Miranda Railway Station Group | NSW Environment & Heritage

Culture and heritage

Heritage

Miranda Railway Station Group

Item details

Name of item: Miranda Railway Station Group
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Transport - Rail
Category: Railway Platform/ Station
Primary address: Kiora Road, Miranda, NSW 2228
Local govt. area: Sutherland

Boundary:

North: boundary of RailCorp property fronting the rear of properties on Urunga Parade; East: 5m east of the platform end; South: boundary of RailCorp property fronting Gibbs Street; West: eastern side of Kiora Road (excluding the 1981underbridge).
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
Kiora RoadMirandaSutherland  Primary Address
Gibbs StreetMirandaSutherland  Alternate Address

Owner/s

Organisation NameOwner CategoryDate Ownership Updated
RailCorpState Government 
RailCorpState Government 
RailCorpState Government 

Statement of significance:

Miranda Railway Station - including the 1939 platform building and platform - is of local heritage significance. Miranda Railway Station is of local historical significance as part of the Cronulla line, a major 1930s Depression-era public work, and through its relationship to the development of the suburb of Miranda and the broader Sutherland Shire region. The Miranda Railway Station 1939 platform building is a good representative example of the cohesive group of Inter-War Functionalist style suburban platform buildings (with some Art Deco influence) built for the Cronulla Line in 1939 (six suburban stations were built from Sutherland to Woolooware, five now extant).
Date significance updated: 29 Jun 09
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Designer/Maker: NSW Railways
Builder/Maker: NSW Railways
Construction years: 1938-1939
Physical description: PRECINCT ELEMENTS
Platform building (1939) (Type 13)
Platform (1939)
Entry structure, canopies (1985)

CONTEXT
The railway station is above the road level, and is entered off the eastern side of Kiora Road via a modern entry structure with lift, steps and ramps. The rail tracks run across an underbridge over Kiora Road, west of the station.

PLATFORM BUILDING (1939)
Exterior: A dichromatic brick single storey platform building with stepped parapets all around a terracotta tiled gabled roof. The walls feature a soldier course in contrasting brickwork at the height of the window header. The building features: painted steel-framed awning windows placed vertically in groups of three (some replaced with powder-coated aluminium framed windows); modern metal flush doors; modern ticket windows facing platform entry point; glazed terracotta vents placed in walls above window height; and some altered window and door openings. A cantilevered awning surrounds the building, and this features a fibro ceiling with thin timber battens and fluorescent tube strip lighting. At the western end (platform entry end) of the building, there are two dichromatic brick columns supporting the awning, each with 3 stringcourses towards the top of each column. The columns have curved and stop-chamfered bricks to the corners.

Interior: Internally the building consists of a series of small discrete spaces arranged along a linear floor plan, comprising a combined booking & parcels office, Station Master's office, ladies room, store room and men's room. Much of the interior fit out has been removed and replaced with typical 1980s fit out (Ellsmore, 2001)

PLATFORM (1939)
Wide island platform, brick edges, asphalt surface, curved edge to northern side. Platform was widened on northern side for duplication in 2008.

ENTRY STRUCTURE, PLATFORM CANOPIES (1985)
The station is entered off Kiora Road via a modern entry structure with ramps, steps, and a lift. A platform canopy extends at the eastern end of platform building with metal deck and corrugated steel roofing carried on metal and concrete and tiled concrete columns. Another platform canopy extends from the western end of platform building with metal deck and alsynite roofing carried on steel RSJs and steel columns. This shelters the platform entry steps and ramp and a secondary roof over the ramp and steps is below the level of this shelter roof.

MOVABLE
Two rollover timber indicator boards attached to brick awning columns at the western end of the platform building (missing).
Heritage-style platform lamp posts
In office: white cast iron safe, BOC (booking office coin) tray, steel coin tray, timber desk clipboard, canvas mail bag with “SM Miranda”, canvas despatch bag, white first aid box with “Miranda” in blue letters, small timber step ladder
In storage: green and white metal PTC NSW Ambulance Box No 1642C with brass padlock, contents list and interior fittings, grey metal “Ultimatic” ticket punch machine, bound station volumes and ledgers, community artwork / panels in storage following upgrade.
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
Platform building (1939): good
Platform (1939): good
Entry structure, canopies (1985): very good
Date condition updated:29 Jun 09
Modifications and dates: 1940: Goods siding constructed.
1949: Goods siding closed.
c. 1985: Line duplicated. Construction of station entry structure with ramps, steps, stairs and lift, platform widened on its northern side, and removal and replacement of some interior fitout to 1939 platform building.
N.d: Modern platform canopies surround the platform building.
Current use: Railway Station
Former use: Nil

History

Historical notes: Miranda was named after a character in Shakespeare's play "The Tempest" in 1881 by James Murphy (manager of the Holt Sutherland Company formed in 1881). Land in the area was chosen by Gregory Blaxland, but promised to John Connell, who was recognised as the owner in 1835. In the 1860s the land was purchased by Thomas Hotel (1811-1888) who planned a farm, however the land ended up leased to market gardeners.

In 1908, the Government had approved construction of a steam tram route from Sutherland to Cronulla, with construction completed and steam trams operating along the route from June 12, 1911. The Miranda Hill slowed the trams and prior to provision of an assistant motor, it was not uncommon for heavily laden trams to stall on Miranda Hill, with driver was killed in a tram derailment at this location in November 1924. The area remained semi-rural and sparsely settled well into the 20th century: by 1923 there were only a few stores at Miranda. The suburbanisation of the area followed the construction of the railway.

The Sutherland-Cronulla line was constructed from 1936 and completed in 1939, under the NSW premiership of the conservative Sir Bertram Stevens. In 1936 the NSW State Parliament authorised expenditure of 300,000 pounds to construct the Sutherland to Cronulla railway line, with the men employed to receive award wages "in pursuance of the Cabinet's policy of replacing unemployment relief works by works that will provide a better return for the expenditure of public money, and at the same time create improved conditions of employment." (Canberra Times, 22 February 1936, page 1). A federal loan for "state works" including "speeding up of the construction of the Sutherland-Cronulla line" was granted to the NSW government in November 1938 (Canberra Times, 28 November 1938, page 1).

The Cronulla line was constructed as an electrified railway line and signalling was of the new system termed ‘electro pneumatic system’ with light signalling. As designed, the entire line was a series of ‘crossing loops’ stations along a single line and, reflecting the times, all the electric catenary was supported on timber poles. The linear brick platform building with polychrome brickwork, stepped parapets and cantilevered awnings is in the Inter-War Functionalist in style. All of the extant 1939 station platform buildings on the Cronulla line (from Sutherland, which was rebuilt in 1939, through to Cronulla) are cohesive in design and construction materials. Miranda Railway Station was constructed as an island platform accessed from Kiora Road.

Circa 1985 much of the interior fit-out of the platform building was replaced. In 2008 the island platform at Miranda has been widened on its northern side for duplification of the railway line, catenary installed on steel stanchions, the Kiora Road underbridge reconstructed, and a new entry structure with new stairs and lift access from street to platform has been installed, with connecting canopies to the platform building.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Transport-Activities associated with the moving of people and goods from one place to another, and systems for the provision of such movements Building the railway network-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Creative endeavour-Activities associated with the production and performance of literary, artistic, architectural and other imaginative, interpretive or inventive works; and/or associated with the production and expression of cultural phenomena; and/or environments that have inspired such creative activities. Evolution of design in railway engineering and architecture-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
Miranda Railway Station is of local historical significance as part of the Cronulla line, a major 1930s Depression-era public work, and through its relationship to the development of the suburb of Miranda and the broader Sutherland Shire region.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
Miranda Railway Station platform building is of aesthetic significance as a good example of an Inter-War Functionalist station building, similar to other original 1939 Cronulla line suburban platform buildings in design and style. It is of aesthetic significance as part of a cohesive (in design and construction) set of Cronulla line suburban railway station buildings, representative of a NSW Railways adaptation of this architectural style.
SHR Criteria d)
[Social significance]
The place has the potential to contribute to the local community's sense of place, and can provide a connection to the local community's past.
SHR Criteria f)
[Rarity]
Miranda Railway Station is not rare, as it is one of a group of similar Cronulla line stations dating from 1939.
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
The Miranda Railway Station 1939 platform building is a reasonably intact representative example of the cohesive group of Inter-War Functionalist style suburban platform buildings (with some Art Deco influence) built for the Cronulla Line in 1939 (six suburban stations were built from Sutherland to Woolooware, five now extant), though it is less intact then other comparable stations due to internal modifications as well as modern additions to the platform.
Integrity/Intactness: The platform building is essentially intact externally, with some windows and doors altered, however obscured by modern platform canopies to each end. The platform and platform entry were altered in 1985.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

1. Conservation principles: Conserve cultural heritage significance and minimise impacts on heritage values and fabric in accordance with the ‘Australia ICOMOS Charter for Places of Cultural Significance’. 2. Specialist advice: Seek advice from a qualified heritage specialist during all phases of a proposed project from feasibility, concept and option planning stage; detailed design; heritage approval and assessment; through to construction and finalisation. 3. Documentation: Prepare a Statement of Heritage Impact (SOHI) to assess, minimise and prevent heritage impacts as part of the assessment and approval phase of a project. Prepare a Conservation Management Plan (CMP) prior to proposing major works (such as new additions, change of use or proposed demolition) at all places of State significance and all complex sites of Local significance. 4. Maintenance and repair: Undertake annual inspections and proactive routine maintenance works to conserve heritage fabric in accordance with the ‘Minimum Standards of Maintenance & Repair’. 5. Movable heritage: Retain in situ and care for historic contents, fixtures, fittings, equipment and objects which contribute to cultural heritage significance. Return or reinstate missing features or relocated items where opportunities arise. 6. Aboriginal, archaeology and natural heritage: Consider all aspects of potential heritage significance as part of assessing and minimising potential impacts, including Aboriginal, archaeology and natural heritage. 7. Unidentified heritage items: Heritage inventory sheets do not describe or capture all contributory heritage items within an identified curtilage (such as minor buildings, structures, archaeology, landscape elements, movable heritage and significant interiors and finishes). Ensure heritage advice is sought on all proposed changes within a curtilage to conserve heritage significance. 8. Recording and register update: Record changes at heritage places through adequate project records and archival photography. Notify all changes to the Section 170 Heritage & Conservation Register administrator upon project completion.

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Heritage Act - s.170 NSW State agency heritage register     

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
State Rail Authority Heritage Register Study1999SRA922State Rail Authority  No
S170 Heritage & Conservation Register Update2009 Paul Davies Pty Ltd  Yes
S170 Heritage & Conservation Register Update2009 Paul Davies Pty Ltd  Yes
Heritage Platforms Conservation Management Strategy2015 Australian Museum Consulting  Yes

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
Written 1936Canberra Times, page 1, 22 February 1936
Written 1936Canberra Times 27 July 1936, page 2 Canberra Times 27 July 1936, page 2 Canberra Times 27 July 1936, page 2
WrittenAndrea Humphreys and Donald Ellsmore2001Inter-War Station Buildings
WrittenDavid Sheedy2009Historical Research for RailCorp S170 Register Update
WrittenFrances Pollon (Compiler, editor)1990The Book of Sydney Suburbs
WrittenPeter Neve Sutherland Shire Studies No. 6 - Railways and Tramways in the Sutherland Shire
WrittenPlace names history for Miranda www.sutherland.nsw.gov.au/ssc/rwpattach.nsf/viewasattachmentPersonal/shire_placenames_20041008.pdf/$file/shire_placenames_20041008.pdf

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: State Government
Database number: 4801922


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