Epping Railway Station Group | NSW Environment & Heritage

Culture and heritage

Heritage

Epping Railway Station Group

Item details

Name of item: Epping Railway Station Group
Other name/s: Field of Mars, Carlingford
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Transport - Rail
Category: Railway Platform/ Station
Primary address: Beecroft Road, Epping, NSW 2121
Local govt. area: Hornsby

Boundary:

North: a line across the platform 10 metres north of the original station building;South: to north side of Bridge St/Epping Rd overbridge (excluding bridge);East: the property boundary fronting Langston Pl;West: the property boundary fronting Beecroft Rd;
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
Beecroft RoadEppingHornsby  Primary Address
Langston PlaceEppingHornsby  Alternate Address
Cambridge StreetEppingHornsby  Alternate Address

Owner/s

Organisation NameOwner CategoryDate Ownership Updated
RailCorpState Government 
RailCorpState Government 
RailCorpState Government 

Statement of significance:

Epping Railway Station has heritage significance at a local level. Epping Railway Station was opened in 1886 and while there was some limited settlement in the area prior to this date, the construction of the railway encouraged rapid subdivision and the development of the area. The extant station building dating from c.1900 is a good example of an early twentieth century standard design (Type A10) railway station. The building's form, fabric and details are typical of this type and is similar to many of the other railway stations built along the Short North and the North Shore lines during this period.
Date significance updated: 05 Nov 09
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Designer/Maker: New South Wales Department of Railways
Builder/Maker: New South Wales Department of Railways
Physical description: Station Building, Type 11(standard A10) (1900)
Platforms (1900, upgraded 2009)
Retaining walls (1900)
Footbridge & Concourse (c2007)
Lower platforms (2009)

CONTEXT
Epping Railway Station is located within a cutting below street level between Beecroft Road and Cambridge Street, Epping. The southern end of the station platform abuts the Beecroft Road overbridge. Epping has recently been upgraded as the terminating point for the Epping-Chatswood Rail Link (ECRL) and the station now consists of: an upgraded island platform, new concourse level, new underground platforms, original platform building and original brick retaining walls. The station is well placed in the commercial centre of Epping.

STATION BUILDING (1900)
Exterior: The Epping Railway Station building is a single-storey brick building with gabled corrugated iron roof located on an island platform. A typical early 20th century 'Type A10' standard design railway station building, it is constructed in face brick with rendered details including string courses, architraves and window sills. The string course is made up of two projecting bands of render with three rows of rubbed brick between. Two brick chimneys with rendered cornices are located along the ridgeline. On each side of the corrugated iron gabled roof, wide corrugated metal awnings are supported by cantilevered cast iron brackets (with circle detail) springing from rendered brackets which form part of engaged brick piers. There are decorative timber valances at either end of the awnings. The southern end of the building has an extended roofline, below which now sits a fire hydrant and fire hose reel in a large steel box. Joinery is generally original including four panelled doors, fanlights and some double hung sash windows (six pane), although during renovations to the building as part of the Epping station upgrade some window sashes were replaced with replicas.

Interior: The interior of the building has been recently renovated for station staff use as part of the Epping Station upgrade. All of the walls are rendered and have no dado and some fireplaces are extant. Ceilings are all original mini-orb ceilings with metal roses. Throughout the building most of the original joinery is extant. Though modified for modern use, much of the original configuration of the rooms is still evident, including the former ladies waiting room with lavatories.

PLATFORM
Two island platforms have been extensively upgraded as part of the works carried out on the ECRL. New platform furniture by Street Furniture Australia, including seats, bins and fencing has been added. The northern end of the Platform 1/2 includes escalators to the lower platforms (part of ECRL) and access to the modern concourse / footbridge (c2007).

RETAINING WALLS
A large brick retaining wall dating from the early twentieth century is located on the western side of the station cutting opposite the southern end of the platform, extending to the overbridge.

FOOTBRIDGE AND CONCOURSE (c2007)
A new steel, concrete and glass structure has replaced the previous (modern) station concourse and forms the main focal point and entry to the station. A footbridge extends from the concourse across Beecroft Road, giving direct pedestrian access from the station to the Epping shopping village on the western side of the road. Excluded from listing.

LOWER PLATFORMS (2009)
Two new underground platforms are accessed via a series of escalators service the Epping-Chatswood Rail Link. Excluded from listing.
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
Station Building - Very Good Condition
The station building was extensively renovated at part of the ECRL upgrade and is in very good condition.

Platform - Very Good Condition
The island platform was upgraded as part of the ECRL project and is in very good condition.

Retaining walls - Good Condition

Footbridge & Concourse - Very Good Condition
The footbridge and concourse is a totally new structure as part of the ECRL.

Lower platforms - Very Good Condition
The lower platforms are totally new structures as part of the ECRL.

Archaeological Potential - Low
Due to the high level of disturbance associated with the railway upgrade, this site is unlikely to have any archaeological research potential.
Date condition updated:01 Jul 09
Modifications and dates: 1990s: Both down relief and up relief lines were completed in conjunction with platform and station upgrading.
2009: The Epping Chatswood Rail Link and associated upgrade of Epping Station completed.
Further information: Epping railway substation has a separate SHI entry.
Current use: Railway Station
Former use: Nil

History

Historical notes: The Main Northern line between Sydney and Newcastle was constructed in two distinct stages and in the earliest years, was worked as two separate railway systems. The line between Sydney (actually the junction at Strathfield) and the Hawkesbury River was opened on 5 April 1887, with the terminus being on the southern bank of the Hawkesbury River. The line between Newcastle and the northern bank of the Hawkesbury River (near present day Wondabyne) was opened in January 1888. The line was completed through between Sydney and Newcastle with the opening of the massive bridge over the Hawkesbury River in 1889.

The Strathfield to Hornsby section of the Northern line was opened for traffic on 17 September 1886. The line was constructed as a ‘single line’ and Hornsby became the temporary terminus and remained so until the extension to Hawkesbury River was opened in 1887. At the time of the opening, stations were provided at Ryde, Dundas (later Eastwood), Field of Mars (now Epping), Beecroft, Thornleigh and Hornsby.

Epping Railway Station was opened on 17 September 1886. At the time of the opening, the station was known as ‘Field Of Mars’, being re-named ‘Carlingford’ on 5 April 1887. On 7 October 1899, the station was re-named as ‘Epping’.

Duplication of the line between Strathfield and Hornsby had been completed by 1892. With duplication, the location of ‘Carlingford’ station (formerly ‘Field Of Mars’) was altered, the new location being closer to Strathfield, but on an easier grade.

In the period between 1892 and the 1970s, the station arrangements at Epping (so named from 1899) were altered and improved a number of times. During that period, goods sidings, refuge sidings, crossovers and a third platform were added and the location of the railway platforms was altered on four occasions, until the final and fourth location was established. The present platform dates from 1900 and the standard brick station building remains on this platform. The duplicated track (up and down main lines) extended beyond Epping toward Hornsby.

With the general and widespread upgrading of railway facilities in the CityRail area from the 1990s, most suburban stations were refurbished, including Epping Railway Station. As part of the improvements to railway facilities and train operations, new relief lines were completed between West Ryde Railway Station and Epping Railway Station. Both Down relief and Up relief lines were completed in conjunction with platform and station upgrading at West Ryde, Denistone and Eastwood and Epping stations. The relief lines do not continue beyond Epping.

In the late 1990s / early 2000s, construction commenced on a cross-country link line between Epping Railway Station and Chatswood Railway Station on the North Shore line. The Epping - Chatswood link is almost entirely underground apart from surface arrangements at both Epping and at Chatswood. Accordingly, Epping Railway Station has been completely rebuilt with new station buildings, overhead ticket office arrangements, lifts, escalators and platforms. The Epping Chatswood Rail Link and associated upgrade of Epping Station was completed in 2009.

The standard brick station building built in c.1900, remains today on an island platform as part of the Epping Station Group.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Transport-Activities associated with the moving of people and goods from one place to another, and systems for the provision of such movements Building the railway network-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages Impacts of railways on urban form-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Creative endeavour-Activities associated with the production and performance of literary, artistic, architectural and other imaginative, interpretive or inventive works; and/or associated with the production and expression of cultural phenomena; and/or environments that have inspired such creative activities. Evolution of design in railway engineering and architecture-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
Epping Railway Station has historical significance at a local level. Epping Railway Station was opened in 1886 and while there was some limited settlement in the area prior to this date, the construction of the railway encouraged rapid subdivision and the development of the area.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
Epping Railway Station has aesthetic significance at a local level. Epping Railway Station platform building is a good example of an early twentieth century standard design railway station. The building's form, fabric and details are typical of its type and is similar to many of the other railway stations built along the Short North and the North Shore lines during this period.
SHR Criteria d)
[Social significance]
The place has the potential to contribute to the local community's sense of place, and can provide a connection to the local community's past.
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
The station building at Epping is a good representative example of a 'Type A10' standard design railway station, found on many metropolitan stations.
Integrity/Intactness: Epping station has undergone major upgrading as part of the Epping-Chatswood Rail Link Project. It retains a moderate level of intactness associated with the original above ground station building and platform, which has been restored. The signal box to the south of the station is of low integrity and therfore has not been included in this listing.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

1. Conservation principles: Conserve cultural heritage significance and minimise impacts on heritage values and fabric in accordance with the ‘Australia ICOMOS Charter for Places of Cultural Significance’. 2. Specialist advice: Seek advice from a qualified heritage specialist during all phases of a proposed project from feasibility, concept and option planning stage; detailed design; heritage approval and assessment; through to construction and finalisation. 3. Documentation: Prepare a Statement of Heritage Impact (SOHI) to assess, minimise and prevent heritage impacts as part of the assessment and approval phase of a project. Prepare a Conservation Management Plan (CMP) prior to proposing major works (such as new additions, change of use or proposed demolition) at all places of State significance and all complex sites of Local significance. 4. Maintenance and repair: Undertake annual inspections and proactive routine maintenance works to conserve heritage fabric in accordance with the ‘Minimum Standards of Maintenance & Repair’. 5. Movable heritage: Retain in situ and care for historic contents, fixtures, fittings, equipment and objects which contribute to cultural heritage significance. Return or reinstate missing features or relocated items where opportunities arise. 6. Aboriginal, archaeology and natural heritage: Consider all aspects of potential heritage significance as part of assessing and minimising potential impacts, including Aboriginal, archaeology and natural heritage. 7. Unidentified heritage items: Heritage inventory sheets do not describe or capture all contributory heritage items within an identified curtilage (such as minor buildings, structures, archaeology, landscape elements, movable heritage and significant interiors and finishes). Ensure heritage advice is sought on all proposed changes within a curtilage to conserve heritage significance. 8. Recording and register update: Record changes at heritage places through adequate project records and archival photography. Notify all changes to the Section 170 Heritage & Conservation Register administrator upon project completion.

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Heritage Act - s.170 NSW State agency heritage register     

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
State Rail Authority Heritage Register Study1999SRA911, SRA644 (footbridge)State Rail Authority  No
Update of RailCorp S170 Register2009 NSW Department Of Commerce  Yes
Heritage Platforms Conservation Management Strategy2015 Australian Museum Consulting  Yes

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
WrittenC. C. Singleton The Short North. The Australian Railway Historical Society Bulletin. Various issues.
WrittenJohn Forsyth Line Histories
WrittenRay Love2009Historical Research for RailCorp s170 Update
WrittenState Rail Authority of New South Wales1995How and Why of Station Names. Fourth Edition

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: State Government
Database number: 4801911


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