Hurlstone Park Railway Station Group | NSW Environment & Heritage

Culture and heritage

Heritage

Hurlstone Park Railway Station Group

Item details

Name of item: Hurlstone Park Railway Station Group
Other name/s: Fern Hill (1895-1911)
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Transport - Rail
Category: Railway Platform/ Station
Primary address: Floss Street, Hurlstone Park, NSW 2193
Parish: Petersham
County: Cumberland
Local govt. area: Canterbury

Boundary:

North: Property boundary to Floss Street (rear of carpark and private residences); South: Property boundary to Duntroon and Commons Street (rear of private residences); East: Western edge of overbridge Duntroon/Crinan Street (excluding overbridge and street level ticket office); West: end of platforms. Any proposed development within the vicinity of the listed site should also consider the historic relationship between the listing and its surrounding area.
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
Floss StreetHurlstone ParkCanterburyPetershamCumberlandPrimary Address

Owner/s

Organisation NameOwner CategoryDate Ownership Updated
RailCorpState Government 
RailCorpState Government 
RailCorpState Government 

Statement of significance:

Hurlstone Park Railway Station has local historical significance as it is one of the stations to be located on the Sydenham to Bankstown Line which was built to take pressure off the traffic on the Main South Line as well as promote agriculture and suburban development in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. The platform buildings, footbridge and stairs are significant as examples of the designs used by NSW Railways during the period 1910 to 1920. The wayside platform buildings are good examples of their type, being relatively intact, with the original 1915 men's toilet on Platform 2, although long disused, still retaining its original configuration.
Date significance updated: 27 Nov 17
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Designer/Maker: NSW Government Railways
Builder/Maker: NSW Government Railways
Physical description: BUILDINGS
Platform building, Platform 1, (Type 11) (1915)
Platform building, Platform 2, (Type 11) (1915)
Overhead Booking Office (c1980s)

STRUCTURES
Platforms: Platform 1, (1894) - Platform 2, (1911)
Footbridge, (1915)

CONTEXT
Hurlstone Park Railway Station consists of one wayside platform on the south and an island platform on the north. Passenger rail only uses the south side of the island platform, with the Metropolitan Goods Line running on the north. The station is accessed via the overbridge and overhead booking office from Floss Street.

PLATFORM BUILDING- Platform 1 (1915)
External: Rectangular face brick building with gabled roof and integral shallower sloped single cantilevered awning. The face brick is in stretcher bond and the building is six bays in length, with the bays defined by engaged brick piers which coincide with the awning supports. There is a further open veranda bay at the eastern end. Original chimneys with cement mouldings and terracotta flues have been removed.

The northern cantilever awning on the goods line side has been removed. The remaining southern cantilever awning has standard double bowed steel brackets supported on decorative cement haunches and bolt fixings to the station building brick walls. The soffit lining is corrugated steel fixed to intermediate exposed purlins and follows the roof slope. There is a decorative timber moulding at junction with the brick wall. Vertical timber boards form a valance at each end of the awning. On the eastern end of the building the vertical boarding fills the whole width of the gable end and the roof is supported on two timber posts to form an open veranda for one bay. The awning roofs as for the main roof is corrugated steel.

The external walls rise from a projecting brick plinth five/six courses high with a decorative dado moulding run in cement which is continuous between door and window openings. Decorative cement window and door frames rise above the dado moulding. The northern side of the building reflects the same detailing. Painted “Ladies” wall signs remain.


The original window openings feature a moulded cement sill with a scalloped fringe. The original timber windows were double hung with a single paned lower sash and a six paned upper sash. If the upper sashes featured coloured glass, none now remain. The original window glass as well as the upper glazing bars have been removed in most cases. Most of the windows now contain diamond pattern vandal proof fibreglass sheeting and/or hardboard coverings. Original door openings featured fanlights matching the upper window sashes, which have also been removed. One original timber panelled door remains. The original slate thresholds remain on the northern side only.

Internal: The building comprises a station master’s office; general waiting room; ladies room and ladies toilets, a store and men’s toilets. The internal usage has now changed and the toilets have modern fitouts and finishes. Original plaster wall finishes and plaster ceilings remain in the general waiting room, the ladies waiting room , and ladies toilets. The men’s toilets retains the original painted brick walls but the ceiling has been removed. The station master’s office has lost all internal finishes due to fire damage.

PLATFORM BUILDING- Platform 2 (1915)
External: Rectangular face brick building with gabled roof and integral shallower sloped single cantilevered awning. The face brick is in stretcher bond and the building is four bays in length, with the bays defined by engaged brick piers which coincide with the awning supports. The original chimney with cement mouldings and terracotta flue has been removed.

The cantilever awning is on standard double bowed steel brackets supported on decorative cement haunches and bolt fixings to the station building brick walls. The soffit lining of corrugated steel is fixed to intermediate exposed purlins and follows the roof slope. There is a decorative timber moulding at junction with the brick wall. Vertical timber boards form a valance at each end of awning. The awning roofs as for the main roof is corrugated steel.

The external walls rise from a projecting brick plinth four/five courses high with a decorative dado moulding run in cement which is continuous between door and window openings. Decorative cement window and door frames rise above the dado moulding. The rear or southern side of the building against the rock cutting reflects the same detailing.

The original window openings feature a moulded cement sill with a scalloped fringe. The original timber windows were double hung with a single paned lower sash and a six paned upper sash which featured coloured glass. The original window glass as well as the upper glazing bars have been removed in several cases. Most of the windows now contain diamond pattern vandal proof fibreglass sheeting and/or hardboard coverings. Original door openings featured fanlights matching the upper window sashes, which have also been removed. One original timber panelled door remains. The original slate thresholds remain.

Internal: The building comprises a general waiting room with timber benches; ladies room and ladies toilets, a store and men’s toilets. The waiting room and ladies waiting room retains the original plaster wall finishes, ripple iron ceiling, plaster ceiling rose and timber floor. The ladies toilets retain the original timber partitions and fittings but have not been used in many years. The men’s toilets retains the original painted brick walls, urinal stalls, some timber partitions but the ceiling has been removed.

PLATFORMS (1894, 1911)
Platform 1 has an asphalt surface with the original brick face with a concrete edge. The northern side of this platform (not used and fenced off) which extends only to the western end of the platform building has a concrete edge but the face is buried below the ballast of the raised railway lines. Platform 2 also has its original brick face with a concrete edge. Both platforms have reproduction heritage-style lamp posts.

FOOTBRIDGE (1915)
Haunched beam design consists of tapered cantilevers bearing on platform trestles and brick abutments and supporting shallow beams over the railway tracks. The original access stairs remain.

OVERHEAD BOOKING OFFICE (c1980s)
The original timber framed overhead booking office dating from 1915 has been demolished and replaced by a new structure erected on the original footbridge.

MOVABLE
NSW Railway heritage listed sites contain significant collections of stored movable railway heritage, including furniture, signs, operational objects, ex-booking office and ticketing objects, paper records, clocks, memorabilia, indicator boards and artwork. Individually, these objects are important components of the history of each site. Together, they form a large and diverse collection of movable objects across the NSW rail network. Sydney Trains maintains a database of movable heritage. For up-to-date information on all movable heritage items at this site, contact the Sydney Trains heritage team.

LANDSCAPE/NATURAL FEATURES
Excavated rock face to rear of Platform 2 and wayside building.

ARCHAEOLOGICAL POTENTIAL
Based on the surviving documentation and the evidence on site it is unlikely there would be any potential archaeological remains at Hurlstone Park Railway Station.
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
PLATFORM BUILDINGS
Generally in good condition externally except for some damage to the brickwork where the toilet modesty screens have been removed and some paint graffiti damage. Internally the disused waiting rooms and toilets rooms in the building on Platform 2 are in a poor condition, with peeling paint, damage from water ingres.

PLATFORM
Generally good condition.

FOOTBRIDGE
Good
Date condition updated:16 Apr 09
Modifications and dates: 1906: Platform lengthened.
1911: New Down side platform erected.
1915: New platform buildings and Overhead Booking Office constructed.
1926: Railway electrified; shelter outside Booking Office erected.
C1980s: New Overhead Booking Office.
Further information: OVERBRIDGE (1915)
The bridge is excluded from the listing. Steel girders supported on central brick piers and side brick abutments. Modern balustrading. Original steel girders and brick piers are extant. However, general loos of integrity due to upgrade works.
Current use: Railway Station
Former use: Nil

History

Historical notes: The Sydenham to Bankstown Railway was opened with the initial terminus station at Belmore on 1 February 1895. The line had its origins in Railway Commissioner Goodchap’s 1882 recommendation that an additional line was needed between Newtown and Liverpool to relieve traffic on the Southern Line and to encourage agriculture and suburban settlement. Lobbying by local interests and land speculators achieved Parliamentary approval by 1890 and construction commenced in 1892. The most important stations on the line, Belmore, Canterbury and Marrickville, were built with impressive near-identical brick buildings, the other intermediate stations (Campsie, Dulwich Hill and Hurlstone Park) receiving more modest timber buildings (later replaced), possibly reflecting economies of the depression of the 1890s. The depression suppressed the profitability of the line and the extension to Liverpool did not proceed. However, suburban development followed in the early twentieth century, particularly during the interwar period when many War Service homes were built. The line was extended to Bankstown in 1909, its justification by then being anticipation of suburban development.

Hurlstone Park Station was opened as Fern Hill on 27 November 1894. It was renamed Hurlstone Park on 19 August 1911. In this year the Metropolitan Goods line was built past the station and a new Down platform was built. In 1915 the original timber station building was replaced by brick buildings on both platforms and an overhead booking office. The latter was replaced in the 1980s by a new booking office.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Transport-Activities associated with the moving of people and goods from one place to another, and systems for the provision of such movements Making Railway Journeys-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages Impacts of railways on urban form-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
Hurlstone Park Railway Station possesses local historical significance as it is one of the railway stations on the Sydenham to Bankstown Line built to relieve the crowding on the Main Southern Line and encourage agriculture and suburban growth in the late 1800s and early 20th century.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
The platform buildings, footbridge and associated stairs have local aesthetic and technical significance as examples of the particular design and style of brick wayside platform buildings erected by the NSW Railways during the 1910 to 1920s.
SHR Criteria d)
[Social significance]
The place has the potential to contribute to the local community's sense of place, and can provide a connection to the local community's past.
SHR Criteria f)
[Rarity]
The male toilets on Platform 2 are a rare example of the original fitout including partitions and urinal stalls remaining.
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
The platform buildings, footbridge and stair access are good representative examples of railway structures built in the Sydney Metropolitan area by NSW Government Railways between the years 1910 to the end of the 1920s. The buildings are reasonably well preserved examples, although compromised to a degree by the removal of some external elements, but are considered to have local significance in this criterion.
The footbridge was identified as an item of moderate heritage significance in the comparative analysis from the 2016 ‘Railway Footbridges Heritage Conservation Strategy’.
Integrity/Intactness: PLATFORM BUILDING (Platform 1)Externally the brick chimneys have been removed as has the brick screen wall to the male toilet. Generally the upper glazing and upper glazing bars to the windows and the door fanlights have been removed although several remain. The glazing has been replaced with either hardboard or the standard diamond patterned fibreglass vandal-proof sheeting. Only one original timber panelled door remains. Internally original wall finishes and plaster ceilings only remain in the General Waiting Room, Ladies Waiting Room and Ladies Toilets. The Men's Toilets retain original painted brick walls but the Station Master's Office has lost all internal finishes.PLATFORM BUILDING (Platform 2)Externally the brick chimney has been removed as has the brick screen wall to the male toilet. Generally the upper glazing and upper glazing bars to the windows and the door fanlights have been removed although several remain. The glazing has been replaced with either hardboard or the standard diamond patterned fibreglass vandal proof sheeting. Only one original timber panelled door remains. Internally original plaster wall finishes, ripple iron ceilings, plaster ceiling roses and timber floors remain in the General Waiting Room and Ladies Waiting Room. Both the Men's Toilets and Ladies Toilets retain the original timber partitions and fittings, but are in a poor state of repair.FOOTBRIDGE AND STAIRSIntact except for the addition of a new balustrade to the footbridge.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

1. Conservation principles: Conserve cultural heritage significance and minimise impacts on heritage values and fabric in accordance with the ‘Australia ICOMOS Charter for Places of Cultural Significance’. 2. Specialist advice: Seek advice from a qualified heritage specialist during all phases of a proposed project from feasibility, concept and option planning stage; detailed design; heritage approval and assessment; through to construction and finalisation. 3. Documentation: Prepare a Statement of Heritage Impact (SOHI) to assess, minimise and prevent heritage impacts as part of the assessment and approval phase of a project. Prepare a Conservation Management Plan (CMP) prior to proposing major works (such as new additions, change of use or proposed demolition) at all places of State significance and all complex sites of Local significance. 4. Maintenance and repair: Undertake annual inspections and proactive routine maintenance works to conserve heritage fabric in accordance with the ‘Minimum Standards of Maintenance & Repair’. 5. Movable heritage: Retain in situ and care for historic contents, fixtures, fittings, equipment and objects which contribute to cultural heritage significance. Return or reinstate missing features or relocated items where opportunities arise. 6. Aboriginal, archaeology and natural heritage: Consider all aspects of potential heritage significance as part of assessing and minimising potential impacts, including Aboriginal, archaeology and natural heritage. 7. Unidentified heritage items: Heritage inventory sheets do not describe or capture all contributory heritage items within an identified curtilage (such as minor buildings, structures, archaeology, landscape elements, movable heritage and significant interiors and finishes). Ensure heritage advice is sought on all proposed changes within a curtilage to conserve heritage significance. 8. Recording and register update: Record changes at heritage places through adequate project records and archival photography. Notify all changes to the Section 170 Heritage & Conservation Register administrator upon project completion.

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Heritage Act - s.170 NSW State agency heritage register  18 Mar 10   

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
S170 Heritage & Conservation Register Update2009 OCP Architects  Yes
Heritage Platforms Conservation Management Strategy2015 Australian Museum Consulting  Yes
Railway Footbridges Heritage Conservation Strategy 2016 NSW Government Architect’s Office Heritage Group  Yes

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
WrittenJohn Forsyth2007New South Wales Railway Stations: an alphabetical arrangement of railway station and place names
WrittenK. Edwards1982Beginning the Bankstown Line: a history of the Marrickville to Burwood Road Railway
WrittenStuart Sharp1984A Survey of Railway Structures
WrittenTony Prescott2009Historical Research for RailCorp's S170 Update Project

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

rez rez rez rez rez rez
rez rez rez
(Click on thumbnail for full size image and image details)

Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: State Government
Database number: 4802051


Every effort has been made to ensure that information contained in the State Heritage Inventory is correct. If you find any errors or omissions please send your comments to the Database Manager.

All information and pictures on this page are the copyright of the Heritage Division or respective copyright owners.