Bondi Junction Railway Station | NSW Environment & Heritage

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Heritage

Bondi Junction Railway Station

Item details

Name of item: Bondi Junction Railway Station
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Transport - Rail
Category: Railway Platform/ Station
Primary address: Cnr Grafton St and Newland Street, Bondi Junction, NSW 2022
Local govt. area: Waverley

Boundary:

North: Grafton Street; South: Hegarty Lane; East: Grosvenor Street; West: Leswell Street. The underground boundary includes whole of the underground area occupied by the railway concourse and platforms, the entrance ramps and stairs (Does not include modern bus interchange or retail areas).
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
Cnr Grafton St and Newland StreetBondi JunctionWaverley  Primary Address

Owner/s

Organisation NameOwner CategoryDate Ownership Updated
RailCorpState Government 
RailCorpState Government 
RailCorpState Government 

Statement of significance:

Bondi Junction Station is significant at a local level as one of a group of stations that make up the Eastern Suburbs Railway (ESR) line, one of the largest and most contentious post-war rail projects undertaken in the Sydney system, and as one of only two that incorporated a bus interchange as part of a wider public transport strategy. Bondi Junction, as part of the ESR, represented a continuation of the design principles of the underground system as first displayed in the Museum and St James stations and represent the latest in construction and design technology at the time.
Date significance updated: 14 May 09
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Designer/Maker: Fowell Mansfield Jarvis and Maclurcan Pty Ltd
Builder/Maker: Snowy Mountains Engineering Corporation
Construction years: 1967-1979
Physical description: STATION BUILDING (1967)
Bondi Junction Railway Station group consists of the concourse level and the underground platform area below. The concourse is accessed from Oxford Street or Grafton Street via stairs, two escalators, ramps and an elevator from the bus interchange and shopping area above. The concourse area is tiled in grey tiles and includes manned ticket booths, automatic ticketing machines and automatic gates through to the station area.

PLATFORMS (1967)
The station platforms are accessed via four escalators from the concourse level. The escalator shaft ceilings are of moulded plywood. This moulded plywood with recessed fluorescent strip light is used throughout the station platform area. Station walls are painted yellow, while the end walls (adjacent to the tunnel shafts) and columns are tiled in deep orange glazed tiles. Blue tiles frame lift entries.
The platform area includes three cross passages joining the up and down platforms and allowing for passenger flow. The platforms are made of reinforced concrete cast in situ with concrete coping.
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
Good condition with some minor wear and tear.
Date condition updated:14 May 09
Modifications and dates: 2000: major upgrades and refurbishment to concourse and bus interchange. This transformed the concourse and bus interchange areas considerably from their original design, but had minimal impact on the platform levels.
2006: a new rail turnback area completed.
2010: Non-original toilets refurbished
2015: Refresh works including replacement of non-significant lighting, seating and bins; new wayfinding; re-painting; minor repair work.
Current use: Railway Station
Former use: Nil

History

Historical notes: Bondi Junction Station was opened on 23 June 1979 as part of the inauguration of the Eastern Suburbs Railway (ESR). A line to the eastern suburbs had been part of the wider rail plan for Sydney since the late 1890s, with provisions made for the eventuality during the construction of the city underground stations in the 1920s, but work never proceeded past the planning phase at this time.

From the late 1940s the ESR was under construction on and off, with meaningful progress made from the early 1970s. In the late 1960s, to help the project along, the Commonwealth Government offered the services of the Snowy Mountains Engineering Corporation for design work and supervision of contracts. The construction of the line was a contentious political issue, not only because of the extended period over which it was undertaken, but also because of the resumptions and demolitions throughout Woolloomooloo that were required to build it.

Bondi Junction Station was constructed using a combination of tunnelling for the station platform area and open excavation for the concourse area. The station was also to serve as a bus interchange, one of two on the ESR, the other being Edgecliff. These were to be part of a new approach to integrated public transport services, with buses taking commuters further into suburbs not serviced by the rail network.

The new station included a number of new or unique features for the Sydney rail system while maintaining a continuation from the designed underground stations of the 1920s such as Museum and St James. The ESR stations including Bondi Junction were the first to include automatic ticket vending machines and automatic turnstile barriers. Each of the new stations was also equipped with escalators as the primary means to access the station platforms from the concourse areas. Banks of escalators had not previously been employed onto Sydney rail platforms. Bondi Junction included two escalators from the bus interchange and a further four down to the platforms.

Each of the new stations on the ESR, designed by Sydney architects Fowell Mansfield Jarvis and Maclurcan Pty Ltd, were given a unique colour scheme to differentiate them from each other and to give the new stations a modern look and maintaining a human scale in the underground setting. Bondi Junction included yellow moulded plywood ceilings with light grey exposed aggregate render and deep orange glazed tiled columns. Station names were applied in tri-level banks to allow passengers on the newly introduced double-decked trains to be able to see which station they were at.

In 2000 the platforms, concourse and bus interchange underwent a major upgrade. The works included installation of a lift connecting the new bus interchange, the concourse and the platforms, new panelling and signage. The concourse area was remodelled for better pedestrian traffic flow and the bus interchange upgraded to enclose the waiting areas and install new escalators and bus traffic areas.

In 2006 a new rail turnback for trains was also built into the Bondi Junction Station complex, allowing easier turnaround for trains at the end of the ESR line.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Transport-Activities associated with the moving of people and goods from one place to another, and systems for the provision of such movements Building the railway network-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
Bondi Junction Station has historical significance as part of the ESR. It was part of the first major railway extension in Sydney since the 1950s and the last station in the long-promised Eastern Suburbs Railway line, which had been planned since the late 1890s.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
Bondi Junction Station has aesthetic significance through its distinctive 1970s design displayed through its colour schemes, layout and use of materials. Although the Station has undergone major upgrades, the original design remains partially intact as displayed in the bright orange glazed tile columns, tri-level station name signage, plywood ceilings and long escalators. The station design is a continuation of the earlier 1920s subway design of the city underground in a modern format.

The Bondi Junction Station has technical significance for the engineering techniques used during its construction, including the tunnelling, and underground platform construction
SHR Criteria d)
[Social significance]
The place has the potential to contribute to the local community's sense of place and can provide a connection to the local community's history.
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
Bondi Junction Station is representative of 1970s underground station design and layout as one of seven stations completed for the ESR.
Integrity/Intactness: Bondi Junction Station is largely intact on the platform level although concourse levels have recently been refurbished and upgraded. It has some integrity in the design and layout.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

1. Conservation principles: Conserve cultural heritage significance and minimise impacts on heritage values and fabric in accordance with the ‘Australia ICOMOS Charter for Places of Cultural Significance’. 2. Specialist advice: Seek advice from a qualified heritage specialist during all phases of a proposed project from feasibility, concept and option planning stage; detailed design; heritage approval and assessment; through to construction and finalisation. 3. Documentation: Prepare a Statement of Heritage Impact (SOHI) to assess, minimise and prevent heritage impacts as part of the assessment and approval phase of a project. Prepare a Conservation Management Plan (CMP) prior to proposing major works (such as new additions, change of use or proposed demolition) at all places of State significance and all complex sites of Local significance. 4. Maintenance and repair: Undertake annual inspections and proactive routine maintenance works to conserve heritage fabric in accordance with the ‘Minimum Standards of Maintenance & Repair’. 5. Movable heritage: Retain in situ and care for historic contents, fixtures, fittings, equipment and objects which contribute to cultural heritage significance. Return or reinstate missing features or relocated items where opportunities arise. 6. Aboriginal, archaeology and natural heritage: Consider all aspects of potential heritage significance as part of assessing and minimising potential impacts, including Aboriginal, archaeology and natural heritage. 7. Unidentified heritage items: Heritage inventory sheets do not describe or capture all contributory heritage items within an identified curtilage (such as minor buildings, structures, archaeology, landscape elements, movable heritage and significant interiors and finishes). Ensure heritage advice is sought on all proposed changes within a curtilage to conserve heritage significance. 8. Recording and register update: Record changes at heritage places through adequate project records and archival photography. Notify all changes to the Section 170 Heritage & Conservation Register administrator upon project completion.

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Heritage Act - s.170 NSW State agency heritage registerSRA s.170 Register    

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
State Rail Authority Heritage Register Study1999SRA156State Rail Authority  No
Heritage and Conservation Register State Rail Authority of NSW1993357Paul Davies for SRA  No
S170 Heritage & Conservation Register Update2009 Godden Mackay Logan  Yes
Heritage Platforms Conservation Management Strategy2015 Australian Museum Consulting  Yes

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
WrittenChristopher Jay1979Eastern Suburbs Railway Brings Direction for Underground Architecture
WrittenIan Brady1979Eastern Suburbs Railway Opened
WrittenUrban Transit Authority (media release)1979Easterns Suburbs Railway Now a Reality

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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(Click on thumbnail for full size image and image details)

Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: State Government
Database number: 4801156


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