Regents Park Railway Station Group | NSW Environment & Heritage

Culture and heritage

Heritage

Regents Park Railway Station Group

Item details

Name of item: Regents Park Railway Station Group
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Transport - Rail
Category: Railway Platform/ Station
Primary address: Park Road, Regents Park, NSW 2143
Local govt. area: Auburn

Boundary:

North: 5 metres past the end of the platform South: North side of overbridge (excluding bridge)East: Auburn Road turning into Amy Street including the landscaped area which leads to station footbridge and along the footpath through adjacent park.West: The edge of the rail corridor excluding the carpark along Park Road
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
Park RoadRegents ParkAuburn  Primary Address

Owner/s

Organisation NameOwner CategoryDate Ownership Updated
RailCorpState Government 
RailCorpState Government 
RailCorpState Government 

Statement of significance:

Regents Park Railway Station has local significance as a station which represents the significant reconstruction of the original Lidcombe-Regents Park line and its extension to Cabramatta. The 1920s platform building has been altered but it retains the basic architectural features which characterise station buildings of this period. The overall station complex has however been impacted by modern developments which have reduced its ability to effectively demonstrate the era of travel between the 1920s and 1930s.
Date significance updated: 31 Aug 04
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Designer/Maker: NSW Department of Railways
Builder/Maker: NSW Department of Railways
Construction years: 1922-1924
Physical description: BUILDINGS
Platform building, Platform 1/2 (Type 11) (1924)
Former Overhead Booking & Parcels Office, (c.1920)

STRUCTURES
Platform 1-/2, (1924)
Canopies, (1999)
Footbridge, (1922, 1999)

CONTEXT
Regents Park Railway Station is accessed from the west from the junction of Rose Street, Carlingford Street and Park Road and from the east from Auburn Road and Amy Street. It has one island platform, a footbridge and a building on the platform which incorporates the booking office. There are commercial strips on either sides of the station.

PLATFORM BUILDING (1924)
External: Rectangular building six bays long with stretcher bond brickwork. The bays are defined by engaged brick piers that have decorative concrete corbels and standard steel double bowed brackets which support cantilevered awnings. The awnings which have curtain board fascia are integrated with the gable roof of the building and the roofing material for both the awning and the roof is corrugated steel. The roof has original timber finials.

The external walls rise from a projecting brick plinth with a decorative two part cement dado moulding which is continuous between door and window openings. Cement window and door frames rise from the dado moulding. Most of the door and window openings are original and the windows feature a decorative moulded cement sill. The original timber windows were double hung with a double paned lower sash and a multi-paned upper sash. This detail continued through in the fanlights above the doors. The doors were timber panelled. The northern end brick gable wall feature a louvre within a round brick window framed in voussoir shaped bricks, with four cement keystones. Some of the original windows have been retained with aluminium framed safety wire meshes fitted to their outer side. Others have been altered, some windows have been removed and openings have been bricked in, whereas other windows have been boarded up and fitted with steel grills and some have been fixed with opaque, safety wire mesh incorporated glass. All the doors have all been replaced with flat panelled timber doors, and some have additional steel grill gates fitted to the outer edge of the door opening. One of the doors has an original fanlight whereas others have been refitted with opaque, safety wire mesh incorporated glass and one has an air-conditioning unit fitted within it. The original door opening to the northern end of the building has been removed and replaced by two flat panelled timber doors. The upper part of the original cement door frame has been retained and a new continuous cement door frame bridging the two new doors has been inserted below it.

Internal: The building comprises a booking office, a Station Manager’s room, a general waiting area with a family accessible toilet and ladies toilet, a store, a unisex toilet and a staff toilet. The original internal configuration of the building is not known as there is no documentary evidence available. Original cast iron ventilators and pressed metal ceilings with square ceiling ventilators have been retained.

FORMER OVERHEAD BOOKING & PARCELS OFFICE (c.1920)
External: The former overhead booking and parcels office is located on the footbridge north-east of the stairs that lead down to the platforms. It currently accommodates a newsagent’s kiosk. Originally constructed of timber the existing building (which was refurbished in 1945) comprises of a timber framed structure with fibre cement sheet walls and a flat corrugated metal roof with wide metal fascia. The position of the original window openings has been retained but original door openings have been blocked up and a new opening has been made at the centre of the western face of the building. The windows are small, aluminium horizontal sliding winnows with steel safety grills fitted to the outside.

Internal: The kiosk has been altered completely internally and has no original fabric.

Extensively remodelled prior to installation of lift access to platforms; Booking office function removed from building and space converted to concession; Dutch gable roof replaced with flat roof, siding replaced; Ticket windows removed; Doors and windows removed; new windows unsympathetic to original style and character of building.

PLATFORM (1924)
Platform 1 (Up) and Platform 2 (Down) have in-situ concrete faces and form an island platform arrangement. Both the platforms have asphalt surfaces and steeped brick coping.

CANOPIES (1999)
There is a modern canopy at the edge of the stairs that leads down from the footbridge onto the platform and it provides shelter to the space between the stairs and the booking office ticket window located on the south face of the original building. The canopy has three roof sections, with two skillion roofs on either sides of a curved roof and all the roofs are made of Colorbond steel resting on steel I beam and columns. A smaller version of this three section canopy covers the area between the footbridge and the lift.

FOOTBRIDGE (1922, 1999)
The footbridge comprises of a bridge connecting either sides of the station, a set of stairs that lead down to the platform, entrance canopies and a disabled access ramp from Carlingford Street. The entire structure rests on the original 1920s superstructure of steel columns, beams and trestles. The stairs and the deck are constructed of in-situ concrete and have painted steel handrails. There are a series of gable roof awnings made of Colorbond steel that cover the footbridge, the stairs, the entrances to the station and the ramp.

ARCHAEOLOGICAL POTENTIAL
Based on the surviving documentation and the evidence on site it is unlikely there would be any potential archaeological remains at Regents Park Railway Station.
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
PLATFORM BUILDING (Platform 1- 2)
The platform building is in a good condition.

FORMER OVERHEAD BOOKING & PARCELS OFFICE
The building is in good condition.

PLATFORM
The platforms are in a good condition.

CANOPIES
The canopies are in a very good condition.

FOOTBRIDGE
The footbridge is in a good condition.
Date condition updated:06 Jul 09
Modifications and dates: 1922: station footbridge constructed.
1924: new station on line deviation.
1929: railway electrified.
1945: overhead parcels office constructed
1995: footbridge constructed
2000: access upgrade, including footbridge modifications
Current use: Railway Station
Former use: Nil

History

Historical notes: The Lidcombe to Regents Park line was originally built by the Public Works Department as a tramway to service construction of the second Potts Hill reservoir. The line was opened as such in 1912 and was part-funded by the Metropolitan Water Sewerage and Drainage Board. Industrial and suburban development along the line caused it to transform into a general freight and passenger line. By the 1920s a decision had been made to extend the railway from Regents Park to Cabramatta as a relief to the Main West and Main South via Granville and this was completed in 1924. The work involved major reconstruction of the original Lidcombe-Regents Park section of the line.

A station was opened at Regents Park on 11 November 1912. The line reconstruction in 1924 involved a deviation and, accordingly, a new station was opened on the deviated line on 8 October 1924. The old station was demolished. The new station featured an island platform and brick platform building. A footbridge was constructed in 1922, being a steel beam structure with stairs down to an island platform.

The station was once the junction for a branch line to Potts Hill reservoir and for a series of sidings that served an adjacent large factory complex belonging to the Commonwealth Government.

A new overhead parcels office (now a kiosk) was constructed in 1945 and the platform building modified. The station was upgraded c.2000 with a new lift and platform canopies.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Transport-Activities associated with the moving of people and goods from one place to another, and systems for the provision of such movements Transport of Goods-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages Impacts of railways on urban form-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
Regents Park Railway Station is historically significant at the local level as a station which represents the significant reconstruction of the original Lidcombe-Regents Park line and its extension to Cabramatta. The extant early 20th century platform building and the 1920s footbridge superstructure date from the opening of the station and demonstrate the 1920/1930s period of suburban railway travel. However the highly altered former overhead booking and parcels office, the alterations to the footbridge, and the addition of canopies to the platform and footbridge reduce the ability of the station to demonstrate this era comprehensively.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
Regents Park Railway Station has local aesthetic significance with its 1920s ‘initial island’ platform building which has retained characteristic features of this design of station building, namely the linear form, gable roof and integrated awnings. The 1920s footbridge with stairs leading down the platform and street has been altered considerably in terms of the replacement of the timber deck and stairs with in-situ concrete, modern steel handrails, and modern awnings. However the superstructure of the footbridge comprising of steel beams, columns and trestles is the original 1920s fabric and is typical of such footbridges within the suburban network. The 1920s former overhead booking and parcels office has little significance as it has been altered extensively and it no longer retains any characteristic features of this type of building. In effect the form, fabric and detailing of the platform building and footbridge characterises the type of construction and architectural style employed in early 20th century railway station buildings in the Sydney region.
SHR Criteria d)
[Social significance]
The place has the potential to contribute to the local community's sense of place, and can provide a connection to the local community's past.
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
Regents Park Railway Station has an extant platform building which has been altered but it is still retains characteristic features of this type of standard railway design platform building and is therefore representative of this type.
Although the footbridge has been altered it retains the characteristics superstructure of footbridges and is representative of standard railway footbridge design. The footbridge was identified as an item of little heritage significance in the 2016 ‘Railway Footbridges Heritage Conservation Strategy’. However, the strategy recommended detailed physical analysis prior to any change to confirm the significance of the structure.
The former overhead booking office has been altered extensively and it does not retain any characteristics features of this type it is not a good representation of this type of railway structure. The Overhead Booking Office at Regents Park was identified as an item of little heritage significance in the 2014 ‘Railway OHBO Heritage Conservation Strategy’. The overhead booking office has been altered to such an extent that it no longer retains characteristic features of the type and has little or no aesthetic significance or representative value.

Alterations to the overhead booking office and footbridge detract from the historic and representative value of the overall station precinct.
Integrity/Intactness: Regents Park Railway Station has a moderate degree of integrity as the platform building is a relatively intact condition. However the altered footbridge, the additional canopies to the footbridge and the platform and the extensively altered overhead booking and parcels office detract from the overall integrity of the station. PLATFORM BUILDING (Platform 1-2) Externally the building has been altered in terms of its door and window openings which have been removed, bricked in or boarded up but it still retains original fabric such the original brickwork, standard double bowed steel brackets, decorative cement corbels, decorative two part cement dado moulding and timber finials. Modern services such lighting and CCTV cameras have been installed and the windows are covered over in most instances, however these interventions are considered to be reversible. Internally significant original fabric such as cast iron ventilators and pressed metal ceilings with square ceiling ventilators has been retained. FORMER OVERHEAD BOOKING & PARCELS OFFICE Externally the building has been altered extensively such that it no longer retains its characteristic timber construction. Original door openings have been blocked up although the original position of window openings has been retained. There is no original fabric to the interior of the buildings. FOOTBRIDGEThe footbridge has been altered with the removal of its timber deck and stairs and its replacement with in-situ concrete deck and stairs and the addition of awnings. However it retains the original 1923 steel superstructure.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

1. Conservation principles: Conserve cultural heritage significance and minimise impacts on heritage values and fabric in accordance with the ‘Australia ICOMOS Charter for Places of Cultural Significance’. 2. Specialist advice: Seek advice from a qualified heritage specialist during all phases of a proposed project from feasibility, concept and option planning stage; detailed design; heritage approval and assessment; through to construction and finalisation. 3. Documentation: Prepare a Statement of Heritage Impact (SOHI) to assess, minimise and prevent heritage impacts as part of the assessment and approval phase of a project. Prepare a Conservation Management Plan (CMP) prior to proposing major works (such as new additions, change of use or proposed demolition) at all places of State significance and all complex sites of Local significance. 4. Maintenance and repair: Undertake annual inspections and proactive routine maintenance works to conserve heritage fabric in accordance with the ‘Minimum Standards of Maintenance & Repair’. 5. Movable heritage: Retain in situ and care for historic contents, fixtures, fittings, equipment and objects which contribute to cultural heritage significance. Return or reinstate missing features or relocated items where opportunities arise. 6. Aboriginal, archaeology and natural heritage: Consider all aspects of potential heritage significance as part of assessing and minimising potential impacts, including Aboriginal, archaeology and natural heritage. 7. Unidentified heritage items: Heritage inventory sheets do not describe or capture all contributory heritage items within an identified curtilage (such as minor buildings, structures, archaeology, landscape elements, movable heritage and significant interiors and finishes). Ensure heritage advice is sought on all proposed changes within a curtilage to conserve heritage significance. 8. Recording and register update: Record changes at heritage places through adequate project records and archival photography. Notify all changes to the Section 170 Heritage & Conservation Register administrator upon project completion.

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Heritage Act - s.170 NSW State agency heritage registerRailcorp S170 Register    

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
S170 Heritage & Conservation Register Update2009 OCP Architects  Yes
Heritage Platforms Conservation Management Strategy2015 Australian Museum Consulting  Yes
Railway Footbridges Heritage Conservation Strategy 2016 NSW Government Architect’s Office Heritage Group  Yes
Railway Overhead Booking Offices Heritage Conservation Strategy2014 Australian Museum Consulting  No

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
WrittenJohn Forsyth2007New South Wales Railway Stations: an alphabetical arrangement of railway station and place names
WrittenTony Prescott2009Historical Research for RailCorp's S170 Update Project
WrittenWilliam Bailey Sydney Suburban Steam Railways

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

rez rez rez rez rez
(Click on thumbnail for full size image and image details)

Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: State Government
Database number: 4802060


Every effort has been made to ensure that information contained in the State Heritage Inventory is correct. If you find any errors or omissions please send your comments to the Database Manager.

All information and pictures on this page are the copyright of the Heritage Division or respective copyright owners.