Panania Railway Station Group | NSW Environment & Heritage

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Heritage

Panania Railway Station Group

Item details

Name of item: Panania Railway Station Group
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Transport - Rail
Category: Railway Platform/ Station
Primary address: Anderson Street, Panania, NSW 2213
Local govt. area: Bankstown

Boundary:

North: the boundary of RailCorp property along Edwards Reserve and Anderson Street; East: 5 metres east of the concrete location hut adjacent to (south of ) the Panania Hotel car park off Anderson Street (but excluding the car park); South: the boundary of RailCorp property fronting Weston Street and the rear boundaries of properties on Anderson Street; West: 5 metres west of the end of the platform.
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
Anderson StreetPananiaBankstown  Primary Address
Weston StreetPananiaBankstown  Alternate Address

Owner/s

Organisation NameOwner CategoryDate Ownership Updated
RailCorpState Government 
RailCorpState Government 
RailCorpState Government 

Statement of significance:

Panania Railway Station - including the 1931platform, platform building, footbridge and concrete location hut - is of local heritage significance. Panania Railway Station has historical significance as a major public work completed as an unemployment relief project during the Great Depression, and as a major transport hub for the suburb of Panania since 1931. Panania Railway Station platform building is of aesthetic significance as an austere 1930s railway building with simple Art Deco detailing and fine brick workmanship that is evocative of the effects of the Depression on building programs for the NSW Railways. Panania Railway Station is representative of the cohesive collection of 10 East Hills line railway stations from Turrella to East Hills.
Date significance updated: 02 Jul 09
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Designer/Maker: N.S.W. Department of Railways
Builder/Maker: N.S.W. Department of Railways
Construction years: 1925-1931
Physical description: PRECINCT ELEMENTS
Platform Building (1931) (Type 13)
Platform (1931)
Footbridge (1931)
Concrete reversing ramps off streets to north and south (c .1970s)
Concrete location hut (c. 1931)

CONTEXT
Panania Railway Station is entered via modern entry steps off a pedestrian footbridge with ramps from Anderson Avenue/Edwards Reserve from the north and Weston Street from the south.

PLATFORM BUILDING (1931)
Exterior: A rectangular painted brick platform building of standard stretcher bond brickwork, of 5 bays length (note most platform buildings on this line are 5 bays), with the bays defined by simple brick engaged piers. The building has brick stepped parapets at east and west ends. The roof is gabled at east and west ends against the parapets, and is hipped over the awnings to the north, south and east, which are an integral part of the roof form, the eastern hipped awning wrapping around the eastern parapet. Roof cladding is corrugated steel. The stepped parapets each feature a projecting moulded brick capping course and 3 vertical lines of projecting decorative brickwork. Each parapet features three unglazed terracotta vents. There are modern awning ceilings. Many windows are original timber-framed double-hung, three on one side of the building and two on the other side, with original 6-paned top sashes and vertical glazing bars to bottom sashes. There are also small timber framed windows with frameless glass or glass louvres. Original window openings feature bullnose brick sills and both window and door openings feature stop chamfered brickwork. Original door openings have terrazzo thresholds. One door opening has been bricked up. All doors are modern timber flush doors. There is also one original ticket window, complete with timber framing, which is covered over but appears intact and features stop chamfered brickwork to the opening. Two original stop-chamfered timber posts support the eastern end of the eastern awning, outside the ticket office, however these posts have modern concrete bases.

Interior: The building comprises a combined booking/parcels office (now also the Station Master's room), ladies' toilets, waiting room and men's toilets. Some interior joinery and fitout has survived. (Ellsmore, 2001). The original timber battened ceiling is extant in the main booking office. There is at least one timber 4 panelled door, which is located in the toilets, and an original waiting area with timber seat. Note the interior of this building appears to be relatively original.

PLATFORM (1931)
One island platform, asphalt surface, original brick edges.

FOOTBRIDGE (1931)
A steel beam structure over the two East Hills tracks with stairs down to the island platform. The footbridge has been modernised (2007) with a new concrete deck and white powder-coated aluminium balustrading.

CONCRETE REVERSING RAMPS (c. 1970s)
Concrete reversing ramps connecting the bridge to the two street entries to north and south. The ramps have white powdercoated aluminium railings.

CONCRETE LOCATION HUT (c. 1931)
This is a small rectangular building built of pre-fabricated concrete panels slotted between concrete structural posts, and features a gabled corrugated steel roof.
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
Platform Building (1931): good condition
Platform (1931): good condition
Footbridge (1931): good condition
Concrete reversing ramps (c. 1970s): good condition
Concrete Location Hut (c. 1931): good condition
Date condition updated:05 Jul 09
Modifications and dates: 1948: Line duplicated.
1956-57: Booking office to platform building enlarged via extension at eastern end
c. 1970s: Concrete reversing ramps added to north and south of footbridge
2005: Station brickwork painted
2007: New concrete deck and balustrading to footbridge
N.d: Platform building: Air conditioning units installed in window, security bars on windows and doors, one door opening bricked up, all doors replaced with modern timber flush doors.
2010: Construction of a canopy over the island platform from the access stairs to the existing platform building, and approximately 30m on the western side of the platform building.
Current use: Railway Station
Former use: Nil

History

Historical notes: The area of Panania, on the north bank of the Georges River, is part of the East Hills district, and was covered by early land grants including an 1804 grant to George Johnston Junior. Johnston's tenant farmer Robert Gardiner named the farm East Hills. In 1893 the former Johnston and Weston grants were subdivided as the East Hills subdivision, and the Panania area became small orchards, farms and poultry farms. The area was not suburbanised until after the construction of the East Hills line.

The main impetus for the construction of the East Hills line was from the real estate industry, which wanted to develop the area where the line was proposed. However construction of the line was delayed, and it became an unemployment relief project during the course of its construction due to the onset of the Great Depression in 1929.

"The Public Works Committee recommended the line to State Parliament in August, 1924, expecting a small operating profit and opening up good building land. The debate on the Bill to construct the line took only 15 minutes after it was introduced at 5.12am on 17 December 1924, and the Governors assent given on 23 December, but no funds were provided. Just before the State elections in 1927, the Premier, Jack Lang, performed the 'Turning of the First Sod' ceremony at Padstow on 3rd September 1927, but he lost the election. However, the new non-labour government in April, 1928, instructed the Railways Commissioners to commence work on the line" (www.canterbury.nsw.gov.au).

Jack Lang was Premier for two periods: the first from June 1925 to October 1927, the second period (during the Depression) from October 1930 to May 1932. Jack Lang was therefore again Premier when he officially opened the East Hills line at Padstow Railway Station in 1931, with the section as far as Kingsgrove being a double track electrified line.

All platform buildings on the East Hills line were built to the same general design and plan, which was revised after initial planning to include a booking office, Station Master’s office and parcels office. The line was electrified from Kingsgrove in 1939, duplicated in 1948, and in 1987 the East Hills terminus was connected to the Main Southern Line at Glenfield Junction.

In the post war period of the 1940s and 1950s migrant hostels and housing commission estates were developed in suburbs along the line.

Although the original terminus building at East Hills Station was demolished in 1987, the remainder of the East Hills Line from Turrella to Panania is the only line in Sydney with all platform buildings extant from its original construction phase (though some have been altered).

In 1956-57 the platform building at Panania was enlarged by extending the building at its eastern end (plans Panania 0164672_A0c dated 7.6.56).

Concrete access ramps have been added to north and south sides of the station (c.1970s) giving access to the footbridge.

In 2007 the footbridge at Panania Railway Station was altered with a new concrete deck and aluminium balustrading.

Construction work is underway during 2009 to upgrade the East Hills line generally for quadruplification of the line.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Transport-Activities associated with the moving of people and goods from one place to another, and systems for the provision of such movements Building the railway network-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages Impacts of railways on urban form-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
Panania Railway Station is of historical significance as part of the East Hills line, a major depression period public work undertaken under the controversial Premiership of Jack Lang, as a transport hub for the suburb of Panania since 1931 and through its relationship to the development of Panania and the broader East Hills region. The austere design of the platform building is reflective of the completion of the East Hills line as a Depression period unemployment relief works project.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
Panania Railway Station is of aesthetic significance as an example of a small Inter War period suburban railway building matching other East Hills line railway station buildings in design and style. The building is very austere in style, with Inter War Art Deco style touches (for example decorative brick detail to parapets) and is competently executed, exhibiting fine workmanship in its brickwork. The building is noted for its original use of monochromatic brickwork, stepped parapets, irregular fenestration and engaged piers. The concrete location hut at Panania demonstrates a pre-cast construction technique commonly used by NSW Railways in the Inter War period.
SHR Criteria d)
[Social significance]
The place has the potential to contribute to the local community's sense of place, and can provide a connection to the local community's past.
SHR Criteria e)
[Research potential]
Panania Railway Station is of research significance for its ability to demonstrate design and construction techniques of the Inter War period. The building provides insights into NSW Railways experimentation with styles of architecture and adaptation to Depression period economic conditions.
SHR Criteria f)
[Rarity]
Panania Railway Station platform building is not rare, as it is part of a group of 10 similar to identical Inter War suburban railway buildings completed in 1931 between Turrella and East Hills.
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
Panania Railway Station is a good representative example of an East Hills line railway station. The concrete location hut at Panania is a good representative pre-cast concrete structure, one of many other examples in the NSW Railway network.
The footbridge was identified as an item of little heritage significance in the 2016 ‘Railway Footbridges Heritage Conservation Strategy’. However, the strategy recommended detailed physical analysis prior to any change to confirm the significance of the structure.
Integrity/Intactness: The station, platform building and footbridge structure have retained integrity externally and internally, despite the painting of the exterior brickwork and 1956 extension to the platform building.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

1. Conservation principles: Conserve cultural heritage significance and minimise impacts on heritage values and fabric in accordance with the ‘Australia ICOMOS Charter for Places of Cultural Significance’. 2. Specialist advice: Seek advice from a qualified heritage specialist during all phases of a proposed project from feasibility, concept and option planning stage; detailed design; heritage approval and assessment; through to construction and finalisation. 3. Documentation: Prepare a Statement of Heritage Impact (SOHI) to assess, minimise and prevent heritage impacts as part of the assessment and approval phase of a project. Prepare a Conservation Management Plan (CMP) prior to proposing major works (such as new additions, change of use or proposed demolition) at all places of State significance and all complex sites of Local significance. 4. Maintenance and repair: Undertake annual inspections and proactive routine maintenance works to conserve heritage fabric in accordance with the ‘Minimum Standards of Maintenance & Repair’. 5. Movable heritage: Retain in situ and care for historic contents, fixtures, fittings, equipment and objects which contribute to cultural heritage significance. Return or reinstate missing features or relocated items where opportunities arise. 6. Aboriginal, archaeology and natural heritage: Consider all aspects of potential heritage significance as part of assessing and minimising potential impacts, including Aboriginal, archaeology and natural heritage. 7. Unidentified heritage items: Heritage inventory sheets do not describe or capture all contributory heritage items within an identified curtilage (such as minor buildings, structures, archaeology, landscape elements, movable heritage and significant interiors and finishes). Ensure heritage advice is sought on all proposed changes within a curtilage to conserve heritage significance. 8. Recording and register update: Record changes at heritage places through adequate project records and archival photography. Notify all changes to the Section 170 Heritage & Conservation Register administrator upon project completion.

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Heritage Act - s.170 NSW State agency heritage register     

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
State Rail Authority Heritage Register Study1999SRA926State Rail Authority  No
S170 Heritage & Conservation Register Update2009 Paul Davies Pty Ltd  Yes
S170 Heritage & Conservation Register Update2009 Paul Davies Pty Ltd  Yes
Heritage Platforms Conservation Management Strategy2015 Australian Museum Consulting  Yes
Railway Footbridges Heritage Conservation Strategy 2016 NSW Government Architect’s Office Heritage Group  Yes

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
WrittenAndrea Humphreys and Donald Ellsmore2002Inter-War Station Buildings
WrittenAndrew J.P. Molloy2005The history of Panania, Picnic Point and East Hills
WrittenDavid Sheedy2009Historical Research for RailCorp S170 Register Update

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: State Government
Database number: 4801926


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