Lakemba Railway Station Group | NSW Environment & Heritage

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Lakemba Railway Station Group

Item details

Name of item: Lakemba Railway Station Group
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Transport - Rail
Category: Railway Platform/ Station
Primary address: The Boulevarde, Lakemba, NSW 2195
Local govt. area: Canterbury

Boundary:

North: Property boundary to Railway ParadeSouth: Property boundary to The BoulevardEast: 5 metres from the eastern end of the island platformWest: 5 metres from the western end of the island platform
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
The BoulevardeLakembaCanterbury  Primary Address

Owner/s

Organisation NameOwner CategoryDate Ownership Updated
RailCorpState Government 
RailCorpState Government 
RailCorpState Government 

Statement of significance:

Lakemba Railway Station has local historical significance as it was one of the stations to be located on the Sydenham to Bankstown Line which was built to take pressure off the traffic on the Main South Line as well as promote agriculture and suburban development in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. The station reflects the extension of the line to Bankstown in 1909 and the platform building and associated stairs reflect the development of suburbs in the area after World War I. The platform building and stairs are also significant as examples of the design and technology of these structures built by NSW Railways between 1910 and the 1950s.
Date significance updated: 15 Apr 09
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Designer/Maker: NSW Government Railways
Builder/Maker: NSW Government Railways
Construction years: 1909-1926
Physical description: BUILDINGS
Platform building, Platforms 1/2 (Type 11) (1919)
Overhead Booking Office /Concourse, (2001)

STRUCTURES
Platform 1/2, (1919)
Footbridge, (1926)
Canopies, (2001)
War Memorial (1953)

CONTEXT
Lakemba Railway Station has a single island platform with the original platform building and a large modern footbridge, booking office, central concourse, concessionaire, and easy access lift. The footbridge is accessed from Railway Parade on the north and The Boulevard on the south, both commercial shopping strips.

PLATFORM BUILDING- Platforms 1/2 (1919)
External: Rectangular face brick building with gabled roof and integral shallower sloped cantilevered awnings. The face brick in stretcher bond has been painted. The building is six bays in length, with the bays defined by engaged brick piers which coincide with the awning supports. Original chimneys with cement mouldings and terracotta flues have been removed.

The cantilever awnings have standard double bowed steel brackets supported on decorative cement haunches and bolt fixings to the station building brick walls. Soffit lining of timber boards fixed to intermediate exposed purlins follows the roof slope. There is a decorative timber moulding at the junction with the brick wall. Vertical timber boards form a valance at each end of the awnings. The awning roof as for the main roof is corrugated steel.

The external walls rise from a projecting brick plinth three/four courses high with a decorative dado moulding run in cement which is continuous between door and window openings. Decorative cement window and door frames rise above the dado moulding.

The original window openings feature a moulded cement sill with a scalloped fringe. The original timber windows were double hung with a single paned lower sash and a six paned upper sash featuring coloured glass. The original window glass as well as the upper glazing bars has been removed. Original door openings featured fanlights matching the upper window sashes. All the original doors have been removed and most of the door openings bricked up, the original thresholds have also been removed.

Internal: The building comprises a booking office; general waiting room; ladies room and ladies toilets and men’s toilets. The original timber framed signal box which is shown on the original drawings at the stair access end of the platform building has either been removed, or was never constructed. The internal usage has now changed and the toilets have modern fitouts and finishes.

OVERHEAD BOOKING OFFICE (2001)
The original timber framed overhead booking office dating from 1926 has been demolished and replaced by a new structure erected on the original footbridge consisting of a booking office, a central concourse, and a concessionaire. The original access stairs remain and have original star pattern cast iron newel posts at the bottom of the flights.

PLATFORM (1919)
One island platform, with asphalt surface and original brick platform face and edge. Convex island platform, extended in concrete.

CANOPIES (2001)
New steel framed metal roofed canopy constructed over original station access stairs and extending to eastern end of station building.

FOOTBRIDGE (1926)
Haunched beam design consists of tapered cantilevers bearing on platform trestles and supporting shallow beams over the railway tracks. The structure was augmented with the construction of the new overhead booking office and concourse.

WAR MEMORIAL
Outside the station entrance is a war memorial. It is a sandstone block broken column (symbolising sacrifice) on a plain plinth. It bears the inscription: 'In memory of our fallen comrades. This memorial was unveiled by His Excellency the Governor of NSW Lieutenant General Sir John Northcott KCMG CB MVO Sunday 19th April 1953'. Located on a small sqaure lawn area, with plantings along the fence line.

MOVABLE
Brass plaque – CityRail Easy Access Upgrade 12 February 2001
Reproduction heritage-style lamp posts on platform
Cast iron safe

ARCHAEOLOGICAL POTENTIAL
Based on the surviving documentation and the evidence on site it is unlikely there would be any potential archaeological remains at Lakemba Railway Station.
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
PLATFORM BUILDING
Generally in good condition.

OVERHEAD BOOKING OFFICE
Good condition.

PLATFORMS
Generally in good condition.

CANOPIES
Good condition.

FOOTBRIDGE
Good condition.

WAR MEMORIAL
Good Condition
Date condition updated:14 Jul 09
Modifications and dates: 1919: New platform building and signal box erected.
1921: Platform extended.
1926: Railway electrified; footbridge with overhead booking office erected.
2001: New overhead booking office added
2017: Bird Proofing, Landscaping improvements, Toilet refurbishments, Lighting LED replacements – All Vandalux and Pole top lights fittings replaced to LED fittings, KOP – Seats and Bins changed in accordance with KOP Catalogue.
Current use: Railway Station
Former use: Nil

History

Historical notes: The Sydenham to Bankstown Railway was opened with the initial terminus station at Belmore on 1 February 1895. The line had its origins in Railway Commissioner Goodchap’s 1882 recommendation that an additional line was needed between Newtown and Liverpool to relieve traffic on the Southern Line and to encourage agriculture and suburban settlement. Lobbying by local interests and land speculators achieved Parliamentary approval by 1890 and construction commenced in 1892. The most important stations on the line, Belmore, Canterbury and Marrickville, were built with impressive near-identical brick buildings, the other intermediate stations (Campsie, Dulwich Hill and Hurlstone Park) receiving more modest timber buildings (later replaced), possibly reflecting economies of the depression of the 1890s. The depression suppressed the profitability of the line and the extension to Liverpool did not proceed. However, suburban development followed in the early twentieth century, particularly during the interwar period when many War Service homes were built west of Canterbury. The line was extended to Bankstown in 1909 (and then to Regents Park in 1928, making it part of a loop line through Lidcombe), its justification by then being the servicing of suburban development.

Lakemba Station was opened on 14 April 1909. The original station at Lakemba had an island platform with entrance steps from the Haldon Street overbridge. A small timber station building with a ticket and parcels office was at the Belmore end with a small signal frame on the Bankstown side of the building. On 24 December 1919, a new brick station building with cantilever awnings and a signal box was opened at the Bankstown end of the station. A haunched beam footbridge with overhead booking office was erected with electrification in 1926.

On 31 January 1921, terminal arrangements were introduced at the Bankstown end of the station, providing for a locomotive to shunt into the engine dead-end. The Down train would proceed into the Terminal Siding where the light engine would couple on to the train, the train engine uncoupled and the train hauled into the Up platform for the return journey. The uncoupled locomotive would then move into the engine dead-end ready for the next train from Sydney. These arrangements were no longer necessary after electrification.

The war memorial monument was dedicated on Sunday 19th April, 1953. (www.warmemorialsregister.nsw.gov.au)

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Transport-Activities associated with the moving of people and goods from one place to another, and systems for the provision of such movements Making Railway Journeys-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages Impacts of railways on urban form-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
Lakemba Railway Station possesses local historical significance as it is one of the railway stations on the Sydenham to Bankstown Line built to relieve the crowding on the Main Southern Line and encourage agriculture and suburban growth in the late 1800s and early 20th century. The station represents the extension of the line to Bankstown in 1909 and the brick platform building and original access stairs represent the suburban development after the First World War when many War Services Homes were built in the area. The war memorial is a tribute to those who served in World Wars I and II.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
The platform building and associated stairs have local aesthetic and technical significance because they exemplify the particular design and style of brick island buildings erected by the NSW Railways during the 1910 to 1920s.
SHR Criteria d)
[Social significance]
The place has the potential to contribute to the local community's sense of place, and can provide a connection to the local community's past.
SHR Criteria f)
[Rarity]
The buildings are common examples of standard types.
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
The brick platform building and stairs, being relatively intact, and although compromised to a degree by the alterations to door and window openings, is a representative example of this type of structure built by NSW Railways in the Sydney Metropolitan area between 1910 and the 1920s.
The footbridge was identified as an item of moderate heritage significance in the comparative analysis from the 2016 ‘Railway Footbridges Heritage Conservation Strategy’.
Integrity/Intactness: PLATFORM BUILDING (Platform 1/2)Externally the platform building has been substantially compromised by the number of door and window openings which have either been bricked up or severely modified. The original chimneys have been removed and the original face brick has been painted. Little of the original window glass survives and the openings, where not bricked up, have been either covered in hardboard or replaced with the standard diamond pattern vandal-proof fibreglass sheeting. Internally only some of the original wall, ceiling and floor finishes survive. Modern toilet fit outs have either removed or obscured original finishes. PLATFORMSThe original platforms are extant.FOOTBRIDGEThe footbridge steel structure has been modified by the addition of deeper haunched beams to support the new overhead building, and the stairs, although possessing the original balustrade and newel posts has new concrete treads and risers and a new internal handrail.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

1. Conservation principles: Conserve cultural heritage significance and minimise impacts on heritage values and fabric in accordance with the ‘Australia ICOMOS Charter for Places of Cultural Significance’. 2. Specialist advice: Seek advice from a qualified heritage specialist during all phases of a proposed project from feasibility, concept and option planning stage; detailed design; heritage approval and assessment; through to construction and finalisation. 3. Documentation: Prepare a Statement of Heritage Impact (SOHI) to assess, minimise and prevent heritage impacts as part of the assessment and approval phase of a project. Prepare a Conservation Management Plan (CMP) prior to proposing major works (such as new additions, change of use or proposed demolition) at all places of State significance and all complex sites of Local significance. 4. Maintenance and repair: Undertake annual inspections and proactive routine maintenance works to conserve heritage fabric in accordance with the ‘Minimum Standards of Maintenance & Repair’. 5. Movable heritage: Retain in situ and care for historic contents, fixtures, fittings, equipment and objects which contribute to cultural heritage significance. Return or reinstate missing features or relocated items where opportunities arise. 6. Aboriginal, archaeology and natural heritage: Consider all aspects of potential heritage significance as part of assessing and minimising potential impacts, including Aboriginal, archaeology and natural heritage. 7. Unidentified heritage items: Heritage inventory sheets do not describe or capture all contributory heritage items within an identified curtilage (such as minor buildings, structures, archaeology, landscape elements, movable heritage and significant interiors and finishes). Ensure heritage advice is sought on all proposed changes within a curtilage to conserve heritage significance. 8. Recording and register update: Record changes at heritage places through adequate project records and archival photography. Notify all changes to the Section 170 Heritage & Conservation Register administrator upon project completion.

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Heritage Act - s.170 NSW State agency heritage register     

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
State Rail Authority Heritage Register Study1999SRA916State Rail Authority  No
S170 Heritage & Conservation Register Update2009 OCP Architects  Yes
Heritage Platforms Conservation Management Strategy2015 Australian Museum Consulting  Yes
Railway Footbridges Heritage Conservation Strategy 2016 NSW Government Architect’s Office Heritage Group  Yes

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
WrittenJohn Forsyth2007New South Wales Railway Stations: an alphabetical arrangement of railway station and place names
WrittenK. Edwards1982Beginning the Bankstown Line: a history of the Marrickville to Burwood Road Railway
WrittenTony Prescott2009Historical Research for RailCorp's S170 Update Project

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: State Government
Database number: 4801916


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