Wellington Railway Precinct | NSW Environment & Heritage

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Heritage

Wellington Railway Precinct

Item details

Name of item: Wellington Railway Precinct
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Transport - Rail
Category: Railway Platform/ Station
Primary address: Swift Street, Wellington, NSW 2820
Parish: Wellington
County: Wellington
Local govt. area: Wellington

Boundary:

The listing boundary is formed by a line 20 metres behind the station building, a line 20 metres crossing the tracks to the north of the platform and a line 20 metres to the south of the footbridge to the south of the platform and the Kennard St property boundary to the east. The boundary for the crane is the area on which it stands with a diameter of approximately 20 metres off Rygate St
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
Swift StreetWellingtonWellingtonWellingtonWellingtonPrimary Address

Owner/s

Organisation NameOwner CategoryDate Ownership Updated
RailCorpState Government 
RailCorpState Government 

Statement of significance:

Wellington Railway Precinct is of local significance as a fine Victorian gothic station building with original fabric and fine detailing typical of the period. The station building dates from the opening of the line to Wellington in 1880 and is a good representative example of a second class station building. The substantially intact station includes a generous and well detailed platform awning, featuring timber columns topped with decorative cast iron brackets. The substantial quality of the station building at Wellington shows the confidence and pride in railway construction of the early 1880s. The footbridge is an extremely rare structure, being the better example of only two extant timber footbridges in the NSW network, the other being at Bombala.
Date significance updated: 13 Sep 07
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Construction years: 1880-1895
Physical description: MAJOR STRUCTURES - Managed by RailCorp
Station building - type 3, second class brick (1880)
Platform - brick (1880)

OTHER ITEMS - Managed by John Holland
Footbridge - not linking platforms, timber (1895)
Crane - class 1, back leg crane, (T52), 5 tonne
Loading bank
Dock platform

LANDSCAPE
(Five) large palm trees in forecourt

MOVABLE
Timber fire surrounds, brick openings and hearths in waiting room and office
Timber-framed noticeboards in office
Historic photos in office
Railway awards in office
Green Ajax safe in office
Fixed timber shelving in store room and other spaces
Timber furniture in offices and in storage
Wood and canvas stretcher with lettering “Wellington 504”
Timber-framed blackboards
Wooden box with handwritten instructions
Wooden box with switches
Wooden ladder
Timber framed noticeboards and framed posters in storage
Bakelite lights and switches and timber mounting blocks
Wall-mounted iron hooks
Timber-framed sign/blackboard “Railway staff parking only”
Metal bucket with “NSWGR” embossed
“Wellington” platform sign with iron rail posts, timber backing boards and cast iron lettering
Wall-mounted plaque – “Wellington Railway Station officially opened on 1 June 1880”
Black and white station name sign on station awning
Decorative wall-mounted gooseneck light brackets x 2

STATION BUILDING (1880)
Wellington is a fine example of the Victorian Gothic style roadside Station building and platform. Constructed of local rose red bricks from the Wellington Brick Kiln, it was originally unpainted with the cement plaster decorative surrounds of the doors and windows painted in white. The building has since been painted. The pitched roof is corrugated iron, with a gable at the northern and southern ends of the western side. Each gable is surmounted by a simple timber finial. An 'oeil de boeuf' vent and two arched double hung windows are located under each gable. Four chimneys are placed symmetrically on the peak of the roof appear to have been lowered. The roof awning along the platform was added in 1888 in conjunction with the construction of the Refreshment Rooms (since demolished) and the Hotel. The awning roof is corrugated iron, painted, and supported by twelve timber columns with screw fixed iron base plates. The base plates are marked: G.W.R. Foundry 1888 Bathurst. The columns are topped with decorative cast iron brackets on three sides of the posts.

FOOTBRIDGE (1895)
A rare timber girder deck footbridge on timber trestles with timber newel posts at bottom of stairs. The bridge is one of only two timber footbridges in the NSW network (the other at Bombala dating to 1921) - and is the better example.

PLATFORM (1880)
The base of the platform is constructed of locally kilned bricks. Has been extended. In 1982 the station platform was raised 60cm and topped with concrete as part of an overall station improvement program. Unusual design of raised coping. Part of platform extension is steel rail post and concrete panel cast in situ.

CRANE
The hand operated jib crane is supported by a timber tripod. The low Department Number (T52) indicates this is an early crane in the NSW network.
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
The station building, platform, footbridge and crane are in good condition.
Date condition updated:22 Jun 09
Current use: Railway Station
Former use: Nil

History

Historical notes: Wellington station is located on the Main Western Line. The single line railway opened from Orange to Wellington on 1 June 1880. The station opened on 1 June 1880 with a brick station building and platform, goods shed, station master’s residence, toilets, 5 -tonne yard crane, cottage for carriage examiner, rest house for enginemen and stockyards for sheep and cattle.

Further changes to the railway station at Wellington since construction include refreshment room erected (1884), footbridge erected (1895), platform extended at western end (1899), grain shed erected (1901), 20-tonne cart weighbridge installed (1907), porters and shunters cabin provided (1915), 45kL water tank erected (1918), wheat silo built (1920), bedroom accommodation provided for the public, refreshment room kitchen converted into staff room and new kitchen provided (1927), new electrical substation building erected (1937), water pump house destroyed by fire (1940), platform extended (1941), garage and depot for Electrical Superintendent (1945), refreshment rooms closed (1956) and Council siding closed (1979) (Forsyth, 2008).

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Pastoralism-Activities associated with the breeding, raising, processing and distribution of livestock for human use Servicing the pastoral industry-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Transport-Activities associated with the moving of people and goods from one place to another, and systems for the provision of such movements Building the railway network-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages Shaping inland settlement-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
The site has historic significance to demonstrate the late 19th Century development of the NSW railways. The station building dates from the opening of the line at Wellington in 1880, and along with other related structures has the ability to provide evidence of a late 19th Century working railway precinct. The substantial quality of the station building at Wellington shows the confidence and pride in railway construction. The arrival of the railway in Wellington facilitated the opening of new lines of communication and trade catalysing a revolution in the social and economic fabric of the community.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
The building is a fine Victorian Gothic style railway station building with original fabric and fine detailing typical of the period. The substantially intact station includes a well generous and detailed platform awning, featuring timber columns topped with decorative cast iron brackets.
SHR Criteria d)
[Social significance]
The site is of social significance to the local community on account of its lengthy association for providing an important source of employment, trade and social interaction for the local area. The site is significant for its ability to contribute to the local community’s sense of place, is a distinctive feature of the daily life of many community members, and provides a connection to the local community’s past.
SHR Criteria f)
[Rarity]
The timber girder deck footbridge is a rare example of its type and probably one of three timber railway footbridges in NSW. The jib crane is also a very rare example of its type.
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
The site has representative significance for its collection of railway structures, including the station building, platform sign, brick platform, crane and other related structures that collectively demonstrate widespread late19th Century railway customs, activities and design in NSW, and are representative of similar items that are found in other railway sites across the state. The crane is as an early example of its type.
Integrity/Intactness: The station group including the station building and footbridge have a moderate level of integrity – with the originally face brick building now painted and central steel stringers added under the stairs.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

1. Conservation principles: Conserve cultural heritage significance and minimise impacts on heritage values and fabric in accordance with the ‘Australia ICOMOS Charter for Places of Cultural Significance’. 2. Specialist advice: Seek advice from a qualified heritage specialist during all phases of a proposed project from feasibility, concept and option planning stage; detailed design; heritage approval and assessment; through to construction and finalisation. 3. Documentation: Prepare a Statement of Heritage Impact (SOHI) to assess, minimise and prevent heritage impacts as part of the assessment and approval phase of a project. Prepare a Conservation Management Plan (CMP) prior to proposing major works (such as new additions, change of use or proposed demolition) at all places of State significance and all complex sites of Local significance. 4. Maintenance and repair: Undertake annual inspections and proactive routine maintenance works to conserve heritage fabric in accordance with the ‘Minimum Standards of Maintenance & Repair’. 5. Movable heritage: Retain in situ and care for historic contents, fixtures, fittings, equipment and objects which contribute to cultural heritage significance. Return or reinstate missing features or relocated items where opportunities arise. 6. Aboriginal, archaeology and natural heritage: Consider all aspects of potential heritage significance as part of assessing and minimising potential impacts, including Aboriginal, archaeology and natural heritage. 7. Unidentified heritage items: Heritage inventory sheets do not describe or capture all contributory heritage items within an identified curtilage (such as minor buildings, structures, archaeology, landscape elements, movable heritage and significant interiors and finishes). Ensure heritage advice is sought on all proposed changes within a curtilage to conserve heritage significance. 8. Recording and register update: Record changes at heritage places through adequate project records and archival photography. Notify all changes to the Section 170 Heritage & Conservation Register administrator upon project completion.

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Heritage Act - s.170 NSW State agency heritage register     

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
State Rail Authority Heritage Register Study1999SRA355State Rail Authority  No
S170 Register Update Project2009 ARTC/ ORH  Yes
Heritage Platforms Conservation Management Strategy2015 Australian Museum Consulting  Yes

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
WrittenJ.M. Cottee2004Stations on the track

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: State Government
Database number: 4806355


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