Woolooware Railway Station Group | NSW Environment & Heritage

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Woolooware Railway Station Group

Item details

Name of item: Woolooware Railway Station Group
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Transport - Rail
Category: Railway Platform/ Station
Primary address: Swan Street, Woolooware, NSW 2230
Local govt. area: Sutherland

Boundary:

North: boundary of RailCorp property fronting Hagger Park; East: 5m east of platform end; South: boundary of RailCorp property fronting the rear of Panorama Avenue properties at the western end, and the side boundaries of properties at the northern ends of Swan Street and Willis Road at the eastern end; West: 5m west of platform end.
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
Swan StreetWooloowareSutherland  Primary Address

Owner/s

Organisation NameOwner CategoryDate Ownership Updated
RailCorpState Government 
RailCorpState Government 
RailCorpState Government 

Statement of significance:

Woolooware Railway Station - including its 1939 platform and platform building - is of local heritage significance. Woolooware Railway Station is of historical significance as part of the Cronulla line, a major 1930s Depression-era public work, and through its relationship to the development of the suburb of Woolooware and the broader Sutherland Shire region. Woolooware Railway Station platform building is of aesthetic significance as a good representative example of an Inter-War Functionalist style station building, part of a cohesive group of 1939 Cronulla line suburban platform buildings (six suburban stations were built from Sutherland to Woolooware, five now extant).
Date significance updated: 30 Jun 09
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Designer/Maker: N.S.W. Department of Railway
Builder/Maker: N.S.W. Department of Railway
Construction years: 1938-1939
Physical description: PRECINCT ELEMENTS
Platform building (1939) (type 13)
Platform (1939, 2009)
Footbridge/entry structure, stair, lift (2009)

CONTEXT
Woolooware Railway Station is accessed across Hagger Park from the north, and from the northern end of Swan Street to the south. The station is entered via a 2009 covered footbridge structure with glazed walls, flat roofs, lift and stairs.

PLATFORM BUILDING (1939)
Exterior: A brick single storey Inter-War Functionalist style platform building with an original cantilevered awning on all sides except the north side, with fibro timber-battened ceiling and box gutters. The platform building has a gabled unglazed terracotta tiled roof, and dichromatic brick parapets at the east and west ends. The building was originally unpainted dichromatic brickwork, however currently all except the north elevation is painted. The walls feature a soldier course and curved brickwork to corners. The building has modern timber flush doors, however retains original timber door frames, and original steel framed awning windows placed vertically in groups of three. There are steel security doors to the waiting area at the southern end of the platform building. There are two brick columns with soldier courses and string courses supporting the western (station entry) end of the platform building awning. The awning is in the process of being extended on the northern side of the building (2009).

Interior: Internally the building consists of a series of small discrete spaces arranged along a linear floor plan, comprising: combined booking & parcels office, Station Master's office, ladies room, store room and men's room. The waiting room has an original ceiling with stepped plaster cornice. The remainder of the interior was not accessed (2009).

PLATFORM (1939)
Single island platform of concrete construction with concrete coping, partly modern brick paved, partly asphalt surfaced. Extended on north side for duplication of the line (2009), concrete edges north side, brick edges south side. The platform is curved.

FOOTBRIDGE/ENTRY STRUCTURE, LIFT, STAIRS, RAMPS (2009)
Concrete, glass and steel covered footbridge and entry structure with access ramps, stairs and lift.

LANDSCAPE/NATURAL FEATURES
There is some shrub plantings to the eastern end of the platform.
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
Platform building (1939): good
Platform (1939, 2009): good
Footbridge/entry structure, stair, lift (2009): very good
Date condition updated:30 Jun 09
Modifications and dates: c 1980: the interior of the platform building was altered.
c 2005: brickwork below awnings painted to platform building.
2009: north extension to platform for duplication of the line; new footbridge/entry structure with lift, ramps, stairs. The awning is in the process of being extended on the northern side of the building. The 1939 footbridge structure which was replaced in 2009 was a standard Dorman Long & Co steel footbridge with star pattern newel posts.
Current use: Railway Station
Former use: Nil

History

Historical notes: In 1908, the Government had approved construction of a steam tram route from Sutherland to Cronulla, with construction completed and steam trams operating along the route from June 12, 1911. The area remained semi-rural and sparsely settled well into the 20th century, with the suburbanisation of the area following the construction of the railway.

In 1936 the NSW State Parliament authorised expenditure of 300,000 pounds to construct the Sutherland to Cronulla railway line, with the men employed to receive award wages "in pursuance of the Cabinet's policy of replacing unemployment relief works by works that will provide a better return for the expenditure of public money, and at the same time create improved conditions of employment." (Canberra Times, 22 February 1936, page 1). A federal loan for "state works" including "speeding up of the construction of the Sutherland-Cronulla line" was granted to the NSW government in November 1938 (Canberra Times, 28 November 1938, page 1).

The Sutherland-Cronulla line was completed in 1939, under the NSW premiership of the conservative Sir Bertram Stevens. The station at Woolooware was one of five similar suburban railway stations built along the Cronulla line from Kirrawee to Woolooware (Kirrawee no longer extant), and the rebuilt Sutherland Railway Station. While Caringbah and Gymea stations were built as island platforms, the other three intermediate stations had one platform only, though provision was made on all of them for the stations to eventually have island platforms.

The Cronulla line was constructed as an electrified railway line in 1939 and signalling was of the new system termed ‘electro pneumatic system’ with light signalling.

Access to the platform was originally provided by the 1939 steel footbridge and stairs from the south and by a ramped path from Swan Street at the north, until this was replaced in 2009 with a new concrete, steel and glass footbridge/entry structure with stairs, ramps and a lift.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Transport-Activities associated with the moving of people and goods from one place to another, and systems for the provision of such movements Building the railway network-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Creative endeavour-Activities associated with the production and performance of literary, artistic, architectural and other imaginative, interpretive or inventive works; and/or associated with the production and expression of cultural phenomena; and/or environments that have inspired such creative activities. Evolution of design in railway engineering and architecture-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
Woolooware Railway Station is of local historical significance as part of the Cronulla line, a major 1930s Depression-era public work, and through its relationship to the development of the suburb of Woolooware and the broader Sutherland Shire region.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
Woolooware Railway Station platform building is of aesthetic significance as good example of an Inter-War Functionalist station building, part of a cohesive (in design and construction) set of Cronulla line suburban station buildings built from Sutherland to Woolooware, and demonstrative of NSW Railways adaptation of this architectural style.
SHR Criteria d)
[Social significance]
The place has the potential to contribute to the local community's sense of place and can provide a connection to the local community's history.
SHR Criteria f)
[Rarity]
Woolooware Railway Station is not rare, as it is one of a group of similar Cronulla line stations dating from 1939.
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
Woolooware Railway Station 1939 platform building is a good representative example of the cohesive group of Inter-War Functionalist style suburban platform buildings built for the Cronulla Line in 1939 (six suburban stations were built from Sutherland to Woolooware, five now extant).
Integrity/Intactness: With the exception of painting of most of the brickwork externally, and the northern extension of the awning, the platform building is externally intact. The platform has been extended on the north side also, however its southern edge is intact. Internally, the spaces accessed in the platform building appear intact.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

1. Conservation principles: Conserve cultural heritage significance and minimise impacts on heritage values and fabric in accordance with the ‘Australia ICOMOS Charter for Places of Cultural Significance’. 2. Specialist advice: Seek advice from a qualified heritage specialist during all phases of a proposed project from feasibility, concept and option planning stage; detailed design; heritage approval and assessment; through to construction and finalisation. 3. Documentation: Prepare a Statement of Heritage Impact (SOHI) to assess, minimise and prevent heritage impacts as part of the assessment and approval phase of a project. Prepare a Conservation Management Plan (CMP) prior to proposing major works (such as new additions, change of use or proposed demolition) at all places of State significance and all complex sites of Local significance. 4. Maintenance and repair: Undertake annual inspections and proactive routine maintenance works to conserve heritage fabric in accordance with the ‘Minimum Standards of Maintenance & Repair’. 5. Movable heritage: Retain in situ and care for historic contents, fixtures, fittings, equipment and objects which contribute to cultural heritage significance. Return or reinstate missing features or relocated items where opportunities arise. 6. Aboriginal, archaeology and natural heritage: Consider all aspects of potential heritage significance as part of assessing and minimising potential impacts, including Aboriginal, archaeology and natural heritage. 7. Unidentified heritage items: Heritage inventory sheets do not describe or capture all contributory heritage items within an identified curtilage (such as minor buildings, structures, archaeology, landscape elements, movable heritage and significant interiors and finishes). Ensure heritage advice is sought on all proposed changes within a curtilage to conserve heritage significance. 8. Recording and register update: Record changes at heritage places through adequate project records and archival photography. Notify all changes to the Section 170 Heritage & Conservation Register administrator upon project completion.

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Heritage Act - s.170 NSW State agency heritage register     

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
State Rail Authority Heritage Register Study1999SRA947State Rail Authority  No
S170 Heritage & Conservation Register Update2009 Paul Davies Pty Ltd  Yes
Heritage Platforms Conservation Management Strategy2015 Australian Museum Consulting  Yes

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
Written 1936Canberra Times, 22 February 1936 , page 1
Written  Canberra Times 27 July 1936, page 2
WrittenAndrea Humphreys and Donald Ellsmore2002Inter-War Station Buildings
WrittenDavid Sheedy2009Historical Research for RailCorp S170 Register Update
WrittenFrances Pollon (compiler, editor)1990The book of Sydney suburbs
WrittenPeter Neve Sutherland Shire Studies No. 6 - Railways and Tramways in the Sutherland Shire

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: State Government
Database number: 4801947


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