Kyogle Railway Station | NSW Environment & Heritage

Culture and heritage

Heritage

Kyogle Railway Station

Item details

Name of item: Kyogle Railway Station
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Transport - Rail
Category: Railway Platform/ Station
Primary address: Ettrick Street, Kyogle, NSW 2474
Local govt. area: Kyogle

Boundary:

RailCorp property boundaries as shown on vesting plan, RN29734. It should be noted that the original area of the railway station has been reduced, and that there is an historical and visual relationship with the surrounding area not necessarily apparent from the current property boundaries. As such, any proposed development within the vicinity of the railway station should also consider the historic relationship between the station site and its surrounding area.
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
Ettrick StreetKyogleKyogle  Primary Address

Owner/s

Organisation NameOwner CategoryDate Ownership Updated
RailCorpState Government 
RailCorpState Government 
RailCorpState Government 

Statement of significance:

Kyogle railway station is of local significance having played an important role in the economic and social development of Kyogle and the surrounding regions by supporting the timber and dairy industries. The station building has aesthetic significance as a modest timber, skillion roof station building typical of similar structures constructed throughout rural NSW during the early 20th Century.
Date significance updated: 02 Dec 09
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Construction years: 1910-1944
Physical description: MAJOR STRUCTURES - Managed by RailCorp
Station building, type 7 (1910)
Signal box, type Q (1944)
Parcels Shed (c.1910)
Apparatus Shed (c.1944)
Platform

STATION BUILDING (1910)
The Kyogle station building is a type 7, timber frame, weatherboard construction with a skillion roof clad in corrugated, galvanised iron sloping towards the platform. The rear of the building is supported by brick piers. The skillion roof projects over the platform forming an awning supported by timber braces. The rear windows are also covered by individual awnings supported by timber braces. The windows and doors are timber.

The internal layout out of the building consists of separate men’s and ladies toilets; ladies waiting room; general waiting room; booking office, and a parcels room. Timber fitted benches still present. Floorboards present in some rooms and a ticket window. Two heavy original roller doors to parcels room still present and working.

SIGNAL BOX (1944)
The signal box is a type Q and is located adjacent to the station building on the platform. The building is constructed of concrete drop slab panels below floor level with the operating level constructed of fibro cement sheet on a timber frame. The roof is hipped and clad in corrugated, galvanised iron. Internal linings and signal levers removed. Access stair removed.

PARCELS SHED (c.1910)
Weatherboard building with simple corrugated iron skillion roof sloping towards platform. Formerly the 'Cream Shed' constructed in same period as station building.

APPARATUS SHED
Small fibro clad building with corrugated iron roof. Likely to date after the construction of signal box.

PLATFORM
Straight, side platform. Platform consists of open steel post and concrete deck.

MOVABLE
Reproduction heritage-style lamp posts
Timber and iron window hoods
NSW SRA SL padlocks
Original and early door and window hardware (locks, handles, sash locks and lifts etc)
Timber-framed noticeboard attached to inside of sliding door of goods shed
Wall-mounted shelves
Bakelite lights and switches and timber mounting blocks
Cast iron sink
Timber fitted benches in waiting room
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
In moderate condition.
Date condition updated:02 Dec 09
Modifications and dates: n.d: Platform replaced with steel, date unknown (from modern photos).
n.d: Affects of two fires in modern times results in certain timber elements renewed (especially in waiting room and some exterior boards. New security roller doors in waiting room.
n.d: Signal box internally stripped
Current use: Railway Station
Former use: Nil

History

Historical notes: Kyogle railway precinct is located on the North Coast line, the major trunk line from NSW to Queensland. Although originally constructed as an isolated line from Lismore to Murwillumbah in 1894, the importance of connecting the North Coast to the general railway system led to the extension of the line southward to Maitland in 1903. In 1930 the line was connected to the Queensland railway system at South Brisbane (Cottee, 2004).

Kyogle is located 32 kilometres north of Casino on the Summerland Way close to the Queensland border. Exploration of the area began in the 1820s and by 1843 seven stations had leased the entire Upper Richmond, including the area around Kyogle, then known as Fairymount (Kyogle Council website).

The north coast region attracted timber-getters in the early 19th century and the area that became the town of Kyogle was initially established as a lumber camp. Eventually, the region also attracted pastoralists with the Free Selection Bill introduced by the NSW government in the 1860s resulting in the subdivision of large stations into farm selections. Before long there were 551 farms in the district, the great majority of them dairy farms. An organised dairying industry began with the building of a creamery and, in 1905, Kyogle's fast butter factory. In 1901 Kyogle had a population of 51, which increased to 1226 only ten years later. In 1950, when dairying was said to be at its peak, more than 520 dairies were functioning in the Kyogle district. By the late 1970s only 118 remained. Today, there are fewer still (Kyogle Council website).

The single line from Casino to Kyogle opened on 23 June 1910, with the station open for service on the same day. The construction was carried out by the Public Works Department, with work commencing in January 1909 (Forsyth, 2009).

The original and existing station building constructed was a typical example of the skillion roofed, weatherboard-clad buildings used on the branch line network prior to 1917. Such buildings were designed to meet the immediate needs of the area in a cost-effective and functional way. The station building was placed on a timber platform, and contained a ladies waiting room and lavatory, general waiting room, booking/ Station Master’s Office, and a small parcels office. During its early life, the main station building was extended at either end, although the function of rooms remained the same. The building was extended again to include an internal men’s toilet in the early to mid 1970s (SHS, 1996).

Adjacent to the main building was a weatherboard cream shed, originally constructed with every second board missing to allow for cross ventilation, and closed in at an unknown date. Off the platform was a station master’s residence and a combined men’s toilet and lamp room. It is also likely that several station residences were constructed for the station master’s assistants, one of which remains extant (SHS, 1996).

The station yard included a 5-tonne gantry crane and 2-tonne jib crane, a goods shed and platform, a weighbridge, ash pit, water tank, coal stage, turntable, and stockyards; however the stockyards were moved north of the main railway precinct in 1929. In 1944 a signal box was erected on the platform, featuring fibro clad walls and a corrugated steel hipped roof on a pre-cast concrete drop slab base (SHS, 1996).

The station arrangements remained relatively static until the 1970s when the station facilities across the North Coast came under review and signalling was modernised. Consequently, most of the original signal equipment and goods facilities in this region were removed, with the signal box at Kyogle surviving as the last example of its type (Type Q) (SHS, 1996).

Modern photographs indicate few changes have occurred to the exterior of the main station building; however the building did suffer damage from a fire in 2004, but appears to have been restored. The signal box also appears to have undergone few changes. Modern photographs from 2007 also indicate the existence of a communications hut situated behind the signal box, along with the original out-of shed. The elliptical roofed corrugated steel men’s toilet and lamp room structure was removed from the site some time after 1996.

Other changes and additions to the station precinct included the provision of a cover for the goods platform in 1924, the construction of a rail motor shed in the following year, the removal of the cattle loading ramp and overhead water tank in 1984 and 1985, and the removal of the weighbridge in 1989 (Forsyth, 2009).

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Communication-Activities relating to the creation and conveyance of information Signalling and safe working-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Forestry-Activities associated with identifying and managing land covered in trees for commercial purposes. Transporting timber and forest products-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Pastoralism-Activities associated with the breeding, raising, processing and distribution of livestock for human use Servicing the pastoral industry-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Pastoralism-Activities associated with the breeding, raising, processing and distribution of livestock for human use Transporting livestock and their products-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
The Kyogle railway precinct has historical values as a tangible link to the development of the North Coast Railway line as well as the development of the NSW railways. The North Coast line was an important achievement in transport and engineering within NSW. As the direct rail route between Sydney and Brisbane, the line links townships to one another as well as to the capital cities leading to significant economic and social impacts for those individual townships as well as for NSW generally. The Kyogle railway precinct site has local significance having supported the logging and pastoral industries.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
The station building at Kyogle has aesthetic values as a vernacular, small, rural railway station building of simple design featuring weatherboard construction and a skillion roof.
SHR Criteria d)
[Social significance]
The site is of social significance to the local community on account of its lengthy association for providing an important source of employment, trade and social interaction for the local area. The site is significant for its ability to contribute to the local community’s sense of place, is a distinctive feature of the daily life of many community members, and provides a connection to the local community’s past.
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
The station building is representative of a simple timber station building constructed throughout NSW during the early 20th Century. The site has representative significance for its collection of railway structures including the parcels shed and signal box that collectively demonstrate widespread 19th and early 20th Century railway customs, activities and design in NSW, and are representative of similar items that are found in other railway sites across the state.
Integrity/Intactness: The station buildings have a moderate level of integrity.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

1. Conservation principles: Conserve cultural heritage significance and minimise impacts on heritage values and fabric in accordance with the ‘Australia ICOMOS Charter for Places of Cultural Significance’. 2. Specialist advice: Seek advice from a qualified heritage specialist during all phases of a proposed project from feasibility, concept and option planning stage; detailed design; heritage approval and assessment; through to construction and finalisation. 3. Documentation: Prepare a Statement of Heritage Impact (SOHI) to assess, minimise and prevent heritage impacts as part of the assessment and approval phase of a project. Prepare a Conservation Management Plan (CMP) prior to proposing major works (such as new additions, change of use or proposed demolition) at all places of State significance and all complex sites of Local significance. 4. Maintenance and repair: Undertake annual inspections and proactive routine maintenance works to conserve heritage fabric in accordance with the ‘Minimum Standards of Maintenance & Repair’. 5. Movable heritage: Retain in situ and care for historic contents, fixtures, fittings, equipment and objects which contribute to cultural heritage significance. Return or reinstate missing features or relocated items where opportunities arise. 6. Aboriginal, archaeology and natural heritage: Consider all aspects of potential heritage significance as part of assessing and minimising potential impacts, including Aboriginal, archaeology and natural heritage. 7. Unidentified heritage items: Heritage inventory sheets do not describe or capture all contributory heritage items within an identified curtilage (such as minor buildings, structures, archaeology, landscape elements, movable heritage and significant interiors and finishes). Ensure heritage advice is sought on all proposed changes within a curtilage to conserve heritage significance. 8. Recording and register update: Record changes at heritage places through adequate project records and archival photography. Notify all changes to the Section 170 Heritage & Conservation Register administrator upon project completion.

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Heritage Act - s.170 NSW State agency heritage register     

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
State Rail Authority Heritage Register Study1999SRA224State Rail Authority  No
S170 Heritage & Conservation Register Update2009 ORH  Yes
Heritage Platforms Conservation Management Strategy2015 Australian Museum Consulting  Yes

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
WrittenCottee, J.M.2004Stations on the track: selected New South Wales country railway stations: an historical overview
WrittenForsyth, J.H2009NSW Railway Stations - An Alphabetical Arrangement of Railway Station and Place Names
WrittenMcKillop, R2009NSW Railways (RailCorp) Thematic History
WrittenReaders Digest2003Readers Digest Illustrated Guide to Australian Places
WrittenState Rail Authority of NSW, Archives Section1993How and why of station names

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: State Government
Database number: 4801224


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