Blayney Railway Station | NSW Environment & Heritage

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Heritage

Blayney Railway Station

Item details

Name of item: Blayney Railway Station
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Transport - Rail
Category: Railway Platform/ Station
Primary address: Mid Western Highway and Railway Lane, Blayney, NSW 2799
Local govt. area: Blayney

Boundary:

The S.170 listing boundary is as follows: North: north side of the first track; South: tightly following the footprint of the platform and buildings and then expanding to the surrounding landscape to the east; East: frontage onto Adelaide St; West: incorporates the end of the platform only. It should be noted that the original area of the railway station has been reduced, and that there is an historical and visual relationship with the surrounding area not necessarily apparent from the current property boundaries. As such, any proposed development within the vicinity of the railway station should also consider the historic relationship between the station site and its surrounding area. Please note the SHR curtilage for this site differs – see images section for more information.
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
Mid Western Highway and Railway LaneBlayneyBlayney  Primary Address
Adelaide StreetBlayneyBlayney  Alternate Address

Owner/s

Organisation NameOwner CategoryDate Ownership Updated
RailCorpState Government 
RailCorpState Government 
RailCorpState Government 

Statement of significance:

Blayney Railway Station is of state significance as a coherent group of fine Victorian railway buildings with original fabric and fine detailing typical of the period. The combined station/residence building was constructed when the line opened to Blayney in 1876 with a major addition in 1889 designed to complement the original structure. The structures demonstrate the stages of development of the complex and the fine civic quality of railway architecture from this period. The station building is a major building in Blayney with an imposing position when viewed from the level crossing when approaching on Bathurst road. The quality of the station buildings reflects the importance of the location as a junction station. The site is rare as the original 1876 station building is only one of 5 similar structures in the state.
Date significance updated: 15 May 17
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Construction years: 1876-1902
Physical description: MAJOR STRUCTURES - Managed by RailCorp
Station Building: type 1, brick combined residence/ station building (1876 - 1889)
Station Building: type 2, brick non-standard building with timber posts and gables (1889)
Lamp Room (1902)
Platform - stone and brick (1876, 1889)
Platform Awning (1889)
On-platform gardens
Movable

STATION BUILDINGS (1876 -1889)
The first structure of 1876 was a combined station/residence similar to Tarana, Georges Plains, Quirindi and Brewongle. It comprised a central waiting room with booking office on one side and ladies room on the other. The detached pavilion at one end contained toilets. Entry was only from the platform.
The combined residence comprised 4 rooms with detached timber kitchen (not seen on other similar structures). Entry was from a side verandah. The building had no awning and was designed symmetrically.
In 1889, the station building underwent alterations with a new general and ladies waiting rooms with extra toilets at the rear of the attached pavilion and refreshment room with kitchen. The Station Buildings feature arched double doors with ornamental panelling and glazing including ‘Bar’ coloured glazing on upper door window panel. Underground cellar present.

A new separate Booking Office with parcels and telegraph office located at the eastern end of the platform was constructed in 1889. This is a simple gable roofed structure.

PLATFORM (1876, 1889)
The early stone platform face from 1876 is evident with brick coping to raise the platform level. This platform has been modified in 1889, 1901, 1905, and 1946. Platform originally constructed of randomly coursed stone (white granite?), with battered profile. Stone face has been painted brown. Platform has been extended to City and Country ends with brickwork laid in English bond. Further extended to Country end with steel rail post and beam with brick infill panels, laid in English garden bond; similar to Bathurst. Stone and plain brick sections (approx. height of 70cm above ballast) have been raised with brick and rendered on upper surface. Stone section in very good condition; brick section in fair condition with some cracking and evidence of impact damage. Whole platform resurfaced in asphalt, possibly when reopened in 2000. Drainage installed around base of buildings. Some early platform furniture and garden beds in centre of platform.

Platform 2 not in use. Entirely steel rail post and beam with brick infill panels laid in English garden bond. Extensive soluble salts evident on surface but little other damage with few chips to concrete coping.
ON-PLATFORM GARDENS
There are garden boxes located on the platform (date unknown) that also contribute to the setting of the platform structures and the continued tradition of on-platform gardens at Blayney.

LAMP ROOM (1902)
The lamp room is a timber weatherboard structure adjoining the awning. It has a skillion roof with doors opening under the awning.

PLATFORM AWNINGS (1889)
An extensive system of awnings was constructed connecting the two buildings and wrapping around the rear of the early building for the rear platform. It was an elaborate awning both attached to the buildings and freestanding with timber structure, decorative timber infill at the gable ends and caste iron brackets to each column. The roof was corrugated iron. The timber columns had built up plinths.
OTHER SITE FEATURES:
- Early Station signage i.e. Ladies, Men’s, General Waiting Room
- Various inbuilt timber waiting room and platform benches
- Original Ticketing window
- Danks bulbous concrete bubbler
- Original and early door and window hardware (locks, handles, sash locks and lifts etc.)
- Glazed hearth tiles and grate
- J Ward Sydney cast iron combustion stove, brick hearth and exhaust hood
- High-level stainless steel cisterns and piping
- Cast iron stormwater grates
- Rusticated stone platform garden beds and stone/concrete edging
- Galvanised water tank and concrete stand
- All iron rail fence posts and steel/wire gates
- Plaque – ‘Re-opening of Cowra-Blayney Railway Line, 19 April 2000’
- Memorial Plaque –for young local ‘Peter “Mate” Reynolds who died in a fire at Blayney on 12/12/92’

MOVABLE
NSW Railway heritage listed sites contain significant collections of stored movable railway heritage, including furniture, signs, operational objects, ex-booking office and ticketing objects, paper records, clocks, memorabilia, indicator boards and artwork. Individually, these objects are important components of the history of each site. Together, they form a large and diverse collection of movable objects across the NSW rail network. Sydney Trains maintains a database of movable heritage. For up-to-date information on all movable heritage items at this site, contact the Sydney Trains heritage team.
Key Items at this station include:
Original Railway Refreshment Room Timber cabinetry
Various early timber luggage trolleys
Various, freestanding timber platform and waiting benches
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
Generally in good condition.
Date condition updated:11 Nov 09
Modifications and dates: n.d. Fettlers Shed and infill between station buildings has been demolished.
Current use: Railway Station
Former use: Nil

History

Historical notes: Blayney is located on the Main Western Line. The single line railway from Bathurst to Blayney was completed in 1876. Although the nearby town of Carcoar, established in 1839, was previously the major administrative and commercial centre for the vast areas west of Bathurst, when the railway bypassed Carcoar in favour of Blayney in 1876, it suffered a steep economic decline, with Blayney and Orange profiting as the new commercial centres of the area.

Blayney station opened on 1 November 1876 and a combined station/residence and a goods shed was constructed. A new Station Master’s residence was constructed c.1885 and the station building was added to in 1889 with a unique and unusual design incorporating a detached booking office, refreshment rooms and extensive awnings. The platform was also altered by the addition of a rear platform.

Further changes to the railway station at Blayney since opening included construction of an Engine Shed (1891), new Weighbridge and new 60’ Turntable to replace existing (1901), awning on Down side constructed and Lamp Room (1902), additional platform cover and asphalt (1905), Footbridge across Adelaide St built (1910), duplication of line to Orange (1915), purchase of School of Arts building for Institute Building (1920), platform extended (1944), new SM’s Residence constructed at 35 Ogilvy St, Refreshment Rooms closed (1957), ‘F’ type level crossing lights installed at Adelaide Street crossing and Signal Box closed (1977) (Forsyth, 2008).

Apart from minor additions the station is largely in its 1889 configuration. Many of the yard structures at Blayney have since been demolished including the 1885 SM’s residence, the Gatekeeper’s cottage, Weighbridge and Water Tanks.

The 1957 SM’s residence at 35 Ogilvy St is extant but is now privately owned.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Transport-Activities associated with the moving of people and goods from one place to another, and systems for the provision of such movements Building the railway network-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. Servicing and accommodating railway employees-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages Shaping inland settlement-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
The site has historic significance in its ability to demonstrate the late 19th and early 20th Century development of the NSW railways. The station building dates from the opening of the line at Blayney in 1876, and along with other related structures has the ability to provide evidence of a late 19th Century working railway precinct. The station platform and buildings clearly show the continuous use of the site as an important early railway station.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
The station buildings and awnings form a coherent group of fine Victorian railway buildings with original fabric and fine detailing typical of the period. The station is a major building in Blayney with an imposing position when viewed from the level crossing when approaching on the Bathurst road. The coherent station group are connected by an impressive long and substantial awning reflecting an appropriate style of platform covering for outback conditions. The awning is attractively supported on ornamented square timber columns with lace brackets.
SHR Criteria d)
[Social significance]
The site is of social significance to the local community on account of its lengthy association for providing an important source of employment, trade and social interaction for the local area. The site is significant for its ability to contribute to the local community’s sense of place, is a distinctive feature of the daily life of many community members, and provides a connection to the local community’s past.
SHR Criteria f)
[Rarity]
The site is rare as the original 1876 station building is only one of 5 similar structures in the state, the others being Georges Plains, Quirindi, Rydal and Tarana. The location of the 1889 separate booking office is unique.
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
The site has representative significance for its collection of railway structures, including the lamp room, on-platform gardens and other related items that collectively demonstrate widespread 19th and early 20th Century railway customs, activities and design in NSW, and are representative of similar items that are found in other railway sites across the state.
Integrity/Intactness: The station group including the station buildings, platforms and lamp room have a high level of integrity and intactness, are in good condition, visually coherent, and are important to the townscape and streetscape of Blayney.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

1. Conservation principles: Conserve cultural heritage significance and minimise impacts on heritage values and fabric in accordance with the ‘Australia ICOMOS Charter for Places of Cultural Significance’. 2. Specialist advice: Seek advice from a qualified heritage specialist during all phases of a proposed project from feasibility, concept and option planning stage; detailed design; heritage approval and assessment; through to construction and finalisation. 3. Documentation: Prepare a Statement of Heritage Impact (SOHI) to assess, minimise and prevent heritage impacts as part of the assessment and approval phase of a project. Prepare a Conservation Management Plan (CMP) prior to proposing major works (such as new additions, change of use or proposed demolition) at all places of State significance and all complex sites of Local significance. 4. Maintenance and repair: Undertake annual inspections and proactive routine maintenance works to conserve heritage fabric in accordance with the ‘Minimum Standards of Maintenance & Repair’. 5. Movable heritage: Retain in situ and care for historic contents, fixtures, fittings, equipment and objects which contribute to cultural heritage significance. Return or reinstate missing features or relocated items where opportunities arise. 6. Aboriginal, archaeology and natural heritage: Consider all aspects of potential heritage significance as part of assessing and minimising potential impacts, including Aboriginal, archaeology and natural heritage. 7. Unidentified heritage items: Heritage inventory sheets do not describe or capture all contributory heritage items within an identified curtilage (such as minor buildings, structures, archaeology, landscape elements, movable heritage and significant interiors and finishes). Ensure heritage advice is sought on all proposed changes within a curtilage to conserve heritage significance. 8. Recording and register update: Record changes at heritage places through adequate project records and archival photography. Notify all changes to the Section 170 Heritage & Conservation Register administrator upon project completion.

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Heritage Act - s.170 NSW State agency heritage register     

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
State Rail Authority Heritage Register Study1999SRA264State Rail Authority  No
Heritage and Conservation Register State Rail Authority of NSW199378Paul Davies for SRA  No
S170 Heritage & Conservation Register Update2009 ORH  Yes
Heritage Platforms Conservation Management Strategy2015 Australian Museum Consulting  Yes

References, internet links & images

None

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: State Government
Database number: 4801264


Every effort has been made to ensure that information contained in the State Heritage Inventory is correct. If you find any errors or omissions please send your comments to the Database Manager.

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