Bardwell Park Railway Station Group | NSW Environment & Heritage

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Heritage

Bardwell Park Railway Station Group

Item details

Name of item: Bardwell Park Railway Station Group
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Transport - Rail
Category: Railway Platform/ Station
Primary address: Hartill-Law Avenue, Bardwell Park, NSW 2207
Local govt. area: Rockdale

Boundary:

North: property boundary, fronting south edge of car park and Wolli Creek Recreation Park; South: property boundary, partly fronting Progress Lane; West: 5m west of the station platform (and including Hartill Law Avenue overbridge); East: 5m east of the station platform.
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
Hartill-Law AvenueBardwell ParkRockdale  Primary Address
Progress LaneBardwell ParkRockdale  Alternate Address

Owner/s

Organisation NameOwner CategoryDate Ownership Updated
RailCorpState Government 
RailCorpState Government 
RailCorpState Government 

Statement of significance:

Bardwell Park Railway Station - including the 1931 platform, platform building, entry steps structure and overbridge - is of local heritage significance. Bardwell Park Railway Station has historical significance as a major public work completed as an unemployment relief project during the Great Depression, and as a major transport hub for Bardwell Park since 1931. Bardwell Park Railway Station is of aesthetic significance as an austere 1930s railway building with simple Art Deco detailing and fine brick workmanship that is evocative of the effects of the Depression on building programs for the NSW railways. Bardwell Park Railway Station is representative of the cohesive collection of 10 East Hills line railway stations from Turrella to East Hills.
Date significance updated: 01 Dec 09
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Designer/Maker: NSW Government Railway
Builder/Maker: NSW Government Railway
Construction years: 1931-1931
Physical description: PRECINCT ELEMENTS
Platform Building (1931) type 13
Platform (1931)
Entry stair structure (1931)
Overbridge, Hartill Law Avenue (1931)
Movable

CONTEXT
Bardwell Park Railway Station is entered via modern entry steps off a road and pedestrian overbridge with brick supports from the western side of Hartill Law Avenue at the eastern end of the Station. The overbridge crosses over the platform towards the eastern end, the east end of the platform terminating east of the overbridge.

PLATFORM BUILDING (1931)
Exterior: A rectangular dark face brick platform building of standard stretcher bond brickwork, of 4 bays length (note: most platform buildings on this line are 5 bays), with the bays defined by simple brick engaged piers. The building has brick stepped parapets at east and west ends. The roof is gabled at east and west ends against the parapets, and is hipped over awnings to north and south which are an integral part of the roof form. Roof cladding is corrugated steel. The stepped parapets each feature a projecting moulded brick capping course and 3 vertical lines of projecting decorative brickwork, as well as pairs of timber louvred vents. Windows are timber-framed double-hung, some with original 6-paned top sashes, or small timber framed windows with frameless glass or glass louvres, or modern aluminium framed windows. Original window openings feature bullnose brick sills and both window and door openings feature stop chamfered brickwork. Original door openings have terrazzo thresholds. There are original ceilings to the awnings, with square lattice vents. All doors are modern timber flush doors. There is a modern gable roofed awning with painted steel posts at the eastern end of the platform building, to shelter the ticket window. Early painted numbers on brick interior designating platform numbers still present.

Interior: The building comprises a combined booking/parcels office (now also the Station Master's room), ladies toilets, waiting room and men's toilets. The building is compact in both size and design. Some interior joinery and fitout has survived.

PLATFORM (1931)
One island platform, asphalt surface, original brick edges

ENTRY STAIR STRUCTURE (1931)
The structure consists of steel taper-haunched girders, and provides platform access from the Hartill Law Avenue overbridge. The steps and risers are modern concrete, and the stair has modern white powder-coated aluminium railings.

OVERBRIDGE, HARTILL LAW AVENUE (1931)
A brick jack-arched overbridge on brick piers, extended in 1948 for line duplication works.

MOVABLE
NSW Railway heritage listed sites contain significant collections of stored movable railway heritage, including furniture, signs, operational objects, ex-booking office and ticketing objects, paper records, clocks, memorabilia, indicator boards and artwork. Individually, these objects are important components of the history of each site. Together, they form a large and diverse collection of movable objects across the NSW rail network. Sydney Trains maintains a database of movable heritage. For up-to-date information on all movable heritage items at this site, contact the Sydney Trains heritage team.
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
Platform Building (1931): good condition.
Platform (1931): good condition
Entry Stair Structure (1931): good condition
Overbridge, Hartill Law Avenue (1931): moderate condition
Date condition updated:01 Jul 09
Modifications and dates: 1948: Hartill Law Avenue overbridge extended for line duplication works.
N.d: railings and steps to 1931 entry stair structure. Patches of paint to the brickwork of the 1931 Platform building.
Current use: Railway Station
Former use: Nil

History

Historical notes: Bardwell Park is named after Thomas Bardwell, who had a land grant in the area bounded by Wolli Creek, Dowling Street, Forest Road and Wollongong Road. The area remained rural until the coming of the railway line in 1931.

The main impetus for the construction of the East Hills line was from the real estate industry, which wanted to develop the area where the line was proposed. However construction of the line was delayed, and it became an unemployment relief project during the course of its construction due to the onset of the Great Depression. "The Public Works Committee recommended the line to State Parliament in August, 1924, expecting a small operating profit and opening up good building land. The debate on the Bill to construct the line took only 15 minutes after it was introduced at 5.12am on 17 December 1924, and the Governors assent given on 23 December, but no funds were provided. Just before the State elections in 1927, the Premier, Jack Lang, performed the Turning of the First Sod ceremony at Padstow on 3rd September 1927, but he lost the election. However, the new non-labour government in April, 1928, instructed the Railways Commissioners to commence work on the line." (from www.canterbury.nsw.gov.au).

Jack Lang was Premier for two periods: the first from June 1925 to October 1927, the second period (during the Depression) from October 1930 to May 1932. Jack Lang was therefore again Premier when he officially opened the East Hills line at Padstow Railway Station in 1931, with the section as far as Kingsgrove being a double track electrified line.

All platform buildings on the East Hills line were built to the same general design and plan, which was revised after initial planning to include a booking office, Station Master’s office and parcels office.

The line was electrified from Kingsgrove in 1939, duplicated in 1948, and in 1987 the East Hills terminus was connected to the Main Southern Line at Glenfield Junction.

In the post war period of the 1940s and 1950s migrant hostels and housing commission estates were developed in suburbs along the line. The suburbanisation of Bardwell Park after the opening of the railway line is reflected in the opening of the area's first school in 1943 and first post office in 1946.

Although the original terminus building at East Hills Station was demolished in 1987, the remainder of the East Hills Line from Turrella to Panania is the only line in Sydney with all platform buildings extant from its original construction phase (though some have been altered).

In 2009 construction work was underway to upgrade the East Hills line generally for quadruplification of the line.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Transport-Activities associated with the moving of people and goods from one place to another, and systems for the provision of such movements Building the railway network-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages Impacts of railways on urban form-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
Bardwell Park Railway Station is of historical significance as part of the East Hills line, a major depression-era public work undertaken under the controversial Premiership of Jack Lang and through its relationship to the development of the suburb of Bardwell Park and the broader East Hills region. The austere design of the platform building is reflective of the completion of the East Hills line as a Depression period unemployment relief works project.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
Bardwell Park Railway Station is of aesthetic significance as an example of a small Inter-War period suburban railway building matching other East Hills line railway station buildings in design and style. The building is very austere in style, with Inter War Art Deco style touches (for example decorative brick strapwork detail to parapets) and is competently executed, exhibiting fine workmanship in its brickwork. The building is noted for its use of monochromatic brickwork, stepped parapets, irregular fenestration and engaged piers.
SHR Criteria d)
[Social significance]
The place has the potential to contribute to the local community's sense of place, and can provide a connection to the local community's past.
SHR Criteria e)
[Research potential]
Bardwell Park Railway Station is of technical significance for its ability to demonstrate design and construction techniques of the inter-war period. The building provides insights into NSW Railways experimentation with styles of architecture and their adaptation to depression period economic conditions.
SHR Criteria f)
[Rarity]
Bardwell Park Railway Station platform building is not rare, as it is part of a cohesive group of 10 similar to identical Inter-War suburban railway buildings completed in 1931 between Turrella and East Hills.
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
Bardwell Park Railway Station is a good representative example of a small, Inter-War East Hills line suburban railway station, with the platform and platform building and stair structure generally intact, and demonstrates the effects of the economic Depression of 1929-1930s on railway station construction. It is representative of the cohesive collection of 1931 East Hills line railway stations from Turrella to East Hills, including Padstow and Bexley North.
Integrity/Intactness: Bardwell Park Railway Station platform building has retained a high degree of integrity externally and a moderate degree of integrity internally. The precinct has not undergone any major alterations or additions, other than an awning addition to one end of the platform building, the replacement of steps and railings to the stair structure, and 1948 extension of the overbridge.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

1. Conservation principles: Conserve cultural heritage significance and minimise impacts on heritage values and fabric in accordance with the ‘Australia ICOMOS Charter for Places of Cultural Significance’. 2. Specialist advice: Seek advice from a qualified heritage specialist during all phases of a proposed project from feasibility, concept and option planning stage; detailed design; heritage approval and assessment; through to construction and finalisation. 3. Documentation: Prepare a Statement of Heritage Impact (SOHI) to assess, minimise and prevent heritage impacts as part of the assessment and approval phase of a project. Prepare a Conservation Management Plan (CMP) prior to proposing major works (such as new additions, change of use or proposed demolition) at all places of State significance and all complex sites of Local significance. 4. Maintenance and repair: Undertake annual inspections and proactive routine maintenance works to conserve heritage fabric in accordance with the ‘Minimum Standards of Maintenance & Repair’. 5. Movable heritage: Retain in situ and care for historic contents, fixtures, fittings, equipment and objects which contribute to cultural heritage significance. Return or reinstate missing features or relocated items where opportunities arise. 6. Aboriginal, archaeology and natural heritage: Consider all aspects of potential heritage significance as part of assessing and minimising potential impacts, including Aboriginal, archaeology and natural heritage. 7. Unidentified heritage items: Heritage inventory sheets do not describe or capture all contributory heritage items within an identified curtilage (such as minor buildings, structures, archaeology, landscape elements, movable heritage and significant interiors and finishes). Ensure heritage advice is sought on all proposed changes within a curtilage to conserve heritage significance. 8. Recording and register update: Record changes at heritage places through adequate project records and archival photography. Notify all changes to the Section 170 Heritage & Conservation Register administrator upon project completion.

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Heritage Act - s.170 NSW State agency heritage register     

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
State Rail Authority Heritage Register Study1999SRA896State Rail Authority  No
Interwar Station Buildings: Analysis and Significance2001 Andrea Humphreys and Donald Ellsmore  No
S170 Heritage & Conservation Register Update2009 Paul Davies Pty Ltd  Yes
Heritage Platforms Conservation Management Strategy2015 Australian Museum Consulting  Yes

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
WrittenDavid Sheedy2009Historical Research for RailCorp S170 Register Update
WrittenEllsmore D and Humphreys A.2002Inter- War Station Buildings
WrittenFrances Pollon (compiler, editor)1996The Book of Sydney Suburbs

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: State Government
Database number: 4801896


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