Rooty Hill Railway Station Group | NSW Environment & Heritage

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Heritage

Rooty Hill Railway Station Group

Item details

Name of item: Rooty Hill Railway Station Group
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Transport - Rail
Category: Railway Platform/ Station
Primary address: North Parade, Rooty Hill, NSW 2766
Parish: Rooty Hill
County: Cumberland
Local govt. area: Blacktown

Boundary:

North: property boundary to North Parade and Station Street carpark (excluding footbridge beyond the boundary); South: property boundary to Beames Avenue including carpark and 10 metres wide strip of land to the east fronting 1-13 Rooty Hill Rd Sth; West: 20 metres from the Signal Box; East: 10 metres from the end of the platforms.
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
North ParadeRooty HillBlacktownRooty HillCumberlandPrimary Address
Beames AvenueRooty HillBlacktown  Alternate Address

Owner/s

Organisation NameOwner CategoryDate Ownership Updated
RailCorpState Government 
RailCorpState Government 
RailCorpState Government 

Statement of significance:

Rooty Hill Station is of local significance as one of the stations built during the quadruplication of the line from St Marys to Lidcombe in 1944 to provide maximum track capacity for the transport of ammunition during World War II. The buildings are excellent examples of mid-sized Railway Stripped Functionalist style station buildings that represent the economic policies of the time. The collection of railway structures including the two platform buildings, signal box, footbridge and brick platform remain highly intact and form a cohesive group in an urban setting.
Date significance updated: 09 Sep 08
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Designer/Maker: NSW Department of Railways
Builder/Maker: NSW Department of Railways
Construction years: 1943-1944
Physical description: BUILDINGS
Platform 1/2 Station Building - brick, type 13 (1943)
Platform 3/4 Station Building - brick, type 13 (1943)
Signal Box (including parcels and booking offices)- (type H) incorporated into station building (1943)

STRUCTURES
2 x Island Platforms - concrete faced (c1943)
Footbridge - steel, modern (1944, 2000s)

PLATFORM 1/2 PASSENGER BUILDING (1943)
External: Located on the centre of the platform, the building is of masonry construction with a single shallow pitched metal roof extending to an awning on the Platform 2 elevation. The building is asymmetrical in form with a curved bay to Up end and a squared wall to the opposite end. The building is simple in detail and design and is a good example of a small face brick Inter-War railway Functionalist style passenger building. The fenestration is regular and appears to remain unaltered with header brick course forming window and door lintels turning throughout all elevations. Security grills are installed to the windows.

Internal: Access to the interiors could not be obtained (2009), however; it appears that the building maintains its original layout consisting of a number of small spaces including men's toilet, ladies' toilet, ladies' waiting room and general waiting room. All of the original interior fitout is believed to have been removed.

PLATFORM 3/4 PASSENGER BUILDING (1943)
External: Passenger building on the island Platform 3/4 is also constructed of face brick with a single shallow pitched metal roof extending to an awning on both platform elevations and a canopy on the Penrith end supported on bullnosed brick piers. The building is simple in detail and design and is a good example of a small Inter-War railway Functionalist style passenger building. The fenestration is regular reflecting the layout and use of the internal spaces. The Sydney end of the building is defined by a curved bay featuring a single door opening. The building remains relatively intact similar to the main platform building. A modern canopy supported on steel beams and columns below the building awning provides continuous protection between the passenger building and the footbridge.

Internal: Internal access could not be obtained (2009), however, the building appears to have maintained its original layout comprising broom cupboard, men's toilet, ladies' toilet, ladies' waiting room, general waiting room and booking office. All of the original interior fitout is believed to have been removed.

SIGNAL BOX - PARCELS/BOOKING OFFICE (1943)
External: The former signal box building, incorporating the parcels and booking offices, is of face brick construction with a single shallow pitched metal roof extending to a narrow awning on all four sides of the building. The awning abuts the second section of the building comprising a two storey square structure, elongated tower and single storey elongated semi-circular bay. The building relies primarily on complex geometric massing for visual effect that is further heightened by the use of monochromatic face brick and panels of glass bricks on the stairwell. The curved bay is defined by a series of curved glass windows in steel frames. All of the roofs are single pitch and the varying roof heights of the different components add interest to the design. All ground floor openings have been fitted with security grills. The construction of modern platform canopies has reduced views of the building and compromises its visual impact. The signal box was closed in 1995 and the signal box interlocking machine has been removed.

Internal: The former signal box building comprises a parcels office, lamp store, booking office and signal box (ground floor) and signal relay room (1st floor). The tower contains a spiral stairway allowing access to the signal relay room. The condition of the interior fitout could not be ascertained (2009), but many of the original finishes presumably survive. Floors were painted concrete slabs and there is no evidence to suggest that they have been removed.

PLATFORMS (c1943)
Both island platforms have concrete faces with concrete decks and asphalt finishes. Coping is concrete with cantilever profile. Modern aluminium palisade fencing, timber bench seating, lighting and signage are located on both platforms.

FOOTBRIDGE AND STREET RAMPS (1944, 2000s)
The original 1944 steel beam supported on steel trestles over the platforms and the main lines with stairs to platforms footbridge has been refurbished recently. The main structural elements appear to be still original with some minor replacements.

MOVABLE
Heritage-style platform lamp posts
Community art murals in waiting room
Concrete and cast iron door thresholds
Large concrete / terracotta ? planter in waiting room
In storage: large timber desk with two drawers, timber luggage trolley, timber and canvas ambulance stretcher, timber-framed blackboard, Collection of printed materials (1974 Telegraph and Telephone Instructions and other printed materials, bundle of c1980s promotional stickers, canvas mail bag with “Return to Station Master Rooty Hill”, two green cast iron date stamp presses, two timber-framed sets of early instructions, two yellow and black metal signs “3” and “4”, small timber stool, high wall-mounted timber shelf in former booking office.

LANDSCAPE FEATURES
Small plantings along the open areas of the platforms exist however these are not considered to be significant landscape features.

POTENTIAL ARCHAEOLOGICAL FEATURES
The site is considered to have little archaeological potential with unlikely evidence of the original station buildings remaining.
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
Station Buildings: Both of the platform buildings are in good condition with no visible structural issues.
Signal Box / Parcels Office Building: The building is in good condition with some graffiti on the walls.
Platforms: Both of the platforms are in good condition.
Footbridge: In good condition owing to its recent refurbishment.
Date condition updated:02 Dec 08
Modifications and dates: 1943 - Level crossing boom gate type installed.
5 Sep 1980 - Level crossing converted for pedestrian use only.
26 Jul 1981 - Level crossing removed.
c1990 - Construction of platform canopies.
c2000 - Footbridge Refurbishment
2001 - Awnings were placed on all platforms.
N.d - Modifications to the interiors of the buildings.
(Forsyth, 2009)
Current use: Railway Station
Former use: Railway Station, signal box

History

Historical notes: The single line opened through Rooty Hill in 1863 and the first station opened in that year. The line was duplicated in 1886 and quadrupled in 1891. The present platform buildings date from 1943, replacing the original buildings.

The 1944 works were part of a much larger scheme to increase the tracks to four main lines between Lidcombe and St. Marys during World War II in order to provide maximum track capacity to the American ammunition and general store built at Ropes Creek. It took over 32 years until all aspects of the quadruplication were completed between Westmead and Blacktown. Quadruplication reached St. Marys in 1978, while the Granville to Westmead section was finally completed in 1986.

The pedestrian bridge dates from 1944 though it was upgraded in c.2000 and is formed by steel beams. The use of ramps instead of footways was a common feature of footbridges between 1930 and 1960.

The platform canopies were constructed c.1990.

The signal box was closed in 1995.

The platform buildings have undergone substantial internal alterations. The awnings were placed on all platforms in 2001.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Communication-Activities relating to the creation and conveyance of information Signalling and safe working-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Transport-Activities associated with the moving of people and goods from one place to another, and systems for the provision of such movements Building the railway network-
7. Governing-Governing Defence-Activities associated with defending places from hostile takeover and occupation Transporting troops-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Creative endeavour-Activities associated with the production and performance of literary, artistic, architectural and other imaginative, interpretive or inventive works; and/or associated with the production and expression of cultural phenomena; and/or environments that have inspired such creative activities. Evolution of design in railway engineering and architecture-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
Rooty Hill Railway station is of local historical significance as one of several stations constructed as part of the quadruplication of the line from St Marys to Lidcombe in 1944 to provide maximum track capacity for the transport of ammunition during World War II.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
Rooty Hill Station platform buildings are of aesthetic significance as examples of mid-sized Inter-War railway Functionalist style station buildings in an urban setting. The buildings are noted for their use of finely detailed face brickwork, complex geometric massing, single pitch roofs, detailed fenestration and use of glass bricks. The station buildings form a cohesive group of Inter-War Functionalist station buildings and represent the economic policies of the time.
SHR Criteria d)
[Social significance]
The place has the potential to contribute to the local community's sense of place, and can provide a connection to the local community's past.
SHR Criteria e)
[Research potential]
Rooty Hill Railway Station has research and technical significance for its ability to demonstrate design and construction techniques of the mid-20th century railway structures and the use of Functionalist design elements in a railway setting.
SHR Criteria f)
[Rarity]
The buildings incorporating the former signal box have some rarity value associated with their cohesiveness as a group that remain relatively intact.
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
Rooty Hill Railway Station is a representative example of a mid-sized, mid-20th century railway station in an urban context featuring Inter-War Railway Functionalist style elements in the form of a group of buildings designed and constructed at the same time as a cohesive precinct. There are approximately 21 known examples of similar stations, including Granville, Seven Hills, Toongabbie, Cronulla and Sutherland.
The footbridge was identified as an item of moderate heritage significance in the comparative analysis from the 2016 ‘Railway Footbridges Heritage Conservation Strategy’.
Integrity/Intactness: The station buildings and the signal box / parcels office building have retained a high degree of integrity externally. Internal integrity of the station buildings is believed to be low but would need confirmation.The footbridge, although it appears to have original structural elements, it has lost its integrity due to recent refurbishment and additions.The station has high integrity as a group.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

1. Conservation principles: Conserve cultural heritage significance and minimise impacts on heritage values and fabric in accordance with the ‘Australia ICOMOS Charter for Places of Cultural Significance’. 2. Specialist advice: Seek advice from a qualified heritage specialist during all phases of a proposed project from feasibility, concept and option planning stage; detailed design; heritage approval and assessment; through to construction and finalisation. 3. Documentation: Prepare a Statement of Heritage Impact (SOHI) to assess, minimise and prevent heritage impacts as part of the assessment and approval phase of a project. Prepare a Conservation Management Plan (CMP) prior to proposing major works (such as new additions, change of use or proposed demolition) at all places of State significance and all complex sites of Local significance. 4. Maintenance and repair: Undertake annual inspections and proactive routine maintenance works to conserve heritage fabric in accordance with the ‘Minimum Standards of Maintenance & Repair’. 5. Movable heritage: Retain in situ and care for historic contents, fixtures, fittings, equipment and objects which contribute to cultural heritage significance. Return or reinstate missing features or relocated items where opportunities arise. 6. Aboriginal, archaeology and natural heritage: Consider all aspects of potential heritage significance as part of assessing and minimising potential impacts, including Aboriginal, archaeology and natural heritage. 7. Unidentified heritage items: Heritage inventory sheets do not describe or capture all contributory heritage items within an identified curtilage (such as minor buildings, structures, archaeology, landscape elements, movable heritage and significant interiors and finishes). Ensure heritage advice is sought on all proposed changes within a curtilage to conserve heritage significance. 8. Recording and register update: Record changes at heritage places through adequate project records and archival photography. Notify all changes to the Section 170 Heritage & Conservation Register administrator upon project completion.

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Heritage Act - s.170 NSW State agency heritage register     

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
State Rail Authority Heritage Register Study1999SRA932State Rail Authority  No
Heritage and Conservation Register State Rail Authority of NSW1993288Paul Davies for SRA  No
S170 Heritage & Conservation Register Update2009 City Plan Heritage  Yes
Heritage Platforms Conservation Management Strategy2015 Australian Museum Consulting  Yes
Railway Footbridges Heritage Conservation Strategy 2016 NSW Government Architect’s Office Heritage Group  Yes

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
WrittenAndrea Humphreys and Donald Ellsmore2001Inter-War Station Buildings
WrittenFraser, D1996Survey of Railway Footbridges
WrittenSharp, S.A1982The Railway Stations of NSW 1855-1980

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: State Government
Database number: 4801932


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