Quirindi Railway Station | NSW Environment & Heritage

Culture and heritage

Heritage

Quirindi Railway Station

Item details

Name of item: Quirindi Railway Station
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Transport - Rail
Category: Railway Platform/ Station
Primary address: Station Street, Quirindi, NSW 2343
Local govt. area: Liverpool Plains

Boundary:

RailCorp property boundaries as shown on vesting plan, R29708. It should be noted that the original area of the railway station has been reduced, and that there is an historical and visual relationship with the surrounding area not necessarily apparent from the current property boundaries. As such, any proposed development within the vicinity of the railway station should also consider the historic relationship between the station site and its surrounding area.
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
Station StreetQuirindiLiverpool Plains  Primary Address

Owner/s

Organisation NameOwner CategoryDate Ownership Updated
RailCorpState Government 
RailCorpState Government 
RailCorpState Government 

Statement of significance:

Quirindi Railway Station is of state significance as one of the best examples of a combined station/residence building of which there are few extant. These dual function station buildings were the first design in the evolution of NSW railway station buildings and demonstrate the past custom of providing accommodation for railway staff on-site. The station building has significant aesthetic value as an intact 19th century civic building, forming an important part of the main street of Quirindi.
Date significance updated: 21 Oct 09
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Construction years: 1876-
Physical description: MAJOR STRUCTURES - Managed by RailCorp
Station building, type 1 (1876)
Detached toilet block (1876)
Platform (c1908?)
Movable

STATION BUILDING (1876)
The station building is a type 1, combined station and residence building. These buildings are the earliest type of station buildings dating from 1856 – 1889 (most extant examples date from the 1870s). All examples contain both office and residential accommodation. It is constructed out of rendered brick and features a steeply pitched, gabled roofed building parallel to the railway lines with two gable roofed pavilions at either end. The building is clad in corrugated, galvanised iron. Entry to the building is via a verandah at the front of the building, which is supported by cast iron posts as is the platform awning. The doors are timber with moulded panels and are double doors on the platform. The pavilion doors opening on the platform feature transom windows. The windows are timber, double hung sash. The windows and doors are bordered by a rendered dentil course.
The existing layout consists of offices; a kitchen; an arts and crafts shop, and toilets.
Site features:
• War memorial (Council owned/managed)
• Station name board
• Room signs (various)
• Planter tub

DETACHED TOILET BLOCK (1876)
The toilet block is located immediately adjacent to the station building on the platform. It is constructed out of rendered brick and has a hipped roof clad in corrugated, galvanised iron.

PLATFORM (c1908)
Straight side platform made of brick and precast concrete post and panel.

MOVABLE
NSW Railway heritage listed sites contain significant collections of stored movable railway heritage, including furniture, signs, operational objects, ex-booking office and ticketing objects, paper records, clocks, memorabilia, indicator boards and artwork. Individually, these objects are important components of the history of each site. Together, they form a large and diverse collection of movable objects across the NSW rail network. Sydney Trains maintains a database of movable heritage. For up-to-date information on all movable heritage items at this site, contact the Sydney Trains heritage team.

Key items at this station include:
• 2 timber platform seats
• 4 platform seats in bus shelter
• Timber SM desk in female WC
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
Good
Date condition updated:12 Oct 09
Modifications and dates: New floors (internal).
Further information: The bus waiting shelter has been constructed on leased land by council to design and colour scheme similar to the station building
Current use: Railway Station
Former use: Nil

History

Historical notes: Quirindi railway precinct is located on the Main North line, running from Sydney and extending north to the Queensland border, at the town of Wallangarra. The Main North Line (also known as the Great Northern Railway) runs through the Central Coast, Hunter and the New England regions. The line was the original main line between Sydney and Brisbane; however this required a change of gauge at Wallangarra. The line is now closed north of Armidale, and the main route between Brisbane and Sydney is now the North Coast line.

The construction contract for the Murrurundi to West Tamworth section was awarded to William Wakeford on 17 March 1874, although it took three years until the line reached Quirindi with West Tamworth being reached the following year. Whilst the line was being constructed between Murrurundi and West Tamworth, a combined station/residence building was constructed at Quirindi in 1876. The single line from Murrurundi to Quirindi finally opened on 13 August 1877 with the station at Quirindi opening on the same day. The single line from Quirindi to West Tamworth opened on 14 October 1878.

The original 1876 station building was a combined station and residence similar to Tarana, Georges Plains and Blayney (Cottee, 2004). The original building arrangement consisted essentially of two halves with the platform side of the building accommodating a ticket office; general waiting room, and a ladies waiting room. These public rooms were joined to a detached pavilion containing toilets by a covered passage. The residential rooms were located behind the public rooms and included a lounge room; two bedrooms and a kitchen.

Major changes and alterations to the station precinct included construction of a separate station master’s residence, wool stage, and erection of a 5-tonne jib crane in 1890, the provision of a water column at the south end of the platform in 1891, the addition of a grain shed in 1902, and the installation of a 5-tonne gantry crane in the following year. In 1908 and 1930, the platform was extended, and in 1933, a wheat silo was opened, with a wheat depot being built in 1969. In 1979, the goods shed was removed (Forsyth, 2009).

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Transport-Activities associated with the moving of people and goods from one place to another, and systems for the provision of such movements Building the railway network-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. Servicing and accommodating railway employees-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Creative endeavour-Activities associated with the production and performance of literary, artistic, architectural and other imaginative, interpretive or inventive works; and/or associated with the production and expression of cultural phenomena; and/or environments that have inspired such creative activities. Evolution of design in railway engineering and architecture-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
The Quirindi railway precinct is significant for its historical values as a tangible link to the development of the Great Northern Railway (GNR) line during the 19th century. The GNR was an important achievement in transport and engineering within NSW. As the third main trunk rail route in NSW stretching from Sydney to the Queensland border, the line linked townships to one another as well as to Sydney leading to significant economic and social impacts for those individual townships as well as for NSW more generally. The development, importance and impact of the NSW railways is illustrated at Quirindi through the fine and intact example of a combined station and residence station building constructed in c1876. These dual function station buildings were the first design in the evolution of NSW railway station buildings.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
The Quirindi station building is a good example of a combined station and residence railway building with an attractive design consisting of a main building with a gabled roof flanked by two pavilions with transverse gabled rooves and decorative finials. The building is further enhanced by decorative dentil course around the windows and doors as well as a verandah facing the street. The attractive station forms an important part of the main street of Quirindi.
SHR Criteria d)
[Social significance]
The site is of social significance to the local community on account of its lengthy association for providing an important source of employment, trade and social interaction for the local area. The site is significant for its ability to contribute to the local community’s sense of place, is a distinctive feature of the daily life of many community members, and provides a connection to the local community’s past as one of the oldest buildings within the township.
SHR Criteria e)
[Research potential]
As a good representative of the type 1, combined residence and station building, Quirindi has research potential regarding the use of this type of railway building and the development of railway buildings in the history of the NSW railways.
SHR Criteria f)
[Rarity]
Combination railway residence and station buildings are becoming rare with less than 12 regional examples extant. Quirindi is one of the most intact extant examples of this railway building type left in the state.
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
The Quirindi station building is representative of the type 1, single storey, combined residence and station buildings as one of the most intact examples of its type. This type of building refers to the earliest period of station building in the history of the NSW railways and was most commonly utilised in regional areas.
Integrity/Intactness: The station buildings have a good level of integrity.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

1. Conservation principles: Conserve cultural heritage significance and minimise impacts on heritage values and fabric in accordance with the ‘Australia ICOMOS Charter for Places of Cultural Significance’. 2. Specialist advice: Seek advice from a qualified heritage specialist during all phases of a proposed project from feasibility, concept and option planning stage; detailed design; heritage approval and assessment; through to construction and finalisation. 3. Documentation: Prepare a Statement of Heritage Impact (SOHI) to assess, minimise and prevent heritage impacts as part of the assessment and approval phase of a project. Prepare a Conservation Management Plan (CMP) prior to proposing major works (such as new additions, change of use or proposed demolition) at all places of State significance and all complex sites of Local significance. 4. Maintenance and repair: Undertake annual inspections and proactive routine maintenance works to conserve heritage fabric in accordance with the ‘Minimum Standards of Maintenance & Repair’. 5. Movable heritage: Retain in situ and care for historic contents, fixtures, fittings, equipment and objects which contribute to cultural heritage significance. Return or reinstate missing features or relocated items where opportunities arise. 6. Aboriginal, archaeology and natural heritage: Consider all aspects of potential heritage significance as part of assessing and minimising potential impacts, including Aboriginal, archaeology and natural heritage. 7. Unidentified heritage items: Heritage inventory sheets do not describe or capture all contributory heritage items within an identified curtilage (such as minor buildings, structures, archaeology, landscape elements, movable heritage and significant interiors and finishes). Ensure heritage advice is sought on all proposed changes within a curtilage to conserve heritage significance. 8. Recording and register update: Record changes at heritage places through adequate project records and archival photography. Notify all changes to the Section 170 Heritage & Conservation Register administrator upon project completion.

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Heritage Act - s.170 NSW State agency heritage registerSRA s.170 Register    

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
State Rail Authority Heritage Register Study1999SRA174State Rail Authority  No
Heritage and Conservation Register State Rail Authority of NSW199347Paul Davies for SRA  No
S170 Heritage & Conservation Register Update2009 ORH  Yes
Heritage Platforms Conservation Management Strategy2015 Australian Museum Consulting  Yes

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
WrittenCottee, J.M.2004Stations on the track: selected New South Wales country railway stations: an historical overview
WrittenForsyth, J.H2009NSW Railway Stations - An Alphabetical Arrangement of Railway Station and Place Names
WrittenHumphreys, H. and Ellsmore, D2001Interwar Station Buildings: Analysis and Significance
WrittenMcKillop, R2009NSW Railways (RailCorp) Thematic History

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: State Government
Database number: 4801174


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