Mount Ku-ring-gai Railway Station Group | NSW Environment & Heritage

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Heritage

Mount Ku-ring-gai Railway Station Group

Item details

Name of item: Mount Ku-ring-gai Railway Station Group
Other name/s: Ku-ring-gai Station
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Transport - Rail
Category: Railway Platform/ Station
Primary address: Pacific Highway, Mount Kuring-gai, NSW 2080
Local govt. area: Hornsby

Boundary:

North: 5 m from the northern end of the platform; South: 5m from the southern wall of the pedestrian subway; East: the eastern edge of the rail corridor adjacent to the F1 Freeway; West: the western edge of the rail corridor at the Pacific Highway.
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
Pacific HighwayMount Kuring-gaiHornsby  Primary Address

Owner/s

Organisation NameOwner CategoryDate Ownership Updated
RailCorpState Government 
RailCorpState Government 
RailCorpState Government 

Statement of significance:

The Mount Ku-ring-gai Railway Station has local heritage significance. The site has aesthetic significance associated with the station building, a good representative example of early twentieth century railway station design with fabric and details typical of this period and similar to other standard rail buildings of the late nineteenth and early twentieth century in the Sydney region.
Date significance updated: 06 Nov 09
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Designer/Maker: New South Wales Department of Railways
Builder/Maker: New South Wales Department of Railways
Construction years: 1909-1960
Physical description: Station Building, type 11 (1909)
Platforms (1909)
Pedestrian subway (1960)

CONTEXT
Mount Ku-ring-gai Railway Station is located east of the Pacific Highway at Mount Ku-ring-gai. It is in a largely bushland setting, being surrounded by National Parks and reserves, with the Sydney-Newcastle Freeway immediately to the east and the Pacific Highway immediately to the west. There is an avenue of camphor laurels in poor condition along the eastern edge of the railway corridor. The Mount Ku-ring-gai Railway Station comprises an island platform (being Platforms 1 and 2 on the Up and Down lines), an early 20th century station building, and a pedestrian subway providing access from the Pacific Highway to the platform and to the footbridge over the freeway to the east

STATION BUILDING (1909)
Exterior: The Mount Ku-ring-gai Railway Station building is located between the two lines on the island platform and comprises a standard (type A8-10) single storey face brick building with a corrugated iron gable roof. On each platform is a large awning, supported on cast iron brackets, which are in turn supported on painted stone brackets, part of the brick engaged piers of the station building. Timber valances fill the ends of the awnings. At the southern end of the building the awnings extend to provide a veranda area, typical of small suburban railway stations, to provide area for ticketing and destination boards. Destination boards seem to be recent, though traditional in form and character. The building retains a brick and render chimney and timber finials at either end. The station building features rendered detailing including cornices, architraves, string-courses and sill, timber-framed double hung sash window. The building is circled by a concrete box drain with cast iron grate covering. Some of the doorsteps are concrete with metal foot scraper inserts.

Interior: The building has painted plaster and cement rendered walls, painted joinery of a high quality and ceilings of ripple iron and modern fibrous plaster sheeting. Floors are wooden with linoleum or concrete. All of the office furniture and fittings as well as the ticket window are modern. Some of the rooms, including a storeroom that was probably the original waiting room, retain evidence of former fireplaces and a timber dado.

PLATFORMS (1909)
The island platform dates from the early 20th century and gently curves in a crescent to the west. Platform 2 retains its original brick faces, while Platform 1 has been extended in concrete. The original faces may still be behind the concrete extension, but are not visible. On the platform are standard modern railway furniture, bins and fences. The platform has a mature brushbox planted close to the northern end of the station building, plus some immature brushboxes and small garden beds with shrubs along the length of the platform.

PEDESTRIAN SUBWAY (1960)
At the southern end of the station is a modern pedestrian subway to provide access under the tracks to the footpaths on either side.

MOVABLE
Set of two timber rollover indicator boards with foot pedals and clock faces in storage at the station.
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
Station Building - Good
Platform - Good
Pedestrian Subway - Good
Date condition updated:16 Mar 09
Modifications and dates: 1960: Electrification of the Hornsby- Gosford section- level crossing closed and access to the platform was via a new pedestrian subway at the Hornsby end of the platform. A new road bridge built south of the platform, and a new crossover added between the main lines, with signalling for these operations controlled from the office on the platform.
1990s: Some improvements have been carried to other structures on the platforms
N.d: Train terminating facilities and the signalling for such moves have been removed.
Current use: Railway Station
Former use: Nil

History

Historical notes: The Main Northern line between Sydney and Newcastle was constructed in two distinct stages and in the earliest years, was worked as two separate railway systems.

The line between Sydney (actually the junction at Strathfield) and the Hawkesbury River was opened on 7 April 1887, with the terminus being on the southern bank of the Hawkesbury River. The line between Newcastle and the northern bank of the Hawkesbury River (near present day Wondabyne) was opened in January 1888.

The line was completed through between Sydney and Newcastle with the opening of the massive bridge over the Hawkesbury River in 1889.

Mount Ku-ring-gai Railway Station is presently located on the Northern line between Mount Colah Railway Station and Berowra Railway Station.

On 1901, a single line crossing loop was opened to divide the relatively long Hornsby - Cowan section. The loop was named ‘Ku-ring-gai’ and was located a short distance north of the present day site. A signal box was provided at the time, but no passenger platform was built there.

In 1903, ‘Ku-ring-gai’ was renamed ‘Mount Ku-ring-gai’ and a new island platform, with standard brick station building was opened in what is the present day location in 1909, in time for duplication of the main lines which was carried out in that area in 1908 / 1909. At the time, the station awning was extended at the Hornsby-end to provide cover for the signal lever frame. A road level crossing crossed both tracks at the Hornsby-end of the platform and provided access to the platform. A crossover between the main lines allowed for emergency working.

A goods siding was provided on the down side of the line in 1912.

Electrification of the Hornsby- Gosford section was opened in 1960. The first stage of the project was the electrification of the Hornsby to Hawkesbury River section and this was completed in 1959. As part of this scheme, the platforms, overbridges, underbridge, footbridges and other structures were modified or rebuilt to accommodate the wide electric rollingstock, planned to operate between Hornsby and Cowan.

At Mount Ku-ring-gai, the level crossing was closed and access to the platform was via a new pedestrian subway at the Hornsby end of the platform. A new road bridge was built south of the platform, allowing vehicles to cross to the eastern side of the line. A new crossover was added between the main lines, allowing suburban trains to terminate and return toward Hornsby in peak hours. Signalling for these operations was controlled from the office on the platform.

In the late 1980s and early 1990s, most station buildings on the Northern line between Hornsby and Newcastle were further rebuilt with modern materials, a result of the extension of electrification from Gosford to Newcastle.

The present brick station building at Mount Ku-ring-gai retains most of its original features. Some improvements have been carried to other structures on the platforms, mainly associated with the 1990s extensions to the electrification of the northern line.

Train terminating facilities and the signalling for such moves have been removed.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Transport-Activities associated with the moving of people and goods from one place to another, and systems for the provision of such movements Building the railway network-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
As Mount Ku-ring-gai Railway Station is not one of the original stations on the Short North line it has a lower degree of historic association with the rail linkage of Sydney and Newcastle than other stations on the line. The presence of the station also appears to have had little immediate or lasting affect on urban growth in the surrounding area with the school and post office opening many years after construction of the station. The station remains one of the only public buildings left in the township.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
The site has aesthetic significance, associated with the station building. The building is an example of early twentieth century railway station design with fabric and details typical of this period and is similar to other rail buildings of the late nineteenth and early twentieth century in the Sydney region. The site has local heritage significance under this criterion.
SHR Criteria d)
[Social significance]
The place has the potential to contribute to the local community's sense of place, and can provide a connection to the local community's past.
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
The platform building and island platform are reasonably good representative examples of standard Type A8-10 station buildings built at Sydney railway stations between 1892 and 1929 and especially the period between 1909 and 1917 when the Short North line was duplicated. The station building has been modified internally although it retains a number of original internal features such as its layout, some ceilings, evidence of fireplaces and some original joinery. Other examples of station buildings of this type remain with a higher level of integrity in the Metro North region, including Hawkesbury River and Ourimbah stations.

The pedestrian subway is a good representative example of modifications made when the line was electrified in 1960.
Integrity/Intactness: While the exterior is largely intact, the interior has been modified to meet ever-changing operational requirements. The original access to the station via the overbridge has been removed along with the original 1887 platform and station shelter. The site as a whole is considered to have only a moderate degree of integrity.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

1. Conservation principles: Conserve cultural heritage significance and minimise impacts on heritage values and fabric in accordance with the ‘Australia ICOMOS Charter for Places of Cultural Significance’. 2. Specialist advice: Seek advice from a qualified heritage specialist during all phases of a proposed project from feasibility, concept and option planning stage; detailed design; heritage approval and assessment; through to construction and finalisation. 3. Documentation: Prepare a Statement of Heritage Impact (SOHI) to assess, minimise and prevent heritage impacts as part of the assessment and approval phase of a project. Prepare a Conservation Management Plan (CMP) prior to proposing major works (such as new additions, change of use or proposed demolition) at all places of State significance and all complex sites of Local significance. 4. Maintenance and repair: Undertake annual inspections and proactive routine maintenance works to conserve heritage fabric in accordance with the ‘Minimum Standards of Maintenance & Repair’. 5. Movable heritage: Retain in situ and care for historic contents, fixtures, fittings, equipment and objects which contribute to cultural heritage significance. Return or reinstate missing features or relocated items where opportunities arise. 6. Aboriginal, archaeology and natural heritage: Consider all aspects of potential heritage significance as part of assessing and minimising potential impacts, including Aboriginal, archaeology and natural heritage. 7. Unidentified heritage items: Heritage inventory sheets do not describe or capture all contributory heritage items within an identified curtilage (such as minor buildings, structures, archaeology, landscape elements, movable heritage and significant interiors and finishes). Ensure heritage advice is sought on all proposed changes within a curtilage to conserve heritage significance. 8. Recording and register update: Record changes at heritage places through adequate project records and archival photography. Notify all changes to the Section 170 Heritage & Conservation Register administrator upon project completion.

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Heritage Act - s.170 NSW State agency heritage registerSRA s.170 Register    
Heritage studyMount Kuring-gai Railway Station    

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
State Rail Authority Heritage Register Study1999SRA923State Rail Authority  No
Heritage and Conservation Register State Rail Authority of NSW199335Paul Davies for SRA  No
S170 Heritage & Conservation Register Update2009 NSW Department of Commerce  Yes
Heritage Platforms Conservation Management Strategy2015 Australian Museum Consulting  Yes

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
WrittenC. C. Singleton The Short North. The Australian Railway Historical Society Bulletin. Various issues.
WrittenJohn Forsyth Line Histories
WrittenRay Love2009Historical Research for RailCorp s170 Update
WrittenState Rail Authority of New South Wales1995How and Why of Station Names. Fourth Edition

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: State Government
Database number: 4801923


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