Ingleburn Railway Station Group | NSW Environment & Heritage

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Ingleburn Railway Station Group

Item details

Name of item: Ingleburn Railway Station Group
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Transport - Rail
Category: Railway Platform/ Station
Primary address: Stanley Road, Ingleburn, NSW 2565
Local govt. area: Campbelltown

Boundary:

North: 5 metres past the end of the platformsSouth: 5 metres past the end of the platformsEast: The edge of rail corridor (which is defined by a metal fence separating the carpark along Stanley Road from the goods tracks) West: Ingleburn Road
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
Stanley RoadIngleburnCampbelltown   Primary Address

Owner/s

Organisation NameOwner CategoryDate Ownership Updated
RailCorpState Government 
RailCorpState Government 
RailCorpState Government 

Statement of significance:

Ingleburn Railway Station has local significance as a station that dates from the late 19th century extension of the Main South Line between Liverpool and Campbelltown. The extant 1901 building demonstrates the evolution of Ingleburn from a rural railway station to a suburban service and reflects the growth and change of the local area. The station is historically associated with Ingleburn Army Camp established during World War II by the Commonwealth Government. The additional ticket office window to the 1901 ‘initial island’ platform building provides evidence of the use of the station by the Australian Army during World War II. The largely intact 1901 building has local aesthetic significance more so as it is a distinctive and forerunning example of ‘initial island’ platform buildings in the Sydney region.
Date significance updated: 18 May 09
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Designer/Maker: NSW Government Railway
Builder/Maker: NSW Government Railways; Christiansen & Co
Construction years: 1883-1901
Physical description: BUILDINGS
Platform building, Platform 1, (Type 11) (c.1901)
Platform building, Platform 1, (1980s)

STRUCTURES
Platforms: Platform 1, (c.1883, extended 1939, 1968) - Platform 2, (c.1967)
Relay Hut, (c.1920)
Canopies, (modern)
Footbridge, (1988)

CONTEXT
Ingleburn Station is accessed from Ingleburn Road and Stanley Road. The station has two suburban lines and a freight line to the west bordering Stanley Road. It has two platforms, a footbridge, platform buildings on Platform 1 and canopies to both the platforms. There are commercial strips on either sides of the station.

PLATFORM BUILDING- Platform 1 (1901)
External: This is an initial island platform standard railway design building and is a rectangular structure six bays long with Flemish bond brickwork. On the eastern side of the building which looks onto the platform, the bays are defined by engaged brick piers that have stone corbels and standard double bowed steel brackets that support a cantilevered awning with curtain board fascia. The awning is integrated with the gable roof of the building and the roofing material for both the awning and the roof is corrugated steel. The western side of the building is a simple undecorated facade which has no awning, piers, corbels or brackets. The roof has timber finials and timber bargeboards to the gable ends. There is a small hardwood platform resting on brick piers towards the northern end of the building along its western face.

Most of the door and window openings are original and feature flat arches. Window openings have stone sills and some door openings have recent concrete thresholds and some have early slate slabs. A variety of window styles have been used in the building. There are two sizes of timber framed double hung windows, the larger of which originally had double paned clear glass top and bottom sashes. The smaller timber framed windows had single paned top and bottom sashes. Most of the windows have been altered substantially; some have been fixed with patterned obscure glass and steel safety grilles towards the inside, and some have been compromised to accommodate air-condition units. The original external doors used in the building were timber framed timber panel doors with single paned fanlights. All the doors have been changed to flat panel timber doors, and one has been converted into a ticket counter window with a rolled steel shutter and a concrete sill. The northern end of the building had two leaved, hardwood patent sliding doors to the east and west faces of the building. The door to the eastern face has been retained whereas the one on the western face has been retained internally and on the external face it has been replaced by a two leaved, flat panel timber door. External tuck pointing to parts of the brickwork has been retained.

Internal: The building was originally divided into a general waiting room, a ladies room with an attached lavatory, a ticket office, a postal room and a store room. The configuration of the postal room and ticket office has been changed to form a larger booking office, the ladies room and lavatory has been combined to form a store, and the store room and general waiting room have retained their original functions. A number of original features have been retained such as original ceiling roses, timber cornices, small corrugated iron sheet ceilings and original cast iron vents. An original sink has been retained in the area that was the former lavatory and the original seating has been retained in the waiting room. The two leaved, hardwood patent sliding doors to the west face of the northern end of the building have been retained in their open position so as to accommodate the newer door to the outer side of the building. The cast iron sliding door rollers have also been retained.

PLATFORM BUILDING- Platform 1 (1980s)
This is a brick building containing both male and female public toilets. It has a corrugated steel skillion roof.

PLATFORM (1. c.1883, 2. c1967)
Platform 1 (Up) is a wayside platform with a mixture of brick and two forms of concrete facing. Platform 2 (Down) is a wayside platform with in-situ concrete face. All the platforms have asphalt surfaces.

RELAY HUT (c.1920)
The Relay Hut on Platform 1 is located to the east of the main platform building. It is a pre-cast concrete panel structure with a hipped corrugated steel metal roof. Internally the structure has concrete panels and the roof which is made of asbestos cement panels has the shape of a gambrel roof. The floor is also made of large concrete tile slabs which have a coloured cement finish. The structure has a panelled door to its north face. It is dated as c1920 but plans of the Signalling and Interlocking of Ingleburn Station do not show the building until 1963. This date is not inconsistent with the fabric of the building.

CANOPIES (modern)
The canopies on Platform 1 and 2 are modern awning structures resting on steel cantilevered beams, and steel posts with concrete bases. The canopies have corrugated steel skillion and butterfly roofs with metal fascia. One of the canopies on Platform 2 is a shelter which seems to have incorporated the outer shell of the building that previously existed on this platform with a new corrugated steel roof.

PEDESTRIAN FOOTBRIDGE (1988)
The footbridge is a conventional concrete frame structure. The portions of the footbridge over the suburban and freight tracks comprise of a pair of deep concrete girders with a concrete deck slab. Part of the deck slab extends outwards towards the south and has been converted into a part concrete, part corrugated steel enclosed structure with a corrugated steel skillion roof and roller shutters and a door opening onto the footbridge. The footbridge has a system of ramps leading down to the platforms and the ramps are made of inverted concrete slabs resting on concrete columns. A steel staircase resting on steel beams and posts has been added onto the footbridge from the side of Stanley Road. It stands next to the series of ramps that lead one up from Stanley Road on to the platforms. The footbridge, ramps and staircase are all covered with corrugated steel, flattened vault roofs.

MOVABLE
Set of four timber rollover indicator boards without foot pedals and clock faces (consideration should be given to reinstating the faces and the pedals).


ARCHAEOLOGICAL POTENTIAL
Based on the surviving documentation and the evidence on site it is unlikely there would be any potential archaeological remains at Ingleburn Railway Station.
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
PLATFORM BUILDING (1901)
The building is in a good condition.

PLATFORM BUILDING (1980s)
The building is in a good condition.

PLATFORM
The platforms are in a good condition.

RELAY HUT
The relay hut is in a moderate condition.

CANOPIES
The canopies are in good condition.

PEDESTRIAN FOOTBRIDGE
The footbridge is in a good condition.
Modifications and dates: 1889: Officer-in charge residence constructed to east of station along Ingleburn Road.
1901: Station building destroyed by fire and replaced by new building.
1921: Shelter shed built on Up platform for milk traffic
1939: 150 foot Platform 1 extension constructed and removed later
c.1939: Extra ticket office window added to Platform 1 building.
1967: Old portion of Down platform demolished.
1967: Railway electrified.
1968: 150 foot Platform 1 extension constructed.
c.1970s: Officer-in charge residence demolished.
c.1970s: Milk shed demolished.
1977: Station damaged by derailment.
1981: Down waiting room demolished.
c.1980s: Men’s toilet and lamp room on Platform 1 demolished.
c.1980s: Standard railway barrier box used by porters removed
2015: Station upgrade including - three new lifts; covered walkways from the lifts to the platforms; reconfigured station entries; new customer amenities; improvements to the bus stop and canopy, taxi zone, lighting, new bicycle storage and accessible parking; formalised kiss and ride facilities.
2017: Bird Proofing, Landscaping improvements, Toilet refurbishments, Lighting LED replacements – All Vandalux and Pole top lights fittings replaced to LED fittings, KOP – Seats and Bins changed in accordance with KOP Catalogue.
Current use: Railway Station
Former use: Nil

History

Historical notes: After completion of the initial rail line from Sydney to Parramatta, work soon proceeded on the Main South line from Granville Junction to Goulburn. The first section from Granville to Liverpool was constructed quickly over easy terrain and was opened on 26 September 1856. Campbelltown was reached in 1858, that section opening on 17 May 1858. The line was duplicated in 1891. This line was constructed as a rural railway and had no suburban purpose until well into the twentieth century. Its stations served what were then rural settlements and only later were adapted as commuter stations.

Ingleburn Station was opened on 19 August 1883. (Previous accounts attributing one of the earlier Macquarie Fields stations to the Ingleburn site are apparently incorrect.) The station was destroyed by fire in 1901 and a new building erected that year.

In late 1939, following the outbreak of war, a major army base was constructed three kilometres north of the station and became the largest military training facility in Australia. The station became the embarkation point for thousands of troops. The Platform 1 building retains the additional ticket office window installed for troops using the station during the war. The general waiting room contains the original seating. Parts of the tuckpointing on the external brickwork remain.

On August 23, 1977 at 4am a freight train derailed in front of the Up platform at the station. The cause of the derailment was attributed to a loose chain on a flat goods truck that had become caught south of the station which caused a trailing oil tanker to derail. This empty tanker’s derailed bogie then struck the up-platform near the station building. There is still evidence in the brickwork at the point where the tanker bogie struck the up-platform. No injuries were sustained in the accident.

In 1981 the waiting room on the Down platform was demolished.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Transport-Activities associated with the moving of people and goods from one place to another, and systems for the provision of such movements Making Railway Journeys-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages Shaping Inland Settlements-
7. Governing-Governing Defence-Activities associated with defending places from hostile takeover and occupation Transporting troops and equipment-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
Ingleburn Railway Station has local historical significance as a station that dates from the late 19th century extension of the Main South Line between Liverpool and Campbelltown. The existing 1901 ‘initial island’ building which replaced the 1883 station building gutted in a fire, demonstrates the evolution of Ingleburn from a rural railway station to a suburban service and reflects the growth and change of the local area. The station is historically associated with Ingleburn Army Camp established during World War II by the Commonwealth Government. The additional ticket office window to the 1901 ‘initial island’ platform building provides evidence of the use of the station by the Australian Army during World War II.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
Ingleburn Railway Station has local aesthetic significance with its 1901 ‘initial island’ building which has characteristic features of post-1900s ‘initial island’ platform buildings in the Sydney Metropolitan Region, namely the linear form, gable roof and integrated awnings. However the building also has a few distinctive features as it is slightly narrower than other buildings of this type and its western facade is unornamented and does not have awnings, corbels or brackets. Most ‘initial’ buildings were built at metropolitan locations between the 1910s and 1920s. As the building at Ingleburn Station was built in 1901 it was amongst the first few such buildings to be built and it is likely that its design involved a considerable amount of experimentation which explains its unadorned facade and narrower dimension. Over time the design was perfected, the width increased, awnings were included on both sides of the building and decorative sills and corbels were employed. Therefore the Ingleburn ‘initial island’ platform building is a forerunner and distinctive example of post-1900s ‘initial island’ platform buildings. The 1920s pre-cast concrete panelled relay hut at Ingleburn Railway Station bears characteristic construction materials and techniques used in railway structures built during the early 20th century.
SHR Criteria d)
[Social significance]
The use of the station by the Australian Army during WW II and later and its proximity to the heritage listed Ingleburn Army Camp, has the potential to contribute the local community’s can provide a connection to the local community’s past. Further research would be required to establish significance under this criterion.
SHR Criteria f)
[Rarity]
The ‘initial island’ platform building at Ingleburn Railway Station is a common type of railway station building, though it is an early version of the standard design.
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
Ingleburn Railway Station platform building has been altered slightly but still retains characteristic features of this early 1900s standard buildiing type and is therefore representative of this type.
Integrity/Intactness: Ingleburn Railway Station complex has a moderate level of integrity as the early 1900s building on Platform 1 is in a relatively intact condition and the concrete relay hut has also maintained its 1920s fabric. However the removal of a number of buildings both on and off site has reduced the integrity of the station. The residence of the Officer-in charge along Ingleburn Road from across the station, the milk shed, lamp room and men’s toilets on Platform 1, and the waiting room on Platform 2 were all removed at different stages of development.PLATFORM BUILDING - 1901 (Platform 1) The building has been altered but not to a great extent and it retains a number of internal features such as original seating in the waiting area, ceiling roses, small corrugated steel roof sheeting, cornices and the two leaved, hardwood patent sliding doors to the east and west faces of the northern end of the building. Externally the windows and doors have been altered but the modifications do not detract from the overall integrity of the building. PLATFORM BUILDING - 1980s (Platform 1) This is a new construction.RELAY HUTIt has not been possible to ascertain the date of construction of the Relay Hut but in terms of its construction it represents a 1920s structure and there have been very few modifications made to this structure, therefore it has high integrity. CANOPIES The canopies are all new structures. PEDESTRIAN FOOTBRIDGEThe footbridge is a new construction.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

1. Conservation principles: Conserve cultural heritage significance and minimise impacts on heritage values and fabric in accordance with the ‘Australia ICOMOS Charter for Places of Cultural Significance’. 2. Specialist advice: Seek advice from a qualified heritage specialist during all phases of a proposed project from feasibility, concept and option planning stage; detailed design; heritage approval and assessment; through to construction and finalisation. 3. Documentation: Prepare a Statement of Heritage Impact (SOHI) to assess, minimise and prevent heritage impacts as part of the assessment and approval phase of a project. Prepare a Conservation Management Plan (CMP) prior to proposing major works (such as new additions, change of use or proposed demolition) at all places of State significance and all complex sites of Local significance. 4. Maintenance and repair: Undertake annual inspections and proactive routine maintenance works to conserve heritage fabric in accordance with the ‘Minimum Standards of Maintenance & Repair’. 5. Movable heritage: Retain in situ and care for historic contents, fixtures, fittings, equipment and objects which contribute to cultural heritage significance. Return or reinstate missing features or relocated items where opportunities arise. 6. Aboriginal, archaeology and natural heritage: Consider all aspects of potential heritage significance as part of assessing and minimising potential impacts, including Aboriginal, archaeology and natural heritage. 7. Unidentified heritage items: Heritage inventory sheets do not describe or capture all contributory heritage items within an identified curtilage (such as minor buildings, structures, archaeology, landscape elements, movable heritage and significant interiors and finishes). Ensure heritage advice is sought on all proposed changes within a curtilage to conserve heritage significance. 8. Recording and register update: Record changes at heritage places through adequate project records and archival photography. Notify all changes to the Section 170 Heritage & Conservation Register administrator upon project completion.

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Heritage Act - s.170 NSW State agency heritage register     

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
State Rail Authority Heritage Register Study1999SRA88, SRA673 (footbridge)State Rail Authority  No
Heritage and Conservation Register State Rail Authority of NSW1993224Paul Davies for SRA  No
S170 Heritage & Conservation Register Update2009 OCP Architects  Yes
Heritage Platforms Conservation Management Strategy2015 Australian Museum Consulting  Yes

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
WrittenAndrew Messner et al2002Ingleburn Railway Station: a social history 1883-2002
WrittenJCIS Consultants2015Heritage Assessment - Transport Access Program, Ingleburn Railway Station
WrittenJohn Forsyth2007New South Wales Railway Stations: an alphabetical arrangement of railway station and place names
WrittenRobert Lee1988The Greatest Public Work: the New South Wales railways 1848 to 1889
WrittenTony Prescott2009Historical Research for RailCorp's S170 Update Project

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: State Government
Database number: 4801088


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