Bungendore Railway Precinct | NSW Environment & Heritage

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Heritage

Bungendore Railway Precinct

Item details

Name of item: Bungendore Railway Precinct
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Transport - Rail
Category: Railway Platform/ Station
Primary address: , Bungendore, NSW 2621
Parish: Wamboin
County: Murray
Local govt. area: Palerang

Boundary:

The listing boundary is the alignment of the rail property boundaries to the east at Powell St and to the west at Majara St and on the north is the extension of Turallo Terrace (where it formerly crossed the line) including the gatekeepers cottage and on the south is a line crossing the tracks approximately 30m on the southern side of the goods shed group.
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
 BungendorePalerangWamboinMurrayPrimary Address

Owner/s

Organisation NameOwner CategoryDate Ownership Updated
RailCorpState Government 
RailCorpState Government 

Statement of significance:

Bungendore Railway Precinct comprises a state significant late nineteenth century railway station and partly intact yard, including the 1885 roadside station building, the 1885 goods shed and jib crane. The extant railway buildings and structures at Bungendore, particularly the station building and goods shed, are important elements within the wider townscape of Bungendore and are good representative examples of a series of similar items located on the Main Southern Line and the Bombala Line.
Date significance updated: 27 May 08
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Designer/Maker: John Whitton (attributed)
Builder/Maker: J.Jordan
Construction years: 1884-1885
Physical description: MAJOR SRUCTURES - Managed by RailCorp
Station Building - type 4, standard roadside third class brick (1885)
Signal Box - type G, timber signal box with skillion roof (1917)
Platform (c1884?) and station signage

OTHER ITEMS - Managed by John Holland
Goods Shed - type 3, corrugated iron (1884)
Per Way Trolley Shed - corrugated iron
5 tonne metal Jib Crane (T431)


STATION BUILDING (1885)
The station buildings present as a symmetrical layout and elevation, with a central waiting room with two single storey structures to either side, one containing men’s and women’s toilets, the other the lamp room. Originally these were connected to the main building with small pavilions with yards for staff use, now removed. The building is simply planned with central waiting room flanked by the SM's office and ticket office with parcels at one end of the building and ladies waiting room at the other.

The station buildings are constructed of brick with a painted finish (colour scheme appears to be the former ‘softer’ R52 terracotta) and feature gabled roofs clad in corrugated iron with corbelled brick chimneys. Roof renewed and in good condition (2015) (with inspection hooks). The central building features a rear porch entry to the central room which is marked by a transverse gable. Gable ends feature decorative timber barge boards and timber finials. The platform verandah has a decorative timber valance and is supported on timber posts with curved iron brackets. Timber sash windows have moulded surrounds and sills. Some early glazing in windows.
Original door knobs on doors and SRA logo locks. Main road side building entrance contains timber flooring and early light fitting. 2 x Commemorative plaque installed to exterior of building (one installed in 1985 and the other in 1991).

SIGNAL BOX (1917)
The signal box is a simple square structure with a skillion roof clad in corrugated iron and timber framed walls clad in fibro. Some signalling equipment is still evident.

GOODS SHED (1884)
The goods shed is a large rectangular structure with a gabled roof clad in corrugated iron extending to form awnings on either side of the building. The awnings are supported on timber brackets. The building is timber framed with corrugated iron wall cladding. A small office wing is clad in weatherboard. The structure features a large timber platform and timber sliding doors with diagonal boarding. The goods shed features a metal fence, advertising signs, sign with distances to Queanbeyan and Goulburn on exterior wall of office, two doors to each side of goods shed and standard horizontal timber bracing.

PLATFORM (c1884?)
Brick platform face with asphalt platform surface. Brick coping and gravel platforms at ends of higher (new concrete) platform. Selection of older style platform signage present. Modern seats and bins.

LANDSCAPE
Garden, trees and landscape features are purposeful and contribute to setting. There are two large ‘L’ shaped timber framed garden boxes to allow for direct approach to station from the street. These boxes are framed by two lines of trees. Some of the fencing has been made form old railing.

MOVABLE
Reproduction heritage-style lamp posts on platform
Iron rail fence posts
Station signage
Original and early door and window hardware (locks, handles, sash locks and lifts etc)
Wall-mounted intercom an associated sign
“Bungendore” incised timber platform benches
Cast iron stormwater grates
Cast iron sinks in men’s toilets
High-mounted stainless steel cistern, chain and piping
Iron hooks on inside wall of privacy screen
Cast iron and concrete door thresholds and boot scrapers
Iron rail platform edging
Signal levers
Timber-framed noticeboard
Sleepers used as garden edging
Timber post and rail fencing
“Turallo Creek Bridge 1930 – 2007” display of timber bridge remnant
Fireplace hearth
Suspended light fitting and metal shade
5-ton jib crane on concrete plinth with pulley and hook in yard
Galvanised gate used as security door on goods shed
Wall-mounted light fitting in Goods Shed
Timber plaque and memorial for Tom Fisk 1917 – 2099
Wall-mounted brass plaque – “Bungendore Railway Centenary 1885-1995”
Wall-mounted brass plaque – “110 years of Rail, March 1995”
Wall-mounted brass plaque – “City of Queanbeyan Centenary of Rail Extension on September 1887”
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
Good Condition
Date condition updated:24 Nov 09
Current use: Railway Station and Yard
Former use: Nil

History

Historical notes: Bungendore Station is located on the Bombala Line which opened as a single line from Tarago to Bungendore on 4 March 1885 and later continued to Cooma and to its terminus at Bomabala. The construction contract for the Joppa Junction to Bungendore section was awarded to W S Topham & J Angus (tramway contractors) on 3 October 1882 (Forsyth, 2009).

Construction of the station building, Station Master’s residence, goods shed, and Gatekeeper’s residences was let to a J. Jordan on 6 September 1884. The station building was officially opened on 4 March 1885 and it is likely that the goods shed, a Gatekeeper’s residence, and a Station Master’s residence were all completed around the same time (c1885) (Forsyth, 2009).

The station building at Bungendore is a five room example of Engineer-in-Chield of the NSW Railways, John Whitton's standard roadside third class station. Station buildings of this size were usually allocated to urban areas in excess of 3,000 residents. The Bungendore building, as well as those at Tarago and Queanbeyan, reflect either a large urban population or, more likely, very powerful or influential residents exercising strong political pressure on the NSW government.

Major additions and changes to the railway precinct/yard at Bungendore included the installation of a 12 ton cart weighbridge (1891, removed at an unknown date), carriage shelter shed/engine shed (1902, relocated to Coffs Harbour in 1918), and loading bank (1909). The station yard was interlocked in April 1917. The nearby stockyards were constructed in 1887, modified in 1913 and ceased to be used in 1989 (Forsyth, 2009).

The southern fork of the triangle at Bungendore, as part of the line to Captains Flat, was removed in 1972 and the precinct ceased to be used for goods traffic in 1989; however Bungendore remains an operational passenger station for Countrylink services between Sydney and Canberra (Forsyth, 2009; SRA, 1993).

A Station Master’s residence and Gatekeeper’s residence are still extant to the north of the station building, but are no longer in railway ownership.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Pastoralism-Activities associated with the breeding, raising, processing and distribution of livestock for human use Transporting livestock and their products-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Transport-Activities associated with the moving of people and goods from one place to another, and systems for the provision of such movements Building the railway network-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Transport-Activities associated with the moving of people and goods from one place to another, and systems for the provision of such movements Transport of goods-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages Shaping inland settlements-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
The place demonstrates late 19th century practices and designs implemented by the NSW railways. The place includes several structures dating from the opening of the line at Bungendore in 1885 and demonstrates the layout of a typical late 19th century railway station and yard.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
The site has aesthetic significance as a railway precinct that retains several original items that demonstrate railway design in the 1880s. The 1885 station building is a fine example of a Victorian third class roadside station building with fabric and fine detailing typical of the period. The railway buildings and structures at Bungendore are important elements within the wider townscape of Bungendore.
SHR Criteria d)
[Social significance]
The site is of social significance to the local community on account of its lengthy association for providing an important source of employment, trade and social interaction for the local area. The site is significant for its ability to contribute to the local community’s sense of place, is a distinctive feature of the daily life of many community members, and provides a connection to the local community’s past.
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
The station building has representative significance as a fine example of a third class, brick standard roadside station building, similar in design to station buildings at Tarago, Michelago and other locations in NSW. The goods shed is also a good representative example of a standard late 19th century goods shed with extended platform and an attached jib crane. The collection of buildings at Bungendore demonstrates widespread late 19th and early 20th century railway customs, activities and design in NSW and are representative of similar items that are found in many other railway precincts across the state.
Integrity/Intactness: The station group including the station buildings, platforms, goods shed, per way trolley shed, jib crane and signal box have a high level of integrity.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

1. Conservation principles: Conserve cultural heritage significance and minimise impacts on heritage values and fabric in accordance with the ‘Australia ICOMOS Charter for Places of Cultural Significance’. 2. Specialist advice: Seek advice from a qualified heritage specialist during all phases of a proposed project from feasibility, concept and option planning stage; detailed design; heritage approval and assessment; through to construction and finalisation. 3. Documentation: Prepare a Statement of Heritage Impact (SOHI) to assess, minimise and prevent heritage impacts as part of the assessment and approval phase of a project. Prepare a Conservation Management Plan (CMP) prior to proposing major works (such as new additions, change of use or proposed demolition) at all places of State significance and all complex sites of Local significance. 4. Maintenance and repair: Undertake annual inspections and proactive routine maintenance works to conserve heritage fabric in accordance with the ‘Minimum Standards of Maintenance & Repair’. 5. Movable heritage: Retain in situ and care for historic contents, fixtures, fittings, equipment and objects which contribute to cultural heritage significance. Return or reinstate missing features or relocated items where opportunities arise. 6. Aboriginal, archaeology and natural heritage: Consider all aspects of potential heritage significance as part of assessing and minimising potential impacts, including Aboriginal, archaeology and natural heritage. 7. Unidentified heritage items: Heritage inventory sheets do not describe or capture all contributory heritage items within an identified curtilage (such as minor buildings, structures, archaeology, landscape elements, movable heritage and significant interiors and finishes). Ensure heritage advice is sought on all proposed changes within a curtilage to conserve heritage significance. 8. Recording and register update: Record changes at heritage places through adequate project records and archival photography. Notify all changes to the Section 170 Heritage & Conservation Register administrator upon project completion.

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Heritage Act - s.170 NSW State agency heritage register     

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
State Rail Authority Heritage Register Study1999SRA258State Rail Authority  No
S170 Register Update Project2009 ARTC/ ORH  Yes
Heritage Platforms Conservation Management Strategy2015 Australian Museum Consulting  Yes

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
WrittenJohn H Forsyth2009NSW Railway Stations - An Alphabetical Arrangement of Railway Station and Place Names
WrittenState Rail Authority of NSW Archives Section1993How and why of station names

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: State Government
Database number: 4806258


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