Punchbowl Railway Station Group | NSW Environment & Heritage

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Heritage

Punchbowl Railway Station Group

Item details

Name of item: Punchbowl Railway Station Group
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Transport - Rail
Category: Railway Platform/ Station
Primary address: Punchbowl Road, Punchbowl, NSW 2196
Local govt. area: Canterbury

Boundary:

North: Property boundary along Warren ReserveSouth: Property boundary to rear of private properties along The BoulevardEast: 5 metres from eastern end of island platformWest: 5 metres from end of western end of island platform (excluding overbridge on Punchbowl Road)
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
Punchbowl RoadPunchbowlCanterbury  Primary Address

Owner/s

Organisation NameOwner CategoryDate Ownership Updated
RailCorpState Government 
RailCorpState Government 
RailCorpState Government 

Statement of significance:

Punchbowl Railway Station has local historical significance as it was one of the stations to be located on the Sydenham to Bankstown Line which was built to take pressure off the traffic on the Main South Line as well as promote agriculture and suburban development in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. The station reflects the extension of the line to Bankstown in 1909 and the overhead booking office, footbridge and stairs, reflect the development of suburbs in the area during the Interwar period.
Date significance updated: 17 Feb 17
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Designer/Maker: NSW Government Railways
Builder/Maker: George Leggo
Construction years: 1909-1929
Physical description: BUILDINGS
Platform building, Platform 1/2 (early 1980s)
Toilet block, Platform 1/2 (1970s)
Overhead Booking Office (1929)

STRUCTURES
Platforms 1/2, (1909)
Footbridge, (1930)
Canopies and extensions to Overhead Booking Office, (c.2000s)

CONTEXT
Punchbowl Railway Station consists of a single island platform with two later built station buildings. The platforms are accessed by a central set of stairs which lead down from the footbridge associated with the original timber framed and weatherboard overhead booking office. The station can be accessed by steps either from the south by The Boulevard, which is a major shopping street, or from the north via Warren Reserve and Punchbowl Road. Immediately to the west of the overhead booking office the Punchbowl Road overbridge crosses the rail line.

PLATFORM BUILDING (1980s)
External: Simple rectangular face brick building with a flat metal deck roof and high profiled metal fascia which extends as a cantilever awning on both sides. The windows are timber double hung and the doors are flush.

Internal: The building consists of a Station Master's office, sign-on room a store and waiting room. Inside the waiting room the walls are face brick with a concrete floor, while the other rooms have their internal walls rendered. The metal clad soffit of the awning continues through as the internal ceiling to all rooms.

TOILET BLOCK (1970s)
The male and female toilets originally had a hipped roof which was replaced with a flat roof matching the adjacent main platform building. The roof spans between both buildings. Like the main building, the toilet is a simple rectangular building, with external walls of face brick, while the windows are aluminium framed.

OVERHEAD BOOKING OFFICE (1929)
The overhead booking office is a timber framed, weatherboard clad building with a hipped corrugated steel clad roof. The original 1929 roof configuration consisted of a simple hipped roof with Dutch gables on the eastern and western ends and which covered the booking office, the parcels office, the booking hall and the eastern and western footbridges. The later lamp room addition extended the western side of the building to the north to make the building L shaped. A bookstall was added which added a further northern but smaller extension with an awning roof. The ticket collection cabin connected to the main booking office has been removed.

On wall inside overhead booking office is a Timetic clock inside a weatherproof metal case and timber mount board. It is not original to the overhead booking office and likely to have been installed in c1950s. It is no longer operational. New electronic clock installed in 2015.

Overall form and patterns of glazing have been altered by the early addition of the hipped roof lamp room (now used for storage), skillion roof bookstall, enclosure of footbridges, and curvilinear profile of modern footbridge and stair awnings; Lamproom and bookstall additions otherwise sympathetic to historic function; Internal fixtures and fittings replaced with modern office furniture; Doors relocated; Ticket windows replaced with modern ticket windows or removed; Ticket collector’s cabin removed; Footbridge stairs, balusters and rails replaced.

Notable original attributes: simple open floor-plan of bookings/parcels office; internal tongue-and-groove board lining; external weatherboard siding; multi-pane sash windows; covered booking hall with AC ceiling; dutch-gable roof vents.

PLATFORMS (1909)
One island platform with asphalt surface and original brick face and edge, extended in concrete. Coping has been raised in concrete.

FOOTBRIDGE (1930)
Standard concrete platform supported on steel beams bearing on steel platform trestles and steel trestles on each side of the tracks. Stairs give access from the north and south with a single stair leading down to the island platform - these were replaced in 2014. The footbridge structure and stairs have been modified.

CANOPIES (c2000s)
A modern steel framed and steel roofed canopy has been erected over the platform access stairs and extends from the end of the main station building up to the overhead booking office. A contemporaneous canopy with glazed walling also extends across the southern footbridge.

MOVABLE
Wall-mounted clock in green metal case in overhead booking office
Wall-mounted SRA electric Timetic clock on platform building
Reproduction heritage-style lamp posts on platform
Timber stool, painted light green
Short timber bench, painted blue
Cast iron safe
Timber shelving in store room
Tall, two-door timber cupboard fitted with shelves
B/w historic photos in office
Ceramic cleaners sink/basin

ARCHAEOLOGICAL POTENTIAL
Based on the surviving documentation and the evidence on site it is unlikely there would be any potential archaeological remains at Punchbowl Railway Station.
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
PLATFORM BUILDINGS
Good condition.

PLATFORM
Generally good condition.

CANOPIES
Good condition.

FOOTBRIDGE
Good condition.
Date condition updated:09 Sep 08
Modifications and dates: 1917: Covering erected over platform signal levers.
1919: Goods shed opened.
1924: Station building awning erected.
1926: Railway electrified.
1929: Overhead booking office erected; platforms lengthened.
1930: Steel beam footbridge erected.
1941: Erection of new lamp room
1947: New parcels office opened.
1980s: Parcels office within the overhead booking office closed
2014: Northern & southern c.1930s footbridge stairs removed due to material fatigue and heavy corrosion; Construct new stairs with galvanised steel stringers with concrete treads and stainless steel handrails; Removal of existing modern loop-top pool fence and replacement with a new galvanised balustrade.
Further information: PUNCBOWL ROAD OVERBRIDGE (1979)
Modern concrete girder overbridge. Excluded from listing.
Current use: Railway Station
Former use: Nil

History

Historical notes: The Sydenham to Bankstown Railway was opened with the initial terminus station at Belmore on 1 February 1895. The line had its origins in Railway Commissioner Goodchap’s 1882 recommendation that an additional line was needed between Newtown and Liverpool to relieve traffic on the Southern Line and to encourage agriculture and suburban settlement. Lobbying by local interests and land speculators achieved Parliamentary approval by 1890 and construction commenced in 1892. The most important stations on the line, Belmore, Canterbury and Marrickville, were built with impressive near-identical brick buildings, the other intermediate stations (Campsie, Dulwich Hill and Hurlstone Park) receiving more modest timber buildings (later replaced), possibly reflecting economies of the depression of the 1890s.

The depression suppressed the profitability of the line and the extension to Liverpool did not proceed. However, suburban development followed in the early twentieth century, particularly during the interwar period when many War Service homes were built west of Canterbury. The line was extended to Bankstown in 1909 (and then to Regents Park in 1928, making it part of a loop line through Lidcombe), its justification by then being the servicing of suburban development.

Punchbowl Station was opened along with the line extension on 14 April 1909, at the same time as Bankstown and Lakemba. The contract for construction of station buildings was awarded to G Leggo of Paddington. Block signalling was introduced in 1916, and a covering erected over the platform signal levers the next year.

A goods siding was opened in 1919 (removed 1981) and a station building awning added in 1924. In 1929 following electrification that occurred in 1926, there were further modifications with an overhead booking office erected, platforms lengthened, and the removal of the stairway to the overbridge.

There were further developments in the 1940s, with the construction of a new lamp room and a new parcels office.

A notable railway development in proximity of the station was the opening of an electric train depot in 1926. The depot closed in 1995.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages Impacts of railways on urban form-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
Punchbowl Railway Station has local historical significance as it is one of the railway stations on the Sydenham to Bankstown Line built to relieve the crowding on the Main Southern Line and encourage agriculture and suburban growth in the late 1800s and early 20th century. The station represents the extension of the line to Bankstown in 1909 and the overhead booking office and associated footbridge and stairs the suburban development after the First World War when many War Services Homes were built in the area.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
The platform station buildings have no aesthetic significance as they are later additions, but the overhead booking office and associated spaces have local aesthetic and technical significance in deonstrating the particular design and style of timber overhead booking structures erected by the NSW Railways between 1910 and the 1950s.
SHR Criteria d)
[Social significance]
The place has the potential to contribute to the local community's sense of place, and can provide a connection to the local community's past.
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
The Overhead Booking Office at Penshurst was identified as an item of little heritage significance in the 2014 ‘Railway OHBO Heritage Conservation Strategy’. Alterations to the overhead booking office detract from its aesthetic value and historic integrity, such that it is now difficult to interpret and has poor representative value.
The footbridge was identified as an item of moderate heritage significance in the comparative analysis from the 2016 ‘Railway Footbridges Heritage Conservation Strategy’.
The Overhead Booking Office at Punchbowl was identified as an item of moderate heritage significance in the 2014 ‘Railway OHBO Heritage Conservation Strategy’ and an integral component of the heritage precinct.
Integrity/Intactness: Overall the station has lost integrity due to the replacement of the station buildings. The footbridge and stairs have been modified by the addition of a new balustrade, new concrete treads and risers, the glass enclosure as well as the roofing canopies.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

1. Conservation principles: Conserve cultural heritage significance and minimise impacts on heritage values and fabric in accordance with the ‘Australia ICOMOS Charter for Places of Cultural Significance’. 2. Specialist advice: Seek advice from a qualified heritage specialist during all phases of a proposed project from feasibility, concept and option planning stage; detailed design; heritage approval and assessment; through to construction and finalisation. 3. Documentation: Prepare a Statement of Heritage Impact (SOHI) to assess, minimise and prevent heritage impacts as part of the assessment and approval phase of a project. Prepare a Conservation Management Plan (CMP) prior to proposing major works (such as new additions, change of use or proposed demolition) at all places of State significance and all complex sites of Local significance. 4. Maintenance and repair: Undertake annual inspections and proactive routine maintenance works to conserve heritage fabric in accordance with the ‘Minimum Standards of Maintenance & Repair’. 5. Movable heritage: Retain in situ and care for historic contents, fixtures, fittings, equipment and objects which contribute to cultural heritage significance. Return or reinstate missing features or relocated items where opportunities arise. 6. Aboriginal, archaeology and natural heritage: Consider all aspects of potential heritage significance as part of assessing and minimising potential impacts, including Aboriginal, archaeology and natural heritage. 7. Unidentified heritage items: Heritage inventory sheets do not describe or capture all contributory heritage items within an identified curtilage (such as minor buildings, structures, archaeology, landscape elements, movable heritage and significant interiors and finishes). Ensure heritage advice is sought on all proposed changes within a curtilage to conserve heritage significance. 8. Recording and register update: Record changes at heritage places through adequate project records and archival photography. Notify all changes to the Section 170 Heritage & Conservation Register administrator upon project completion.

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Heritage Act - s.170 NSW State agency heritage register  18 Mar 10   

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
S170 Heritage & Conservation Register Update2009 OCP Architects  Yes
Heritage Platforms Conservation Management Strategy2015 Australian Museum Consulting  Yes
Railway Footbridges Heritage Conservation Strategy 2016 NSW Government Architect’s Office Heritage Group  Yes
Railway Overhead Booking Offices Heritage Conservation Strategy2014 Australian Museum Consulting  No

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
WrittenJohn Forsyth2007New South Wales Railway Stations: an alphabetical arrangement of railway station and place names
WrittenK. Edwards1982Beginning the Bankstown Line: a history of the Marrickville to Burwood Road Railway
WrittenTony Prescott2009Historical Research for RailCorp's S170 Update Project

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: State Government
Database number: 4802009


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