Caringbah Railway Station Group | NSW Environment & Heritage

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Heritage

Caringbah Railway Station Group

Item details

Name of item: Caringbah Railway Station Group
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Transport - Rail
Category: Railway Platform/ Station
Primary address: Kingsway, Caringbah, NSW 2229
Local govt. area: Sutherland

Boundary:

North: boundary of RailCorp property fronting Denman Avenue; East: 5m from the end of the platform; South: boundary of RailCorp property fronting Hay Avenue to the eastern end, the rear of properties at 341-347 Kingsway at the western end; West: 5m from end of platform (under Kingsway overbridge).Note: this listing excludes the Kingsway Overbridge and street level shops.
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
KingswayCaringbahSutherland  Primary Address

Owner/s

Organisation NameOwner CategoryDate Ownership Updated
RailCorpState Government 
RailCorpState Government 
RailCorpState Government 

Statement of significance:

Caringbah Railway Station - including the 1939 platform and platform building, stairs and identified moveable items and landscaping - is of local heritage significance. Caringbah Railway Station is of historical significance as part of the Cronulla line, a major 1930s Depression-era public work, and through its relationship to the development of the suburb of Caringbah and the broader Sutherland Shire region. The Caringbah Railway Station platform building is of aesthetic significance as a fine example of an Inter-war Functionalist style station building, similar to other original 1939 Cronulla line suburban platform buildings in design and style (six suburban stations were built from Sutherland to Woolooware, five now extant). The signalling board at Caringbah Railway Station is of technical significance as a good representative example of a 1930s 'electro pneumatic system’ signalling board with light signalling (other examples at Sutherland, Gymea and Oatley).
Date significance updated: 30 Jun 09
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Designer/Maker: NSW Government Railway
Builder/Maker: NSW Government Railway; Dorman Long & Co (stairs)
Construction years: 1937-1939
Physical description: PRECINCT ELEMENTS
Platform building (1939) (Type 13)
Stairs (1939)
Kiosk on Platform (1994)
Platform (1939)
Platform Canopies (1994)
Landscape/Natural Features:
- planter beds, shrubs, east end of platform
- street trees north and south

CONTEXT
Caringbah Railway Station is below the Kingsway road level, and is entered via stairs from the Kingsway. Since 1943, retail shops have been built over the railway on both sides of the Kingsway overbridge, those on the eastern side flanking the platform entry stairs. The platform entry stairs are an original 1939 set of stairs on brick columns.

PLATFORM BUILDING (1939)
Exterior: Single storey painted brick platform building (originally dichromatic brickwork) with a gabled terracotta tiled roof with stepped brick parapets at east and west ends. The parapets are decorative, using recessed header bond and a single projecting vertical fin. The walls feature a soldier course as a string course and corner detail featuring roman bricks.

The platform building has an open waiting area at the eastern end with a curved brick wall, and an awning carried on 6 brick columns extending east of this. The building features a large door on the eastern side with original timber beading detail (Out-of-room). The platform building has all its original steel framed awning windows placed in groups of three vertically. An original awning with box gutters extends on all sides of the platform building. The awning has an intact fibro ceiling with thin timber battens, and all corners are curved. The awning is particularly noteworthy for its use of curved, straight and hexagonal forms and the finely detailed stepped soffits. Station building repainted in 2013.

Interior (Partially accessed 2009): The building consists of a series of small discrete spaces arranged along a linear floor plan, comprising: combined booking & parcels office, Station Master's office, store room, Out-of-room, ladies' room, store room, men's room and a former broom store (now converted to an open waiting area). The booking office at the western end of the building has original fit out, including an original electrical signalling board.

KIOSK (1994)
A small brick single storey kiosk building with an awning with box gutters northwest of the platform entry stairs. This building has a flat roof.

STAIRS (1939)
Steel Dorman Long & Co. stairs from the Kingsway road level down to the platform, supported on 6 painted brick columns with curved corners, and featuring star pattern newel posts.

PLATFORM CANOPIES (1994)
There is a modern platform canopy east of the platform building, and also a modern canopy over the platform entry stairs and connecting the stairs to the west end of the platform building awning.

LANDSCAPE/NATURAL FEATURES
Planter beds to east end of platform with shrub plantings. Street trees along Denman Avenue (north) and Hay Avenue (south).

MOVABLE
Plaque: brass and mounted on platform wall and unveiled to commemorate the redevelopment of Caringbah Station, 6 November 2001.
Cast iron safe, set of four network control telephones mounted on board, timber BOC (booking office coin) tray, several canvas bags marked “Caringbah”, 1993-1994 State Rail Telephone Directory, various early station books and ledgers, CityRail working Timetable Books 1 and 2 (yellow and blue), type B white metal First Aid box.
There is an original signalling panel in the ticket office in working order dated 20th September 1939 (Office of the Signal and Telegraph Engineer, Sydney). It is fitted to wall with all associated fittings, including Bakelite switches.
Two rollover timber indicator boards with foot pedals but missing their clock faces (relocated from Waterfall Station in 2015)
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
Platform building (1939): good
Stairs (1939): good
Kiosk on Platform (1994): good
Moveable items: good
Platform (1939): good
Platform Canopies (1994): very good
Date condition updated:30 Jun 09
Modifications and dates: Post-1943: retail shops built over railway on both east and west sides of the Kingsway
1980s: some interior alterations and external brickwork painted to platform building and brick columns to stairway
1994: Construction of kiosk and platform canopies, also platform planter boxes
2008: Platform converted partly for line duplication
N.d: Platform building: conversion of broom store at east end to open waiting area
Current use: Railway Station
Former use: Nil

History

Historical notes: In 1908, the Government had approved construction of a steam tram route from Sutherland to Cronulla, with construction completed and steam trams operating along the route from June 12, 1911. The area remained semi-rural and sparsely settled well into the 20th century, with the suburbanisation of the area following the construction of the railway.

The Sutherland-Cronulla line was constructed from 1936 and completed in 1939, under the NSW premiership of the conservative Sir Bertram Stevens. In 1936 the NSW State Parliament authorised expenditure of 300,000 pounds to construct the Sutherland to Cronulla railway line, with the men employed to receive award wages "in pursuance of the Cabinet's policy of replacing unemployment relief works by works that will provide a better return for the expenditure of public money, and at the same time create improved conditions of employment." (Canberra Times, 22 February 1936, page 1). A Federal loan for "state works" including "speeding up of the construction of the Sutherland-Cronulla line" was granted to the NSW government in November 1938 (Canberra Times, 28 November 1938, page 1).

Caringbah Railway Station was constructed as an island platform with connecting stairs to the Kingsway overbridge. These stairs are still extant but now surrounded by retail buildings built above the railway line and platform since 1943. The linear brick platform building with polychrome brickwork, stepped parapets and cantilevered awnings is Inter-war Functionalist in style. All of the extant 1939 station platform buildings on the Cronulla line (from Sutherland, which was rebuilt in 1939, through to Cronulla) are cohesive in design and construction materials. As designed, the entire line was a series of ‘crossing loops’ stations along a single line and reflecting the times all the electric catenary was supported on timber poles. Currently the entire line is being duplicated and the catenary installed on steel stanchions. The island platform arrangement at Caringbah served an original single track railway which is in the process of being completely duplicated (2009).

The Cronulla line was constructed as a electrified railway line in 1939 and signalling was of the new system termed ‘electro pneumatic system’ with light signalling. After 1943 retail shops were built over the railway on both east and west sides of the Kingsway. In the 1980s some interior alterations and painting of external brickwork was undertaken to the 1939 platform building and painting of brick columns to the 1939 stairway. In 1994 a kiosk building was constructed on the platform between the entry stairway and the platform building, to a sympathetic design which mirrors that of the platform building. Platform canopies and planter boxes were also installed in 1994. The broom store at the east end of the platform building was converted to an open waiting area (date unknown). In 2008, the platform was altered for line duplication.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Transport-Activities associated with the moving of people and goods from one place to another, and systems for the provision of such movements Building the railway network-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Creative endeavour-Activities associated with the production and performance of literary, artistic, architectural and other imaginative, interpretive or inventive works; and/or associated with the production and expression of cultural phenomena; and/or environments that have inspired such creative activities. Evolution of design in railway engineering and architecture-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
Caringbah Railway Station is of local historical significance as part of the Cronulla line, a major 1930s Depression-era public work, and through its relationship to the development of the suburb of Caringbah and the broader Sutherland Shire region.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
The Caringbah Railway Station platform building is of aesthetic significance as a fine example of an Inter-war Functionalist style station building, similar to other original 1939 Cronulla line platform buildings in design and style. The platform building is of aesthetic significance as part of a cohesive (in design and construction) set of Cronulla line suburban station buildings. The signalling board at Caringbah Railway Station is of technical significance as a good representative example of a 1930s 'electro pneumatic system’ signalling board with light signalling (other examples at Sutherland, Gymea and Oatley). The 1994 kiosk has been designed in a style sympathetic to the original 1939 platform building.
SHR Criteria d)
[Social significance]
The place has the potential to contribute to the local community's sense of place, and can provide a connection to the local community's past.
SHR Criteria e)
[Research potential]
The signalling board at Caringbah Railway Station is of research significance as a good example of a 'electro pneumatic system’ signalling board with light signalling (other examples at Sutherland, Gymea and Oatley).
SHR Criteria f)
[Rarity]
Caringbah Railway Station is not rare, as it is one of a group of similar Cronulla line stations dating from 1939.
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
The Caringbah Railway Station's 1939 platform building is a good representative example of an Interwar Functionalist style suburban platform building built for the Cronulla Line in 1939 (six suburban stations were built from Sutherland to Woolooware, five now extant). The signalling board at Caringbah Railway Station is a good representative example of a 1930s 'electro pneumatic system’ signalling board with light signalling (other examples at Sutherland, Gymea and Oatley).
Integrity/Intactness: With the exception of the painting of the external brickwork, the platform building and stair structure are externally intact. The platform building appears to be internally intact.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

1. Conservation principles: Conserve cultural heritage significance and minimise impacts on heritage values and fabric in accordance with the ‘Australia ICOMOS Charter for Places of Cultural Significance’. 2. Specialist advice: Seek advice from a qualified heritage specialist during all phases of a proposed project from feasibility, concept and option planning stage; detailed design; heritage approval and assessment; through to construction and finalisation. 3. Documentation: Prepare a Statement of Heritage Impact (SOHI) to assess, minimise and prevent heritage impacts as part of the assessment and approval phase of a project. Prepare a Conservation Management Plan (CMP) prior to proposing major works (such as new additions, change of use or proposed demolition) at all places of State significance and all complex sites of Local significance. 4. Maintenance and repair: Undertake annual inspections and proactive routine maintenance works to conserve heritage fabric in accordance with the ‘Minimum Standards of Maintenance & Repair’. 5. Movable heritage: Retain in situ and care for historic contents, fixtures, fittings, equipment and objects which contribute to cultural heritage significance. Return or reinstate missing features or relocated items where opportunities arise. 6. Aboriginal, archaeology and natural heritage: Consider all aspects of potential heritage significance as part of assessing and minimising potential impacts, including Aboriginal, archaeology and natural heritage. 7. Unidentified heritage items: Heritage inventory sheets do not describe or capture all contributory heritage items within an identified curtilage (such as minor buildings, structures, archaeology, landscape elements, movable heritage and significant interiors and finishes). Ensure heritage advice is sought on all proposed changes within a curtilage to conserve heritage significance. 8. Recording and register update: Record changes at heritage places through adequate project records and archival photography. Notify all changes to the Section 170 Heritage & Conservation Register administrator upon project completion.

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Heritage Act - s.170 NSW State agency heritage register     

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
State Rail Authority Heritage Register Study1999SRA900, SRA854 (footbridge)State Rail Authority  No
Interwar Station Buildings: Analysis and Significance2001 Andrea Humphreys and Donald Ellsmore  No
S170 Heritage & Conservation Register Update2009 Paul Davies Pty Ltd  Yes
S170 Heritage & Conservation Register Update2009 Paul Davies Pty Ltd  Yes
Heritage Platforms Conservation Management Strategy2015 Australian Museum Consulting  Yes

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
Written 1936Canberra Times, page 1, 22 February 1936
Written 1936Canberra Times 27 July 1936, page 2
WrittenC. C. Singleton1939N.S.W. Railways- Extension, Sutherland-Cronulla, A.R.H.S. Bulletin, No 26, December
WrittenDavid Sheedy2009Historical Research for RailCorp S170 Register Update
WrittenEllsmore, D and Humphreys, A2002Inter-War Station Buildings
WrittenPeter Neve Sutherland Shire Studies No. 6 - Railways and Tramways in the Sutherland Shire

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: State Government
Database number: 4801900


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