Guildford Railway Station | NSW Environment & Heritage

Culture and heritage

Heritage

Guildford Railway Station

Item details

Name of item: Guildford Railway Station
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Transport - Rail
Category: Railway Platform/ Station
Primary address: Military Road, Guildford, NSW 2161
Local govt. area: Holroyd
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
Military RoadGuildfordHolroyd  Primary Address

Owner/s

Organisation NameOwner CategoryDate Ownership Updated
RailCorpState Government 
RailCorpState Government 
RailCorpState Government 

Statement of significance:

The remaining structures on site date from c.1970 and c.2002 and have no heritage significance. The overall loss of historical fabric including all the original and early platform buildings greatly reduces the significance of the railway station.
Date significance updated: 05 Aug 09
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Designer/Maker: NSW Government Railways
Builder/Maker: NSW Government Railways
Construction years: 1876-1937
Physical description: BUILDINGS
Platform buildings, Platform 1- Type 15 (c1970s)

STRUCTURES
Platform 1/2, (date unknown)
Footbridge, (c2002)
Canopies, (2000-2003)
Subway, (c1975)

CONTEXT
Guildford Railway Station is accessed from Military Road on the west and from Railway Terrace on the east. The station consists of two wayside platforms connected via a concrete footbridge encompassing an easy Access Lift on each platform. Both sides of the station are commercial shopping precincts, the most extensive being on the east. A subway beneath the railway lines at the northern end of the platforms connects Railway Terrace with Military Road.

PLATFORM BUILDING- Platform 1 (c1970s)
External: A long rectangular skillion roofed building consisting of a Booking Office, Station Manager's Room and Staff facilities in the southern half and Male, Female and equitable access toilets at the northern end. The external walls are a combination of painted concrete block and aluminium panels set in expressed aluminium mullions. The windows are fixed and sliding aluminium set high in the walls. On the Military Road elevation the southern end is characterised by a projecting section of wall which is sandstone clad in random rubble fashion. A smaller concrete block concessionaire is separated from the main building by a short flight of access steps from the Military Road footpath. The skillion roof which rises gently to the platform side cantilevers to provide weather protection, and is finished with a 400mm high metal fascia.

Internal: The interior walls and ceilings are finished in plasterboard with a small coved cornice. Except for the toilets, which are finished in ceramic tiles, the floors are carpet finished.

FOOTBRIDGE (c2002)
The footbridge spans the railway lines about midway along the platforms, slightly south of the concessionaire on Platform 1. The main span consists of precast concrete planks supported on circular concrete piers with squared haunches. An easy access lift is located at each end of the footbridge, where the structure terminates with a second circular pier. Full height glass encloses the footbridge beneath a skillion metal deck roof, with this enclosure continuing down each platform access stair. Each glazed lift shaft is topped with a louvred motor room which rises above the surrounding bridge structure.

PLATFORMS (unknown)
Platform 1 has an asphalt surface, with a concrete edge supported on a flush faced concrete retaining wall. Platform 2 has an asphalt surface and retains the original brick edge and facing for the length of the platform. Both platforms have been reconstructed since the first timber ones of 1891.

CANOPIES (2000-2003)
On Platform 2 a modern open steel framed flat roofed canopy extends from the bottom of the footbridge access stairs for some 25 metres north along the platform. On Platform 1 a similar canopy extends from the side of the footbridge stair and abuts with the platform building roof. Light framed steel canopies continue into the streets on each side of the station complex.

SUBWAY (c1975)
A concrete walled pedestrian subway connects Military Road to Railway Terrace near the northern end of the platforms. The walls of the subway have been painted with natural bush scenes, while the floor finish is asphalt.
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
Generally good condition.
Date condition updated:01 Aug 08
Modifications and dates: 1891: New timber Up and Down platforms constructed with the duplication of the line
1892: Standard Lamp Room built on Platform 1
1900: Awnings provided over platform buildings.
1911: Platforms extended.
1920: Improved office accommodation and cover over signal frame.
1924: House for SM purchased
1929: Railway electrified.
1937: New timber platform building on Platform 2
c1975: Subway between Military Road and Railway Terrace constructed
c2000: Platform canopies added to toilets and adjacent to kiosk on Platform 1
c2002: Easy Access lifts including new footbridge, stair access and toilets converted on Platform 1.
Note: there is no date for the removal of the 1930s timber building.
Current use: Railway Station
Former use: Nil

History

Historical notes: After completion of the initial rail line from Sydney to Parramatta, work soon proceeded on the Main South line from Granville Junction to Goulburn. The first section from Granville to Liverpool was constructed quickly over easy terrain and was opened on 26 September 1856. Campbelltown was reached in 1858, that section opening on 17 May 1858. The line was duplicated in 1891. This line was constructed as a rural railway and had no suburban purpose until well into the twentieth century. Its stations served what were then rural settlements and only later were adapted as commuter stations.

Guildford Station was opened in April 1876. In 1891 new side platform buildings were constructed with new platform buildings for duplication of the line. In 1924 a house was purchased for use as a Station Master’s residence.

A number of changes have been made to the station since construction including the addition of a new timber station building in 1937 (now demolished).

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
Guildford Railway Station has limited historical fabric to demonsrate its associations as one of the early railway stations built on the Main South Line from Granville Junction to Goulburn.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
The modern platform buildings, canopies, footbridge and lifts at the railway station are a common example of this type of building in the Sydney metropolitan area. Therefore Guildford Railway Station does not fulfil this criterion.
SHR Criteria f)
[Rarity]
Guildford Railway Station is not rare and does not fulfil the requirements for significance under this criterion.
Integrity/Intactness: Poor integrity - there are no original or early buildings still in existence.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

1. Conservation principles: Conserve cultural heritage significance and minimise impacts on heritage values and fabric in accordance with the ‘Australia ICOMOS Charter for Places of Cultural Significance’. 2. Specialist advice: Seek advice from a qualified heritage specialist during all phases of a proposed project from feasibility, concept and option planning stage; detailed design; heritage approval and assessment; through to construction and finalisation. 3. Documentation: Prepare a Statement of Heritage Impact (SOHI) to assess, minimise and prevent heritage impacts as part of the assessment and approval phase of a project. Prepare a Conservation Management Plan (CMP) prior to proposing major works (such as new additions, change of use or proposed demolition) at all places of State significance and all complex sites of Local significance. 4. Maintenance and repair: Undertake annual inspections and proactive routine maintenance works to conserve heritage fabric in accordance with the ‘Minimum Standards of Maintenance & Repair’. 5. Movable heritage: Retain in situ and care for historic contents, fixtures, fittings, equipment and objects which contribute to cultural heritage significance. Return or reinstate missing features or relocated items where opportunities arise. 6. Aboriginal, archaeology and natural heritage: Consider all aspects of potential heritage significance as part of assessing and minimising potential impacts, including Aboriginal, archaeology and natural heritage. 7. Unidentified heritage items: Heritage inventory sheets do not describe or capture all contributory heritage items within an identified curtilage (such as minor buildings, structures, archaeology, landscape elements, movable heritage and significant interiors and finishes). Ensure heritage advice is sought on all proposed changes within a curtilage to conserve heritage significance. 8. Recording and register update: Record changes at heritage places through adequate project records and archival photography. Notify all changes to the Section 170 Heritage & Conservation Register administrator upon project completion.

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Heritage Act - s.170 NSW State agency heritage registerSRA s.170 Register    

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
State Rail Authority Heritage Register Study1999SRA65, SRA861 (footbridge)State Rail Authority  No
Heritage Platforms Conservation Management Strategy2015 Australian Museum Consulting  Yes

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
WrittenJohn Forsyth2007New South Wales Railway Stations: an alphabetical arrangement of railway station and place names
WrittenRobert Lee1988The Greatest Public Work: the New South Wales railways 1848 to 1889
WrittenTony Prescott2009Historical Research for RailCorp's S170 Update Project

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: State Government
Database number: 4801065


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