Bombo Railway Station Group | NSW Environment & Heritage

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Heritage

Bombo Railway Station Group

Item details

Name of item: Bombo Railway Station Group
Other name/s: North Kiama, Kiama
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Transport - Rail
Category: Railway Platform/ Station
Primary address: Princes Highway, Bombo, NSW 2533
Local govt. area: Kiama

Boundary:

North: 5m north of the platform; East: the boundary of RailCorp property adjacent to the ocean beach and marked by fence; South: 5m south of the platform; West: the boundary of railway property fronting the Princes Highway.
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
Princes HighwayBomboKiama  Primary Address

Owner/s

Organisation NameOwner CategoryDate Ownership Updated
RailCorpState Government 
RailCorpState Government 
RailCorpState Government 

Statement of significance:

Bombo Railway Station is of State historical significance as a station originally built as a terminus for the isolated section of the Illawarra Line (Scarborough to Bombo) from 1887, connected to Sydney and extended past Bombo to Bomaderry in 1893, retaining its 1887 weatherboard platform building, out-of-room, remnant early platform foundations and brick paved platform surface, and 1925 signal box with original signal levers.

Bombo Railway Station is of State aesthetic significance for its outstanding landscape setting with its sense of isolation, basalt escarpment to the west, immediate ocean beach frontage with coastal heath and extensive views in all directions. Bombo Railway Station and its setting features in numerous historical photographs.

The collection of 1887 platform building, out-of-room, platform, and 1925 signal box and signals are rare. The awningless weatherboard platform building is locally rare as one of only three examples on the Illawarra line (other examples at Berry and Shellharbour (Dunmore) Railway Stations).
Date significance updated: 05 Jul 09
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Designer/Maker: NSW Government Railway
Builder/Maker: L. Brown (Station). W. Monie & J. Angus. (Railway line)
Construction years: 1887-1888
Physical description: PRECINCT ELEMENTS (from south to north)
Platform building (1887) (type 14)
Out of Room (c. 1887)
Signal box (1925)
Platform Canopy (modern)
Platform (1887)
Moveable items- Signals in Signal Box

CONTEXT
The station is located on the eastern side of the Princes Highway, just east of the ocean beach at Bombo. The site has spectacular views in all directions, including of the ocean, ocean beach, Bombo escarpment to the west, southern headland of Kiama to the south. The station is entered from the south via a ramp off the Princes Highway footpath which skirts the station. The station perimeters are defined with white powdercoated aluminium fencing. There is a layback off the eastern side of the Princes Highway south of the station to allow vehicles to drop off passengers.

PLATFORM BUILDING (1887)
Exterior: An awningless single storey weatherboard platform building with a gabled corrugated steel roof and weatherboard tongue & grooved board eaves. There are five doors opening onto the platform, one doorway (to the waiting room) has a simple timber fretwork awning. There is one timber framed double hung window to the northern end of the building's east (platform) elevation. The building has a blank façade facing the Princes Highway to the west. The building has a skillion roofed toilet addition at the southern end, with a single modern flush timber door, and timber louvres and highlight fixed obscure glass window towards the uppermost part of the walls.

Interior (Waiting room accessed 2009): The interior (from south to north) contains: toilets (in southern addition); store room, waiting room and booking office. The waiting room has modern floor tiling, fibre-cement sheet wall linings and gyprock ceiling with neon strip lighting, and three timber seats.

OUT OF ROOM (1887)
Exterior: A weatherboard single storey building with a gabled corrugated steel roof, modern timber flush doors to east and west, c.1920s architraves to the doors, and a single timber framed double hung window to the north elevation.

Interior: Not accessed 2009. Currently used as a storeroom.

SIGNAL BOX (1925)
Exterior: A reinforced concrete drop panel signal box with a gabled corrugated steel roof. There is a timber porch attached to this building on the platform (east elevation) of the building. The building has original timber sliding windows with horizontal glazing bars.

Interior: The interior has no wall linings, and contains the original signals

PLATFORM (1887)
The platform has a concrete edge, concrete surface and a recent stamped concrete surface in the middle of the platform. There are platform extensions to both north and south ends. There is a remnant timber foundation structure on brick piers beneath some of the platform buildings, and rare remnant brick paved platform surface between the out-of-room and the former signals building.

PLATFORM CANOPY (Modern)
At the far northern end of the platform is a modern platform canopy on steel posts with concrete bases, an aluminium mesh wall to the Princes Highway, and a gabled Colorbond roof.

MOVEABLE ITEMS
The quadrant signals are extant within the 1925 signal box.

LANDSCAPE/NATURAL FEATURES
Bombo Railway Station has an exceptional landscape setting, with views east to the ocean, views south to Kiama, and views west to the Princes Highway and rising land beyond.
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
Platform building (1887): good
Out of Room (c. 1887): good
Signal box (1925): good
Platform Canopy (modern): good
Platform (1887): good
Signals in Signal Box: good
Date condition updated:05 Jul 09
Modifications and dates: 1897: turntable moved to Kiama,
1925: platform signal box built and crossing loop laid in.
N.d: weatherboard addition to south end of platform building; modern platform canopy to northern end of platform; concrete faces and stamped concrete surface to platform, modern fencing and ramp at southern end of platform.
Current use: Railway Station
Former use: Nil

History

Historical notes: When the single line railway was opened at Bombo in 1887 the station was named North Kiama, with an open platform with a standard timber platform building completed in 1888. As it served as a terminus for the then isolated line as far north as Scarborough (Clifton), it also received a turntable, watering facilities and an engine shed. This function was to continue until 1897, even when the line had been completed to Bomaderry in 1893.

The site opened as North Kiama in 1887, changed to Kiama in May 1889, was again named North Kiama in 1893 and finally named Bombo in June 1907, after Bombo Point nearby where basalt quarrying had begun in 1880.

A small yard was developed that also served later for the use of quarrying and other industries in the area. Bombo township is located at the top of the hill above the railway station to the west and there is no adjacent development around the station.

Even though basalt quarrying had begun at Bombo Point in 1880, the place did not receive its present locality name for some time.

Next to the original station building the present pre-cast concrete signal box was built in 1925 to help in handling the extra quarry, goods and passenger traffic.

At an unknown recent date, the platform was extended to north and south, the centre of the platform resurfaced with coloured stamped concrete, and a modern platform canopy built towards the northern end of the platform.

In 2001 the line was electrified from Dapto to Kiama. The signal box function ceased in 2001, however the signal box remains intact including its signals, and the 1887 station buildings remain in their original configuration.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Forestry-Activities associated with identifying and managing land covered in trees for commercial purposes. Timber-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Technology-Activities and processes associated with the knowledge or use of mechanical arts and applied sciences signalling-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Transport-Activities associated with the moving of people and goods from one place to another, and systems for the provision of such movements Building the railway network-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Creative endeavour-Activities associated with the production and performance of literary, artistic, architectural and other imaginative, interpretive or inventive works; and/or associated with the production and expression of cultural phenomena; and/or environments that have inspired such creative activities. Evolution of design in railway engineering and architecture-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
Bombo Railway Station is of historical significance as a station originally built as a terminus for the isolated section of the Illawarra Line (Scarborough to Bombo) from 1887, retaining 1887 weatherboard platform building, out-of-room, remnant early platform foundations and brick paved platform surface, and 1925 signal box with its original signals. The landscape setting of Bombo Railway Station with its isolation, immediate ocean frontage and extensive views in all directions, is of historical significance as it features in numerous historical photographs.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
Bombo Railway Station buildings are of State aesthetic significance as a collection of early (1887-1925) rural platform building including a rare awningless platform building, out of room and concrete drop-slab signal box. Bombo Railway Station is of State aesthetic significance for its outstanding landscape setting with its sense of isolation, basalt escarpment to the west, immediate ocean beach frontage with coastal heath and extensive spectacular views in all directions, including significant views south to Kiama.
SHR Criteria d)
[Social significance]
The place has the potential to contribute to the local community's sense of place, and can provide a connection to the local community's past.
SHR Criteria f)
[Rarity]
The collection of 1887 platform buildings, 1925 signal box and signals and remnant early platform structure and brick paving are rare. The 1887 platform building is a rare weatherboard awningless platform building, one of only three examples on the Illawarra line (the other examples being at Berry and Shellharbour, the Berry example having an awning added in 1901). The remnant of brick paved platform surface at Bombo is rare (no other examples of remnant brick paved platform surface on the Illawarra Line). The landscape setting of Bombo Railway Station with its immediate ocean frontage and views in all directions is rare.
Integrity/Intactness: The buildings are relatively intact, with only minor external alterations (southern toilet addition to platform building), and some internal alterations (modern internal fitout to waiting room). The railway station as whole is relatively intact, retaining its collection of early platform buildings and platform (including some timber platform structure), with alterations including platform extensions to north and south, concrete platform surface and concrete platform face, and the addition of a modern platform canopy to the northern end of the platform.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

1. Conservation principles: Conserve cultural heritage significance and minimise impacts on heritage values and fabric in accordance with the ‘Australia ICOMOS Charter for Places of Cultural Significance’. 2. Specialist advice: Seek advice from a qualified heritage specialist during all phases of a proposed project from feasibility, concept and option planning stage; detailed design; heritage approval and assessment; through to construction and finalisation. 3. Documentation: Prepare a Statement of Heritage Impact (SOHI) to assess, minimise and prevent heritage impacts as part of the assessment and approval phase of a project. Prepare a Conservation Management Plan (CMP) prior to proposing major works (such as new additions, change of use or proposed demolition) at all places of State significance and all complex sites of Local significance. 4. Maintenance and repair: Undertake annual inspections and proactive routine maintenance works to conserve heritage fabric in accordance with the ‘Minimum Standards of Maintenance & Repair’. 5. Movable heritage: Retain in situ and care for historic contents, fixtures, fittings, equipment and objects which contribute to cultural heritage significance. Return or reinstate missing features or relocated items where opportunities arise. 6. Aboriginal, archaeology and natural heritage: Consider all aspects of potential heritage significance as part of assessing and minimising potential impacts, including Aboriginal, archaeology and natural heritage. 7. Unidentified heritage items: Heritage inventory sheets do not describe or capture all contributory heritage items within an identified curtilage (such as minor buildings, structures, archaeology, landscape elements, movable heritage and significant interiors and finishes). Ensure heritage advice is sought on all proposed changes within a curtilage to conserve heritage significance. 8. Recording and register update: Record changes at heritage places through adequate project records and archival photography. Notify all changes to the Section 170 Heritage & Conservation Register administrator upon project completion.

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Heritage Act - s.170 NSW State agency heritage registerSRA s.170 Register    

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
State Rail Authority Heritage Register Study1999SRA134State Rail Authority  No
Heritage and Conservation Register State Rail Authority of NSW19937Paul Davies for SRA  No
S170 Heritage & Conservation Register Update2009 Paul Davies Pty Ltd  Yes
S170 Heritage & Conservation Register Update2009 Paul Davies Pty Ltd  Yes
Heritage Platforms Conservation Management Strategy2015 Australian Museum Consulting  Yes

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
WrittenC. C. Singleton1946The Illawarra Line - Wollongong to Bombo, A.R.H.S. Bulletin Vol. XIII, No 106, August
WrittenDavid Sheedy2009Historical Research for RailCorp S170 Register Update

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: State Government
Database number: 4801134


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