Roseville Railway Station Group | NSW Environment & Heritage

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Heritage

Roseville Railway Station Group

Item details

Name of item: Roseville Railway Station Group
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Transport - Rail
Category: Railway Platform/ Station
Primary address: Hill Street, Roseville, NSW 2069
Local govt. area: Ku-Ring-Gai

Boundary:

North: Property boundary fronting Hill Street;South: Property boundary fronting Pacific Highway;East: 5m from end of platform;West: 5m from end of platform.Note: Although Roseville Platform actually runs NW-SE, for the purposes of the above description the Hill street edge of the platform (Platform 1) has been nominated as facing North.
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
Hill StreetRosevilleKu-Ring-Gai  Primary Address

Owner/s

Organisation NameOwner CategoryDate Ownership Updated
RailCorpState Government 
RailCorpState Government 
RailCorpState Government 

Statement of significance:

Roseville Railway Station Group has heritage significance at a local level. It is a typical suburban station with associated ornamental gardens. It is one of a number of stations that demonstrate the significant impact of the railway in facilitating settlement in the northern suburbs of Sydney. Roseville station is considered to be rare at a local level as it possesses largely intact gardens on both sides of the platform. The civic pride which was once associated with the coming of the railways and the station as a major landscape and social element within the community is evident in the garden at Roseville station, one of very few on the Metropolitan network to remain. The station contributes to the character of the North Shore line as a whole, with its homogenous early twentieth century railway architecture and landscaped setting. The replacement of the original roof form of the station building with a poorly designed substitute structure detracts from the overall setting and significance.
Date significance updated: 17 Jun 09
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Designer/Maker: New South Wales Department of Railways
Builder/Maker: New South Wales Department of Railways
Physical description: Station Building, type 11 (1901)
Footbridge (1900)
Platform (1900)
Platform Shelters
Landscaping

CONTEXT
Roseville Railway Station is located in a suburban context between the Pacific Highway and Hill Street, Roseville. The station consists of an early twentieth century station building, modern steel awnings, island platform, footbridge and well maintained ornamental gardens on both the eastern and western sides of the platform.

STATION BUILDING (1901)
External: Roseville Station is a modified example of a standard (type A8 - A10) railway station building dating from 1901. The building is of red face brick, tuck pointed, with moulded render string course, architraves and sills. The southern end of the building has been extended and now contains an enclosed office made of fibre cement sheeting. The roof has been extensively modified, the original gable form being removed to create a gable of much lower pitch that is a continuation of the awning. The roofing material is a modern steel profile. Curved, cast iron, cantilevered brackets support the timber framed awning. The building retains original timber valances, but chimneys have been removed. The northern end of the building has had the original doorway to the male toilets infilled.

Interior: The interior of Roseville station has been extensively modified. There have been major changes to the internal planning of the building, with a number of walls demolished to create a series of interconnected spaces. Walls are rendered or fibre cement sheeting and have no dado. Fireplaces have been infilled and ceilings replaced. Floors are concrete with vinyl covering. The bathroom fit-out is modified and features tiled walls and floor.

FOOTBRIDGE (1900)
The original footbridge, c.1900, was purported to be the oldest of its type but was significantly upgraded c.1990. Whilst the trestles appear to be original and are of riveted construction, the supporting beams of the walkway and stringers to all stairs are of new construction. The footbridge has been highly modified and features a new steel framed awning and balustrades, concrete stairs and decking.

PLATFORM (1900)
The platform was built in 1900 as part of the line duplication for the Northern line, and has brick faces and an asphalt platform surface. There are some small plantings at the northern end of the station.

PLATFORM SHELTERS
Modern steel framed shelters of varying size and design form a link between the southern end of the station building and the steel stairs.

LANDSCAPING
Roseville station features small ornamental gardens on both sides of the platform. Plantings include cabbage tree palms, date palms, agapanthus, camphor laurel, roses, bottle brush, and lantana, all set amongst well-maintained lawns. The gardens are maintained by Ku-ring-gai Council.
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
Station Building (1901) - Good/Moderate Condition
Footbridge (1900) - Good Condition
Platform (1900) - Good Condition
Platform Shelters - Good Condition
Landscaping - Very Good Condition
Date condition updated:24 Aug 09
Modifications and dates: c.1990: Footbridge - Canopies, new stairs and Hardie Board Deck
N.d: Station Building - Roof structure modified; internal modifications.
Current use: Railway Station
Former use: Nil

History

Historical notes: Roseville Railway Station is located on the North Shore line between Chatswood and Lindfield Railway Stations.

In 1887, tenders were called for construction of a branch line extending south from Hornsby to the North Shore. The 16.8km section between Hornsby and St. Leonard’s was opened on 1 January 1890. Stations provided at the opening of the line included Chatswood and St. Leonard’s. A single line was constructed at the time. The line between St. Leonard’s and Milson’s Point (the terminus at the edge of the harbour) was completed 1 May 1893.

Roseville Railway Station was opened on 1 January 1890. A single platform was built on the-then single line. At the time of the opening, the station was named ‘Rossville’, but was re-named ‘Roseville’ on 1 September 1890, the name it carries today.

Duplication came to this section of the North Shore line in 1900 and a new island platform was built with a standard brick island-platform style building constructed in 1901 along with a Station Master's residence to the south of the station. A new footbridge was provided at the Milson’s Point end of the platform with access being provided by stairs.

In 1908, signalling was installed at Roseville and all signals were controlled by a signal lever frame situated under the platform awning at the Milson’s Point end of the building.

Electrification of the North Shore line was opened in 1927, with full electric services in 1928. Automatic signalling followed and most signal boxes on the line were closed, including Roseville. The signal box was converted to become a Booking Office.

The Station Master's residence remains along the Pacific Highway, but is no longer in RailCorp ownership.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Transport-Activities associated with the moving of people and goods from one place to another, and systems for the provision of such movements Building the railway network-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Creative endeavour-Activities associated with the production and performance of literary, artistic, architectural and other imaginative, interpretive or inventive works; and/or associated with the production and expression of cultural phenomena; and/or environments that have inspired such creative activities. Railway gardens-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
Roseville Railway Station is historically significant at a local level. Although there was limited settlement in the area prior to this date, the construction of the railway was instrumental in encouraging the rapid subdivision and development of the area. The current buildings are associated with the duplication of the North Shore line.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
Roseville Railway Station has aesthetic significance at a local level. The garden is a largely intact typical railway/municipal ornamental garden, one of the more important railway station gardens in the region. The garden contributes strongly to the significance of the station group by providing a setting that evokes a past practice of station garden design and by maintaining a historic setting for the station, buffering it from surrounding urban modernisation. The railway station building has aesthetic qualities as an example of early twentieth century railway station design with fabric and details typical of this period and similar to other rail buildings of the late nineteenth and early twentieth century in Sydney and on the North Shore line in particular, although the aesthetic significance of the station building has been compromised by major changes to the roof structure and later changes internally. The station contributes to the character of the North Shore line as a whole, with its homogenous early twentieth century railway architecture and landscaped setting.
SHR Criteria d)
[Social significance]
The place has the potential to contribute to the local community's sense of place, and can provide a connection to the local community's past.
SHR Criteria f)
[Rarity]
Roseville station is considered to be rare at a local level. The station possesses largely intact gardens on both sides of the platform. The civic pride which was once associated with the coming of the railways and the station as a major landscape and social element within the community is evident in the garden at Roseville station, one of very few on the Metropolitan network to remain. The station gardens contribute to the overall character of the Northern line.
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
Roseville Railway Station has representative significance at a local level. The garden represents the practice of railway station gardening that was once common throughout the network. Despite later modifications and a resulting loss of integrity to the station building, as a group the station is a good example of a standard (type A8-A10) building and is able to evoke a former era of railway travel.
The footbridge was identified as an item of moderate heritage significance in the comparative analysis from the 2016 ‘Railway Footbridges Heritage Conservation Strategy’.
Integrity/Intactness: Roseville Railway Station has a largely intact garden setting which adds greatly to the heritage significance of the place as it helps to maintain the historic setting of the station. The station building and footbridge however, have undergone a number of changes that have resulted in a significant loss of both integrity and intactness. The removal of the original roof and extension made to the southern end of the station building has had the most detrimental effect on the site and results in the station being a poor example of its type along the North Shore line.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

1. Conservation principles: Conserve cultural heritage significance and minimise impacts on heritage values and fabric in accordance with the ‘Australia ICOMOS Charter for Places of Cultural Significance’. 2. Specialist advice: Seek advice from a qualified heritage specialist during all phases of a proposed project from feasibility, concept and option planning stage; detailed design; heritage approval and assessment; through to construction and finalisation. 3. Documentation: Prepare a Statement of Heritage Impact (SOHI) to assess, minimise and prevent heritage impacts as part of the assessment and approval phase of a project. Prepare a Conservation Management Plan (CMP) prior to proposing major works (such as new additions, change of use or proposed demolition) at all places of State significance and all complex sites of Local significance. 4. Maintenance and repair: Undertake annual inspections and proactive routine maintenance works to conserve heritage fabric in accordance with the ‘Minimum Standards of Maintenance & Repair’. 5. Movable heritage: Retain in situ and care for historic contents, fixtures, fittings, equipment and objects which contribute to cultural heritage significance. Return or reinstate missing features or relocated items where opportunities arise. 6. Aboriginal, archaeology and natural heritage: Consider all aspects of potential heritage significance as part of assessing and minimising potential impacts, including Aboriginal, archaeology and natural heritage. 7. Unidentified heritage items: Heritage inventory sheets do not describe or capture all contributory heritage items within an identified curtilage (such as minor buildings, structures, archaeology, landscape elements, movable heritage and significant interiors and finishes). Ensure heritage advice is sought on all proposed changes within a curtilage to conserve heritage significance. 8. Recording and register update: Record changes at heritage places through adequate project records and archival photography. Notify all changes to the Section 170 Heritage & Conservation Register administrator upon project completion.

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Heritage Act - s.170 NSW State agency heritage register     

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
State Rail Authority Heritage Register Study1999SRA933State Rail Authority  No
S170 Heritage & Conservation Register Update2009 NSW Department of Commerce  Yes
Heritage Platforms Conservation Management Strategy2015 Australian Museum Consulting  Yes
Railway Footbridges Heritage Conservation Strategy 2016 NSW Government Architect’s Office Heritage Group  Yes

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
WrittenJohn Forsyth Line Histories
WrittenRay Love2009Historical Research for RailCorp s170 Update
WrittenSingleton, CC,1965The Short North - The Sydney-Newcastle Link Railway, New South Wales Railways
WrittenState Rail Authority of New South Wales1995How and Why of Station Names. Fourth Edition

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: State Government
Database number: 4801933


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