Belmore Railway Station Group | NSW Environment & Heritage

Culture and heritage


Belmore Railway Station Group

Item details

Name of item: Belmore Railway Station Group
Other name/s: Burwood Road
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Transport - Rail
Category: Railway Platform/ Station
Primary address: Burwood Road, Belmore, NSW 2192
Local govt. area: Canterbury


North: Property boundary to Redman Parade; South: Property boundary to Tobruk Avenue, excluding shops and carpark to west of Burwood Road; East: 5 metres from the eastern end of the island platform; West: 5 metres from the western end of the island platform (excluding the overbridge). Please note this site is listed on the State Heritage Register (SHR) for which the curtilage differs – for more information see images.
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
Burwood RoadBelmoreCanterbury  Primary Address


Organisation NameOwner CategoryDate Ownership Updated
RailCorpState Government 
RailCorpState Government 
RailCorpState Government 

Statement of significance:

Belmore Station is of State significance as it was the initial terminus station on the Sydenham to Bankstown Line which had been constructed to relieve congestion on the Main South Line as well as to promote agriculture and suburban growth. The platform building represents the period of transition from the boom time of the 1880s to the standardisation of NSW railway building design of the 1890s onwards and the high level of aesthetic design of pre-1900 standard railway buildings, which included the use of polychromatic brickwork, decorative dentil coursing, ornate awning brackets and carved bargeboards. The building is relatively intact and is representative of a small group of such ornate platform buildings including Canterbury and Marrickville on the Bankstown Line.
Date significance updated: 21 Jul 09
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.


Designer/Maker: NSW Government Railways
Builder/Maker: NSW Government Railways
Construction years: 1895-1937
Physical description: BUILDINGS
Platform building, Platforms 1-2 (Type 11) (1895)
Overhead Booking Office and Concourse (1937, 2008)

Platforms 1-2 (1895, modified 1907, 1926)
Overbridge (substantially modified 1961)
Platform Canopies (2008)

Belmore Station has a single island platform with the original platform building and a modified booking office and concourse with an access lift. The platform is accessed directly via the modern stairs through the concourse from the overbridge on Burwood Road. Burwood Road is the main commercial shopping strip in the suburb.

External: Rectangular polychromatic face brick building with gabled roof and surrounding cantilevered awning clad in corrugated roof sheeting. The face brick is in stretcher bond, which was originally a dark brick up to a dado (the lower brick walls have now been painted) of lighter salmon coloured bricks which frame the upper half of the windows and doors, with a diamond pattern dentil course at the high level. The building is eight bays in length, with the bays defined by engaged brick piers which coincide with the awning brackets. Original chimneys with cement mouldings and terracotta flues remain but have been painted.

The cantilever awning is on filigreed steel brackets supported on decorative cement cornices on engaged brick piers and bolt fixings to the station building brick walls. The soffit lining is the underside of the corrugated steel roof fixed to intermediate exposed purlins. There is a decorative timber moulding at the junction with the brick wall. The awning returns around the eastern end of the building but has been removed at the western end. The edge of the awning is finished with a decorative timber boarded valance.

The external walls rise from a projecting brick plinth (now painted) with a decorative two part cement dado moulding which frames the salmon brick dado and is continuous between door and window openings. Decorative cement window and door frames rise above the dado moulding, each with a decorative keystone.

The window and door openings have segmental arches and the windows feature a decorative moulded cement sill. The original timber windows were double hung with a double paned lower sash and a multi-paned upper sash featuring coloured glass of which some still remains. This detail continued through in the fanlights above the doors. The doors were timber panelled and most still remain. The end brick gable walls feature a louvre within a round brick window framed in salmon coloured voussoir shaped bricks, with four cement keystones.

Internal: The building comprises a booking hall originally entered by a set of double doors at the bottom of the stairs; a booking office; station master’s room; general waiting room; ladies waiting room and ladies toilet; a lamp room; and men's toilet. The internal usage has now changed, and the toilets have modern fitouts.

External: The original weatherboard overhead booking office was constructed in 1937, and had a hipped roof clad in Marseille pattern terracotta tiles which have been replaced by new terracotta tiles. It was constructed by placing steel beams across the Up line and supporting them on brick piers on the railway embankment on the north and on steel trestles on the platform. As well as accommodating the station master and ticket selling facilities it contained a parcels office and a booking hall which opened onto Burwood Road, with a bookstall in the north western corner. The building was substantially modified in 2008 by opening up the front wall on Burwood Road to provide larger full height glazing and more open access to the booking hall. The stairs were replaced and covered with a glazed canopy as well as the addition of an access lift.

Internal: The booking office which is on the platform side of the building contains the area for ticketing and also contains the station master’s office as well as staff facilities in the old parcels office. The interior of the booking office and open booking hall has hardboard lined ceilings with timber battens. The walls in the booking office and old parcels office are also lined with hardboard, while the booking hall is lined with weatherboards. The timber floors have been replaced with concrete, with carpet internally and tiles in the open booking hall. The original timber panelled doors and ticket window have been replaced.

PLATFORM (1895, 1907, 1926)
One Island platform with asphalt surface, original brick platform face and edge. The platform was lengthened in 1907 and 1926. Platform 1: Platform originally brickwork laid in English bond with sandstone coping. Coping has been raided.

The Burwood Road overbridge was originally a wooden structure, supported on brick piers. In 1961 the roadway deck was replaced with prestressed concrete which spans between the original brick abutments on each side and the original brick pier on the platform. Not a significant element.

Modern glass canopy covers the stairway access from the booking hall concourse.

NSW Railway heritage listed sites contain significant collections of stored movable railway heritage, including furniture, signs, operational objects, ex-booking office and ticketing objects, paper records, clocks, memorabilia, indicator boards and artwork. Individually, these objects are important components of the history of each site. Together, they form a large and diverse collection of movable objects across the NSW rail network. Sydney Trains maintains a database of movable heritage. For up-to-date information on all movable heritage items at this site, contact the Sydney Trains heritage team.
Key Items at this station include:
Various timber storage cupboards and filing racks
Timber-framed and painted sign for Saturday Rosehill Racecourse services;
Original mortice locks and door and window hardware (locks, handles, sash locks and lifts etc)
Fitted timber benches
“Belmore Railway Station” entrance sign fixed to entrance awning
Two cast iron bubblers on platforms
Heritage-style platform lamp posts

Based on the surviving documentation and the evidence on site it is unlikely there would be any potential archaeological remains.
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
Generally in good condition.

Good condition.

Generally good condition. Platform 1 wall is suffering mortar loss due to graffiti removal.

Good condition.

Good condition.
Modifications and dates: 1907: Platform extended.
1920s-1930s: Construction of various sidings in yard.
c1922: Construction of shop on railway land to north of station.
1926: Western extension of station platform.
1926: Railway electrified.
1937: Construction of overhead booking office.
Early 1950s: Overhead booking office extended to north for parcels office.
1961: Timber overbridge replaced with prestressed concrete.
2008: Overhead booking office altered and new stairs, lift and canopies added.
Current use: Railway Station
Former use: Nil


Historical notes: Belmore is located on the Sydenham to Bankstown Railway line and was opened as the initial terminus station on 1 February 1895. Its initial construction name was Burwood Road but it was named Belmore on opening. (There is no evidence that the station was to be named St. George as suggested in some sources. However, it was not unusual for a number of names to be publicly canvassed in the lead-up to opening of a station and this was probably the case in this instance. The locality and station were named after the Earl of Belmore, Governor of New South Wales between 1868 and 1872).

The station was built when Belmore was still rural. The station layout featured a typical brick station building on an island platform. A station master’s residence was also built in 1895 and is still extant at 346 Burwood Road, opposite the station, but is now in private ownership.

The line had its origins in Railway Commissioner Goodchap’s 1882 recommendation that an additional line was needed between Newtown and Liverpool to relieve traffic on the Southern Line and to encourage agriculture and suburban settlement. Lobbying by local interests and land speculators achieved Parliamentary approval by 1890 and construction commenced in 1892. The most important stations on the line, Belmore, Canterbury and Marrickville, were built with impressive near-identical brick buildings, the other intermediate stations (Campsie, Dulwich Hill and Hurlstone Park) receiving more modest timber buildings (later replaced), possibly reflecting economies of the depression of the 1890s.

The depression suppressed the profitability of the line and the extension to Liverpool did not proceed. However, suburban development followed in the early twentieth century, particularly during the interwar period when many War Service homes were built west of Canterbury. The line was extended to Bankstown in 1909 (and then to Regents Park in 1928, making it part of a loop line through Lidcombe), its justification by then being the servicing of suburban development.

Prior to 1909, there were sidings for the storage of locomotives due to the railway terminating at Belmore. Suburban development intensified post World War I when many War Service homes were built in the area. As such, sidings at the station were extended during the 1920s for Belmore and Canterbury Councils for the purposes of unloading timber and other material for house construction and municipal works.

In 1925-26, a number of works were undertaken in preparation for electrification of the line including a sub-station and platform extension. The sub-station is now used as a signals training facility.

The overhead timber booking office at Belmore was constructed c.1937 at the top of the steps fronting onto the down side of Burwood Road to take the ticket selling and parcel functions. This change was also made to most other stations built to a similar configuration. The station master’s office remained in the platform building for another forty years, but this function too has now moved to the street level building and the platform building remains largely unused.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Transport-Activities associated with the moving of people and goods from one place to another, and systems for the provision of such movements Making Railway Journeys-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages Impacts of railways on urban form-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Creative endeavour-Activities associated with the production and performance of literary, artistic, architectural and other imaginative, interpretive or inventive works; and/or associated with the production and expression of cultural phenomena; and/or environments that have inspired such creative activities. Evolution of design in railway architecture-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
Belmore Railway Station possesses state historical significance as it was the initial terminus station on the Sydenham to Bankstown Line built to relieve the crowding on the Main Southern Line and encourage agriculture and suburban growth in the late 1800s and early 20th century. The brick platform building represents that period which marked the transition from the boom period of the 1880s to the standardisation of NSW railway building design of the 1890s and onwards.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
The platform building at Belmore Station has state aesthetic and technical significance because it demonstrates the particular design and style of brick island buildings erected by the NSW Railways in the pre-1900s and also because of the excellent quality of its aesthetic features such as the polychromatic brickwork, dentilled brick cornice and cement mouldings which distinguish it from other platform building types.
SHR Criteria d)
[Social significance]
The place has the potential to contribute to the local community's sense of place, and can provide a connection to the local community's past.
SHR Criteria g)
The station is representative, and is a fine example of, a pre-1900 standard railway station building. It’s styling reflected the importance of the station at that time, the other important stations on the Bankstown line with the same design being Canterbury and Marrickville.
The overhead booking office is also a representative example of this type of railway building and is largely intact. The Overhead Booking Office at Belmore was identified as an item of moderate heritage significance in the 2014 ‘Railway OHBO Heritage Conservation Strategy’. The overhead booking office is historically associated with the suburban development of the local area in the 1930s and is a largely intact, representative example of the type.
Integrity/Intactness: PLATFORM BUILDINGExternally the platform building retains most of the original detailing, however the face brick has been painted to dado level. Some windows have been modified by the insertion of fibreglass vandal-proof sheeting into the sashes. Original roof vents have been removed, and the face brick chimneys painted. The male toilet modesty screen has been removed. Three external doors have been replaced by flush doors. The original access stairs were replaced in 2008.Although the toilets have modern fixtures, a substantial amount of the original finishes remain. This includes plaster wall finishes, plaster ceilings and cornices, ceiling roses, the ticket window framing in the booking hall, benches and cupboards in the booking office as well as the cast iron fireplace. The old lamp room has been converted to a unisex toilet/ baby changing room.OVERHEAD BOOKING OFFICEWhile significantly altered by the opening of the western elevation, and the insertion of new metal glazing, the building retains a large amount of its original fabric including timber cladding and timber framed windows on the north, south and east elevations. The roof remains, but with new terracotta tiles.Internally the ceiling linings in the booking hall and booking office remain as do the wall linings. The original timber floors are now concrete.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

1. Conservation principles: Conserve cultural heritage significance and minimise impacts on heritage values and fabric in accordance with the ‘Australia ICOMOS Charter for Places of Cultural Significance’. 2. Specialist advice: Seek advice from a qualified heritage specialist during all phases of a proposed project from feasibility, concept and option planning stage; detailed design; heritage approval and assessment; through to construction and finalisation. 3. Documentation: Prepare a Statement of Heritage Impact (SOHI) to assess, minimise and prevent heritage impacts as part of the assessment and approval phase of a project. Prepare a Conservation Management Plan (CMP) prior to proposing major works (such as new additions, change of use or proposed demolition) at all places of State significance and all complex sites of Local significance. 4. Maintenance and repair: Undertake annual inspections and proactive routine maintenance works to conserve heritage fabric in accordance with the ‘Minimum Standards of Maintenance & Repair’. 5. Movable heritage: Retain in situ and care for historic contents, fixtures, fittings, equipment and objects which contribute to cultural heritage significance. Return or reinstate missing features or relocated items where opportunities arise. 6. Aboriginal, archaeology and natural heritage: Consider all aspects of potential heritage significance as part of assessing and minimising potential impacts, including Aboriginal, archaeology and natural heritage. 7. Unidentified heritage items: Heritage inventory sheets do not describe or capture all contributory heritage items within an identified curtilage (such as minor buildings, structures, archaeology, landscape elements, movable heritage and significant interiors and finishes). Ensure heritage advice is sought on all proposed changes within a curtilage to conserve heritage significance. 8. Recording and register update: Record changes at heritage places through adequate project records and archival photography. Notify all changes to the Section 170 Heritage & Conservation Register administrator upon project completion.


Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Heritage Act - s.170 NSW State agency heritage registerSRA s.170 Register    

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
State Rail Authority Heritage Register Study1999SRA84State Rail Authority  No
S170 Heritage & Conservation Register Update2009 OCP Architects  Yes
Heritage Platforms Conservation Management Strategy2015 Australian Museum Consulting  Yes
Railway Overhead Booking Offices Heritage Conservation Strategy2014 Australian Museum Consulting  No

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
WrittenJohn Forsyth2007New South Wales Railway Stations: an alphabetical arrangement of railway station and place names
WrittenK. Edwards1982Beginning the Bankstown Line: a history of the Marrickville to Burwood Road Railway
WrittenMichael Bogle2006Shop Complex Associated with the Belmore Railway Station Group, 363 Burwood Road, Belmore: Heritage Assessment and Statement of Heritage Impact
WrittenTony Prescott2009Historical Research for RailCorp's S170 Update Project

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: State Government
Database number: 4801084

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