Revesby Railway Station Group | NSW Environment & Heritage

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Revesby Railway Station Group

Item details

Name of item: Revesby Railway Station Group
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Transport - Rail
Category: Railway Platform/ Station
Primary address: Blamey Street, Revesby, NSW 2212
Local govt. area: Bankstown

Boundary:

North: boundary of RailCorp property fronting the railway car park off Marco Avenue and Abel Reserve; East: 5m east of the end of the station platform; South: the boundary of RailCorp property fronting Blamey Street; West: 5m west of the end of the station platform.
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
Blamey StreetRevesbyBankstown  Primary Address
Marco AvenueRevesbyBankstown  Alternate Address

Owner/s

Organisation NameOwner CategoryDate Ownership Updated
RailCorpState Government 
RailCorpState Government 
RailCorpState Government 

Statement of significance:

Revesby Railway Station - including the 1931 Platform 1/2 and Platform 1/2 building - is of local heritage significance. Revesby Railway Station is of historical significance as a major public work completed as an unemployment relief project during the Great Depression, and as a major transport hub for the suburb of Revesby since 1931. Revesby Railway Station is of aesthetic significance as an austere 1930s railway building with simple Art Deco detailing and fine brick workmanship that is evocative of the effects of the Depression on building programs for large organisations such as the NSW railways. Revesby Railway Station is representative of the cohesive collection of 10 East Hills line railway stations from Turrella to East Hills, notable for the high level of integrity of its 1931 Platform 1/2 building.
Date significance updated: 02 Jul 09
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Designer/Maker: N.S.W. Department of Railways
Builder/Maker: N.S.W. Department of Railways
Construction years: 1931-1931
Physical description: PRECINCT ELEMENTS
Platform Building (1931) (Type 13)
Platform 1/2 (1931)
Platform 3 (2008)
Platform Canopy Platform 3 (2008)
Footbridge, lifts, steps (2007)
Movable

CONTEXT
Revesby Railway Station is accessed off Blamey street to the south and Marco Avenue to the north via a pedestrian footbridge (2007) with steps, ramps, and lifts.

PLATFORM BUILDING (1931)
Exterior: A rectangular dark face brick platform building of standard stretcher bond brickwork, of 5 bays length (note: most platform buildings on this line are 5 bays), with the bays defined by simple brick engaged piers. The building has brick stepped parapets at east and west ends. There are three unglazed terracotta vents to the eastern parapet. The roof is gabled at east and west ends against the parapets, and is hipped over awnings to north and south and east (the eastern awning wrapping around the parapet at this end of the building) which are an integral part of the roof form. Roof cladding is the original corrugated fibro asbestos sheeting with terracotta ridge capping (note this is the only original roof on an East Hills line platform building between Turrella and East Hills). The stepped parapets each feature a projecting moulded brick capping course and 3 vertical lines of projecting decorative brickwork.

Windows are timber-framed double-hung, some with original 6-paned top sashes (there are 6 of these extant), or small timber framed windows with frameless glass or glass louvres (there are 6 of these extant). Original window openings feature bullnose brick sills and both window and door openings stop chamfered brickwork. Original door openings have grey terrazzo thresholds. There is a modern ticket window on the eastern elevation of the building. On the western elevation, the former brick screen wall to the toilets (shown in earlier photos) has been removed. A pair of timber stop-chamfered posts support the eastern end of the awning outside the ticket office window. All doors are modern timber flush doors. There are original timber battened ceilings to the awnings with rectangular vents. This is an original awning ceiling. Note: this is the most original of all the 1931 East Hills line platform buildings from Turrella to Panania.

Interior: The building comprises a combined booking/parcels office (now also the Station Master's room), ladies' toilets, waiting room and men's toilets. Some interior joinery and fitout has survived (Ellsmore, 2001).

PLATFORMS (1931, 2008)
Platform 1/2 is a 1931 island platform with asphalt surface and original brick edges. Platform 3/4 is a wayside platform on the southern side of the station (adjacent to Blamey Street). This was built in 2008, and has concrete edges and an asphalt surface.

CANOPIES (2008)
On Platform 1/2 there is a modern canopy structure on steel posts with concrete bases which extends from the entry steps to the eastern edge of the Platform 1/2 building eastern awning. Platform 3 has a modern canopy structure only. This is carried on steel posts with concrete bases and has a corrugated steel skillion roof.

FOOTBRIDGE (2007)
The footbridge, with its steps and lifts, is an entirely modern structure, replacing an earlier footbridge.

MOVABLE
NSW Railway heritage listed sites contain significant collections of stored movable railway heritage, including furniture, signs, operational objects, ex-booking office and ticketing objects, paper records, clocks, memorabilia, indicator boards and artwork. Individually, these objects are important components of the history of each site. Together, they form a large and diverse collection of movable objects across the NSW rail network. Sydney Trains maintains a database of movable heritage. For up-to-date information on all movable heritage items at this site, contact the Sydney Trains heritage team.
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
Platform 1/2 platform building (1931): good condition
Platforms: good condition
Platform Canopy Platform 3 (2008): very good condition
Footbridge, lifts, steps (2007): very good condition
Date condition updated:29 Apr 09
Modifications and dates: 1948: line duplicated.
1955-56: extension to eastern end of platform building to provide a combined booking/parcels office.
2007: new footbridge, lifts and canopies.
2008: New wayside platform
Current use: Railway Station
Former use: Nil

History

Historical notes: The suburb of Revesby was named in 1913 after Sir Joseph Banks, the renowned botanist who sailed with Captain Cook, who was also commemorated in the name Bankstown. Banks was the Squire of Revesby, owner of Revesby Abbey in Lincolnshire, England.

The southern part of Revesby was covered by an 1804 grant to George Johnston junior, and the northern part by an 1813 grant to his mother Esther Julian. However, substantial development in the area did not commence till 1897. "Country lots" bounded by Neptune Street, River Road and Reilly's Creek were offered for auction sale on 8th July 1897. The earliest substantial building in Revesby was the mansion "The Pah" at 4 Tompson Road, Revesby, built in 1896-97. The first school, known as the Bankstown South Public School, opened in April 1896. The name of the school changed to East Hills in 1910 and finally to Revesby in March 1930. Suburbanisation of the area did not commence until after the construction of the East Hills railway line.

The main impetus for the construction of the East Hills line was from the real estate industry, which wanted to develop the area where the line was proposed. However construction of the line was delayed, and it became an unemployment relief project during the course of its construction due to the onset of the Great Depression.

"The Public Works Committee recommended the line to State Parliament in August, 1924, expecting a small operating profit and opening up good building land. The debate on the Bill to construct the line took only 15 minutes after it was introduced at 5.12am on 17 December 1924, and the Governors assent given on 23 December, but no funds were provided. Just before the State elections in 1927, the Premier, Jack Lang, performed the 'Turning of the First Sod' ceremony at Padstow on 3rd September 1927, but he lost the election. However, the new non-labour government in April, 1928, instructed the Railways Commissioners to commence work on the line." (www.canterbury.nsw.gov.au).

Jack Lang (possibly the most controversial Premier in NSW history) was Premier for two periods: the first from June 1925 to October 1927, the second period (during the Depression) from October 1930 to May 1932. Jack Lang was therefore again Premier when he officially opened the East Hills line at Padstow Railway Station in 1931, with the section as far as Kingsgrove being a double track electrified line.

All platform buildings on the East Hills line were built to the same general design and plan, which was revised after initial planning to include a booking office, Station Master’s office and parcels office. The line was electrified from Kingsgrove in 1939, duplicated in 1948, and in 1987 the East Hills terminus was connected to the Main Southern Line at Glenfield Junction.

In 1955-1956 a steel footbridge, crossing loop and a 2 bay eastern addition was built to the brick island platform building to provide a combined booking/parcels office. This extension was undertaken in the same style and matching brickwork to the original 1931 building and included recreation of the parapet at the eastern end to match the original parapet.

In the post war period of the 1940s and 1950s migrant hostels and housing commission estates were developed in suburbs along the line.

Although the original terminus building at East Hills Station was demolished in 1987, the remainder of the East Hills Line from Turrella to Panania is the only line in Sydney with all platform buildings extant from its original construction phase (though some have been altered).

In 2007 the 1931 footbridge at Revesby Railway Station was replaced with a new covered footbridge, stairs, lifts and canopy connected to the station.

Construction work is currently underway (2009) to upgrade the East Hills line generally for quadruplification of the line.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Transport-Activities associated with the moving of people and goods from one place to another, and systems for the provision of such movements Building the railway network-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages Impacts of railways on urban form-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
Revesby Railway Station is of historical significance as part of the East Hills line, a major Depression period public work undertaken under the controversial Premiership of Jack Lang, as a transport hub for the suburb of Revesby since 1931 and through its relationship to the development of Revesby and the broader East Hills region.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
Revesby Railway Station's 1931 platform building is of aesthetic significance as an example of a small Inter-War period suburban railway building matching other East Hills line railway station buildings in design and style. The building is very austere in style, with Inter-War Art Deco style touches (for example decorative brick detail to parapets) and is competently executed, exhibiting fine workmanship in its brickwork. The building is noted for its use of monochromatic brickwork, stepped parapets, irregular fenestration and engaged piers.
SHR Criteria d)
[Social significance]
The place has the potential to contribute to the local community's sense of place, and can provide a connection to the local community's past.
SHR Criteria e)
[Research potential]
Revesby Railway Station is of technical significance for its ability to demonstrate design and construction techniques of the Depression period (early 1930s).
SHR Criteria f)
[Rarity]
Revesby Railway Station's 1931 platform 1/2 building is not rare - except in terms of its high level of integrity/intactness - as it is part of a group of 10 similar to identical Inter-War suburban railway buildings completed in 1931 between Turrella and East Hills.
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
Revesby Railway Station is a highly intact representative example of a small, Depression period (early 1930s) suburban railway station. It is representative and the most intact of the cohesive collection of East Hills line railway buildings built from Turrella to East Hills.
Integrity/Intactness: The Revesby Railway Station 1931 platform building on Platform 1/2 is the most intact of these 1931 platform buildings on the East Hills line. It retains most original windows, original roof cladding and original awning ceiling. The station overall has, however, been altered via changes to platform access arrangements and the recent addition of a wayside platform.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

1. Conservation principles: Conserve cultural heritage significance and minimise impacts on heritage values and fabric in accordance with the ‘Australia ICOMOS Charter for Places of Cultural Significance’. 2. Specialist advice: Seek advice from a qualified heritage specialist during all phases of a proposed project from feasibility, concept and option planning stage; detailed design; heritage approval and assessment; through to construction and finalisation. 3. Documentation: Prepare a Statement of Heritage Impact (SOHI) to assess, minimise and prevent heritage impacts as part of the assessment and approval phase of a project. Prepare a Conservation Management Plan (CMP) prior to proposing major works (such as new additions, change of use or proposed demolition) at all places of State significance and all complex sites of Local significance. 4. Maintenance and repair: Undertake annual inspections and proactive routine maintenance works to conserve heritage fabric in accordance with the ‘Minimum Standards of Maintenance & Repair’. 5. Movable heritage: Retain in situ and care for historic contents, fixtures, fittings, equipment and objects which contribute to cultural heritage significance. Return or reinstate missing features or relocated items where opportunities arise. 6. Aboriginal, archaeology and natural heritage: Consider all aspects of potential heritage significance as part of assessing and minimising potential impacts, including Aboriginal, archaeology and natural heritage. 7. Unidentified heritage items: Heritage inventory sheets do not describe or capture all contributory heritage items within an identified curtilage (such as minor buildings, structures, archaeology, landscape elements, movable heritage and significant interiors and finishes). Ensure heritage advice is sought on all proposed changes within a curtilage to conserve heritage significance. 8. Recording and register update: Record changes at heritage places through adequate project records and archival photography. Notify all changes to the Section 170 Heritage & Conservation Register administrator upon project completion.

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Heritage Act - s.170 NSW State agency heritage register     

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
State Rail Authority Heritage Register Study1999SRA929State Rail Authority  No
S170 Heritage & Conservation Register Update2009 Paul Davies Pty Ltd  Yes
S170 Heritage & Conservation Register Update2009 Paul Davies Pty Ltd  Yes
Heritage Platforms Conservation Management Strategy2015 Australian Museum Consulting  Yes

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
WrittenAndrea Humphreys and Donald Ellsmore2002Inter-War Station Buildings
WrittenAndrew J.P. Molloy2004The history of Revesby
WrittenDavid Sheedy2009Historical Research for RailCorp S170 Register Update
WrittenFrances Pollon (compiler, editor)1996The Book of Sydney Suburbs
Writtenhttp://catalogue.nla.gov.au1897Country lots auction sale of Crown lands at the rooms of Messrs J.E. Green & Co., 110 Pitt Street, Sydney on Thursday 8th July 1897 at 11.30 o'clock a.m. [cartographic material]

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: State Government
Database number: 4801929


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