Villawood Railway Station Group | NSW Environment & Heritage

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Heritage

Villawood Railway Station Group

Item details

Name of item: Villawood Railway Station Group
Other name/s: Formerly Referenced As: Mark Lodge; Woodville Rd Station; Dog Trap Rd Station
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Transport - Rail
Category: Railway Platform/ Station
Primary address: Villawood Place, River Avenue, Villawood, NSW 2165
Local govt. area: Fairfield

Boundary:

North: 5 metres from the outside of the rail corridor fronting River Avenue (to include stairs and footbridge)South: 5 metres from the outside of the rail corridor fronting rear of properties to Villawood Road (to include stairs and footbridge and is exclusive of car park)East: 5 metres from bottom of footbridge stepsWest: 5 metres from end of platform
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
Villawood Place, River AvenueVillawoodFairfield  Primary Address

Owner/s

Organisation NameOwner CategoryDate Ownership Updated
RailCorpState Government 
RailCorpState Government 
RailCorpState Government 

Statement of significance:

Villawood Railway Station has local heritage significance as a station which represents the significant reconstruction of the original Lidcombe-Regents Park line and its extension to Cabramatta. The 1920s platform building has been altered considerably but it retains the basic architectural features which characterise station buildings of this period. The largely intact footbridge is also a standard railways structure from the 1920s. As a whole the station complex is able to demonstrate suburban railway travel during the 1920s and 1930s. While individual buildings have been modified, the site retains some original features, which combined with the lack of development/site renewal, results in collection with a high degree of integrity.
Date significance updated: 04 Nov 14
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Designer/Maker: NSW Government Railways
Builder/Maker: NSW Government Railways
Construction years: 1924-1979
Physical description: BUILDINGS
Platform Building, (Type 11)(1924)
Booking Office, (1979)

STRUCTURES
Platform 1/2, (1924)
Pedestrian Footbridge & Stairs, (1924)

MOVABLE HERITAGE
Safe (green).
Three single timber rollover indicator boards with foot pedals on the platform flanking the ticket window (two still in use in 2015, one covered with metal cover).

CONTEXT
Villawood Railway Station is entered from the car park off Villawood Place to the South via the pedestrian footbridge. Access to River Ave to the North is also via the pedestrian footbridge and central stairs lead down to the platform. To the north of the station is a residential area on the other side of River Ave and to the South is a car park.

PLATFORM BUILDING (1924)
External: Rectangular building three bays long with English bond brickwork. The bays are defined by engaged brick piers that have decorative concrete corbels and standard steel double bowed brackets that support cantilevered awnings. The awnings which have curtain board fascia are integrated with the gable roof of the building and the roofing material for both the awning and the roof is corrugated steel. The roof has original timber finials, although the original chimneys have been removed.

The external walls rise from a projecting brick plinth with a decorative two part cement dado moulding which is continuous between door and window openings. Cement window and door frames rise from the dado moulding. Most of the door and window openings are original and the windows feature a decorative moulded cement sill. The western end brick gable wall features a louvre within a round brick window framed in voussoir shaped bricks, with four cement keystones. All the windows have been altered. The window openings and one door opening have been bricked in from sill height till the start of the dado moulding. Most of the upper sections of the bricked in window and door openings are fitted with timber framed, patterned, fixed glass and curved, steel grills and some have been boarded up with plywood. Some of the doors are flat panelled timber doors, and some have additional steel, grill gates fitted to the outer edge of the door opening. There is an original brick privacy screen along the east end of the building.

Internal: The building accommodates public toilets and is used for storage and housing of electronic equipment. The original internal configuration of the building included waiting room and toilet facilities. Profiled metal sheet ceilings have been retained in the toilets which have modern fitouts with tiling to floor and walls. The store rooms have original profiled metal sheet ceilings, a few original cast iron ventilators and an original chimney breast which has been bricked in. The floors in the store rooms are concrete and contemporary cornices have been used.

BOOKING OFFICE (1979)
External: Rectangular plan form with flat roof and over hanging eaves. Integrated canopies extend over the east and west ends of the building and are supported by brick columns. The external walls are cavity brick walls in stretcher bond face bricks. The soffit to the canopy and eaves are lined in fibre cement sheet. An original timber framed window remains on the west elevation with security bars fitted to the outside. A new modern ticket window on the East elevation has been installed.

Internal: The building has painted brick walls with fibre cement lining to the ceiling and carpeted floor. Ducts and conduits for modern operational equipment are fixed to the walls.

PLATFORMS (1924)
Platform 1 (Up) and Platform 2 (Down) have brick faces and form an island platform arrangement. Both the platforms have asphalt surfaces. Stepped brick coping.

PEDESTRIAN FOOTBRIDGE & STAIRS (1924)
The footbridge and stairs is a 1920s structure constructed as part of the original station with steel beams and three stairways all supported by iron angle trestles. The current deck is concrete with timber stairs to the west (apart from the lowest three treads which are concrete) and concrete stairs to the eastern side. The stair and footbridge have original metal bar balustrades and there is a modern steel fence, on either side of the platform, connecting the stair to the booking office.

ARCHAEOLOGICAL POTENTIAL
Based on the surviving documentation and the evidence on site it is unlikely there would be any potential archaeological remains at Villawood railway station.
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
PLATFORM BUILDING
The building is in good condition externally. However some internal surfaces are in moderate condition.

BOOKING OFFICE
The booking office is in good condition.

PLATFORMS
The platforms are in good condition

PEDESTRIAN FOOTBRIDGE & STAIRS
The footbridge and stairs are in moderate condition, there is deterioration to the face of some concrete steps.
Date condition updated:10 Sep 08
Modifications and dates: 1924: booking office and ladies waiting room constructed.
1924: footbridge erected.
1929: railway electrified.
1979: New booking & parcel office constructed
1979: Drawings show the demolition of bookstall and temporary booking office, and also the remains of an earlier booking & parcels office preceding the construction of the present building. Further research may be able to provide information relating to these structures.
1980: Photographs show railway sidings associated with the South Portland Cement Factory. These have since been removed.
Current use: Railway Station
Former use: Nil

History

Historical notes: By the 1920s a decision had been made to extend the Lidcombe-Regents Park railway to Cabramatta as a relief to the Main West and Main South via Granville and this was completed in 1924. The work also involved major reconstruction of the original Lidcombe-Regents Park section of the line. Goods trains were operating on the line from 15 May 1924 and passenger trains operated from 19 October.

Villawood Station also opened on 19 October 1924 as an island platform. The station opened as Mark Lodge and was renamed Villawood in December 1924. In 1925 a booking office and ladies waiting room were constructed.

The footbridge was erected in 1943 (or 1924) and is a steel beam structure over the two main tracks with stairs down to an island platform. In c.1979 a new booking office was constructed.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Transport-Activities associated with the moving of people and goods from one place to another, and systems for the provision of such movements Making Railway Journeys-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
Villawood Railway Station is historically significant as a station which represents the significant reconstruction of the original Lidcombe-Regents Park line and its extension to Cabramatta. The extant early 20th century platform building and the pedestrian footbridge and stairs date from the opening of the station and demonstrate the 1920/1930s period of suburban railway travel.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
Villawood Railway Station has local aesthetic significance with its 1920s initial island platform building which has characteristic features of this type of station building namely the linear form, gable roof and integrated awnings. The form, fabric and detailing of this building characterises the type of construction and architectural style employed in early 20th century railway station buildings in the Sydney region. The footbridge is a standard structure that was built at a number of stations during the 1920s, though one of few remaining with wooden treads.
SHR Criteria d)
[Social significance]
The place has the potential to contribute to the local community's sense of place, and can provide a connection to the local community's past.
SHR Criteria f)
[Rarity]
The initial island platform building at Villawood Railway Station is a common type of standard station building.
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
Villawood Railway Station has an extant platform building which has been altered but as it retains characteristic features of such type of buildings it is representative of this type of common standard 1920s station building.
The footbridge has retained most of its original fabric and is therefore a good representation of 1920s railway footbridges. The footbridge was identified as an item of moderate heritage significance in the comparative analysis from the 2016 ‘Railway Footbridges Heritage Conservation Strategy’.
Integrity/Intactness: Overall the group of structures has high integrity, though modified individually as a group they remain an undisturbed collection. PLATFORM BUILDING The building has been altered externally and internally. However it retains its characteristic features including the gable roof with extended awnings supported on metal brackets. Modern services such as lighting and CCTV cameras have been installed and the windows are bricked up in most instances, however these interventions are considered to be reversible.BOOKING OFFICE The building is a modern structure.PLATFORMS The platforms are in their original condition. PEDESTRIAN FOOTBRIDGE & STAIRS The stairs and footbridge are intact.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

1. Conservation principles: Conserve cultural heritage significance and minimise impacts on heritage values and fabric in accordance with the ‘Australia ICOMOS Charter for Places of Cultural Significance’. 2. Specialist advice: Seek advice from a qualified heritage specialist during all phases of a proposed project from feasibility, concept and option planning stage; detailed design; heritage approval and assessment; through to construction and finalisation. 3. Documentation: Prepare a Statement of Heritage Impact (SOHI) to assess, minimise and prevent heritage impacts as part of the assessment and approval phase of a project. Prepare a Conservation Management Plan (CMP) prior to proposing major works (such as new additions, change of use or proposed demolition) at all places of State significance and all complex sites of Local significance. 4. Maintenance and repair: Undertake annual inspections and proactive routine maintenance works to conserve heritage fabric in accordance with the ‘Minimum Standards of Maintenance & Repair’. 5. Movable heritage: Retain in situ and care for historic contents, fixtures, fittings, equipment and objects which contribute to cultural heritage significance. Return or reinstate missing features or relocated items where opportunities arise. 6. Aboriginal, archaeology and natural heritage: Consider all aspects of potential heritage significance as part of assessing and minimising potential impacts, including Aboriginal, archaeology and natural heritage. 7. Unidentified heritage items: Heritage inventory sheets do not describe or capture all contributory heritage items within an identified curtilage (such as minor buildings, structures, archaeology, landscape elements, movable heritage and significant interiors and finishes). Ensure heritage advice is sought on all proposed changes within a curtilage to conserve heritage significance. 8. Recording and register update: Record changes at heritage places through adequate project records and archival photography. Notify all changes to the Section 170 Heritage & Conservation Register administrator upon project completion.

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Heritage Act - s.170 NSW State agency heritage registerSRA s.170 Register    
Heritage studyVillawood Railway Station    

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
State Rail Authority Heritage Register Study1999SRA71State Rail Authority  No
S170 Heritage & Conservation Register Update2009 OCP Architects  Yes
Heritage Platforms Conservation Management Strategy2015 Australian Museum Consulting  Yes
Railway Footbridges Heritage Conservation Strategy 2016 NSW Government Architect’s Office Heritage Group  Yes

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
WrittenJohn Forsyth2007New South Wales Railway Stations: an alphabetical arrangement of railway station and place names
WrittenTony Prescott2009Historical Research for RailCorp's S170 Update Project

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: State Government
Database number: 4801071


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