Penshurst Railway Station Group | NSW Environment & Heritage

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Heritage

Penshurst Railway Station Group

Item details

Name of item: Penshurst Railway Station Group
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Transport - Rail
Category: Railway Platform/ Station
Primary address: The Strand, Penshurst, NSW 2222
Local govt. area: Hurstville

Boundary:

North: the boundary of railway property fronting Bridge Street; East: 5m east of the end of the station platform; South: the boundary of railway property fronting The Strand;West: west side of The Strand/Bridge Street road overbridge (including the bridge).
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
The StrandPenshurstHurstville  Primary Address
Bridge StreetPenshurstHurstville  Alternate Address

Owner/s

Organisation NameOwner CategoryDate Ownership Updated
RailCorpState Government 
RailCorpState Government 
RailCorpState Government 

Statement of significance:

Penshurst Railway Station- including its 1905 platform and weatherboard platform building, 1926 steel footbridge and stairs, and c.1926 brick overbridge - is of local heritage significance. Penshurst Railway Station is of historical significance as its early 20th century structures demonstrate the development of the Illawarra Line in this period, as Penshurst Railway Station was relocated and rebuilt in 1905 for a new deviation double track line. Penshurst Railway Station is also of historical significance for its role as a transport hub for Penshurst since 1905.

The station is of aesthetic significance as a representative collection of structures demonstrating standard NSW Railways designs of the early 20th century - including its 1905 platform and weatherboard platform building, 1926 footbridge and stairs, and 1926 brick overbridge. However, the 1905 weatherboard platform building is now considered to be a rare example in a metropolitan context, reflecting the semi-rural nature of the area when it was built (the only other example in a metropolitan context is at Oatley).
Date significance updated: 10 Dec 09
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Designer/Maker: N.S.W. Government Railway
Builder/Maker: N.S.W. Government Railways; Dorman Long & Co footbridge
Construction years: 1905-1940
Physical description: PRECINCT ELEMENTS
Platform building (1905) (Type 11)
Overhead booking office, covered concourse, shop (c1940, 2006-07)
Footbridge (c.1926)
Island platform (1905)
Overbridge (c.1926)
Community Building

PLATFORM BUILDING (1905)
Exterior: Single storey weatherboard building with a gabled corrugated steel roof and skillion roofs to platform awnings. Awnings to both sides have timber posts and brackets and decorative timber valances to awning ends. The platform building is under one gabled corrugated steel roof, but splits into 2 sections: the end section (possibly former toilets) has a timber tongue & grooved door on one side, small timber framed windows on the other side.

OVERHEAD BOOKING OFFICE, COVERED CONCOURSE AND SHOP (c1940, 2006-07)
Located on the footbridge is a covered concourse containing a weatherboard booking office, shop, modern lifts, and street access steps. There is one extant timber-framed double hung window from an early date, however extensive changes undertaken in 2006-07 to install lifts etc. obscure the historic fabric of these structures. Asymmetrical, hipped roofs, medium pitch, corrugated AC sheets. Timber frame, timber floor for booking office, reinforced concrete decking for booking hall; weatherboard siding; exposed rafters. Double hung sash windows to booking office; horizontal band of pivot hung sash windows along upper section of book stall and booking hall walls. Interior of booking office lined with AC sheet with plywood dado; book stall area and footbridge/booking hall lined with flat galvanised iron; AC ceilings.

Key Changes / Modifications: Extensively remodelled during installation of lift access to platforms and The Strand, and ramp access to Laycock Road. Booking office function removed from building and space divided between lift area and concession. Interior fixtures and fittings replaced. Ticket windows and ticket collector’s cabin removed. Roof replaced with corrugated metal sheets. Lift shaft projects above original roof line. Doors and windows removed; new window form and arrangement unsympathetic to original style and character of building.

FOOTBRIDGE (c. 1926)
A Dorman Long & Co steel footbridge structure with steel stair railings and the distinctive star pattern newel posts typical of these Dorman Long & Co Inter- War period footbridges.

ISLAND PLATFORM (1905)
Asphalt surface, brick edge, corbelled profile. The platform curves on its southern side and, tapers at the eastern and western ends. The western end of the platform is below The Strand/Bridge Street overbridge. Lengthened 1912.

OVERBRIDGE (c.1926)
Overbridge crossing the western end of the platform which has brick supports and a pair of arches. The bridge appears to have been widened and upgraded with a modern concrete road deck.

COMMUNITY BUILDING
The community building to Bridge Street, located adjacent to east of footbridge lies within the curtilage. The date of this building is unknown, but it is not considered of significance, and is excluded from the listing.

LANDSCAPE/NATURAL FEATURES
Shrub plantings on east end of island platform. Extensive tree plantings to north and south of station.
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
Platform building (1905): good
Overhead booking office (C1940) and shop (2004): very good
Footbridge (c.1926): good
Island platform (1905): good
Overbridge: good
Community Building: good
Date condition updated:14 May 09
Modifications and dates: 2006-7: Overhead booking office and shop constructed on footbridge, however some evidence of earlier buildings (extant timber framed window). Lift added to platform and platform canopies.
N.d: Modern steel security screens to windows and doors of 1905 platfrom building.
2017: Bird Proofing, Landscaping improvements, Toilet refurbishments, Lighting LED replacements – All Vandalux and Pole top lights fittings replaced to LED fittings, KOP – Seats and Bins changed in accordance with KOP Catalogue.
Current use: Railway Station
Former use: Nil

History

Historical notes: The first single line from Hurstville to Sutherland was opened in 1885 and built by the private contractors C. and E. Miller. In 1886 the first Penshurst Station with two side platforms was built just northwards of the present station site.

By 1892, real estate in the area was being sold on the basis of its proximity to the railway station. A post office opened in 1902 at Penshurst Railway Station.

Due to the new deviation double track built in 1905 the present station with its brick island platform was built at its current location to better serve the rapidly growing settlement in Penshurst. The platform building is a standard timber type similar to the only other example in the metropolitan area at Oatley. In 1912 the platform was lengthened.

In 1926 the line was electrified and signal updated to electric light. It is possible the steel Dorman Long & Co footbridge structure was constructed around this time. The Bridge Street/The Strand overbridge which crosses the western end of the station platform also appears to be c.1920s.

In 1940 a timber overhead booking and parcel office was built on the existing steel footbridge having steel stairs to the platform.

In 2006-2007 further changes were made, including provision of a lift to the platform, remodelling of the overhead booking office, extension of the stair canopies along the platform and opening up of part of the central area of the platform building for waiting passengers.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Forestry-Activities associated with identifying and managing land covered in trees for commercial purposes. Timber-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Transport-Activities associated with the moving of people and goods from one place to another, and systems for the provision of such movements Building the railway network-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Creative endeavour-Activities associated with the production and performance of literary, artistic, architectural and other imaginative, interpretive or inventive works; and/or associated with the production and expression of cultural phenomena; and/or environments that have inspired such creative activities. Evolution of design in railway engineering and architecture-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
Penshurst Railway Station is of historical significance as its early 20th century structures demonstrate the development of the Illawarra Line in this period, as Penshurst Railway Station was relocated and rebuilt in 1905 for a new deviation double track line. Penshurst Railway Station is also of historical significance for its role as a transport hub for Penshurst since 1905.
SHR Criteria b)
[Associative significance]
The footbridge and stairs have historical association with Dorman Long & Co engineers (renowned as the engineers of the Sydney Harbour Bridge).
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
The weatherboard platform building is of aesthetic significance as a representative standard island platform building of the early 20th century.
SHR Criteria d)
[Social significance]
The place has the potential to contribute to the local community's sense of place, and can provide a connection to the local community's past.
SHR Criteria f)
[Rarity]
The weatherboard 1905 platform building is considered a rare extant example of a weatherboard platform building of this period in a metropolitan context, and reflects the semi-rural nature of the area when it was built (the only other example in a metropolitan context is at Oatley).
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
The 1905 platform and platform building, 1926 footbridge and stairs, and 1926 brick overbridge are representative of early 20th century NSW Railways structures.
The footbridge was identified as an item of moderate heritage significance in the comparative analysis from the 2016 ‘Railway Footbridges Heritage Conservation Strategy’.
Integrity/Intactness: The footbridge structure, platform and platform building, and overbridge are relatively intact. Alterations to the overhead booking office detract from its aesthetic value and historic integrity, such that it is now difficult to interpret and is of poor integrity..
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

1. Conservation principles: Conserve cultural heritage significance and minimise impacts on heritage values and fabric in accordance with the ‘Australia ICOMOS Charter for Places of Cultural Significance’. 2. Specialist advice: Seek advice from a qualified heritage specialist during all phases of a proposed project from feasibility, concept and option planning stage; detailed design; heritage approval and assessment; through to construction and finalisation. 3. Documentation: Prepare a Statement of Heritage Impact (SOHI) to assess, minimise and prevent heritage impacts as part of the assessment and approval phase of a project. Prepare a Conservation Management Plan (CMP) prior to proposing major works (such as new additions, change of use or proposed demolition) at all places of State significance and all complex sites of Local significance. 4. Maintenance and repair: Undertake annual inspections and proactive routine maintenance works to conserve heritage fabric in accordance with the ‘Minimum Standards of Maintenance & Repair’. 5. Movable heritage: Retain in situ and care for historic contents, fixtures, fittings, equipment and objects which contribute to cultural heritage significance. Return or reinstate missing features or relocated items where opportunities arise. 6. Aboriginal, archaeology and natural heritage: Consider all aspects of potential heritage significance as part of assessing and minimising potential impacts, including Aboriginal, archaeology and natural heritage. 7. Unidentified heritage items: Heritage inventory sheets do not describe or capture all contributory heritage items within an identified curtilage (such as minor buildings, structures, archaeology, landscape elements, movable heritage and significant interiors and finishes). Ensure heritage advice is sought on all proposed changes within a curtilage to conserve heritage significance. 8. Recording and register update: Record changes at heritage places through adequate project records and archival photography. Notify all changes to the Section 170 Heritage & Conservation Register administrator upon project completion.

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Heritage Act - s.170 NSW State agency heritage register     

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
State Rail Authority Heritage Register Study1999SRA117State Rail Authority  No
S170 Heritage & Conservation Register Update2009 Paul Davies Pty Ltd  Yes
S170 Heritage & Conservation Register Update2009 Paul Davies Pty Ltd  Yes
Heritage Platforms Conservation Management Strategy2015 Australian Museum Consulting  Yes
Railway Footbridges Heritage Conservation Strategy 2016 NSW Government Architect’s Office Heritage Group  Yes

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
Written 1892The new suburb, Penshurst Park, Hurstville, on the Illawarra Railway Line
Written  www.hurstville.nsw.gov.au//_upload/files/8_Penshurst_Timeline.pdf
WrittenC.C. Singleton The Illawarra: Hurstville to Waterfall, A.R.H.S. Bulletin, Vol. XVIII, No 96
WrittenDavid Sheedy2009Historical Research for RailCorp S170 Register Update
WrittenRail Archives Drawings 43 - 69 & 70

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: State Government
Database number: 4801117


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