Martins Creek Railway Station | NSW Environment & Heritage

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Heritage

Martins Creek Railway Station

Item details

Name of item: Martins Creek Railway Station
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Transport - Rail
Category: Railway Platform/ Station
Primary address: Station Street, Martins Creek, NSW 2421
Local govt. area: Dungog

Boundary:

RailCorp property boundaries as shown on vesting plan, R29748. Quarry site is the RailCorp property boundaries.It should be noted that the original area of the railway station has been reduced, and that there is an historical and visual relationship with the surrounding area not necessarily apparent from the current property boundaries. As such, any proposed development within the vicinity of the railway station should also consider the historic relationship between the station site and its surrounding area. The place has a historic relationship to the adjacent quarry site; Lot 1, DP 1006375.
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
Station StreetMartins CreekDungog  Primary Address

Owner/s

Organisation NameOwner CategoryDate Ownership Updated
RailCorpState Government 
RailCorpState Government 
RailCorpState Government 

Statement of significance:

Martins Creek railway station has historical significance at a local level for its connection with the Martins Creek quarry site and for its important association with the construction of the North Coast line during the steam era. The quarry site (no longer railway owned) is located on a siding branching off from the Martins Creek railway station, where ballast was quarried for the construction of the North Coast line. The signal box is representative of typical early 20th Century railway buildings found throughout regional NSW.
Date significance updated: 24 Sep 13
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Physical description: MAJOR STRUCTURES - Managed by RailCorp
Signal box; - Type F
Platform, concrete face (nd)

SIGNAL BOX
The signal box is a weatherboard construction with a skillion roof clad in corrugated, galvanised iron. The building includes timber doors and windows. The signalling levers remains adjacent to the track (to the west of the station).

PLATFORM (nd)
Concrete face. Platform recently raised to standard access with new concrete deck. Wall consists of steel posts and concrete panels in sound condition.


BALLAST QUARRY SITE (1914)
To the northeast of the Martins Creek railway station is the site of the ballast quarry site.
Early evidence of quarrying activity has largely been eroded with expansion of quarrying across the site and construction of new equipment and offices. A number of earlier (likely mid 20th century) corrugated iron structures are located on site, with some remains of machinery located across the site.
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
Moderate.
Date condition updated:16 Oct 09
Modifications and dates: nd - Ramp access provided
2009 - Station building demolished
2013: Quarry sold
Further information: The Martins Creek station building (1911) demolished in 2009. A type 7, timber frame, weatherboard construction with a skillion roof clad in corrugated, galvanised iron sloping towards the platform. The skillion roof projects over the platform forming an awning supported by timber braces. The windows and doors are timber. The building is elevated on timber stumps as piers.

The quarry was sold in 2013 and is no longer in railway ownership. A 2010 inspection reported the following: to the northeast of the Martins Creek railway station is the site of the ballast quarry site (1914). Early evidence of quarrying activity has largely been eroded with expansion of quarrying across the site and construction of new equipment and offices. A number of earlier (likely mid 20th century) corrugated iron structures are located on site, with some remains of machinery located across the site.
Current use: Railway Station and Quarry
Former use: Nil

History

Historical notes: Martins Creek railway station is located on the North Coast line, the major trunk line from NSW to Queensland. Although originally constructed as an isolated line from Lismore to Murwillumbah in 1894, the importance of connecting the North Coast to the general railway system led to the extension of the line southward to Maitland in 1903.

Railways in the far north coast region had been proposed as early as the 1870s. The main aim was to divert rural products in the region to a safe shipping port on the coast, using rail transport. The early farming settlements of the North Coast region of NSW began in the late 1830s with the expanding pastoral industry forming the basis for several towns such as Casino and Kempsey along the north coast. It was not until 1894 that the 62 mile section of railway line was opened between Lismore and Murwillumbah, leading to the extension of the line southward to Maitland in 1903.

The single line from Maitland to Dungog opened on 14 August 1911, with the station opening for service on the same day. The construction contract for the Maitland to Dungog section was awarded to Carson, Cary & Simpson on 28 April 1908.

The station precinct originally consisted of a 76m long platform on the Down side, with a timber waiting shed, out-of room and a toilet at ground level, along with a water column connected to a 90kL tank.

In 1914, Martins Creek Quarry siding opened for the Department of Railways for the quarrying of ballast for the North Coast line. The quarry is located approximately 1.5kms northeast of the Martin’s Creek railway station.

Modern photographs indicate that the signal box survives.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Communication-Activities relating to the creation and conveyance of information Signalling and safe working-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Transport-Activities associated with the moving of people and goods from one place to another, and systems for the provision of such movements Building the railway network-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Transport-Activities associated with the moving of people and goods from one place to another, and systems for the provision of such movements Maintaining the railway network-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
The Martins Creek railway precinct is significant for its historical values as a tangible link to the development of the North Coast line as well as the development of the NSW railways. The North Coast line was significant in linking the logging, agricultural and pastoral industries of the north coast to markets in both Sydney and Brisbane leading to significant economic and social impacts for individual townships as well as for NSW generally. The place is significant for its associations with the Martins Creek quarry site that has historical significance as a part of the steam era of the NSW railways.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
The Martins Creek railway precinct has aesthetic values as a rural railway precinct. The design of the extant signal box demonstrates vernacular rural building materials (timber and corrugated, galvanised iron) ncluding features such as skillion roofs, presents a design and construction aesthetic typical of small rural railway precincts during the early 20th Century.
SHR Criteria d)
[Social significance]
The site is of social significance to the local community on account of its lengthy association for providing an important source of employment, trade and social interaction for the local area. The site is significant for its ability to contribute to the local community’s sense of place, is a distinctive feature of the daily life of many community members, and provides a connection to the local community’s past.
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
The signal box represents widespread 19th and early 20th Century railway customs, activities and design in NSW, and is representative of similar items that are found in other railway sites across the state.
Integrity/Intactness: The signal box has a moderate level of integrity.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

1. Conservation principles: Conserve cultural heritage significance and minimise impacts on heritage values and fabric in accordance with the ‘Australia ICOMOS Charter for Places of Cultural Significance’. 2. Specialist advice: Seek advice from a qualified heritage specialist during all phases of a proposed project from feasibility, concept and option planning stage; detailed design; heritage approval and assessment; through to construction and finalisation. 3. Documentation: Prepare a Statement of Heritage Impact (SOHI) to assess, minimise and prevent heritage impacts as part of the assessment and approval phase of a project. Prepare a Conservation Management Plan (CMP) prior to proposing major works (such as new additions, change of use or proposed demolition) at all places of State significance and all complex sites of Local significance. 4. Maintenance and repair: Undertake annual inspections and proactive routine maintenance works to conserve heritage fabric in accordance with the ‘Minimum Standards of Maintenance & Repair’. 5. Movable heritage: Retain in situ and care for historic contents, fixtures, fittings, equipment and objects which contribute to cultural heritage significance. Return or reinstate missing features or relocated items where opportunities arise. 6. Aboriginal, archaeology and natural heritage: Consider all aspects of potential heritage significance as part of assessing and minimising potential impacts, including Aboriginal, archaeology and natural heritage. 7. Unidentified heritage items: Heritage inventory sheets do not describe or capture all contributory heritage items within an identified curtilage (such as minor buildings, structures, archaeology, landscape elements, movable heritage and significant interiors and finishes). Ensure heritage advice is sought on all proposed changes within a curtilage to conserve heritage significance. 8. Recording and register update: Record changes at heritage places through adequate project records and archival photography. Notify all changes to the Section 170 Heritage & Conservation Register administrator upon project completion.

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Heritage Act - s.170 NSW State agency heritage register     

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
State Rail Authority Heritage Register Study1999SRA206State Rail Authority  No
S170 Heritage & Conservation Register Update2009 ORH  Yes
Heritage Platforms Conservation Management Strategy2015 Australian Museum Consulting  Yes

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
WrittenCottee, J.M.2004Stations on the track: selected New South Wales country railway stations: an historical overview
WrittenJohn H Forsyth2009NSW Railway Stations - An Alphabetical Arrangement of Railway Station and Place Names
WrittenMcKillop, R2009NSW Railways (RailCorp) Thematic History
MapRailCorp RailCorp Historic Plans, various

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: State Government
Database number: 4801206


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