Warrawee Railway Station Group | NSW Environment & Heritage

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Heritage

Warrawee Railway Station Group

Item details

Name of item: Warrawee Railway Station Group
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Transport - Rail
Category: Railway Platform/ Station
Primary address: Heydon Avenue, Warrawee, NSW 2074
Local govt. area: Ku-Ring-Gai

Boundary:

North: 5m from end of platform;South: 5m from end of platform;East: Property boundary fronting Warrawee Avenue;West: Property boundary facing Heydon Avenue.
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
Heydon AvenueWarraweeKu-Ring-Gai  Primary Address

Owner/s

Organisation NameOwner CategoryDate Ownership Updated
RailCorpState Government 
RailCorpState Government 
RailCorpState Government 

Statement of significance:

Warrawee Railway Station is significant at local level. Built in 1909 following the duplication of the North Shore line between Lindfield and Hornsby, the present station has historical significance as the construction of the railway encouraged rapid subdivision and the development of the area and is associated with the early 1900s expansion of the suburban railway network. The station contributes to the character of the North Shore line with its homogenous, early 20th century railway architecture and landscaped settings. Unlike other stations on this line however, it does not have its original footbridge or any landscaping of particular note. The significance of the place is largely embodied in its original station building and platform.
Date significance updated: 24 Mar 09
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Designer/Maker: New South Wales Department of Railways
Builder/Maker: New South Wales Department of Railways
Construction years: 1909-
Physical description: Station Building, type 11 (standard type A8) (c.1909 )
Platform (1909)
Footbridge (1977)
Moveable

CONTEXT
Warrawee Railway Station is located within a deep cutting between Warrawee Ave and Heydon Ave, Warrawee. The station is comprised of an island platform with a typical early twentieth century station building accessed by stairs from a precast concrete footbridge which spans the cutting and links the two streets. The footbridge, stairs and both the north and south ends of the station building feature a recent steel framed gable roof. It is this modern roofline that has become the dominant feature of the site when viewed from the elevated position of the adjacent roads.

STATION BUILDING (c.1909)
Exterior: Warrawee Station is a modified standard 'type A8' station design, c.1909. It is of red face brick construction (tuckpointed) with moulded render architraves, string course and window sills. The gabled corrugated iron roof features timber bargeboards. The timber framed platform awnings are supported by cantilevered curved cast iron brackets. The awnings feature timber valances at either end. The southern wall of the building is an unusual freestanding element with a central opening through which customers walk to reach the ticket window. The roofline of the building, including the awning, extends to this point. At each end of the station building a new steel framed roof has been added, following the line of the original roof (the station was upgraded in 1995). These structures have been attached directly to the building with heavy steel brackets. The northern wall of the building has been modified to include two doors, for both male and female toilets. These have been done in a similar style to the original building, with rendered architraves and string course.

Interior: Warrawee station retains the majority of its original configuration and fittings. Walls are rendered, with decorative cast plaster air vents. Mini-orb ceilings with pressed metal roses have been retained. Windows are timber framed double hung sash, and most original four panel doors remain. Windows and fanlights feature coloured glazing 'cathedral glass'. A wall originally dividing the ticket office and station office has been removed to create one large space. Fireplaces have been infilled.

PLATFORM (1909)
The original island platform, convex shaped, with brick faces and modern asphalt surface remains in use. Coping has been partially raised in concrete on Platform 1. Both the north and south ends have had small gardens added. The southern end of the platform comes together at a very fine point.

FOOTBRIDGE (1977)
A 1977 precast concrete footbridge gives access to the station from both Warrawee Ave and Borambil St. The bridge is a pre-stressed concrete girder structure built during the experimental period of concrete superstructures, comprising wide-stem T-sections with overhanging top flanges forming the concrete deck. The bridge has had a gabled steel roof added (1995) to give weather protection.

MOVEABLE
Warrawee Station contains a significant collection of items relating to the station, the majority of which are displayed in the waiting room. Moveable heritage items include a Seth Thomas drop case NSW Government Railways Clock (no glass) (No. 1631); former Warrawee Station sign; 2 x "Ladies" signs with top bracket; "Parcels" sign with top bracket; "Height above Sea Level 591ft" sign; "Show Tickets Here" sign; "Applications for Season Tickets for Month of _______ NOW DUE" sign; framed posters outlining requirements for "Reserved Seats" and "Loading of Wool"; and a parcels trolley marked Warrawee. On the platform remain two indicator boards, used when required. Various framed historical photos are found throughout the station
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
Station Building (c.1909) - Good Condition
The station building is in good condition both internally and externally.

Platform (1909)- Good condition
The asphalt surface of the station is in better condition at the northern end of the platform (where it has been recently resurfaced) than the southern end, although both are quite serviceable.

Footbridge (1977) - Good condition
Date condition updated:10 Sep 08
Modifications and dates: N.d: Some relatively modern additions such as shelters / awnings and footbridge have been provided on the platform.
2009 - Platform repairs and resurfacing
Current use: Railway Station
Former use: Nil

History

Historical notes: Warrawee Railway Station is located on the North Shore line between Wahroonga and Turramurra railway stations.

In 1887, tenders were called for construction of a branch line extending south from Hornsby to the North Shore. The 16.8km section between Hornsby and St. Leonard’s was opened on 1 January 1890. Stations provided at the opening of the line included Chatswood and St. Leonard’s. A single line was constructed at the time. The line between St. Leonard’s and Milson’s Point (the terminus at the edge of the harbour) was completed 1 May 1893.

Present-day Warrawee Railway Station was opened on 1 August 1900, as an unattended station with two temporary timber buildings on the platform. The platform was built on the down side of the (single) line and arranged to be suitable for future adaptation for the duplication works.

The original timber buildings were demolished and a new island platform was built at Warrawee during the duplication of the North Shore between Lindfield and Hornsby and was completed in 1909. The new Down main line was laid in behind the new island platform.

By 1909, Warrawee Railway Station comprised an island platform with standard brick station building. Access to the station was via an overhead footbridge which spanned the tracks, with a set of steps leading on to the platform.

Electrification of the North Shore line was opened in 1927, with full electric services in 1928. Automatic signalling of the North Shore line soon followed, but no signal box was ever provided at Warrawee.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Transport-Activities associated with the moving of people and goods from one place to another, and systems for the provision of such movements Building the railway network-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages Impacts of railways on urban form-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
Warrawee Railway Station is historically significant at local level. Built in 1909 following the duplication of the North Shore line between Lindfield and Hornsby, the present station has historical significance as the construction of the railway encouraged rapid subdivision and the development of the area.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
Warrawee Railway Station has aesthetic significance at a local level. The station building is a good example of early twentieth century railway station design with fabric and details typical of this period and is similar to other rail buildings of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries in the Sydney region. The station contributes to the character of the North Shore line with its homogenous, early 20th century railway architecture and landscaped settings. Unlike other stations on this line however, it does not have its original footbridge or any landscaping of particular note. The significance of the place is largely embodied in its original station building and platform.
SHR Criteria d)
[Social significance]
The place has the potential to contribute to the local community's sense of place, and can provide a connection to the local community's past.
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
Warrawee station building is a representative example of the standard 'type A8-10' station designs that were built c.1910 throughout the North Shore line.
The footbridge was identified as an item of moderate heritage significance in the comparative analysis from the 2016 ‘Railway Footbridges Heritage Conservation Strategy’.
Integrity/Intactness: Warrawee is a relatively intact example of a 'type A8' station building on the Northern line. The building still retains (although in a different setting) a large amount of original signage from the station's early period. Recent additions to the station have affected its integrity to various degrees. The installation of two toilets at the northern end of the building has been carried out in a sympathetic manner, whilst the extension of the covered areas at both ends of the building (evidently aimed at being somewhat considerate to the original structure) has had a detrimental effect upon reading the form of the original building.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

1. Conservation principles: Conserve cultural heritage significance and minimise impacts on heritage values and fabric in accordance with the ‘Australia ICOMOS Charter for Places of Cultural Significance’. 2. Specialist advice: Seek advice from a qualified heritage specialist during all phases of a proposed project from feasibility, concept and option planning stage; detailed design; heritage approval and assessment; through to construction and finalisation. 3. Documentation: Prepare a Statement of Heritage Impact (SOHI) to assess, minimise and prevent heritage impacts as part of the assessment and approval phase of a project. Prepare a Conservation Management Plan (CMP) prior to proposing major works (such as new additions, change of use or proposed demolition) at all places of State significance and all complex sites of Local significance. 4. Maintenance and repair: Undertake annual inspections and proactive routine maintenance works to conserve heritage fabric in accordance with the ‘Minimum Standards of Maintenance & Repair’. 5. Movable heritage: Retain in situ and care for historic contents, fixtures, fittings, equipment and objects which contribute to cultural heritage significance. Return or reinstate missing features or relocated items where opportunities arise. 6. Aboriginal, archaeology and natural heritage: Consider all aspects of potential heritage significance as part of assessing and minimising potential impacts, including Aboriginal, archaeology and natural heritage. 7. Unidentified heritage items: Heritage inventory sheets do not describe or capture all contributory heritage items within an identified curtilage (such as minor buildings, structures, archaeology, landscape elements, movable heritage and significant interiors and finishes). Ensure heritage advice is sought on all proposed changes within a curtilage to conserve heritage significance. 8. Recording and register update: Record changes at heritage places through adequate project records and archival photography. Notify all changes to the Section 170 Heritage & Conservation Register administrator upon project completion.

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Heritage Act - s.170 NSW State agency heritage register  18 Mar 10   

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
Heritage and Conservation Register State Rail Authority of NSW199331Paul Davies for SRA  No
S170 Heritage & Conservation Register Update2009 NSW Department of Commerce  Yes
Heritage Platforms Conservation Management Strategy2015 Australian Museum Consulting  Yes
Railway Footbridges Heritage Conservation Strategy 2016 NSW Government Architect’s Office Heritage Group  Yes

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
WrittenJohn Forsyth Line Histories
WrittenRay Love2009Historical Research for RailCorp s170 Update
WrittenSingleton, CC,1965The Short North - The Sydney-Newcastle Link Railway, New South Wales Railways
WrittenState Rail Authority of New South Wales1995How and Why of Station Names. Fourth Edition

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: State Government
Database number: 4802042


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