Warwick Farm Railway Station Group | NSW Environment & Heritage

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Warwick Farm Railway Station Group

Item details

Name of item: Warwick Farm Railway Station Group
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Transport - Rail
Category: Railway Platform/ Station
Primary address: Remembrance Avenue, Warwick Farm, NSW 2170
Local govt. area: Liverpool

Boundary:

North: Southern edge of Hume Highway overbridgeSouth: 5 metres from the end of the platformsEast: Property boundary along Warwick StreetWest: Property boundary along Railway Parade
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
Remembrance AvenueWarwick FarmLiverpool  Primary Address

Owner/s

Organisation NameOwner CategoryDate Ownership Updated
RailCorpState Government 
RailCorpState Government 
RailCorpState Government 

Statement of significance:

Warwick Farm Railway Station has local significance as the existing station which replaced the former private station to its north, dates from the interwar time-period representing the expansion of the railways during this time. Historically associated with the Warwick Farm racecourse army camp, the 1945 reconstructed platform shelter demonstrates the use of the station by the Australian Army and Royal Navy. The station has aesthetic rarity as it is one of only two stations to have been designed and built with only platform shelters and no platform or station buildings. While the subsequent additions to the station namely the 1970s platform building are not significant structures they nevertheless demonstrates the growth and evolution of the Main South Line from Granville to Goulburn from a largely rural line to a suburban service reflecting the growth and change of the local area.
Date significance updated: 05 Aug 09
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Designer/Maker: NSW Government Railways
Builder/Maker: NSW Government Railways
Construction years: 1889-1943
Physical description: BUILDINGS
Platform Building, Platform 1 (c.1978)
Telephone Exchange Building (c.1950)

STRUCTURES
Platform Shelters: Platform 1 (1945), Platform 2 (c.1978)
Platforms 1 and 2 (date unknown)
Canopy, Platform 1 (2004)
Lifts, footbridge (c2011)

CONTEXT
Warwick Farm Railway Station is accessed from Warwick Street to the east and from Remembrance Ave to the west. There is a carpark on both the east and the west sides. To the north is the Hume Highway Overbridge which has stairs leading down to the station on either side of the tracks.

PLATFORM BUILDING (c. 1978)
External: Painted brick building with steel framed doors and windows and a flat roof which cantilevers over the platform to create an awning. The roof is clad with profiled metal sheeting. The building accommodates the booking office, breezeway/waiting area and toilet facilities.

Internal: The interior is a modern fitout and appears to have been reconfigured (particularly the booking office) based on original drawings. The building is raised approximately 150mm above the platform level and has a tiled floor finish to most of the interior spaces.

TELEPHONE EXCHANGE BUILDING (c.1950)
External: Single story brick building, hip tiled roof.
Internal: Modern equipment.

PLATFORM SHELTER- Platform 1 (1945)
Originally constructed in timber framing, with steel brackets and bolts and concrete footings, the shelter is a simple cantilevered awning. According to documentation there was asbestos cement sheeting to the rear and corrugated iron on the roof. The shelter was deconstructed when the platforms were rebuilt, and rebuilt using the original timber framing, but has new Colorbond cladding to the rear and new profiled metal sheeting (Spandek) to the roof.

PLATFORM SHELTER- Platform 2 (c.1978)
Open structure with brick walls to north and half of the east elevation and glazed panels to the remaining section of the east elevation and to the south. The building is raised approximately 150mm above the platform level and has a tiled floor finish. The building has a flat roof which cantilevers over the platform to create an awning. The roof, which is clad with profiled metal sheeting, is supported on the west side by steel posts.

PLATFORMS
Platform 1 (Up) is a wayside platform, recently rebuilt as a concrete slab supported on precast concrete sections. Platform 2 (Down) (1943?) is a wayside platform and is brick faced to the southern end and to the north it is a concrete slab supported on precast concrete sections. The platforms are contained with typical arched steel railings.

CANOPY (2004)
The canopy to Platform 1 is a modern steel framed construction, typically with standard railings to the rear, and with polycarbonate and Colorbond sheeting to the rear section between the platform building and the 1945 platform shelter. The roof is clad with profiled metal sheeting (Spandek) with intermittent sections of polycarbonate sheeting. The design has been based on the existing 1945 canopy shelter.

LIFTS/FOOTBRIDGE
These elements were added as part of the South Sydney Freight Line project. There are 3 tower lifts with connecting footbridge with stairs.

LANDSCAPE/NATURAL FEATURES
Concrete slab, on brick base, adjacent to Platform 2 (allegedly for loading tanks and other military equipment onto the trains).

MOVEABLE ITEMS
Train Indicator panels

ARCHAEOLOGICAL POTENTIAL
Based on the surviving documentation and the evidence on site it is unlikely there would be any potential archaeological remains at Warwick Farm Railway Station.
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
PLATFORM BUILDING
Very Good Condition

TELEPHONE EXCHANGE BUILDING
Good Condition

PLATFORM SHELTER (Platform 1)
Very Good Condition

PLATFORM SHELTER (Platform 2)
Good Condition

PLATFORMS
Good Condition

CANOPY (Platform 1)
Very Good Condition
Date condition updated:08 Jul 09
Modifications and dates: 1929: Railway electrified.
1943: New station to replace original.
1945: Erection of shelter on Up platform.
1946: Erection of toilet on Up platform
c.1978: New Station building on Up Platform and new Waiting Shed on Down Platform
c.2004: New Canopy to Up Platform
c2010: South Sydney Freight Line added. New access lifts and footbridge.
Current use: Railway Station
Former use: Nil

History

Historical notes: After completion of the initial rail line from Sydney to Parramatta, work soon proceeded on the Main South line from Granville Junction to Goulburn. The first section from Granville to Liverpool was constructed quickly over easy terrain and was opened on 26 September 1856. Campbelltown was reached in 1858, with that section opening on 17 May 1858. The line was duplicated in 1891. This line was constructed as a rural railway and had no suburban purpose until well into the twentieth century. Its stations served what were then rural settlements and only later were adapted as commuter stations.

Warwick Farm station was opened as a private platform on 18 March 1889 near the former level crossing on Liverpool Road (Hume Highway). It was re-built as two public side platforms in its present location in 1943 during WWII when nearby Warwick Farm racecourse was used as a military camp. In 1945 Royal Navy personnel erected a shelter on the Up platform. The station originally had a timber platform, a reflection of the economy of its wartime construction.

A branch line to the nearby racecourse joined the mainline immediately north of the station, and carried special racecourse trains on race days. This branch opened in 1899 and closed in 1991. The formation of the line and the platform are still visible.

A telephone exchange was provided onsite operating out of a rectangular single story brick building. The exact date of construction of the building is unknown. It is not thought to have been constructed during the 1940s with the other structures onsite, and plans dating from 1945 and 1948 do not indicate any building present. A plan from 1978 shows the building labelled as ‘Existing P.T.C. Telephone Exchange’, and another from the same year simply shows the building footprint, described as ‘Brick, Tile Roof’. Its physical characteristics and oral history guess the building to date from the c1950s. Telephone exchange services were provided at some rail sites as part of their communications systems. Other metropolitan railway locations with these services included Homebush (no longer extant), and at Chullora workshops substation. There was also one located at Hornsby.

The South Sydney Freight Line (SSFL) is a dedicated freight line for a distance of 36 kilometers between Birrong and Macarthur in southern Sydney. It was constructed c2010 to improve the efficiency of rail freight services along the North-South Rail Corridor between Melbourne, Sydney and Brisbane. Previously, a major bottleneck in the rail freight network existed where freight trains were required to share existing rail lines with the Sydney metropolitan passenger services. The SSFL provides a third track in the rail corridor specifically for freight services, allowing passenger and freight services to operate independently. The track passes through Warwick Farm Station. At the time of its construction new passenger lift access was provided at the station.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages Impacts of railways on urban form-
7. Governing-Governing Defence-Activities associated with defending places from hostile takeover and occupation Transporting troops and equipment-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
Warwick Farm Railway Station is historically significant at a local level as the existing station site which replaced the former private station to its north, dates from the interwar time-period representing the expansion of the railways during this time. Historically associated with the Warwick Farm racecourse army camp, the 1945 platform shelter demonstrates the use of the station by the Australian Army and Royal Navy. The telephone exchange building provides evidence of this service being provided from this site and forms part of the history of the place.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
The platform shelter on Platform 1 has aesthetic significance, as despite being rebuilt, it retains its original form of a simple cantilevered awning and has original timber framing which is characteristic of platform shelters built at suburban stations during the Inter-War period.
SHR Criteria d)
[Social significance]
The place has the potential to contribute to the local community's sense of place, and can provide a connection to the local community's past.
SHR Criteria f)
[Rarity]
Warwick Farm Railway Station has aesthetic rarity as it one of only two known stations, including Eskbank, in the Sydney Metropolitan area which were designed and built to contain only platform shelters and no platform or station buildings (2009). While a subsequent platform building, canopy and a second platform shelter have been added to the station, its 1940s platform shelter is evidence of its original platform shelter only design.
Integrity/Intactness: PLATFORM SHELTER (Platform 1)The WWII shelter on Platform 1 has been deconstructed and rebuilt with some replacement of materials. The structure is however in its original form, and therefore is considered to have high integrity.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

1. Conservation principles: Conserve cultural heritage significance and minimise impacts on heritage values and fabric in accordance with the ‘Australia ICOMOS Charter for Places of Cultural Significance’. 2. Specialist advice: Seek advice from a qualified heritage specialist during all phases of a proposed project from feasibility, concept and option planning stage; detailed design; heritage approval and assessment; through to construction and finalisation. 3. Documentation: Prepare a Statement of Heritage Impact (SOHI) to assess, minimise and prevent heritage impacts as part of the assessment and approval phase of a project. Prepare a Conservation Management Plan (CMP) prior to proposing major works (such as new additions, change of use or proposed demolition) at all places of State significance and all complex sites of Local significance. 4. Maintenance and repair: Undertake annual inspections and proactive routine maintenance works to conserve heritage fabric in accordance with the ‘Minimum Standards of Maintenance & Repair’. 5. Movable heritage: Retain in situ and care for historic contents, fixtures, fittings, equipment and objects which contribute to cultural heritage significance. Return or reinstate missing features or relocated items where opportunities arise. 6. Aboriginal, archaeology and natural heritage: Consider all aspects of potential heritage significance as part of assessing and minimising potential impacts, including Aboriginal, archaeology and natural heritage. 7. Unidentified heritage items: Heritage inventory sheets do not describe or capture all contributory heritage items within an identified curtilage (such as minor buildings, structures, archaeology, landscape elements, movable heritage and significant interiors and finishes). Ensure heritage advice is sought on all proposed changes within a curtilage to conserve heritage significance. 8. Recording and register update: Record changes at heritage places through adequate project records and archival photography. Notify all changes to the Section 170 Heritage & Conservation Register administrator upon project completion.

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Heritage Act - s.170 NSW State agency heritage register     

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
State Rail Authority Heritage Register Study1999SRA945State Rail Authority  No
S170 Heritage & Conservation Register Update2009 OCP Architects  Yes
Heritage Platforms Conservation Management Strategy2015 Australian Museum Consulting  Yes

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
WrittenJohn Forsyth2007New South Wales Railway Stations: an alphabetical arrangement of railway station and place names
WrittenRobert Lee1988The Greatest Public Work: the New South Wales railways 1848 to 1889
WrittenTony Prescott2009Historical Research for RailCorp's S170 Update Project

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: State Government
Database number: 4801945


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