the platform has been altered with the removal of its brick parapets. However it retains features representative of such overbridges within the suburban railway network, namely the jack-arch and steel girders structure, brick piers and brick abutments.
Integrity/Intactness: Chester Hill Railway Station has a moderate degree of integrity as the platform building is relatively intact. However the modern canopies on the platforms, over the stairs and over the pavement areas of the overbridge along Chester Hill Road affects the overall integrity of the station.PLATFORM BUILDING (Platform 1-2)Externally the building has been altered in terms of its door and window openings some of which have been removed, bricked in or boarded up, but it still retains original fabric such as the original brickwork, standard double bowed steel brackets, decorative cement haunches and timber finials. Modern services such as lighting and CCTV cameras have been installed and the windows are bricked up in most instances, however these interventions are considered to be reversible. Internally the building has been altered considerably. CANOPIESThe 1999 canopies are modern structures.OVERBRIDGEThe integrity of the overbridge is significantly reduced by the introduction of the safety rails and canopies to Chester Hill Road. The introduction of new canopies over the stairs and new metal balustrades has reduced the integrity of this structure.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

1. Conservation principles: Conserve cultural heritage significance and minimise impacts on heritage values and fabric in accordance with the ‘Australia ICOMOS Charter for Places of Cultural Significance’. 2. Specialist advice: Seek advice from a qualified heritage specialist during all phases of a proposed project from feasibility, concept and option planning stage; detailed design; heritage approval and assessment; through to construction and finalisation. 3. Documentation: Prepare a Statement of Heritage Impact (SOHI) to assess, minimise and prevent heritage impacts as part of the assessment and approval phase of a project. Prepare a Conservation Management Plan (CMP) prior to proposing major works (such as new additions, change of use or proposed demolition) at all places of State significance and all complex sites of Local significance. 4. Maintenance and repair: Undertake annual inspections and proactive routine maintenance works to conserve heritage fabric in accordance with the ‘Minimum Standards of Maintenance & Repair’. 5. Movable heritage: Retain in situ and care for historic contents, fixtures, fittings, equipment and objects which contribute to cultural heritage significance. Return or reinstate missing features or relocated items where opportunities arise. 6. Aboriginal, archaeology and natural heritage: Consider all aspects of potential heritage significance as part of assessing and minimising potential impacts, including Aboriginal, archaeology and natural heritage. 7. Unidentified heritage items: Heritage inventory sheets do not describe or capture all contributory heritage items within an identified curtilage (such as minor buildings, structures, archaeology, landscape elements, movable heritage and significant interiors and finishes). Ensure heritage advice is sought on all proposed changes within a curtilage to conserve heritage significance. 8. Recording and register update: Record changes at heritage places through adequate project records and archival photography. Notify all changes to the Section 170 Heritage & Conservation Register administrator upon project completion.

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Heritage Act - s.170 NSW State agency heritage register     

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
State Rail Authority Heritage Register Study1999SRA50State Rail Authority  No
S170 Heritage & Conservation Register Update2009 OCP Architects  Yes
Heritage Platforms Conservation Management Strategy2015 Australian Museum Consulting  Yes

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
WrittenJohn Forsyth2007New South Wales Railway Stations: an alphabetical arrangement of railway station and place names
WrittenTony Prescott2009Historical Research for RailCorp's S170 Update Project

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: State Government
Database number: 4801050


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